Togolese People's Movement

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Togolese People's Movement
Mouvement Populaire Togolais
Leader Nicolas Grunitzky
Founded16 August 1954
Split from Togolese Party of Progress

The Togolese People's Movement (French : Mouvement Populaire Togolais, MPT) was a political party in Togo between 1954 and 1967.



The party was established on 16 August 1954 following a split in the Togolese Party of Progress over the sacking of John Atayi. [1] The MPT received 1.4% of the vote in the 1955 Territorial Assembly elections, failing to win a seat. Its vote share fell to 0.3% in the 1958 elections, again failing to win a seat.

Following the 1963 coup, the MPT was one of four to form the Reconciliation and National Union, a single electoral list to contest the elections later that year, with each party holding 14 seats. Its leader Nicolas Grunitzky was the sole presidential candidate. [2]

However, following another coup in 1967, the party was dissolved. [3]

Electoral history

Presidential elections

1963 Nicolas Grunitzky 568,893100%ElectedGreen check.svg

National Assembly elections

1955 Nicolas Grunitzky 2,0891.4%
0 / 30
1958 8420.3%
0 / 46
1963 568,893 [lower-alpha 1] 98.6%
14 / 56
Increase2.svg 14
  1. As part of the Reconciliation and National Union.

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  1. Nicoué Lodjou Gayibor (2011) Histoire des Togolais: Des origines aux années 1960. Le refus de l'ordre colonial, Volume 4, KARTHALA Editions, p582
  2. Elections in Togo African Elections Database
  3. Kenneth Janda (1980) Political Parties: A Cross-National Survey, The Free Press, pp943–944