Tripterygion tartessicum

Last updated

Tripterygion tartessicum
Tripterygion tartessicum head.jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Blenniiformes
Family: Tripterygiidae
Genus: Tripterygion
Species:
T. tartessicum
Binomial name
Tripterygion tartessicum

Tripterygion tartessicum is a species of fish in the family Tripterygiidae, the threefin blennies. It is widespread in the Mediterranean Sea and eastern Atlantic Ocean, where it occurs along the southern coast of Spain and from Morocco to Tunisia. It is a tropical demersal fish measuring up to 7.7 centimetres (3.0 in) in length. [2]

The species was described in 2007 when red-black triplefin (Tripterygion tripteronotum) specimens were determined to be individuals of a new species. [3] Its specific name refers to the semi-mythical city of Tartessos and its associated culture, which was located in southern Spain, within the range of this species. [4]

Related Research Articles

Spectacled triplefin Species of fish

The spectacled triplefin, Ruanoho whero, is a triplefin in the genus Ruanoho. It is commonly found around New Zealand from depths of a few metres to about 30 m, most common in reef areas of broken rock. Its length is between 4 and 8 cm and its head is flattened with large eyes surrounded by a dark band giving rise to its common name. The head and fins have a pattern of fine blue lines. Its large pectoral fins are used as props when resting on the bottom where it spends most of its time.

Yaldwyns triplefin Species of fish

Yaldwyn's triplefin, Notoclinops yaldwyni, is a fish of the genus Notoclinops, found around the North Island of New Zealand from low water to depths of about 5 metres, most common in reef areas of broken rock, but nowhere common. Its length is between 4 and 8 centimetres. It is a pale yellow-brown with a faint orange tinge to the head, and two or three rows of small black dots on the flanks.

Oblique-swimming triplefin Species of fish

The oblique-swimming triplefin, Forsterygion maryannae, is a triplefin, found along the north east coast of the North Island of New Zealand from depths of about 5 m to 50 m. They are the only triplefins not to spend most of their time resting on the bottom, instead swimming in loose schools of up to hundreds of individuals above rocky reefs. When swimming their head is higher than the tail, giving rise to their common name.

<i>Bellapiscis lesleyae</i> Species of fish

Bellapiscis lesleyae, the mottled twister, is a triplefin of the family Tripterygiidae, commonly found around the coast of New Zealand in rock pools and down to depths of about 5 m in reef areas of broken rock. Its length is up to 6 cm. The specific name of this blenny honours the New Zealand marine biologist Lesley Bolton who helped Hardy collect fishes in rockpools on the coast of New Zealand, including the type of this species.

The cryptic triplefin, Cryptichthys jojettae, is a triplefin of the family Tripterygiidae, the only member of the genus Cryptichthys, found around the coast of New Zealand. It length is up to 6 cm. The specific name honours a former staff member at the National Museum of New Zealand, Jorjette Drost, who participated in collecting specimens with Hardy.

Largemouth triplefin Species of fish

The largemouth triplefin, Ucla xenogrammus, is a fish of the family Tripterygiidae and only member of the genus Ucla, found in the Pacific Ocean from Viet Nam, the Philippines, Palau and the Caroline Islands to Papua New Guinea, Australia, and the Solomon Islands, Fiji, Tonga, east to American Samoa and Rapa Iti, at depths of between 2 and 41 metres. Its length is up to about 47 millimetres (1.9 in). The generic name was coined by ichthyologist Richard Heinrich Rosenblatt in his unpublished dissertation of 1959 from the University of California Los Angeles and its is the initials of that institution, it was formally applied by Holleman in 1993.

Platygillellus smithi is a species of sand stargazer native to the waters around the Bahamas where it occurs at depths of from 0 to 9 metres. It can reach a maximum length of 3.4 centimetres (1.3 in) SL. Its specific name honours the collector of the type C. Lavett Smith (1927-2015) who was curator of fishes at the American Museum of Natural History.

The yellow triplefin ,> also known as the Abel's triplefin in South Africa, is a species of triplefin in the genus Enneapterygius. Males in this species can reach a maximum length of 2.5 centimetres. The blennies are generally bright yellow in colour, and males have black heads. They feed mostly on benthic invertebrates.

Enneapterygius cheni is a species of threefin blenny in the genus Enneapterygius. It was described by S.C. Wang, K.T. Shao, and S.C. Shen in 1996. It is a subtropical blenny found in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, and swims at depths ranging from 0–12 metres. It has been described from Taiwan and the Ryukyu Islands. Male E. cheni can reach a maximum length of 2.4 centimetres. The specific name honours the person who collected the type, Jeng-Ping Chen of the Taiwan Ocean Research Institute.

Enneapterygius clarkae, the barred triplefin, is a species of threefin blenny in the genus Enneapterygius. It was described by Wouter Holleman in 1982, and was given its species epithet in honour of American ichthyologist Eugenie Clark (1922-2015) It is a tropical blenny known from the Indian Ocean, and has been described from the Red Sea to Natal, South Africa. Male barred triplefins can reach a maximum length of 2.5 centimetres.

<i>Enneapterygius destai</i> Species of fish

Enneapterygius destai is a species of triplefin blenny which is endemic to the Red Sea where it is found at depths of 2 to 20 metres in bays and lagoons which have dense populations of coral. Within these it is normally associated with corals in the genus Porites and can be found in crevices near these corals or on the vertical faces made up of them. The specific name honours the Ethiopian admiral Prince Alexander Desta (1934-1974) who was executed when the Derg took power in Ethiopia.

Black-faced blenny Species of fish

The black-faced blenny is a small benthic fish from the family Tripterygiidae (triplefin-blennies). It occurs at depths of 3 to 40 metres and lives on the substrate under large rocks, cliffs or other overhangs.

<i>Enneapterygius tutuilae</i> Species of fish

Enneapterygius tutuilae, known commonly as the high-hat triplefin or rosy cheek threefin, is a species of triplefin blenny in the genus Enneapterygius. It was described by David Starr Jordan and Alvin Seale in 1906. This species occurs from the eastern Indian Ocean around the Cocos (Keeling) Islands east to French Polynesia. Its specific name refers to the Samoan island of Tutuila where the type was collected.

Enneapterygius hollemani, or Holleman's triplefin, is a species of triplefin blenny in the genus Enneapterygius. It is found only on the central and southern coasts of Oman. It was described by John E. Randall in 1995 and was named in honour of the ichthyologist Wouter Holleman of the South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity.

Enneapterygius randalli, the Rapa triplefin, is a species of triplefin blenny in the genus Enneapterygius. It was described by Ronald Fricke in 1997. who honoured the American ichthyologist John Ernest Randall in its specific name, Randall collected many of the type series. This species is known only from French Polynesia where it is found off Rapa Iti and Marotiri in the southern Austral Islands.

Enneapterygius sheni is a species of triplefin blenny in the genus Enneapterygius. It was described by Chiang Min-Chia and Chen I-Shiung in 2008. The specific name honours the ichthyologist Shieh-Chieh Shen of the National Taiwan University. This species has only been recorded from the southern tip of Taiwan.

Helcogramma ellioti, known commonly as the red-eye threefin, is a species of triplefin blenny in the genus Helcogramma. It was described by Albert William Herre in 1944 who honoured the Scottish naturalist and ethnologist Walter Elliot (1803-1897) in its specific name. This species occurs in the Indian Ocean along the eastern and western coasts of India and around Sri Lanka.

Helcogramma serendip is a species of triplefin blenny in the genus Helcogramma. It was described by Wouter Holleman in 2007. This species is found only around the coasts of Sri Lanka and its specific name references the old Arabic name for Sri Lanka.

Red triplefin Species of fish

Helcogramma steinitzi, known commonly as the red triplefin, is a species of triplefin blenny in the genus Helcogramma. It was described by Eugenie Clark in 1980. The specific name honours the marine biologist and herpetologist Heinz Steinitz (1909-1971) of the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. This species occurs in the north western Indian Ocean from the Red Sea to the Persian Gulf.

Norfolkia leeuwin, known commonly as the Leeuwin triplefin, is a species of triplefin blenny in the genus Norfolkia. It was described by Ronald Fricke in 1994. This species is found in the southern part of the coast of Western Australia from the Houtmon's Abrolhos Islands to the Recherche Archipelago. It is found in rocky reefs. Its specific name references the Leeuwin Current which influences the coastal areas in which this fish occurs.

References

  1. Holleman, W. (2014). "Tripterygion tartessicum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2014: e.T179034A1561875. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T179034A1561875.en . Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  2. Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2019). "Tripterygion tartessicum" in FishBase . April 2019 version.
  3. Carreras-Carbonell, J., et al. (2007). A review of the Tripterygion tripteronotus (Risso, 1810) complex, with a description of a new species from the Mediterranean Sea (Teleostei: Tripterygiidae). Scientia Marina 71(1), 75-86.
  4. Christopher Scharpf; Kenneth J. Lazara (29 January 2019). "Order BLENNIIFORMES: Families TRIPTERYGIIDAE and DACTYLOSCOPIDAE". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 1 June 2019.