Umbetoceras

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Umbetoceras
Temporal range: Carboniferous
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Umbetoceras

Ruzhencev and Bogoslovskaya, 1971

Umbetoceras is an extinct group of marine molluscs. The genus belongs to the goniatitid superfamily Gastriocerataceae and family Homoceratidae; with examples being found in carboniferous deposits in the Russian Federation and Uzbekistan.

Homoceratidae is one of five families of the Gastrioceratoidea superfamily. They are an extinct group of ammonoid, which are shelled cephalopods related to squids, belemnites, octopuses, and cuttlefish, and more distantly to the nautiloids.

The Carboniferous is a geologic period and system that spans 60 million years from the end of the Devonian Period 358.9 million years ago (Mya), to the beginning of the Permian Period, 298.9 Mya. The name Carboniferous means "coal-bearing" and derives from the Latin words carbō ("coal") and ferō, and was coined by geologists William Conybeare and William Phillips in 1822.

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The shell of Umbetoceras is involute in the adult, with an evolute early stage and moderately wide umbilicus. Sculpture consists of strong riblets on intermediate stages with tubercles present on umbilical shoulder. The suture has a wide double pronged ventral lobe with a median saddle that exceeds two thirds its height.

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