William Wilson (Westhoughton MP)

Last updated
William Wilson
William Tyson Wilson MP 1906.jpg
Member of Parliament
for Westhoughton
In office
12 January 1906 14 August 1921
Preceded by Edward Stanley
Succeeded by Rhys Davies
Personal details
Born1855
Died(1921-08-14)14 August 1921
Political party Labour

William Tyson Wilson (1855 – 14 August 1921) was a British trade unionist and Labour politician.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. The United Kingdom's 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi) were home to an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

A trade union is an association of workers forming a legal unit or legal personhood, usually called a "bargaining unit", which acts as bargaining agent and legal representative for a unit of employees in all matters of law or right arising from or in the administration of a collective agreement. Labour unions typically fund the formal organization, head office, and legal team functions of the labour union through regular fees or union dues. The delegate staff of the labour union representation in the workforce are made up of workplace volunteers who are appointed by members in democratic elections.

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom that has been described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists. The party's platform emphasises greater state intervention, social justice and strengthening workers' rights.

Tyson was born in Westmorland, moving to Bolton, Lancashire, in 1889. [1] He was a carpenter, and joined the Bolton branch of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners. He was a member of the executive or general council of the union on several occasions from 1893, and was chairman of the general council in 1910. [2]

Westmorland historic county in England

Westmorland is a historic county in north west England. It formed an administrative county between 1889 and 1974, after which the whole county was administered by the new administrative county of Cumbria. In 2013, the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government, Eric Pickles, formally recognised and acknowledged the continued existence of England's 39 historic counties, including Westmorland.

Bolton town in Greater Manchester, in the North West of England

Bolton is a town in Greater Manchester in North West England. A former mill town, Bolton has been a production centre for textiles since Flemish weavers settled in the area in the 14th century, introducing a wool and cotton-weaving tradition. The urbanisation and development of the town largely coincided with the introduction of textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution. Bolton was a 19th-century boomtown, and at its zenith in 1929 its 216 cotton mills and 26 bleaching and dyeing works made it one of the largest and most productive centres of cotton spinning in the world. The British cotton industry declined sharply after the First World War, and by the 1980s cotton manufacture had virtually ceased in Bolton.

Lancashire County of England

Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston. The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians.

At the 1906 general election Wilson was one of 29 successful Labour Representation Committee candidates, being elected MP for Westhoughton. On 22 February 1906 he introduced a private member's bill seeking to amend the Education Acts and create a statutory school meals service. The bill received the support of the government and was enacted as the Education (Provision of Meals) Act 1906. [3]

1906 United Kingdom general election

The 1906 United Kingdom general election was held from 12 January to 8 February 1906.

A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, this category includes specifically members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title. Member of Congress is an equivalent term in other jurisdictions.

Westhoughton was a parliamentary constituency in Lancashire, England. Centred on the former mining and cotton town of Westhoughton, it returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

He was made a whip in 1915, and was promoted to chief whip in 1919, when the Labour Party became the official opposition. [4]

A whip is an official of a political party whose task is to ensure party discipline in a legislature. This usually means ensuring that members of the party vote according to the party platform, rather than according to their own individual ideology or the will of their constituents. Whips are the party's "enforcers". They ensure their fellow legislators attend voting sessions and vote according to official party policy.

Opposition (politics) political force against majority

In politics, the opposition comprises one or more political parties or other organized groups that are opposed, primarily ideologically, to the government, party or group in political control of a city, region, state, country or other political body. The degree of opposition varies according to political conditions – for example, across authoritarian and liberal systems where opposition may be either repressed or desired respectively.

W T Wilson died suddenly of a cerebral haemmorhage on a Bolton street on Sunday, 14 August 1921. [1] [5]

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References

Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs

  1. 1 2 'Labour MP's sudden death', The Times, 17 August 1921, p.10
  2. "Amalgamated Society of Woodworkers including the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners". Trade Union Ancestors. Retrieved 2008-09-28.
  3. L Andrews, The School Meals Service, in British Journal of Educational Studies, Vol. 20, No. 1 (February 1972), pp. 70–75
  4. 'Labour As Official Opposition', The Times, 8 January 1919, p.7
  5. 'The Late Mr Tyson Wilson M.P.', The Times, 17 August 1921, p. 6
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Edward Stanley
Member of Parliament for Westhoughton
1906–1921
Succeeded by
Rhys Davies