Yangmingshan

Last updated

Yangmingshan National Park
Chihsingshan, Tatun volcanoes.jpg
Seven Star Mountain with hot springs on the side
Yang-Ming-Shan-Naional-Park-Map-Taiwan.png
Location of Yangmingshan National Park
Location Taiwan
Nearest city Taipei (majority of park within city limits)
Area113.38 km2 (43.78 sq mi) [1]
EstablishedSeptember 16, 1985
Yangmingshan
Traditional Chinese 陽明山國家公園
Simplified Chinese 阳明山国家公园

Yangmingshan National Park is one of the nine national parks in Taiwan, located between Taipei and New Taipei City. The districts that house parts of the park grounds include Taipei's Beitou and Shilin Districts; and New Taipei's Wanli, Jinshan and Sanzhi Districts. The national park is known for its cherry blossoms, hot springs, sulfur deposits, fumaroles, venomous snakes, and hiking trails, including Taiwan's tallest dormant volcano, Qixing (Seven Star) Mountain (1,120 m).

Contents

History

This mountain range was originally called "Grass Mountain" (Chinese :草山; Pe̍h-ōe-jī :Chháu-soaⁿ) during the Qing Dynasty, in reference to the Datun Mountain ( 大屯山 ; Tōa-tūn-soaⁿ). [2] Officials during this period were worried about thieves stealing sulfur from the rich sulfur deposits in the area, so they would regularly set fire to the mountain. Thus, only grass and no trees could be seen.

Daiton National Park  [ ja ], Taiwan's first national park, was established on 27 December 1937. [3] It was one of three national parks designated by Governor-General of Taiwan Seizō Kobayashi during Japanese rule.

In 1950, President Chiang Kai-shek renamed Grass Mountain to Yangmingshan to commemorate the Ming Dynasty scholar Wang Yangming. [2] [4] In 1962, the then Taiwan Provincial Bureau of Public Works began to plan the Yangmingshan National Park. The initial planning area was 28,400 hectares, including Mount Kwan-in and the Tatun Volcano Group.

Landscape and geology

Different from the high mountain national parks, Yangmingshan National Park has a lower elevation. Even though mountain elevations range from only 200–1120 meters, beautiful landscapes such as ridges, valleys, lakes, waterfalls and basins are abundant. Andesite rocks make up most of the area's geology. [5]

Xiaoyoukeng

Xiaoyoukeng is a post-volcanic geological landscape area located in the north of Taiwan in Yangmingshan National Park. [6] at the northwestern foot of Seven Star Mountain. It is approximately 805 meters above sea level and is famed for the fumaroles, sulfur crystals, hot springs and spectacular 'landslide terrain' formed by post-volcanic activity.

Hiking trails to Seven Star Mountain are accessible from the Xiaoyoukeng parking lot. The top of the trail is 1,120 meters above sea level, which is the highest peak of Taipei City. The Xiaoyoukeng trail can connect to Qixing Park, Menghuan Pond, and Lengshuikeng. The trail also connects to visitor center, Yangmingshan Second Parking Lot and the Yangmingshan Bus Station. [7]

An active fumarole at Xiaoyoukeng. Yangmingshan Taiwan hot springs.jpg
An active fumarole at Xiaoyoukeng.
A distant view of the fumarole of Xiaoyoukeng. Xiao You Keng Fumarole.jpg
A distant view of the fumarole of Xiaoyoukeng.

Flora and fauna

Due to the effects of post-volcanic activity and precipitation, soil in the region is highly acidic. With the influence of the northeast monsoon and the area's microclimates, winter temperatures are much lower than the surrounding areas. [8] The above factors cause the vegetation to differ from those in other regions at the same latitude. Some medium and high altitude plants can be found here such as bird-lime tree and hairy Japanese maple. Vegetation groups can be divided into subtropical monsoon rain forests, temperate evergreen broadleaf forests and mountain ridge grasslands. There are 1360 species of vascular bundle plants in the region. [9] Some of the common ones are red nanmu, large-leaved machilus, Formosan sweet gum, Taiwan cherry, Mori cleyera and dark spotted cherry. The most famous is Taiwan isoetes in Menghuan pond, an aquatic fern only found in Taiwan. Mt. Datun is one of the most well known places to see some of the 168 species of butterflies in northern Taiwan. The best time to view the butterflies is from May to August. The most common ones are from the families Papilionidae, Danainae and Nymphalidae. There are also 122 species of birds in the region. [10] Semi-feral cattle are one of notable attractions in the area. [11]

Historical and cultural sites

See also

Related Research Articles

Fumarole Volcanic opening that emits hot gases

A fumarole is an opening in a planet's crust which emits steam and gases such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen chloride, and hydrogen sulfide. The steam forms when superheated water boils as its pressure drops when it emerges from the ground. A fumarole that emits sulfurous gases can be referred to as a solfatara. Fumaroles may occur along tiny cracks, along long fissure, or in chaotic clusters or fields. They also occur on the surface of lava or pyroclastic flows. A fumarole field is an area of thermal springs and gas vents where shallow magma or hot igneous rocks release gases or interact with groundwater. When they occur in freezing environments, fumaroles may cause fumarolic ice towers.

Taipei Special municipality and Capital city in Republic of China

Taipei, officially Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan. Located in Northern Taiwan, Taipei City is an enclave of the municipality of New Taipei City that sits about 25 km (16 mi) southwest of the northern port city of Keelung. Most of the city rests on the Taipei Basin, an ancient lakebed. The basin is bounded by the relatively narrow valleys of the Keelung and Xindian rivers, which join to form the Tamsui River along the city's western border.

Shilin District District in Northern Taipei, Republic of China

Shilin District is a district of Taipei. It is home to a large foreign population, mainly concentrated in the Tianmu area. It has long been a top choice for expatriates from Europe, the US, Canada, Southeast Asia and Japan to live, run businesses, and establish embassies and offices, due mainly to the natural environment—sitting at the foot of Yangmingshan—and because the international schools are all located here. The central command of the Republic of China Navy is located in Shilin.

Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Taipei)

The National Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall is located in Xinyi District, Taipei, Taiwan. It is a memorial to the Republic of China's National Father, Dr. Sun Yat-sen, and was completed in 1972. The total building area covers 29,464 square metres in an open space of 115,000 square metres. It contains displays of Sun's life and the revolution he led, and is also a multi-purpose social, educational and cultural center for the public.

Neihu District District in Eastern Taipei City, Republic of China

Neihu District is a district of Taipei City, Taiwan. Neihu means "inner lake." The older name originates from the Ketagalan word Tayour, meaning woman's head ornament.

Beitou District District in Northern Taipei, Republic of China

Beitou District is the northernmost of the twelve districts of Taipei City, Taiwan. The historical spelling of the district is Peitou. The name originates from the Ketagalan word Kipatauw, meaning witch. Beitou is the most mountainous and highest of Taipei's districts, encompassing a meadow with rivers running through the valley which have abundant steam rising from them; the result of geothermal warming. The valley is often surrounded by mist shrouding the trees and grass. Beitou is famous for its hot springs. In March 2012, it was named one of the Top 10 Small Tourist Towns by the Tourism Bureau of Taiwan.

Wuzhi Mountain Military Cemetery Military cemetery in Xizhi, New Taipei, Taiwan

The Wuzhi Mountain Military Cemetery is Taiwan's most prominent military cemetery. The cemetery is located on Wuzhi Mountain (五指山) at an elevation of 699 metres (2,293 ft) in Xizhi, New Taipei City and borders Taipei City's Neihu District and Yangmingshan National Park. The cemetery has a wide open view ranging from the Taipei 101 over at Taipei's Xinyi District to the Keelung Harbor.

Yangmingshan Administrative Bureau was a county level administrative body in Taiwan between 1949 and 1973.

Chiang Kai-shek statues Statues of the President of the Republic of China

Chiang Kai-shek statues are statues of the late Republic of China (ROC) President Chiang Kai-shek. They are found almost everywhere in Taiwan, from parks to schools to military bases, and are usually made of a bronze alloy, although it varies from location to location.

Grass Mountain Chateau

The Grass Mountain Chateau is a former residence of late President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek located in Beitou District, Taipei, Taiwan in Yangmingshan National Park.

Qixing Mountain (Taipei)

Qixing Mountain, also spelled Cising Mountain or Chihsing Mountain, is a mountain in Beitou District, Taipei, Taiwan. It is located on the Datun Volcano Group and is the highest mountain in the city, at the rim of Taipei Basin. It is also the highest (dormant) volcano in Taiwan. It is located in the center of Yangmingshan National Park; its main peak is 1,120 meters (3,670 ft) above sea level.

Articles related to Taiwan include:

Tatun Volcano Group

Tatun Volcanoes, a volcanic group of volcanoes located in northern Taiwan, is located 15 km north of Taipei, and lies to the west of Keelung. It just adjoins the northern coast of the Taiwan island. The volcano group was a result of episodic volcanism between 2.8 and 0.2 Ma. As of 2005, some geothermal activity was occurring and gas fumaroles were active among these volcanoes. Observations on Tatun Volcano Group suggest that magma chambers probably still exist under the land surface of northern Taiwan.

Chung-Shan Building Building in Beitou, Taipei, Taiwan

The Chung-Shan Building is part of the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall complex. Completed in 1966, the building is located in the Yangmingshan National Park in Taipei, Taiwan. The building is placed on the reverse of the 100 New Taiwan Dollar bill. The building was used as the meeting venue of the National Assembly and off limits to the general public until the National Assembly's suspension in 2005, and now serves as a location for hosting ceremonies by the President of the Republic of China for state visits and conferences.

The Zhongxing Guesthouse also known as the Yangmingshuwu is a historical site located in on Zhongxing road in Yangmingshan National Park in the Beitou District of Taipei, Taiwan. It was constructed between 1969 and 1970 by late Republic of China President Chiang Kai-shek for reception of important foreign guests and to act as a summer residence. It was designed by architect Huang Baoyu (黃寶瑜), who also designed the National Palace Museum.

1972 Taiwanese presidential election

Indirect elections were held for the presidency and vice-presidency of the government of the Republic of China on Taiwan on March 21, 1972. The vote took place at the Chung-Shan Building in Yangmingshan, Taipei. Incumbent President Chiang Kai-shek, aged 85, was re-elected for the fifth term with his Vice President Yen Chia-kan. President Chiang died in office on April 5, 1975. Vice President Yen Chia-kan then sworn in as the President.

1978 Taiwanese presidential election

Indirect elections were held for the presidency and vice-presidency of the government of the Republic of China on Taiwan on March 21, 1978. The vote took place at the Chung-Shan Building in Yangmingshan, Taipei. Premier Chiang Ching-kuo, son of former President Chiang Kai-shek, was elected as the President with Governor of Taiwan Province Hsieh Tung-min who became the first Taiwan-born Vice President.

The Taiwan Exposition: In Commemoration of the First Forty Years of Colonial Rule

The Taiwan Exposition: In Commemoration of the First Forty Years of Colonial Rule was an exhibition held in Taihoku Prefecture in 1935, the 10th year of Hirohito's reign, to mark 40 years of the establishment of Japanese Formosa.

References

  1. 各國家公園基本資料表 (PDF) (in Chinese). Construction and Planning Agency, Ministry of the Interior, R.O.C.(Taiwan). June 6, 2014. Retrieved October 23, 2014.[ permanent dead link ]
  2. 1 2 Barron, James (April 4, 2020). "Shadows at Yangmingshan". Taipei Times. Retrieved April 5, 2020.
  3. ivil Affairs Handbook: Taiwan (Formosa), Taihoku Province. United States Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. November 1, 1944. p. 180. Archived from the original on September 10, 2008.
  4. "Tourists will surpass million mark by 1976". Free China Review. September 1, 1972. Retrieved April 5, 2020.
  5. [ permanent dead link ]
  6. Park, Yangmingshan National (April 9, 2017). "Yangmingshan National Park". english.ymsnp.gov.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved April 9, 2017.
  7. Park, Yangmingshan National (April 9, 2017). "Xiaoyoukeng". english.ymsnp.gov.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved April 9, 2017.
  8. "Yangmingshan". Archived from the original on January 30, 2018. Retrieved December 10, 2018.
  9. "A Bird-watching Trip in Yangmingshan National Park". Archived from the original on June 12, 2010.
  10. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 5, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. 太厲害!擎天崗的牛 乖乖跟「他」走!. The Liberty Times. Retrieved on May 08, 2017
  12. "Guangfu Building Overview". Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  13. YC-Wang, Daal. "荷馬李將軍夫婦靈骨厝葬 - VCenter:影音分享網站(Video Sharing Website)".
  14. "個人簡歷". Archived from the original on March 20, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2011.

Coordinates: 25°10′00″N121°33′52″E / 25.16667°N 121.56444°E / 25.16667; 121.56444