Yaxley, Suffolk

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Yaxley
Suffolk UK location map.svg
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Yaxley
Location within Suffolk
Population588 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference TM121739
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town EYE
Postcode district IP23
Dialling code 01379
Police Suffolk
Fire Suffolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°19′20″N1°06′39″E / 52.32219°N 1.11082°E / 52.32219; 1.11082 Coordinates: 52°19′20″N1°06′39″E / 52.32219°N 1.11082°E / 52.32219; 1.11082

Yaxley is a small village just west of Eye in Suffolk, England. The name means 'cuckoo-clearing'.[ citation needed ]

Eye, Suffolk town

Eye is a small market town in the north of the English county of Suffolk. The town is around 4 miles (6 km) south of Diss, 17 12 miles (28 km) north of Ipswich and 23 miles (37 km) southwest of Norwich. It lies close to the River Waveney which forms the border with Norfolk and is on the River Dove. Eye is twinned with the town of Pouzauges in the Vendée department of France.

Suffolk County of England

Suffolk is an East Anglian county of historic origin in England. It has borders with Norfolk to the north, Cambridgeshire to the west and Essex to the south. The North Sea lies to the east. The county town is Ipswich; other important towns include Lowestoft, Bury St Edmunds, Newmarket and Felixstowe, one of the largest container ports in Europe.

Contents

Church of St. Mary

Pevsner describes the north porch of the 12th-century church as 'one of the most swagger in Suffolk'.[ citation needed ]

Nikolaus Pevsner German-born British scholar

Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner was a German-British art historian and architectural historian best known for his monumental 46-volume series of county-by-county guides, The Buildings of England (1951–74).

Inside the church are the remnants of a large medieval doom painting and high on the wall above the door hangs a Sexton's Wheel. This curious survival, is a device consisting of two wheels, 2 feet 8 inches in diameter, revolving on a single axle. Many theories have been proposed for use of the wheels, including the idea that they were used purely as ornaments for church doors. It has also been suggested that those wishing to fast, in honour of the Virgin Mary, from one of the six Lady Days, could choose one at random by catching one of six strings attached to named spokes. It was the Sexton who would set the two wheels revolving. The only other example in the country is claimed to be at Long Stratton in Norfolk [2]

A sexton is an officer of a church, congregation, or synagogue charged with the maintenance of its buildings and/or the surrounding graveyard. In smaller places of worship, this office is often combined with that of verger. In larger buildings, such as cathedrals, a team of sextons may be employed.

Fasting is the willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time. An absolute fast or dry fasting is normally defined as abstinence from all food and liquid for a defined period. Other fasts may be partially restrictive, limiting only particular foods or substances, or be intermittent.

Lady Day Feast of the Annunciation, usually 25 March in the Western liturgical calendar

In the western liturgical year, Lady Day is the traditional name in some English-speaking countries of the Feast of the Annunciation, which is celebrated on March 25th, and commemorates the visit of the archangel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary, during which he informed her that she would be the mother of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.

Local Houses

16th-century Yaxley Hall Yaxley Hall.jpg
16th-century Yaxley Hall

Ashton Cottage in Church Lane, once the village school, was for many years the home of choreographer Frederick Ashton. He lived in Valley Farm House on Old Ipswich Road, until recently a property of the Henniker-Major family.

Frederick Ashton British dancer and choreographer

Sir Frederick William Mallandaine Ashton was a British ballet dancer and choreographer. He also worked as a director and choreographer in opera, film and revue.

Baron Henniker

Baron Henniker, of Stratford-upon-Slaney in County Wicklow, is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1800 for Sir John Henniker, 2nd Baronet, who had previously represented Sudbury and Dover in the House of Commons. His son, the second Baron, also sat as a Member of Parliament. In 1792 he assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Major. He was childless and was succeeded by his nephew, the third Baron. He assumed the additional surname of Major by Royal licence in 1822. His son, the fourth Baron, represented Suffolk East in Parliament. In 1866 he was created Baron Hartismere, of Hartismere in the County of Suffolk, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. This title gave him and his descendants an automatic seat in the House of Lords. He was succeeded by his son, the fifth Baron. He also sat as Member of Parliament for Suffolk East and later held minor office in the Conservative administrations of Benjamin Disraeli and Lord Salisbury. His grandson, the eighth Baron, was a prominent diplomat and notably served as British Ambassador to Jordan and to Denmark. As of 2014 the titles are held by the latter's son, the ninth Baron, who succeeded in 2004.

16th-century Yaxley Hall is a Grade II* listed building. It has a fanciful Gothick facade and, according to Pevsner, 'a composite picture' including older range with mullioned and transomed windows.[ citation needed ] Two wings burnt down in 1922. Recently, the famous haunted painting of Henrietta Nelson has returned, after an absence of nearly a century.[ where? ]

Listed building Protected historic structure in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

Gothic architecture Style of architecture

Gothic architecture is a style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture. Originating in 12th-century France, it was widely used, especially for cathedrals and churches, until the 16th century.

Mullion slender, vertical, usually nonstructural bar or pier forming a division between doors, screens, or lights of windows

A mullion is a vertical element that forms a division between units of a window or screen, or is used decoratively. When dividing adjacent window units its primary purpose is a rigid support to the glazing of the window. Its secondary purpose is to provide structural support to an arch or lintel above the window opening. Horizontal elements separating the head of a door from a window above are both a head jamb and horizontal mullion and are called "transoms".

Yaxley Manor, built for John Fanner in 1520, is of timber frame construction, clad in brickwork. It is a Grade II* listed building. [3]

Bull's Hall is named after William de Bulle, owner in 1328; the present timber-framed and jettied building dates from 1570.

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References

  1. "Civuil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  2. Harold Mills West, 2002, Suffolk Villages, Newbury, Countryside Books, ISBN   1 85306 751 2, p.95
  3. http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-280338-yaxley-manor-house-yaxley-suffolk