Adam Bandt

Last updated

Adam Bandt

MP
Adam Bandt portrait (2020).jpg
Bandt in 2020
Leader of the Australian Greens
Assumed office
4 February 2020
Deputy Larissa Waters
Nick McKim
Preceded by Richard Di Natale
Deputy Leader of the Australian Greens
In office
21 July 2017 4 February 2020
Servingwith Larissa Waters
Leader Richard Di Natale
Preceded by Scott Ludlam and
Larissa Waters
Succeeded by Nick McKim and
Larissa Waters
In office
13 April 2012 6 May 2015
Leader Christine Milne
Preceded by Christine Milne
Succeeded by Scott Ludlam and
Larissa Waters
Member of Parliament
for Melbourne
Assumed office
21 August 2010
Preceded by Lindsay Tanner
Personal details
Born
Adam Paul Bandt

(1972-03-11) 11 March 1972 (age 49)
Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Political party Greens (since 2004)
Other political
affiliations
Labor (until 1989)
Spouse(s)
Claudia Perkins
(m. 2013)
Children2
Residence Flemington, Victoria, Australia
Education Hollywood Senior High School
Alma mater Murdoch University (BA Hons)
Monash University (PhD) [1]
Occupation Industrial lawyer
(Slater & Gordon)
Profession Solicitor
Politician
Website Official website

Adam Paul Bandt (born 11 March 1972) is an Australian politician and former industrial lawyer who is the leader of the Australian Greens and federal MP for Melbourne. Previously, he served as co-deputy leader of the Greens from 2012 to 2015 and 2017 to 2020. He was elected leader after the resignation of Richard Di Natale in February 2020. [2]

Contents

Bandt won his seat in the 2010 federal election, becoming the first member of the Greens elected to the House of Representatives at a federal election, and the second overall after Michael Organ, who was elected at a by-election. Bandt first contested the seat in 2007 and narrowly lost to the Australian Labor Party's Lindsay Tanner. Following his successful 2010 election, Bandt retained the seat in 2013, 2016, and 2019 elections, increasing his majority each time. As of 2019, he holds the seat by the third largest margin of any Australian MP, receiving 72% of votes after preferences.

Early life and education

Bandt was born in Adelaide, South Australia—a descendant of German immigrants who immigrated to the Hahndorf and Barossa Valley regions in the 1800s. When he was a child, his family moved to Perth, Western Australia where he attended high school and Murdoch University. [3] He graduated in 1996 with Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws degrees, and was awarded the Sir Ronald Wilson Prize for Academic Achievement, "which is given to the graduate who best combines distinguished academic performance in law units with qualities of character, leadership and all-round contribution to the life of the university". [4]

Early political activity

While in high school, Bandt went to his first demonstration, protesting against a visit of a nuclear-powered ship to Fremantle. [5] In his mid-teens, from 1987 to 1989, Bandt was a member of the Labor Party. [6] Bandt later stated he had left the party because of the removal of free university under Hawke and Keating, and blamed the Higher Education Contributions Scheme. [7] Bandt stated the change "started making education so expensive and putting people in debt". [8]

At Murdoch University, Bandt was a student activist and member of the Left Alliance. [9] During university, Bandt stated he was inspired by the works and thought of Leon Trotsky. [10] He was president of the student union and an active campaigner for higher living allowances for students, and for free education. [11] While he was a student in 1995, Bandt described the Greens as a "bourgeois" party, but that supporting them might be the most effective strategy, saying that "Communists can’t fetishise alternative political parties, but should always make some kind of materially based assessment about the effectiveness of any given strategy come election time". [9] [12]

Pre-parliamentary career

After finishing university, Bandt worked for student unions. [13] During the period before his election to parliament in 2010, he lived in Parkville, Victoria and worked as an industrial and public interest lawyer, becoming a partner at Slater & Gordon, with unions for clients. [13] He had articles published on links between anti-terror legislation and labour laws [14] and worked on issues facing outworkers in the textiles industry. [15] Bandt says he also represented firefighters and coal workers confronting the threat of privatisation. [8]

In 2008, having gone part-time at Slater & Gordon in order to do so, [13] Bandt completed a PhD at Monash University, supervised by cultural theorist Andrew Milner, with his thesis titled "Work to Rule: Rethinking Pashukanis, Marx and Law". [16] It states: “This thesis is an attempt to rethink Marxist legal theory.” In 2012, he described his thesis as looking "at the connection between globalisation and the trend of governments to take away peoples' rights by suspending the rule of law", saying he "reviewed authors who write about the connection between the economy and the law from across the political spectrum", ultimately arguing "that governments increasingly don't accept that people have inalienable rights". He published a paper whilst completing his PhD [17] - his thesis was embargoed for three years in the hopes of having it published as a book. [18]

In 2009, Bandt published a paper analysing how emergencies, such as the global financial crisis and war on terror, have been used by neoliberal "strong states" to "undermine basic rights". [13] [19]

Parliamentary career

Bandt was preselected to stand as the Greens candidate for the federal Division of Melbourne at the 2007 election against Labor's Lindsay Tanner, the then Shadow Minister for Finance, who won the seat again. Bandt finished with 22.8 percent of the primary vote, an increase of 3.8 percent, and 45.3 percent of the two-candidate preferred vote after out-polling the Liberal party's Andrea Del Ciotto after preferences. Nationally he was the most successful candidate from any minor party contesting a House of Representatives seat. [20] [21]

2010: election to parliament

Bandt, Brian Walters and Bob Brown Brian Walters Adam Bandt Bob Brown DSC 6070.JPG
Bandt, Brian Walters and Bob Brown

Following the 2007 federal election Melbourne had become Australia's only Labor/Greens marginal seat. [22] Bandt was preselected as Greens candidate for the second time, and ran successfully [23] against a new Labor candidate, Cath Bowtell, [24] following Lindsay Tanner's retirement. Bandt received a primary vote of 36.2 percent and a two-party-preferred vote of 56 percent against Labor, a swing to him of 13.4 and 10.8 points, respectively. [25] He was elected on the ninth count after over three-quarters of Liberal preferences flowed to him, enabling him to overtake Bowtell and become the first Green candidate to win a seat in a general election. [26]

His main policy interests are environmental and human rights issues, having "nominat[ed] pushing for a price on carbon, the abolition of mandatory detention of asylum seekers and changing the law to recognise same-sex marriage as his top priorities in parliament." [27] [28] [29]

2013-2019 federal elections

Bandt, Ellen Sandell, Janet Rice, and Christine Milne marching at People's Climate March in Melbourne 2014 Greens at People's Climate March in Melbourne 2014.jpg
Bandt, Ellen Sandell, Janet Rice, and Christine Milne marching at People's Climate March in Melbourne 2014

In 2013 Bandt was re-elected to the seat of Melbourne, despite an overall decrease in the Greens' vote and Liberal Party directing preferences to Labor ahead of The Greens. [30] Bandt retained the seat with a 42.6 percent primary and 55.2 percent two-party-preferred vote, with his two-candidate majority almost untouched. [31] Bandt sat on Christine Milne's frontbench.

In 2015, upon the change of Green leadership from Christine Milne to Richard Di Natale, Bandt did not re-contest the deputy leadership saying he had a baby due in the upcoming weeks. Scott Ludlam and Larissa Waters were elected unopposed as co-deputies. [32]

Bandt was re-elected as Member for Melbourne for a third time in the 2016 election, pushing Labor into third place, and the overwhelming preference for him over the Liberals from Labor voters allowed him to increase his two-candidate-preferred vote to 68.48%. [33] In 2017, the Party's co-deputy leaders Larissa Waters and Scott Ludlam were found to be ineligible to sit in Australia's Parliament owing to their status as dual citizens. [34] Rachel Siewert and Bandt were made temporary co-deputy leaders. [35] Bandt achieved national headlines in February 2018 for accusing new senator Jim Molan of war crimes after it was revealed that Molan had shared anti-Muslim content made by far-right party Britain First on their Facebook account. Bandt later apologised. [36] [37]

Bandt in March 2019 JMP 6062 (40449421473).jpg
Bandt in March 2019

Bandt retained his seat of Melbourne at the 2019 election with a primary vote of 49.3%, the highest primary vote for the Greens in the history of the electorate. [38] Bandt also received a 4.8% swing in his favour at the election, and his two-party preferred vote against the Liberals rose to 71.8%. [38] The Greens' primary vote in Melbourne (49.3%) was larger than the combined Liberal and Labor vote, of 21.5% and 19.7% respectively, and almost twice as high as their second-highest primary vote (in Wills). [38]

Leader of the Greens

On 3 February 2020, Richard Di Natale announced his resignation as leader of the Greens and imminent retirement from politics, citing family reasons. Bandt announced his candidacy for the leadership shortly after. [39] On 4 February, he was elected unopposed. Larissa Waters was elected unopposed as co-deputy, with Nick McKim defeating Sarah Hanson-Young and Mehreen Faruqi to become the second co-deputy. [40] Bandt has been described by the political journalist Paddy Manning as the first Greens leader from the Left wing of the party. [13]

Since taking on the leadership of the Greens, Bandt has refocused the party's energy towards campaigning for an Australian Green New Deal, to address what he refers to as a "climate and environment emergency." [8] According to Bandt, it would involve the "government taking the lead to create new jobs and industries, and universal services to ensure no one is left behind." [8] Bandt has also focused on relations between his party and regional communities with the intent of visiting mining townships and farmers across Australia, arguing that his party is "the only one" trying to stop climate change from "devastating agriculture". [41] He has adopted a pro-mining message, but with a focus on expanding the lithium industry and other minerals necessary for a zero-carbon economy; rather than on coal. [42] Under Bandt's vision, the party is aspiring to develop a power-sharing situation with a Labor government at the next election, similar to the Gillard era. [43]

Whilst serving as party leader, Bandt also acts as the Greens' spokesperson for: the Climate Emergency, Energy, Employment & Workplace Relations, and the Public Sector. [44]

Political views

Adam Bandt has been described as being aligned with the left wing of the Green Party, similar to the former senator Lee Rhiannon. [45] [46] Bandt's political beliefs have been categorised as being influenced by post-Marxism. [46]

Bandt has been described as different to previous Greens leaders due to his emphasis on "public ownership, public wealth, and community-driven responses to the links between climate change and capitalism." [47] Following Virgin Airlines Australia undergoing voluntary administration in 2020, Bandt called for the government to purchase the airline "at bargain basement prices". [48]

Personal life

Bandt's partner is former Labor staffer Claudia Perkins, [49] who now works as a part-time yoga teacher. [50] Bandt and Perkins have two daughters together. [51]

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References

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  2. Karp, Paul (4 February 2020). "Adam Bandt pledges to push for Australian Green New Deal after being elected Greens leader". The Guardian. ISSN   0261-3077 . Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  3. Attard, Monica: Adam Bandt, Greens MP for Melbourne Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine , Sunday Profile (ABC Local Radio), 27 August 2010.
  4. Murdoch University News. "Greens party appoint Murdoch alumnus as their leader". murdoch.edu.au. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  5. Ireland, Judith (9 February 2020). "'A leader for the times': Will voters get on the Bandtwagon?". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  6. Legge, Kate (6–7 November 2010). "Greener Pastures". The Weekend Australian Magazine. The Australian. p. 22.
  7. Crowe, Shaun (2018). Whitlam's Children : Labor and the Greens in Australia. Melbourne University Press. ISBN   9780522874075.
  8. 1 2 3 4 Bandt, Adam (4 February 2020). "Change is possible: Australia needs a Green New Deal | Adam Bandt". The Guardian. ISSN   0261-3077 . Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  9. 1 2 Wilson, Lauren (28 August 2010). "Greens too bourgeois for Adam Bandt when he was a uni student". The Australian. Archived from the original on 9 October 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
  10. Henderson, Gerard (13 May 2013). "Coalition must be smarter when it issues preferences". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  11. "Adam Bandt for Lord Mayor". Make Melbourne Green. Archived from the original on 17 February 2009. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  12. "The ideological drive behind the Greens". ABC News. 12 November 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 "Adam Bandt, the personable hardliner". The Monthly. 1 May 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  14. Bandt, Adam (4 April 2006). "State waxes, rights wane – Opinion". The Age. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
  15. "The Law Report: 15 April 2003 – Outworkers – Out in the Cold". Australia: ABC. 15 April 2003. Archived from the original on 2 February 2008. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
  16. "Work to rule: Rethinking Pashukanis, Marx and law". monash.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
  17. Bandt, Adam (1 June 2006). "The Wages of Fear: Labour Laws and Terror". Australian Feminist Law Journal. 24 (1): 39–46. doi:10.1080/13200968.2006.10854351. ISSN   1320-0968 via Taylor & Francis.
  18. Maiden, Samantha (23 September 2012). "How Greens deputy leader Adam Bandt hid his PhD thesis". Herald Sun . Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  19. Bandt, Adam (1 December 2009). "Had We But World Enough and Time (Reconsidering 'Emergency')". Australian Feminist Law Journal. 31 (1): 15–32. doi:10.1080/13200968.2009.10854425. ISSN   1320-0968 via Taylor & Francis.
  20. "House of Representatives Division First Preferences". Results.aec.gov.au. 20 December 2007. Archived from the original on 29 June 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2010.
  21. "Mr Adam Bandt MP". aph.gov.au. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
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  41. "The Greens leader spruiking new mines". Community News Group. 25 February 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
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Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Lindsay Tanner
Member for Melbourne
2010–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Richard Di Natale
Leader of the Australian Greens
2020–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Scott Ludlam and Larissa Waters
Deputy Leader of the Australian Greens
2017–2020
Served alongside: Larissa Waters
Succeeded by
Nick McKim and Larissa Waters
Preceded by
Christine Milne
Deputy Leader of the Australian Greens
2012–2015
Succeeded by
Scott Ludlam and Larissa Waters