Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names

Last updated

The Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (ACAN or US-ACAN) is an advisory committee of the United States Board on Geographic Names responsible for recommending commemorative names for features in Antarctica. [1]

Contents

History

The committee was established in 1943 as the Special Committee on Antarctic Names (SCAN). [2] It became the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names in 1947. [1] Fred G. Alberts was Secretary of the Committee from 1949 to 1980. [1]

By 1959, a structured nomenclature was reached, allowing for further exploration, structured mapping of the region and a unique naming system. A 1990 ACAN gazeeter of Antarctica listed 16,000 names. [2]

Description

The United States does not recognise territorial boundaries within Antarctica, so ACAN assigns names to features anywhere within the continent, in consultation with other national nomenclature bodies where appropriate, as defined by the Antarctic Treaty System. [3] The research and staff support for the ACAN is provided by the United States Geological Survey. [4]

ACAN has a published policy on naming, based on priority of application, appropriateness, and the extent to which usage has become established. [5] The United States Secretary of the Interior is in charge of formally appointing the members of the committee. [1]

Names attributed by the ACAN

See also

Related Research Articles

Thurston Island Antarctic island

Thurston Island is an ice-covered, glacially dissected island, 215 km (134 mi) long, 90 km (56 mi) wide and 15,700 km2 (6,062 sq mi) in area, lying a short way off the northwest end of Ellsworth Land, Antarctica. It is the third largest island of Antarctica, after Alexander Island and Berkner Island.

Admiralty Mountains Mountain range in Victoria Land, Antarctica

The Admiralty Mountains is a large group of high mountains and individually named ranges and ridges in northeastern Victoria Land, Antarctica. This mountain group is bounded by the Ross Sea, the Southern Ocean, and by the Dennistoun, Ebbe, and Tucker glaciers. The mountain range is situated on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.

Shackleton Range Mountain range in Antarctica

The Shackleton Range is a mountain range in Antarctica. Rising at Holmes Summit to 1,875 metres (6,152 ft), it extends in an east–west direction for about 160 kilometres (99 mi) between the Slessor and Recovery glaciers.

Alexandra Mountains

Alexandra Mountains is a group of low, separated mountains in the north portion of Edward VII Peninsula, just southwest of Sulzberger Bay in Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica. Discovered in January–February 1902 by the British National Antarctic Expedition during an exploratory cruise of the Discovery along the Ross Ice Shelf. Named for Alexandra, then Queen of the United Kingdom.

The Wisconsin Range is a major mountain range of the Horlick Mountains in Antarctica, comprising the Wisconsin Plateau and numerous glaciers, ridges and peaks bounded by the Reedy Glacier, Shimizu Ice Stream, Horlick Ice Stream and the interior ice plateau.

The Ohio Range is a mountain range in the Transantarctic Mountains of Antarctica. It is about 48 km (30 mi) long and 16 km (10 mi) wide, extending WSW-ENE from Eldridge Peak to Mirsky Ledge. The range forms the northeast end of the Horlick Mountains and consists primarily of a large snow-topped plateau with steep northern cliffs and several flat-topped ridges and mountains. The highest point is the summit of Mount Schopf.

Pensacola Mountains Group of mountain ranges in the Queen Elizabeth Land region of Antarctica

The Pensacola Mountains are a large group of mountain ranges of the Transantarctic Mountains System, located in the Queen Elizabeth Land region of Antarctica.

The Forrestal Range is a largely snow-covered mountain range, about 105 km (65 mi) long, standing east of Dufek Massif and the Neptune Range in the Pensacola Mountains of Antarctica. Discovered and photographed on 13 January 1956 on a transcontinental patrol plane flight of U.S. Navy Operation Deep Freeze I from McMurdo Sound to the vicinity of the Weddell Sea and return.

The Neptune Range is a mountain range, 112 km (70 mi) long, lying WSW of Forrestal Range in the central part of the Pensacola Mountains in Antarctica. The range is composed of Washington Escarpment with its associated ridges, valleys and peaks, the Iroquois Plateau, and the Schmidt and Williams Hills. It was discovered and photographed on 13 January 1956 on a US Navy transcontinental plane flight from McMurdo Sound to Weddell Sea and return.

The Patuxent Range or macizo Armada Argentina is a major range of the Pensacola Mountains, comprising the Thomas Hills, Anderson Hills, Mackin Table and various nunataks and ridges bounded by the Foundation Ice Stream, Academy Glacier and the Patuxent Ice Stream. Discovered and partially photographed on January 13, 1956 in the course of a transcontinental nonstop plane flight by personnel of U.S. Navy Operation Deep Freeze I from McMurdo Sound to Weddell Sea and return.

The Churchill Mountains are a mountain range group of the Transantarctic Mountains System, located in the Ross Dependency region of Antarctica. They border on the western side of the Ross Ice Shelf, between Byrd Glacier and Nimrod Glacier.

Heritage Range Mountain range in Antarctica

The Heritage Range is a major mountain range, 160 km (99 mi) long and 48 km (30 mi) wide, situated southward of Minnesota Glacier and forming the southern half of the Ellsworth Mountains in Antarctica. The range is complex, consisting of scattered ridges and peaks of moderate height, escarpments, hills and nunataks, with the various units of relief set off by numerous intervening glaciers.

The UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee is a United Kingdom government committee, part of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, responsible for recommending names of geographical locations within the British Antarctic Territory (BAT) and the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (SGSSI). Such names are formally approved by the Commissioners of the BAT and SGSSI respectively, and published in the BAT Gazetteer and the SGSSI Gazetteer maintained by the Committee. The BAT names are also published in the international Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica maintained by SCAR.

Bear Peninsula

Bear Peninsula is a peninsula about 80 km (50 mi) long and 40 km (25 mi) wide which is ice covered except for several isolated rock bluffs and outcrops along its margins, lying 48 km 30 mi) east of Martin Peninsula on Walgreen Coast, Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Usarp Mountains</span> Mountain range in Antarctica

The Usarp Mountains are a major Antarctic mountain range, lying west of the Rennick Glacier and trending north to south for about 190 kilometres (118 mi). The feature is bounded to the north by Pryor Glacier and the Wilson Hills.

Wilson Hills is a group of scattered hills, nunataks and ridges that extend NW-SE for about 110 kilometres (68 mi) between Matusevich Glacier and Pryor Glacier in Antarctica. They were discovered by Lieutenant Harry Pennell, Royal Navy, on the Terra Nova Expedition in February 1911 during Robert Falcon Scott's last expedition, and named after Edward Adrian Wilson, a zoologist with the expedition, who perished with Scott on the return journey from the South Pole.

Dufek Massif

Dufek Massif, Augusto Pinochet Massif or Santa Teresita Massif is a rugged, largely snow-covered massif 27 nautical miles (50 km) long, standing west of the Forrestal Range in the northern part of the Pensacola Mountains. It was discovered and photographed on January 13, 1956, on a transcontinental patrol plane flight of U.S. Navy Operation Deep Freeze from McMurdo Sound to the vicinity of the Weddell Sea and return, and named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for Rear Admiral George J. Dufek, U.S. Navy, who was in direct operational command of U.S. Navy Task Force 43 during that operation. The entire Pensacola Mountains were mapped by the U.S. Geological Survey in 1967 and 1968 from ground surveys and U.S. Navy tricamera aerial photographs taken in 1964.

Freyberg Mountains

The Freyberg Mountains are a group of mountains in Victoria Land, Antarctica, bounded by Rennick Glacier, Bowers Mountains, Black Glacier, and Evans Neve. Named for New Zealand's most famous General, Lord Bernard Freyberg, by the Northern Party of New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE), 1963-64. This mountain group includes the Alamein Range. These topographical features all lie situated on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Long Glacier</span> Glacier in Antarctica

Long Glacier is a glacier about 8 nautical miles long in the southeastern part of Thurston Island, Antarctica. It flows south to the Abbot Ice Shelf, 14 nautical miles (26 km) west of Harrison Nunatak. The glacier was mapped by the United States Geological Survey from surveys and U.S. Navy air photos, 1960–66, and was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for Fred A. Long, Jr., an aviation machinist of U.S. Navy Squadron VX-6, who wintered at Little America V in 1957 and was in Antarctica in the 1960–61 and 1962–63 seasons.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Gazetteer of the Antarctic: Names Approved by the United States Board on Geographic Names. National Science Foundation. 1989.
  2. 1 2 Meredith F. Burrill (1990). 1890-1990, a Century of Service: United States Board on Geographic Names. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service.
  3. "U.S. Board on Geographic Names". Usgs.gov. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  4. "Eighth United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names" (PDF). Unstats.un.org. 24 June 2002. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  5. Policy Covering Antarctic Names
  6. "US Board on Geographic Names" . Retrieved 2022-08-28.
  7. "Ashworth Glacier". Ndsu.edu. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  8. "Bird Bluff". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-07-05.
  9. "Blessing Bluff". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-07-26.
  10. "Brandau Glacier". United States Geologic Survey. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  11. "Brandau Rocks" . Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  12. "Brown Peaks". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  13. "Brown Scarp". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-09-20.
  14. "Bruner Hill". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-09-22.
  15. "Burnette Rock". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-10-07.
  16. "Burrage Dome". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-10-08.
  17. "Callender Peak". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-10-21.
  18. "Cornely, Cape". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-11-25.
  19. "Coor Crags". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-11-23.
  20. "US Board on Geographic Names" . Retrieved 2022-08-28.
  21. "Cousins Rock". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-11-29.
  22. "Crary Knoll". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-12-03.
  23. "Creehan Cliff". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-12-04.
  24. "US Board on Geographic Names" . Retrieved 2022-08-28.
  25. "Davey Peak". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2011-12-27.
  26. "Dickinson Rocks". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-01-19.
  27. "Dickson Icefalls". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-01-19.
  28. "Dickson Pillar". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-01-19.
  29. "Dillon Peak". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-01-19.
  30. "US Board on Geographic Names" . Retrieved 2022-08-28.
  31. "Dudley Head". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-02-01.
  32. "Durrance Inlet". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-02-21.
  33. "Evans Knoll". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-03-09.
  34. "Everett Spur". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-03-09.
  35. "Fontaine Bluff". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-03-29.
  36. "Fowler Knoll". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-04-04.
  37. "Gealy Spur". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-04-19.
  38. "Antarctica Detail". geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2020-07-05.
  39. "Glover Cirque". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-04-26.
  40. "Grass Bluff". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-05-03.
  41. "Greene Ridge". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-05-07.
  42. "Jacobel Glacier". Stolaf.edu. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  43. "Johnson Bluff". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2012-07-27.
  44. "Jones Ridge". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-04-05.
  45. "LaForrest Rock". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-05-23.
  46. "Lasher Spur". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-06-03.
  47. "Leibert Cirque". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-06-10.
  48. "Lepley Nunatak". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-06-11.
  49. "Lie Cliff". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-06-14.
  50. "Mahalak Bluffs". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-07-26.
  51. "Maish Nunatak". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-07-29.
  52. "Marsh Ridge". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-08-14.
  53. "Mims Spur". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-10-22.
  54. "Mirfak Nunatak". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-10-23.
  55. "Mizar Nunataks". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-10-27.
  56. "Mohaupt Point". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-10-28.
  57. "Moran Bluff". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-11-06.
  58. "Morse Nunataks". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior . Retrieved 2013-11-09.
  59. "US names mountain after an Indian-American scientist". Indiatimes.com. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  60. "Mount Slaughter". SCAR Composite Gazetteer. Australian Antarctic Data Centre.
  61. "Pine Island Glacier". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey.
  62. "Icebergs A-68 and B-46 in Antarctica". Esa.int. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  63. "In Memoriam: Winifred Reuning". Usap.gov. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  64. "Thwaites Glacier". geonames.usgs.gov. United States Geological Survey. 1 January 1967. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  65. "Thwaites Glacier". apc.antarctica.ac.uk. UK Antarctic Place-names Committee (APC). 1 April 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  66. "US Board on Geographic Names" . Retrieved 2022-08-28.

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document: "Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names".(content from the Geographic Names Information System )