|Prime Minister of Burundi|
23 June 2020
|Preceded by||Pascal-Firmin Ndimira (1998)|
|Born||23 April 1972|
Kanyosha, Bujumbura Mairie Province, Burundi
|Alma mater||University of Burundi|
Alain-Guillaume Bunyoni (born 23 April 1972) is a Burundian politician who has been Prime Minister of Burundi since 23 June 2020. Before that, from 2015 until 2020, he served as Minister of Internal Security in the Cabinet of Burundi.
Bunyoni was born on 23 April 1972 in the commune of Kanyosha, in Bujumbura Mairie Province. He was educated at the University of Burundi. He graduated and appeared on the list of graduands in 1994, but he did not attend the ceremony. Instead, he joined the fighting that broke out, following the assassination of President Melchior Ndadaye. He was a member of the Forces for the Defense of Democracy fighting force.
In 2003, the National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy political coalition reached a ceasefire with the other combatants in the Burundian Civil War. From 2004 until 2005, Bunyoni served as the equivalent of the Inspector General of the new police force. From 2005 until 2007, he served as the Chief of Police of Burundi.
Between 2007 and 2011, Bunyoni served as the Minister of Internal Security, a role he returned to between 2015 until 2020. From 2011 until 2014, Alain-Guillaume Bunyoni was appointed head of the Office of the Minister of Civil Affairs in the Office of the President.
On 23 June 2020, the Parliament of Burundi voted to accept the nomination of Alain-Guillaume Bunyoni, by Évariste Ndayishimiye, the newly elected president, as the 8th prime minister of Burundi.He was sworn into office, the same day, by the president of Burundi.
In addition to the above responsibilities, Bunyoni was in charge of various international security responsibilities, and in 2007, he was one of the United Nations envoys who was in charge of promoting peace and security. He also chaired the East African Police Committees (OCCPAE) Committee on Interpol.
Politics of Burundi takes place in a framework of a transitional presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Burundi is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Senate and the National Assembly.
Burundi originated in the 16th century as a small kingdom in the African Great Lakes region. After European contact, it was united with the Kingdom of Rwanda, becoming the colony of Ruanda-Urundi - first colonised by Germany and then by Belgium. The colony gained independence in 1962, and split once again into Rwanda and Burundi. It is one of the few countries in Africa to be a direct territorial continuation of a pre-colonial era African state.
The president of Burundi, officially the president of the Republic, is the head of state and head of government of the Republic of Burundi. The president is also commander-in-chief of the National Defence Force. The office of the presidency was established when Michel Micombero declared Burundi a republic on 28 November 1966. The first constitution to specify the powers and duties of the president was the constitution of 1974 adopted in 1976. The constitution, written by Micombero, affirmed Micombero's position as the first president of Burundi. The powers of the president currently derive from the 2005 constitution implemented as a result of the 2000 Arusha Accords after the Burundian Civil War. The current president since 18 June 2020 is Évariste Ndayishimiye.
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Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley where the African Great Lakes region and East Africa converge. It is bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and southeast, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; Lake Tanganyika lies along its southwestern border. The capital cities are Gitega and Bujumbura.
Pascal Nyabenda is a Burundian politician, who served as President of the National Assembly of Burundi from 2015 to 2020. He has been president of the ruling National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy since March 2012 and previously served as Governor of Bubanza Province.
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On 13 May 2015, army general Godefroid Niyombare said that he was "dismissing President Pierre Nkurunziza" following the 2015 Burundian unrest. However, the presidency tweeted that the "situation is under control" and there is "no coup".
On 21 October 1993, a coup was attempted in Burundi by a Tutsi–dominated Army faction, led by Chief of Staff Lt. Col. Jean Bikomagu, ex-President Pierre Buyoya, and former interior minister François Ngeze. The coup attempt resulted in assassination of Hutu President Melchior Ndadaye, and numerous other casualties. Earlier in 1993, Ndadaye was elected in the 1 June presidential election and was sworn in on 10 July.
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| Prime Minister of Burundi |