Amar Prem

Last updated

Amar Prem
Amar prem.jpg
Directed by Shakti Samanta
Produced byShakti Samanta
Screenplay byArabinda Mukherjee
Ramesh Pant (dialogue)
Based onHinger Kochuri
by Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay and Nishi Padma (Bengali Film)
Starring Sharmila Tagore,
Rajesh Khanna,
Vinod Mehra
Abhi Bhattacharya
Madan Puri
Music by R. D. Burman
CinematographyAloke Dasgupta
Edited byGovind Dalwadi
Release date
28 January 1972

Amar Prem (transl.Immortal Love) is a 1972 Indian romantic drama film directed by Shakti Samanta. It is a remake of the Bengali film Nishi Padma (1970), [1] directed by Arabinda Mukherjee, who wrote screenplay for both the films based on the Bengali short story Hinger Kochuri by Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay. The film portrays the decline of human values and relationships and contrasts it by presenting an illustrious example of a boy's innocent love for a neighbourhood courtesan. [2] The movie is about a school boy, who is ill-treated by his step mother, and becomes friends with a prostitute neighbour. [3] The film stars Sharmila Tagore playing a prostitute with a heart of gold, with Rajesh Khanna in the role of a lonely businessman and Vinod Mehra as adult Nandu, the young child, who they both come to care for.


The film is noted for its music by R. D. Burman; numbers sung by famous playback singers like Kishore Kumar, R.D. Burman's father S.D. Burman and Lata Mangeshkar; lyrics were by Anand Bakshi. The songs and soundtrack written by Anand Bakshi and sung by Kishore Kumar were well-received, with Chingaari Koi Bhadke topping at 5th position on the year-end chart Binaca Geetmala annual list 1972. Chingari Koi Bhadke' an entire song shot on a gently rocking boat in the Hoogly river against the iconic Howrah Bridge in the background, it creates a beautiful drama with perfect face impressions of Rajesh Khanna and camera movements, adding to the already magical Anand Bakshi's lyrics and Kishore Kumar's voice. Rajesh Khanna's inner torment is visible, as he shifts from one place to another on the boat.


Pushpa (Sharmila Tagore) is expelled from her house by her husband and his new wife. When she refuses to leave, her husband beats her and throws her out. She goes to her mother for help, but her mother too disowns her. When she tries to commit suicide, she is sold to a brothel in Calcutta by her village-uncle, Nepal Babu (Madan Puri). On her audition at the brothel, Anand Babu (Rajesh Khanna), a businessman seeking love, is attracted by her singing. Anand Babu is unhappily married and lonely and becomes her regular and exclusive visitor as love blossoms.

Later, a widowed man with his family, from the same village as her, moves in close to Pushpa's place. The new neighbour's son, Nandu, does not get any love at home, as his father works all the time and his stepmother (Bindu) does not care about him. Nandu's father (Sujit Kumar) learns about Pushpa's new life and forbids her from interacting with him and his family as he fears what people would say. However, Pushpa starts treating Nandu as her own son when she realises that he is mistreated at home, and often goes hungry. Nandu also comes to love Pushpa and starts to regard her as his mother. He visits her every day and comes upon Anand Babu, who also becomes fond of him becoming a father figure, calling him Pushpa's son, seeing the way Pushpa loves the child.

One day, Anand Babu's brother-in-law comes to see Pushpa and demands that she tell Anand Babu to stop visiting her. With great reluctance, Pushpa agrees and she turns Anand Babu away when he comes to see her. It is then that the businessman realises that he is in love with Pushpa. When Nandu suffers from fever and his treatment is too expensive, Pushpa asks Anand Babu for help and he secretly finances the treatment and does not let anybody know. When the doctor (Abhi Bhattacharya) asks him why is he so keen on helping Nandu, he replies some relationships have no names. However, when Nandu's father asks the doctor who paid for the treatment, the doctor says that his mother did. Then Nandu's father discovers that it was Pushpa who saved her son's life and he thanks her and gives her the sari that he had bought for his wife, telling her that it was a gift from a brother to a sister. A touched Pushpa accepts.

Nandu's family has to move to the village and Nandu plants a sapling of night-flowering jasmine (Harsingaar or Parijat) at Pushpa's home, making her promise to always take care of it. Pushpa cries and agrees.

Several years later, Nandu grows up to become a government engineer posted in the same town. Anand Babu meets Pushpa, now working as a maidservant who is ill-treated and they both reconcile. Nandu (Vinod Mehra) unsuccessfully searches for her and gives up after inquiring in the neighbourhood. Nandu's son gets sick and they go to the same doctor. Meanwhile, having met Pushpa, Anand Babu decides to catch up with all his old friends and meets the doctor. During the conversation, he reveals that he has stopped drinking and visiting brothels once he left Pushpa. He also tells him that he is now divorced/separated due to his wife's partying ways, but is finally at peace and is happy with Pushpa's love and affection in his heart. They talk about Nandu and the Doctor informs him that Nandu is in town. Nandu meets Anand Babu when he comes to meet the doctor to ask regarding the medicine, who takes him to meet Pushpa. Both of them, unable to see Pushpa ill-treated, stand up for her and in the end Nandu takes Pushpa home with him, like a son who is reunited with his long lost mother with Anand Babu looking on, crying happily.




After making entertainers like China Town (1962), Ek Raaz (1963), Kashmir Ki Kali (1964), Sawan Ki Ghata (1966) and An Evening in Paris (1967) through the 1960s, with Aradhana (1969) and Kati Patang (1971), Samanta had entered the phase of emotional dramas in his career. [5] Nishi Padma (Night Flower, 1970), for night-flowering-jasmine, was made by Arabinda Mukherjee with Uttam Kumar and Sabitri Chatterjee as leads. When Samanta saw the film, he was so impressed by the performance of Uttam Kumar, that he decided to remake it. However, he decided to make some changes in the script. [6] The original film was based on the Bengali short story Hinger Kochuri, written by Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay,. The title derives its name from a typical Bengali late afternoon snack, kachori , made with of fried dough stuffed with lentils, and hing (asafoetida). [7]

The story was first published in Bandopadhyay's short story collection, Galpa Panchashat (Fifty Stories, 1956). [8] His stories had previously been adapted by Satyajit Ray as Pather Panchali (1955) and the Apu Trilogy. Shakti Samanta asked Mukherjee who also wrote Nishi Padma's screenplay to write a Hindi version, with Ramesh Pant, a longtime-collaborator with Samanta penning the Hindi dialogues. [3] The famous dialogue, "Pushpa, I hate tears" though also there in the original, was merely part of a dialogue, Samanta decided to use it to great effect, delivered in Rajesh Khanna's trademark style. [6] Later, both the writers of the film won Filmfare Awards in their respective categories.


Once the script was ready, Samanta approached Sharmila Tagore, with whom he had done a string of films, like Kashmir Ki Kali (1964), An Evening in Paris (1967) and most recently Aradhana (1969), with Rajesh Khanna. Tagore found her character "Pushpa", "a very strong role in the iconic mould of Mother India " and instantly agreed, thus it was one of the first films she signed on after the birth of her son Saif Ali Khan. For the role Anand, actor Raaj Kumar was Samanta's first choice, as he believed Khanna who had become a super star after the hit Aradhana, wouldn't be interested in doing a film that focussed on the female lead. However, Khanna convinced Samanta that would do justice to the role. However, Khanna changed the character's name from Ananta to Anand to draw connection to his character in Hrishikesh Mukherjee's critically acclaimed Anand (1971). [3]


The film was shot in Eastmancolor, entirely at Natraj Studios in Mumbai, including the famous song, Chingari koi bhadke, which was set on a boat on the Hooghly River, with Howrah Bridge of Kolkata in the background. Earlier authorities in Kolkata didn't give the film crew permission to shoot under the bridge, as it would be a crowd problem. Thus the song was shot in a water tank in the studio, with the crew filming in knee-deep water. [3] [9] Samanta has been using music directors like O. P. Nayyar and Shankar-Jaikishen, but chose R. D. Burman once again after Kati Patang (1971), who also laboured to produce one of his best scores; later in an interview Samanta recalled: "Pancham (R. D. Burman) would go into his room and work from 9 o'clock in the morning till 9 o'clock in the night for Amar Prem." [10]

Themes and allusions

Amar Prem takes forward the popular genre of self-sacrificing mother or woman prevalent in the decade as seen in Aradhana (1969) and Kati Patang (1971), though seen as early as in 1957 in Mother India , though here it places a wronged wife Pushpa in the narrative. When her husband marries the second time, due to her apparent infertility, she is kicked out of her home, her mother and community both abandon her, subsequently she is tricked into prostitution. [11] [12] Thus the fallen women ends up as courtesan, with a heart of gold; though the original version Nishi Padma (1970), clearly portrays her as a common prostitute, in Samanta's version she is a tawaif who sings to her customers for a living. [13] As Pushpa is introduced to the audience singing a genteel mystic Meera Bai-like bhajan, Raina Beeti Jai, Shyam Na Aaye (Night is passing, Shyam (Krishna) hasn't arrived), calling on to Krishna; however in many part of the film she is treated by her environment as common prostitute. This blurring in representation of a courtesan and a common prostitute has been a recurrent feature in mainstream Bollywood cinema, just as the theme of the fallen woman is. [13] [14] [15] However, things were changing rapidly, only a few years later, Sharmila Tagore herself portrayed a far more realistic and feisty prostitute in Gulzar , directed, Mausam (1975), [14] meanwhile, B.R. Ishara had already made the bold film Chetna (1970), with Rehana Sultan, clearly ringing in the end of monochromatic filmi-version of prostitutes and courtesans, which was seen in films like Bimal Roy's Devdas (1955), B. R. Chopra's Sadhna (1958) and even in Guru Dutt's classic Pyaasa . [16] [17]

As the film evolves, Pushpa is no longer the fallen woman; she is not just redeemed — Anand Babu tells her, Tumne is kamre ko mandir bana diya (You have turned this room into a temple) – but in the end is deified, as she chooses to relinquish her profession and makes a living washing utensils, quietly suffering societal and psychological abuses all through the film, instead of fighting back or standing up for herself. This is also conveyed with the use of symbolism like the handful of mud being taken from Pushpa's brothel grounds to make goddess Durga idols prior to the annual Durga Puja festival, a popular festival of goddess worship. Further towards the end of the film, her purity is compared with that of the Ganges itself by Anand Babu, when she finally visits the banks of Hooghly river, a distributary of the sacred Ganges River to break her bangles after her ill-treating husband dies; and in the very end, the juxtaposition of the home-coming of Durga idols used in Durga Puja festival just as Nandu is taking Pushpa home. This makes her a veritable model for womanhood, although conservative and affirming patriarchal traditions. The fallen woman, solely longs to marry the man, but in vain, Pushpa too is reunited with Anand Babu in the end, however this is only a momentary meeting, and Anand Babu suggests she goes home with her foster son, Nandu as a mother. [13] This genre was in direct contrast with similar maternal melodrama of 1930s Hollywood, where the abandoned mother often disappeared into oblivion and destitution; it continued in Hindi cinema for another decade, before the "avenging heroine" marked her entry and the women narratives began to change. [11] [12]

The film also deals with the theme of urban melancholy, of the bhadralok , the gentlefolk, through Anand Babu, a businessman trapped in a bad marriage, whose wife is constantly busy in beauty-parlours and parties, and seeks company in Pushpa and alcohol. Pushpa, herself lonely, fulfills her maternal instincts through Nandu, a young boy in the neighbourhood, often ill-treated by his step mother. Thus three lonely people become surrogates for each other and create their own family unit, even though briefly, as Anand Babu defines it, "Koi agar apna na hoke bhi bahut apna ho, toh ise kya kehte hain? Bahut pyara rishta, na?" (If someone is bound to you in spite of not being related to you, isn't that a lovely relationship?) [3] [15] [18] Also through his song, Kuch To Log Kahenge, Anand Babu mocks society's moral judgement and hypocrisy, as he consoles a despondent Pushpa by singing, "Sita bhi yahan badnaam hui" (Even Sita (King Rama's wife in Ramayana ) was insulted here) relating to an episode in epic, where in Sita having returned from captivity of demon king Ravana, she had to prove her purity, and even then was banished by Rama to the forest. [19]


Amar Prem
Soundtrack album by
Genre Film soundtrack
Label Saregama
R. D. Burman chronology
Bombay to Goa
Amar Prem
Apna Desh

The score and soundtrack for film was composed by R.D.Burman, with lyrics by Anand Bakshi. The soundtrack was melody based, which gave Lata Mangeshkar her finest classical solo of the decade, Raina Beti Jaaye, set in an unusual blend of two Ragas, Todi in mukhara or the opening verse and Khamaj in the antara . Burman had heard his father, music composer S. D. Burman sing, Bela Boye Jaye, which he said was on his mind, while composing the song. Bakshi's lyrics, created a Meera bhajan-like idiom for the song, employing the Krishna-Radha motif. [7] [15]

However, when it came to "Bada Natkhat hai Re Krishna Kanhaiyya", things took a different turn when his father, veteran music director, S. D. Burman intervened and asked Burman to redo the tune. Burman was given the brief of "usual bhajan situation" by Samanta, later as he was giving final touches to the tune, his father heard the tune, and asked for the precise description of situation. On listening to the situation, he expressed his dismay as not doing justice to the situation, [20] as R.D. Burman recounted in a later interview, "But where's the composer in you in this tune, Pancham (Burman's nickname)?" and went on to explain: "..For Sharmila here is something more than the nautch-girl she plays. Her motherly instincts have been aroused by that kid. Your tune therefore must communicate all the agony of the nautch-girl wanting to be the mother she can never be. Do it again, your way, but with the moving human situation in mind." [21] Thus R.D. Burman made a tune in Raga Khamaj, which Lata Mangeshkar too sang with marked emotional clarity and abandon, who is usually prone let her technical dexterity outshine. The song became a classic, [7] [22] and later Burman called it his "best lesson in music" from his father. [21]

Finally, Burman roped in his father, S. D. Burman to sing "Doli Mein Bithai Ke Kahaar" in his typical bardic voice, and the song which appears twice in the film, was to become one of the most memorable songs of his career as a playback singer. [23]

1"Doli Mein Bithai Ke" S. D. Burman 5:43
2"Raina Beeti Jaye" Lata Mangeshkar 5:20
3"Chingari Koi Bhadke" Kishore Kumar 5:38
4"Kuchh Toh Log Kahenge"Kishore Kumar4:56
5"Yeh Kya Hua"Kishore Kumar4:33
6"Bada Natkhat Hai Yeh"Lata Mangeshkar4:53



Prior to the release of the film, a special show was organised in Delhi, where Gen Sam Manekshaw invited the cast, however the next day a blackout was declared, as the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 had begun. [24] The film was commercially released in January 1972.


Though 1972 was a year of the big films Pakeezah , Dushman and Beimaan, [25] upon its release, Amar Prem was eighth amongst Khanna's top releases in the year. [26] Samanta achieved a hat-trick of hits with Rajesh Khanna, which started with Aradhana (1969) and Kati Patang (1971). [27] The music by R. D. Burman proved one of the best scores of his career, [27] with hits like "Chingaari Koi Bhadke", "Kuchh Toh Log Kahenge", "Yeh Kya Hua" sung by Kishore Kumar and "Raina beeti jaaye" by Lata Mangheskar.


The film went on to receive several awards and nominations. At the 1973 Filmfare Awards, Arabinda Mukherjee won the award for Best Screenplay, [28] while Ramesh Pant won the award for Best Dialogue. [29] Also, Jehangir Nowrojee won the award for Best Sound. [30] [31] The film also won nomination in Best Actor category for Rajesh Khanna, Best Lyricist for Anand Bakshi – Chingari Koi Bhadke and Best Singer Male nomination for Kishore Kumar again for Chingari Koi Bhadke. The film fails to receive nomination for Best Music. That year nominations includes Pakeezah and Shor , however, the award went to Be-Imaan , which made a clean sweep at the award that year, by also winning Best Film, Best Director and Best Actor, a category for which Rajesh Khanna had won two nominations that year, for Amar Prem and Dushman , however, he lost out to Manoj Kumar. Incidentally in the same year, Meena Kumari lost out the Best Actress Award to Hema Malini in Seeta Aur Geeta. [26]


After the film's success, the Rajesh Khanna-Sharmila Tagore pair, which had already achieved success in Aradhana (1969), worked again in Yash Chopra's Daag (1973) and Basu Bhattacharya's Avishkaar (1973), besides films like Chhoti Bahu (1971), Maalik (1972) and Raja Rani (1973). [24] Today, they are still considered leading on-screen romantic couples in the 100 years of India cinema. [32] [33] Rajesh Khanna's dialogue "Pushpa, I hate tears", which appeared five times in the film, was not only parodied over the years, [3] but also went on to become one of the epic dialogues of Indian cinema. [34] Apart from her work with Satyajit Ray, lead actress Sharmila Tagore films with Samanta including Amar Prem, defined her screen image for her career. [35] The film's success also affected the fashion trends of the time, the puff-sleeved blouses, which were first seen on Devika Rani in the 1950s were revived again after Sharmila Tagore's character Pushpa wore them through the film. [36]

In July 2009, after Samanta's death in April of the same year, Amar Prem was the inaugural film of a retrospective on Shakti Samanta Films organised in Delhi. [37]

Related Research Articles

Kishore Kumar Indian singer and actor

Abhas Kumar Ganguly, better known by his stage name Kishore Kumar was an Indian playback singer and actor. He was one of the most popular singers in the Indian film industry and from soft numbers to peppy tracks to romantic moods, Kumar sang in different genres but some of his rare compositions which were considered classics were lost in time. According to Ashok Kumar, Kumar's success came because his voice hit the microphone straight at its most sensitive point. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest Indian singers.

Sharmila Tagore Indian actress

Sharmila Tagore, also known as Begum Ayesha Sultana Khan, is a retired Indian actress. Primarily known for her work in Hindi and Bengali cinema, Tagore is the recipient of two National Film Awards, a Filmfare Award, and the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award for her contributions to Hindi cinema. In 2013, the Government of India, honoured her with Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian honour for her contributions to the Indian culture through performing arts.

Rajesh Khanna Indian actor, film producer and politician

Rajesh Khanna ,pronunciation , born Jatin Khanna; 29 December 1942 – 18 July 2012) was an Indian actor, film producer and politician who is best known for his works in Hindi cinema. He is referred to as the "First Superstar" of Indian cinema. He starred in 15 consecutive solo hit films from 1969 to 1971, a record unbroken.

Shakti Samanta

Shakti Samanta was an Indian film director and producer, who founded Shakti Films in 1957, which is most known for films such as Howrah Bridge (1958), Insan Jaag Utha (1959), China Town (1962), Kashmir Ki Kali (1964), An Evening in Paris (1967), Aradhana (1969), Kati Patang (1971), and Amar Prem (1972).

Anand Bakshi Indian poet and lyricist

Anand Bakshi was a popular Indian poet and lyricist. He was nominated for the Filmfare award for Best lyricist a total of 40 times, resulting in 4 wins.

<i>Aradhana</i> (1969 film) 1969 film by Shakti Samanta

Aradhana (transl. Worship) is a 1969 Indian Hindi-language romantic drama film directed by Shakti Samanta, starring Sharmila Tagore and Rajesh Khanna. It won the Filmfare Award for Best Film at the 17th Filmfare Awards. Sharmila Tagore won her first Filmfare Best Actress Award for playing the lead role in this film. Originally released in Hindi and dubbed in Bengali, Aradhana's huge success led to two remakes, both starring Vanisri in Tagore's role: the Tamil film Sivagamiyin Selvan (1974) and the Telugu film Kannavari Kalalu (1974). This film is counted among the 17 consecutive hit films of Rajesh Khanna between 1969 and 1971, by adding the two hero films Marayada and Andaz to the 15 consecutive solo hits he gave from 1969 to 1971. Aradhana was a blockbuster in India and the Soviet Union. The theme of the movie was based on the 1946 film To Each His Own.

<i>Kati Patang</i> 1971 film by Shakti Samanta

Kati Patang is a 1971 Indian Hindi-language musical drama film produced and directed by Shakti Samanta. It was a box office success. The film stars Asha Parekh as a woman pretending to be a widow, and her ensuing trials and tribulations opposite her charming neighbour played by Rajesh Khanna. The film is among the 17 consecutive hits of Khanna between 1969 and 1971 and is the second of four films in which he was paired with Parekh. According to newspaper The Hindu: "on screen, Rajesh Khanna never appeared to be lip-syncing. So convincing were his expressions. His presence, backed by the music, remained the main source of strength for a movie's success". Asha Parekh's performance as Madhavi was critically acclaimed and she went on to receive her first Filmfare Award for Best Actress.

Vinod Mehra

Vinod Mehra was an Indian actor in Bollywood films. He started out as a child actor in the late 1950s before starting his film career as an adult in 1971. He acted in over 100 films from the 1970s through to his death at the age of 45 in 1990. He was also the producer and director of the film Gurudev which was released 3 years after his death.

Moushumi Chatterjee Indian actress

Moushumi Chatterjee is an Indian actress who is recognised for her work in Hindi as well as Bengali cinema. Her on-screen pairing with Rajesh Khanna, Shashi Kapoor, Jeetendra, Sanjeev Kumar and Vinod Mehra were popular. She was the sixth highest paid actress in Hindi films during the 1970s. She joined the Bharatiya Janata Party on 2 January 2019.

<i>Aa Gale Lag Jaa</i> (1973 film)

Aa Gale Lag Jaa is a 1973 Hindi romantic film directed by Manmohan Desai, based on a story by Smt. Jeevanprabha M. Desai. It stars Shashi Kapoor, Sharmila Tagore and Shatrughan Sinha. The film became a box office hit.

"Mere Sapno Ki Rani" is a popular Hindi song from the 1969 Bollywood movie Aradhana. The song was composed by Sachin Dev Burman and performed by Kishore Kumar. In the film, Rajesh Khanna, the male protagonist, sings the song atop an open jeep virtually chasing the heroine, Sharmila Tagore, who was aboard the toy train in Darjeeling. The song became a superhit in India. Many other versions of this song were made such as the song "Atha Dilisena Hiru" by famous Sri Lankan singer H. R. Jothipala The song was re-used in the Tamil film, Eli (2015).

<i>Anuraag</i> (1972 film)

Anuraag is a 1972 Indian Hindi-language drama film, directed by Shakti Samanta. The film stars Moushumi Chatterjee and Vinod Mehra in lead roles. The Shakti Samanta fixture Rajesh Khanna, having earlier made Aradhana (1969) and Kati Patang with Samanta, makes a special appearance. The music is by S. D. Burman. Initially, Shakti Samanta was thinking whether to make this film or not as he was not sure if the distributors would buy a film with such a story line and had shared the idea with Rajesh Khanna, who encouraged Samanta and volunteered to make an extended appearance for the film, and also distributed the film under the banner "Shakti-Raj".

"Phir Milenge Chalte Chalte" is a song from the 2008 Indian film Rab Ne Bana Di Jodi rendered by Sonu Nigam. In the movie itself, it appears as a dream sequence item number during another movie. The song reenacts famous scenes from Bollywood films, and is performed by Shahrukh Khan portraying a number of famous vintage Bollywood actors, opposite a series of other actresses who are also portraying vintage actors from the films. In chronological order, Shahrukh Khan plays opposite Kajol, Bipasha Basu, Lara Dutta, Preity Zinta and Rani Mukerji.

<i>Safar</i> (1970 film) 1970 film by Asit Sen

Safar is a 1970 Indian Hindi romantic drama film produced by the Mushir-Riaz duo and directed by Asit Sen, based on a novel by Bengali writer Ashutosh Mukherjee. The film stars Ashok Kumar, Rajesh Khanna, Sharmila Tagore and Feroz Khan in lead roles. The film became the tenth top-grossing production of the year. It won one Filmfare Awards and four Bengal Film Journalists' Association Awards. Rajesh Khanna received a nomination for BFJA Awards for Best Actor (Hindi). Asit Sen remade the 1956 Bengali film Chalachal, which was directed by him, in Hindi as Safar (1970). As per review by critics, Safar was carried more than ably by Khanna's immense charm at the peak of his popularity. Rajesh Khanna beautifully conveys his character's desperation and his conviction that surviving by a slender thread is not really living. This film is counted among the 17 consecutive hit films of Rajesh Khanna between 1969 and 1971, by adding the two-hero films Maryada and Andaz to the 15 consecutive solo hits he gave from 1969 to 1971.

<i>Alag Alag</i> 1985 film

Alag Alag is a 1985 Hindi film starring Rajesh Khanna, Tina Munim and Shashi Kapoor in the lead roles, produced by Rajesh Khanna and directed by one of his favourite directors Shakti Samanta. The film is best remembered for the way it was shot in Kashmir, and its different storyline. It was inspired by the Pakistani movie Meherbani, which was produced by Parvez Malik in 1982. In 1992, Ram Awatar Agnihotri wrote that it was in this film that Munim showed the "first sparks" of the dedicated actress she would become.

The 20th Filmfare Awards were held in 1973, awarding the films made in 1972.

The 17th Filmfare Awards were held on May 11, 1970.

Nishi Padma is a 1970 Bengali drama film written and directed by Aravinda Mukherjee, based on a short story Hinger Kochuri by Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, and starring Uttam Kumar and Sabitri Chatterjee as leads. The film had music by Nachiketa Ghosh, and went on to win two awards at the 1970 National Film Awards: Manna Dey won Best Male Playback Singer for "Ja Khushi Ora Bole", while Sandhya Mukherjee won the Best Female Playback Singer for "Ore Sakol Sona Molin Holo".

S. D. Burman Indian singer and composer

Sachin Dev Burman was an Indian music director and singer. A member of the Tripura royal family, he started his career with Bengali films in 1937. He later began composing for Hindi movies and became one of the most successful and influential Bollywood film music composers. Burman composed the soundtracks for over 100 movies, including Bengali films and Hindi. Apart from being a versatile composer, he also sang songs in the light semi-classical and folk style of Bengal. His son, R. D. Burman, was also a celebrated music composer for Bollywood films.


  2. "AMAR PREM : Juxtaposing legend and contemporary subtext". Archived from the original on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 27 February 2009.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "It's All About Love". The Indian Express. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  4. Amar Prem
  5. "Bollywood will miss wizard of entertainment Shakti Samanta". The HIndu. 10 April 2009. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  6. 1 2 "'He wanted Amar Prem to be Rajesh Khanna's best performance'". Rediff Movies. 26 June 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  7. 1 2 3 Bhattacharjee, p. 56
  8. Chattopadhyay, p. 96
  9. "Familiar turn". The Hindu. 25 July 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  10. Dinesh Raheja (11 April 2009). "Shakti Samanta his Aradhana came true". MiD DAY. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  11. 1 2 Chakravarty, p. 295
  12. 1 2 Burfoot, p. 254
  13. 1 2 3 Sahni, p. 294
  14. 1 2 Singh, p. 368
  15. 1 2 3 Pradeep Sebastian (5 August 2012). "'Amar Prem': A neglected gem". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  16. "The Chingaris of Bollywood". Business Line. 3 March 2006. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  17. "Mandi or Market, going where the role calls!". The Times of India. 13 July 2007. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  18. Patel, p. 178
  19. Dinesh Raheja. "The Magic of Rajesh Khanna, Sharmila nnd Amar Prem". Rediff Movies. Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  20. Dinesh Raheja; Jitendra Kothari (1996). The Hundred Luminaries of Hindi Cinema. India Book House Publishers. p. 119. ISBN   8175080078.
  21. 1 2 Raju Bharatan (1994). "The Sound of RD's Music". panchamonline, (original The Times of India, 1994). Retrieved 9 May 2013.
  22. Anantharaman, p. 156
  23. Shubha Mudgal (14 May 2010). "The soulful Burman". Mint. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  24. 1 2 "Last goodbye from Pushpa as Bollywood loses Rajesh Khanna". Hindustan Times. 19 July 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  25. Rajiv Vijayakar (9 March 2012). "Pakeezah one of a kind". The Indian Express. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  26. 1 2 Patel, p. 177
  27. 1 2 "Noted filmmaker Shakti Samanta passes away". The Times of India . 10 April 2009. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2013. smash hits, 'Kati Patang' (1970) and 'Amar Prem' (1972).
  28. "Best Screenplay Award". Official Listings, Indiatimes. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  29. "Best Dialogue Writer Award (1958–1999)". Official Listings, Indiatimes. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  30. "Best Sound Recordist Award (1959–1999". Official Listings, Indiatimes. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
  31. Amar Prem – Awards Internet Movie Database .
  32. Dinesh Raheja (3 May 2013). "Bollywood turns 100: love that lasted". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  33. "Top 10 most romantic on-screen couples of all time". The Times of India. 7 May 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  34. "How Indian cinema evolved over the years". Hindustan Times. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  35. Nandini Ramnath (4 May 2013). "100 years, 100 great movie memories: Part 8". Mint. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
  36. Linda Welters; Abby Lillethun (2011). The Fashion Reader. Berg. p. 552. ISBN   978-1-84788-589-0.
  37. "Ambika Soni inaugurates retrospective of Shakti Samanta films". Business of Cinema. 10 July 2009. Retrieved 4 May 2013.