Armchair Theatre

Last updated

Armchair Theatre
"Armchair Theatre".jpg
Starring Harry H. Corbett
Paul Whitsun-Jones
Billie Whitelaw
Neil McCallum
Madge Ryan
Ronald Lewis
Ann Lynn
Paul Curran
Donald Morley
Donald Houston
Peter Sallis
George Baker
Eddie Byrne [1]
Country of originUnited Kingdom
No. of episodes426 (258 missing) (list of episodes)
Production companies
Original release
Network ITV
Release8 July 1956 (1956-07-08) 
9 July 1974 (1974-07-09)

Armchair Theatre is a British television drama anthology series of single plays that ran on the ITV network from 1956 to 1974. It was originally produced by ABC Weekend TV. Its successor Thames Television took over from mid-1968.


The Canadian-born producer Sydney Newman was in charge of Armchair Theatre between September 1958 and December 1962, during what is generally considered to have been its best era, and produced 152 episodes. [2]



Armchair Theatre filled a Sunday-evening slot on ITV, Britain's only commercial network at the time, in which contemporary dramas were the most common form, though this was not immediately apparent.

The series was launched by Howard Thomas, head of ABC at the time, [3] who argued that "Television drama is not so far removed from television journalism, and the plays which will grip the audience are those that face up to the new issues of the day as well as to the problems as old as civilisation." [4]

The original producer of the series was Dennis Vance, who was in charge for the first two years. In its early years the series drew heavily on North American sources. The first play, The Outsider, was a medical drama adapted from the stage play [5] by Dorothy Brandon, which was transmitted live on 8 July 1956 [6] from ABC's Manchester studios in Didsbury. Reportedly Vance had a preference for classical adaptations, [7] though some of these—such as a version of The Emperor Jones (30 March 1958 [8] ) by the American dramatist Eugene O'Neill—were not conservative choices. [7] Vance was succeeded by Sydney Newman, who was ABC's Head of Drama from April 1958. [9]

The perils of live transmission caught up with the production team on 28 November 1958, early in Newman's tenure. Whilst Underground was being broadcast, 33-year-old actor Gareth Jones suddenly collapsed and died in between his scenes. Such nightmare situations could be handled more easily when Armchair Theatre was able to benefit from prerecording on videotape, after production of the series moved from Manchester to Teddington Studios near London in the summer of 1959. [10]

Migrating from his native Canada to take up his responsibilities with ABC, Sydney Newman objected to the basis of British television drama at the time he arrived:

"The only legitimate theatre was of the 'anyone for tennis' variety, which, on the whole, presented a condescending view of working-class people. Television dramas were usually adaptations of stage plays, and invariably about upper classes. I said 'Damn the upper classes - they don't even own televisions!'" [11]

He converted Armchair Theatre into a vehicle for the generation of "Angry Young Men" that was emerging after John Osborne's play Look Back in Anger (1956) had become a great success, [12] although older writers such as Ted Willis were not excluded. Willis' 1958 play Hot Summer Night (1 February 1959) was adapted to shift its focus, from an unhappy marriage of parents in the original stage version, onto their daughter's mixed-race relationship with a Jamaican man and the problems they might face if they got married. It was one of the earliest British television plays to have race as a theme. [13]

Writers and production staff

A script editor, Peter Luke, [14] was the first to become aware of the writers Clive Exton, who contributed eight plays to the series, Alun Owen, who wrote No Trams to Lime Street (18 October 1959), [15] ) and Harold Pinter, who contributed A Night Out (24 April 1960). [16] ) Owen's play was the first of a trilogy transmitted during 1959 and 1960, which was completed by After the Funeral (3 April 1960) and Lena, O My Lena (26 September 1960). [15]

Ratings for the series were regularly about 15 million with the series frequently in the week's top ten; it was broadcast immediately after the variety show Sunday Night at the London Palladium . [17] Even so, Pinter once estimated that his stage play The Caretaker , enjoying its first run at the time, would have to be performed for thirty years before matching A Night Out's audience of 6,380,000. [18]

The German Jewish dramatist Robert Muller, who had arrived in Britain as a refugee in 1938, [19] contributed seven plays to the series, three being transmitted in 1962 and directed by Philip Saville, including Afternoon of a Nymph . [20] Saville worked on more than forty episodes in the series, [21] while Muller's wife in his later years, the actress Billie Whitelaw, had a part in eleven episodes.

Newman's three-and-a-half-season involvement in Armchair Theatre concluded at the end of December 1962. He was succeeded by Leonard White, an early producer of The Avengers . [22] In Armchair Theatre's last years Lloyd Shirley was the series producer. A holdover from the Newman era, Clive Exton's legal satire The Trial of Dr Fancy (13 September 1964), was among the first television plays on ITV to be suppressed. The deliberately absurd and savage play was a conscious break on Exton's part from the social realism of which he had grown tired. Although the Independent Television Authority (ITA), the regulator of the commercial channel at the time, had not objected to the production, Howard Thomas of ABC [23] feared that it would give offence to viewers. [24] The programme controller at ABC, Brian Tesler, explained the later change of heart: "We believe that the climate of opinion concerning black comedy has changed in the past two years. When the play was recorded we felt that many people might fail to appreciate the compassion which underlies the irony in Mr Exton's play." [25]

Another play from this period was not so lucky. The Blood Knot (recorded 18 May 1963), a two-hander by the South African writer Athol Fugard with apartheid as its theme, was never scheduled. [26]

Spin-offs and influence

The programme occasionally spun off ideas into full-blown series such as Armchair Mystery Theatre, hosted by Donald Pleasence, which specialised in crime and mystery thrillers. A 1962 adaptation of John Wyndham's short story Dumb Martian, scripted by Clive Exton, was a deliberate showcase for the spin-off science fiction anthology Out of This World . Two 1967 episodes became series. One of these was developed into the sitcom Never Mind the Quality, Feel the Width , while the other, A Magnum for Schneider, became the pilot for the spy series Callan . [27]

After the 1968 ITV franchise changes and ABC's merger into Thames, the programme continued until 1974. Hugely popular at its peak, with audiences occasionally touching twenty million, Armchair Theatre had an important influence on later programmes such as the BBC's The Wednesday Play (1964–70), a series initiated by Sydney Newman after he had moved to the BBC.

Overall, 426 plays were made and broadcast under the Armchair Theatre banner between 1956 and 1974. As with much early British television, not all of the plays from the original ABC series survive in the archives, owing either to live plays not being recorded or to recordings being destroyed. Two later Thames series used the Armchair... prefix: Armchair Cinema , effectively a series of TV movies, and Armchair Thriller (1978–80), which used a serial format.

Armchair Theatre was satirised on the BBC Radio comedy series Round the Horne as Armpit Theatre. [28]

Home media

A DVD boxset featuring eight colour episodes from 1970 to 1973 was released by Network DVD in January 2010. It contains the following episodes:

Volume 2, with another eight colour episodes, appeared in 2012:

Volume 3 contains episodes ranging from 1957 to 1967:

Volume 4 contains:

Network subsequently released further episodes under the Armchair Theatre Archive label.

Volume 1:

Volume 2:

Volume 3:

Volume 4:

Armchair Cinema, which included the pilot of the police series The Sweeney (Regan) in its run, was released by Network DVD in autumn 2009.

Studiocanal Vintage Classics' blu-ray release of The Family Way included Honeymoon Postponed (1961) as a bonus feature too.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sydney Newman</span> Canadian film and television producer

Sydney Cecil Newman was a Canadian film and television producer, who played a pioneering role in British television drama from the late 1950s to the late 1960s. After his return to Canada in 1970, Newman was appointed acting director of the Broadcast Programs Branch for the Canadian Radio and Television Commission (CRTC) and then head of the National Film Board of Canada (NFB). He also occupied senior positions at the Canadian Film Development Corporation and Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, and acted as an advisor to the Secretary of State.

William Theodore Kotcheff is a Canadian director and producer of film and television. He is known for directing such films as the seminal Australian New Wave picture Wake in Fright (1971), the Mordechai Richler adaptations The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz (1974) and Joshua Then and Now (1985), the original Rambo film First Blood (1982), and the comedies Fun with Dick and Jane (1977), North Dallas Forty (1979), and Weekend at Bernie's (1989).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Harry H. Corbett</span> English actor (1925–1982)

Harry H. Corbett was an English actor and comedian, best remembered for playing rag-and-bone man Harold Steptoe alongside Wilfrid Brambell in the long-running BBC television sitcom Steptoe and Son. His success on television led to appearances in comedy films including The Bargee (1964), Carry On Screaming! (1966) and Jabberwocky (1977).

<i>The Wednesday Play</i> British television series

The Wednesday Play is an anthology series of British television plays which ran on BBC1 for six seasons from October 1964 to May 1970. The plays were usually original works written for television, although dramatic adaptations of fiction also featured. The series gained a reputation for presenting contemporary social dramas, and for bringing issues to the attention of a mass audience that would not otherwise have been discussed on screen.

Clive Exton was a British television and film screenwriter who wrote scripts for the series Poirot, Jeeves and Wooster and Rosemary & Thyme.

Dennis Vance was a British television producer, director, and occasional actor.

No Trams to Lime Street is a 1959 British television play, written by the Welsh playwright Alun Owen for the Armchair Theatre anthology series. Produced by ABC Weekend TV for transmission on the ITV network, the play was broadcast on 18 October 1959. The original version no longer exists.

<i>Out of This World</i> (British TV series) British TV series or programme

Out of This World is a British science fiction anthology television series made by the ITV franchise ABC Weekend TV for ITV. It was broadcast on ITV in 1962. A spin-off from the Armchair Theatre anthology series, each episode was introduced by the actor Boris Karloff. Many of the episodes were adaptations of stories by science fiction writers including Isaac Asimov, Philip K. Dick and Clifford D. Simak. The series is described by the British Film Institute as a precursor to the BBC science fiction anthology series Out of the Unknown, which was created and produced by Out of This World creator Irene Shubik after she left ABC.

<i>A Night Out</i> (play)

A Night Out is a play written by Harold Pinter in 1959.

Irene Shubik was a British television producer and story editor, known for her contribution to the development of the single play in British television drama. Beginning her career in television at ABC Weekend TV, she worked on Armchair Theatre as a story editor, where she devised the science fiction anthology series Out of this World.

A television play is a television programming genre which is a drama performance broadcast from a multi-camera television studio, usually live in the early days of television but later recorded to tape. This is in contrast to a television movie, which employs the single-camera setup of film production.

This is a list of British television related events from 1961.

This is a list of British television related events from 1960.

This is a list of British television related events from 1959.

This is a list of British television related events from 1956.

"Underground" was a science-fiction television play presented as part of the British anthology series Armchair Theatre which was broadcast live by the ITV commercial network on 30 November 1958. It is chiefly remembered because an actor had a fatal heart attack during transmission.

Play of the Week is a 90-minute British television anthology series produced for the ITV network by a variety of companies including Granada Television, Associated-Rediffusion, ATV and Anglia Television.

Afternoon of a Nymph is an episode of the British Armchair Theatre series made by the ITV franchise holder ABC Weekend TV and first broadcast by the ITV network on 30 September 1962. It was written by Robert Muller and features Janet Munro and Ian Hendry in the lead roles. It was directed by Philip Saville and produced by Sydney Newman.

Armchair Cinema is a British television drama anthology series of one-off plays that ran on the ITV network between 1974-1975. It was produced by Euston Films in conjunction with Thames Television. The series was a spin-off from the long running anthology series Armchair Theatre. A total of six episodes were produced over the course of one series.


  1. "Armchair Theatre (1956-1974)".
  2. White, p. 33.
  3. "The Aimchair Theatre Effect" Archived 19 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine , Teletronic website.
  4. Cited by George W. Brandt British Television Drama, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981, p. 24.
  5. This work had inspired two British films of 1931 and 1939, and an earlier American film in 1926.
  6. Leonard White Armchair Theatre: The Lost Years, Tiverton: Kelly Publications, 2003, p. 25.
  7. 1 2 Mark Duguid "Armchair Theatre (1956-74)", BFI screenonline.
  8. Laura Pearson "Emperor Jones (1958)", BFI screenonline.
  9. "Sydney Newman", Museum of Broadcast Communications website.
  10. "Teddimgton Studios" (history", The Twickenham Museum website.
  11. Cited in the article "Armchair Theatre" Archived 5 August 2004 at the Wayback Machine , Television Heaven.
  12. Newman specifically cited Osborne's work, see the citation from the Daily Express of 5 January 1963 in the Museum of Broadcasting article.
  13. Oliver Wake "Hot Summer Night (1959)", BFI screenonline.
  14. Adam Benedick and Sydney Newman Obituary: Peter Luke, The Independent, 26 January 1995.
  15. 1 2 Mark Duguid "Lena, O My Lena (1960)" BFI screenonline
  16. Mark Duguid "Night Out, A (1960)", BFI screenonline.
  17. Miall, Leonard (4 November 1997). "Obituary: Sydney Newman". The Independent. London. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  18. Cited by George W. Brandt British Television Drama, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 1.
  19. Tise Vahimagi "Muller, Robert (1925-1998)", BFI screenonline.
  20. Mark Duguid "Afternoon of a Nymph (1962)", BFI screenonline.
  21. Oliver Wake "Philip Saville: biographical essay" Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine , University of Hull website.
  22. Fiddy, Dick (29 February 2016). "Leonard White: Television producer who helped create The Avengers, in charge as it developed from gritty drama to witty escapism". The Independent. London. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  23. Obituary: Clive Exton, The Times, 22 August 2007.
  24. Mark Duguid "Trial of Dr Fancy, The (1964)", BFI screenonline; Anthony Hayward, in his obituary of Exton in The Independent (18 August 2007), inaccurately places the blame on the ITA rather than the production company.
  25. Dennis Barker Obituary: Clive Exton, The Guardian, 21 August 2007.
  26. White, p. 255.
  27. Mark Duguid "Magnum for Schneider, A (1967)", BFI screenonline.
  28. Round The Horne Subsite.