Army Group B

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Army Group B
Heeresgruppe B
ActiveOctober 1939 - June 1941
July 1942 - February 1943
July 1943 - April 1945
CountryFlag of Germany (1935-1945).svg  Nazi Germany
Insignia
Identification
symbol
Oberbefehlshaber Heeresgruppe.svg

Army Group B (German: Heeresgruppe B) was the title of three German Army Groups that saw action during World War II.

Contents

Operational history

Army Group B first took part in Battle for France in 1940 in Belgium and the Netherlands.

The second formation of Army Group B was established when Army Group South was divided for the summer offensive of 1942 on the Eastern Front. Army Group B was given the task of protecting the northern flank of Army Group A, and included the 6th Army during the Battle of Stalingrad. In February 1943, Army Group B and Army Group Don were combined to create a new Army Group South.

A new Army Group B was formed in northern Italy under Field Marshal Erwin Rommel in July 1943. Its task was to secure Northern Italy after the Overthrow of Mussolini and to disarm the Italian Army there as part of Operation Achse.

After the stablisation of the front on the Winter Line south of Rome by Kesselring's Army Group C, and the creation of the Salo Republic in Northern Italy, Army Group B was moved to Northern France on 26 November 1943. Army Group B participated in the Battle of Normandy. On 19 July 1944, Field Marshal Günther von Kluge took command from the injured Rommel and on 17 August, Field Marshal Walter Model replaced Kluge.
Moving to the Low Countries, Model with his HQ located at Osterbeek close to Arnhem, was surprised on the 17 September by the start of Operation Market Garden. The army group also participated in the Battle of the Bulge. [1] The army group was isolated in the Ruhr Pocket in northern Germany, and after being divided up into smaller and smaller sections, the final section surrendered to the Allies on 21 April 1945.

Commanders

Western Front
No.CommanderTook officeLeft officeTime in office
1
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1977-120-11, Fedor von Bock.jpg
Bock, FedorGeneralfeldmarschall
Fedor von Bock
(1880–1945)
12 October 193922 June 19411 year, 8 months
Eastern Front
No.CommanderTook officeLeft officeTime in office
1
Maximillian von Weichs.jpg
Weichs, MaximilianGeneraloberst
Maximilian von Weichs
(1881–1954)
August 1942February 19436 months
Northern Italy/Northern France
No.CommanderTook officeLeft officeTime in office
1
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1977-018-13A, Erwin Rommel(brighter).jpg
Rommel, ErwinGeneralfeldmarschall
Erwin Rommel
(1891–1944)
14 July 194319 July 1944
(severely injured)
1 year, 5 days
2
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1973-139-14, Gunther v. Kluge.jpg
Kluge, GüntherGeneralfeldmarschall
Günther von Kluge
(1882–1944)
19 July 194417 August 194429 days
3
Walther Model on the front.jpg
Model, WalterGeneralfeldmarschall
Walter Model
(1891–1945)
17 August 194421 April 1945 247 days

Chiefs of Staff

Eastern Front

Order of battle

DateSubordinated commands
1939
November 1939 4th Army, 6th Army, 18th Army
1940
May 19406th Army, 18th Army
June 1940 9th Army, 6th Army, 4th Army, Panzer Group Kleist
July 1940 7th Army, 4th Army
August 19407th Army, 4th Army, 6th Army
September 194018th Army, 4th Army, 6th Army
1941
January 194118th Army, 4th Army, 17th Army, 2nd Panzer Group, Military commander in the General Government
May 19419th Army, 4th Army
1942
August 1942 2nd Army, Hungarian 2nd Army, Italian 8th Army, XXIX Army Corps, 6th Army, 4th Panzer Army
September 19422nd Army, Hungarian 2nd Army, Italian 8th Army, 6th Army, 4th Panzer Army
October 19422nd Army, Hungarian 2nd Army, Italian 8th Army, 4th Panzer Army, Romanian 3rd Army, Romanian 4th Army
November 19422nd Army, Hungarian 2nd Army, Italian 8th Army, Romanian 3rd Army, 6th Army, 4th Panzer Army, Romanian 4th Army
December 19422nd Army, Hungarian 2nd Army, Italian 8th Army
1943
January 19432nd Army, Hungarian 2nd Army, Italian 8th Army, Army Detachment Fretter-Pico
February 19432nd Army, Army Detachment Lanz, Italian 8th Army, Hungarian 2nd Army
September 1943 LI Army Corps, II SS Corps, LXXXVII Army Corps
December 1943in disposal of the OKW in Denmark
1944
May 19447th Army, 15th Army, Wehrmacht commander in the Netherlands
June 19447th Army, 15th Army, Wehrmacht commander in the Netherlands, Panzer Group West
August 1944 1st Army, 5th Panzer Army, 7th Army, 15th Army, Wehrmacht commander in the Netherlands
September 19447th Army, 1st Parachute Army, 15th Army
November 19447th Army, 5th Panzer Army, Student Army Group
December 19447th Army, 5th Panzer Army, 6th Panzer Army
1945
January 19457th Army, 5th Panzer Army, 6th Panzer Army, 15th Army
February 19457th Army, 5th Panzer Army, 15th Army
April 194515th Army, 5th Panzer Army, Army Detachment von Lüttwitz

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References

Bibliography