Ball boy

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A ball girl at the 2014 French Open in tennis Roland Garros 20140528 Roland Garros ballgirl.jpg
A ball girl at the 2014 French Open in tennis
The skaters in yellow vests in the foreground are ball boys at this bandy game. Hanninhauta 2014.JPG
The skaters in yellow vests in the foreground are ball boys at this bandy game.

Ball boys and ball girls, [1] also known as ball kids, [2] are individuals, usually human youths but sometimes dogs, [3] who retrieve and supply balls for players or officials in sports such as association football, American football, bandy, cricket, tennis, baseball and basketball. Though non-essential, their activities help to speed up play by reducing the amount of inactive time.

Contents

Tennis

Ball boy (left) and line judge (right) during the 2005 Australian Open Linesperson and ballboy 0484.jpg
Ball boy (left) and line judge (right) during the 2005 Australian Open
Two ball girls in pose offering balls to the player Ballmadchen.jpg
Two ball girls in pose offering balls to the player

Due to the nature of the sport, quick retrieval of loose balls and delivery of the game balls to the servers are necessary for quick play in tennis. In professional tournaments, every court will have a trained squad of ball boys/girls with positionings and movements designed for maximum efficiency, while also not interfering with active play. As well as dealing with the game balls, ball boys/girls may also provide the players with other assistance, such as the delivery of towels and drinks. [4]

Positions

Feeding

Feeding is how the ball boys and girls give the balls to the players. At different tournaments, they use different techniques for feeding. At some tournaments, bases have both arms in the air, feeding the balls with one arm; at others, they have one arm in the air which they feed the balls and the other arm behind their back. When feeding the ball, they must also be aware of a player's preference. Most players accept the standard, which is for the ball boy or girl to gently toss the ball (from the position with their arms extended upwards) such that it bounces one time then to the proper height for the player to catch the ball easily.

Hiring

There are various methods for selecting the ball boys and girls for a tournament. In many tournaments, such as Wimbledon and the Queen's Club Championships, they are picked from or apply through schools, where they are selected by tournaments and they have to go through a number of selections and tests. [4] In some other tournaments, such as the Nottingham Open, Australian Open and the US Open, [5] positions are advertised and there are open try-outs.

Applicants are required to pass a physical ability assessment. In addition to fitness and stamina, the abilities to concentrate and remain alert are essential.

Association football

A ball boy at a football match in China in 2007 Ball boy.jpg
A ball boy at a football match in China in 2007

In 2006 the IFAB Laws of the Game for association football were changed to allow multiple balls to be used under the direction of referee. Higher level organised matches now commonly use 6+ balls with ball boys scattered around the pitch to quicken the pace of play. Typically positioned behind advertising boards surrounding the pitch, ball boys will try to be in possession of a spare ball at all times, so that this can be given to the players prior to the loose ball being retrieved.

Methods for selecting ball boys vary between grounds. [6] On occasion, away teams have complained about perceived favour of ball boys towards home sides. [6]

Association football ball boys hit the headlines in England in a 2013 Capital One Cup match when Eden Hazard, a member of the away team, which was trailing at the time, appeared to kick at an apparently time-wasting ball boy Charlie Morgan who was lying on top of the ball. [7] Hazard was subsequently sent off for violent conduct and suspended for three games. [8] It was later revealed that the ball boy had tweeted the day before that he had intended to waste time. [9]

Baseball

A ball girl retrieving a foul ball at a Baltimore Orioles game Foul Ball (35819434331).jpg
A ball girl retrieving a foul ball at a Baltimore Orioles game

Ball kids are stationed in out-of-play areas near the first and third base foul lines to retrieve out-of-play baseballs. They should not be confused with batboys and batgirls, who remain in or near a team's dugout and the home plate area, primarily to tend to a team's baseball bats.

As ball kids are stationed on the field, albeit in foul territory, they can occasionally interfere with play; such events are governed by Rule 6.01(d), the main point of which is that if the interference is unintentional, any live ball remains alive and in play. [10]

Since 1992, the San Francisco Giants have employed older men as "balldudes", instead of the traditional youths. In 1993, Corinne Mullane became the first "balldudette", and she and her daughter Molly, who began working as a balldudette in the 2000s, have since been included in the National Baseball Hall of Fame as the first mother-daughter ball-retrieving duo in baseball. [11] [12] [13]

Cricket

Ball boys are stationed around the field just outside the boundary to retrieve any balls struck into the spectator stands or to the boundary rope. In India, disabled people are not allowed to be ball-boys anymore after a controversy occurred in 2017, after criticism of the Board of Control for Cricket in India surrounding the appearance of a polio-afflicted fan who had been serving as a ball-boy for a few years. [14]

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Ball Boys and Ball Girls". Wimbledon . Archived from the original on 5 September 2015.
  2. "Ballkids and Officials". Australian Open . Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  3. "Rescue dogs acted as ball boys and girls at the Brasil Open tennis tournament — and the pictures are amazing". Business Insider . 3 March 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  4. 1 2 About Wimbledon - Behind the scenes, Ball boys and ball girls. wimbledon.org.
  5. Official Site Archived 2009-06-27 at the Wayback Machine United States Tennis Association - 2009 US Open Ballperson Tryouts.
  6. 1 2 Taylor, Louise (24 January 2013). "How football clubs choose their ballboys – and ballgirls". Guardian. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  7. Hytner, David (25 January 2013). "Chelsea's Eden Hazard may face longer ban for ballboy altercation". Guardian. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  8. "FA rules out increasing Eden Hazard's three-match ban for ballboy kick". Guardian. 31 January 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  9. "Swansea City ballboy Charlie Morgan boasted about time wasting before Capital One semi-final with Chelsea". Telegraph. 24 January 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  10. "Bat Boy or Ball Boy Interference". baseballrulesacademy.com. 15 August 2017. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  11. Moffitt, Bob (29 March 2019). "How An Elk Grove Woman And Her Mother Ended Up Honored In The Baseball Hall Of Fame". capradio.org. Retrieved 19 March 2023.
  12. Jenkins, Bruce (10 May 2020). "How first Ball Dudette landed in Hall of Fame". San Francisco Chronicle. pp. B1, B6.
  13. Gates, Jim. "Hall of Fame 'balldude'". Baseball Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  14. "Polio-afflicted fan Dharamveer Pal 'lives for cricket', BCCI wants him away from boundary". The Indian Express. 22 October 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2020.