|Born||September 16, 1939|
San Angelo, Texas
|Died||July 11, 2014 74)(aged|
|Listed height||6 ft 9 in (2.06 m)|
|Listed weight||225 lb (102 kg)|
|High school||Jefferson (Los Angeles, California)|
|NBA draft||1962 / Round: 1 / Pick: 1st overall|
|Selected by the Chicago Zephyrs|
|Position||Power forward / Center|
|Number||12, 40, 24, 14, 25|
|1962–1963||Chicago Zephyrs / Baltimore Bullets|
|1963–1964||New York Knicks|
|1964||St. Louis Hawks|
|1965||Los Angeles Lakers|
|1964–1967||Grand Rapids Tackers|
|1969||Los Angeles Stars|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Career NBA and ABA statistics|
|Points||3,094 (10.5 ppg)|
|Rebounds||1,286 (4.4 rpg)|
|Assists||330 (1.1 apg)|
|Stats at Basketball-Reference.com|
Bill "Billy" "The Hill" McGill (September 16, 1939 – July 11, 2014) was an American basketball player best known for inventing the jump hook. McGill was the No. 1 overall pick of the 1962 NBA draft from the University of Utah, after leading the NCAA in scoring with 38.8 points per game in 1961-1962.
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play (overtime) is mandated.
The 1962 NBA draft was the 16th annual draft of the National Basketball Association (NBA). The draft was held on March 26, 1962, before the 1962–63 season. In this draft, nine NBA teams took turns selecting amateur U.S. college basketball players. A player who had finished his four-year college eligibility was eligible for selection. If a player left college early, he would not be eligible for selection until his college class graduated. In each round, the teams selected in reverse order of their won–loss record in the previous season. Before the draft, a team could forfeit its first-round draft pick, then select any player from within a 50-mile radius of its home arena as their territorial pick. The Chicago Packers, who finished last in the previous season, were renamed the Chicago Zephyrs. The Philadelphia Warriors relocated to San Francisco and became the San Francisco Warriors prior to the start of the season. The draft consisted of 16 rounds, comprising 102 players selected.
McGill was born in San Antonio, Texas, where his mother left him in the care of relatives. When he was five, he moved with his mother to Los Angeles, California.
McGill attended Jefferson High School in Los Angeles, graduating in 1958. There he was a four-time All Los Angeles City basketball selection (a second team pick in 1955 and a first team choice from 1956–58) playing for Coach Larry Hanson. He was the Los Angeles City Player of the Year in 1957 and 1958, leading Jefferson to two City Championships, in 1955 and 1958.
Thomas Jefferson High School, usually referred to as Jefferson High School, is a public high school in the Los Angeles Unified School District. Founded in 1916, it is the fourth oldest high school in the school district. Located in South Los Angeles, its surrounding communities are Downtown, Central-Alameda, Florence, Historic South-Central and South Park. Jefferson's school colors are kelly green and gold and the sports teams are called the Democrats, or Demos for short. In 2006, a pilot program called New Tech: Student Empowerment Academy began in the northeast portion of the school. New Tech has since become a separate charter school housed in the Jefferson building. In 2016 New Tech closed down and the available space is now used by Nava College Preparatory Academy a pilot school that was established in 2014.
It was during his junior year at Jefferson that he severely injured his knee in a game against Fremont High School. McGill never followed the recommended medical advice for the injury, as doctors told him not to play basketball any longer and wanted to replace the knee. For years, a doctor secretly drained his knee regularly.
Over 250 colleges recruited McGill. He was strongly recruited to Cal by Coach Pete Newell, but his academics weren't strong enough for him to be admitted.
Peter Francis Newell was an American college men's basketball coach and basketball instructional coach. He coached for 15 years at the University of San Francisco, Michigan State University and the University of California, Berkeley, compiling an overall record of 234 wins and 123 losses. He led the University of California to the 1959 NCAA men's basketball championship, and a year later coached the gold medal-winning U.S. team at the 1960 Summer Olympics, a team that would be inducted as a unit to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 2010. After his coaching career ended he ran a world-famous instructional basketball camp and served as a consultant and scout for several National Basketball Association (NBA) teams. He is often considered to be one of the most influential figures in the history of basketball.
McGill recalled his visit to the University of Utah and Hall of Fame Coach Jack Gardner. He said Salt Lake City was "overwhelming and beautiful," adding, "Nothing I have seen on the streets of LA have prepared me for this. It's breathtaking."
The University of Utah is a public research university in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States. As the state's flagship university, it offers more than 100 undergraduate majors and more than 92 graduate degree programs. The university is classified among "Doctoral Universities – Very High Research Activity" with "selective, higher transfer-in" admissions. Graduate studies include the S.J. Quinney College of Law and the School of Medicine, Utah's first medical school. As of Fall 2015, there are 23,909 undergraduate students and 7,764 graduate students, for an enrollment total of 31,673.
James H. "Jack" Gardner was an American college men's basketball coach, known for his tenures as the head coach at Kansas State University and the University of Utah. He is a member of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.
“(McGill) was a player I had to have,” said Gardner years later.
A 6'9" center/forward from the University of Utah, McGill was the NCAA scoring leader in the 1961–1962 season with 1,009 points in 26 games (38.8 points per game), a higher one-season average than any previous player except Frank Selvy in the 1953–1954 season.
In 1959-1960, McGill, the first black player at Utah, led the team in averaging 15.5 points and 9.8 rebounds, as the Utah Utes men's basketball team finished 26-3 under Coach Jack Gardner. McGill had 31 points and 13 rebounds in an upset 97-92 regular season victory over #2 ranked and eventual NCAA Champion Ohio State and Jerry Lucas.
The Utes were selected to play in the 1960 NCAA University Division Basketball Tournament. There, they beat USC 80-73 in the first round, behind 27 points and 10 rebounds from McGill.Utah then lost to Oregon 65-54 in the West Regional Semi-Final, as McGill was limited by foul trouble, fouling out with 6 points and 6 rebounds and taking only three shots. Utah then defeated Santa Clara 89-81 in the Consolation, as McGill had 14 points and 6 rebounds.
In 1960-1961, McGill, led the Utes to a 23-8 record and the NCAA Final Four, averaging 27.8 points per game.
In the 1961 NCAA University Division Basketball Tournament, McGill scored 20 points and had 13 rebounds in the 91-75 West Regional Semi-Final win over Loyola Marymount.He then led the team to the Final Four with 31 points and 18 rebounds against Arizona State in the Utes 88-80 Regional Final victory.
In the 1961 Final Four, McGill scored 25 points with 8 rebounds in a 82-67 loss to eventual NCAA Champion Cincinnati.McGill then scored 34 points with 14 rebounds in the 3rd place NCAA game against St. Josephs, with Jack Egan and Jim Lynam.
As a senior in 1961-1962, McGill averaged 38.8 points and 15.0 rebounds, leading the Utes to a 26-3 record and a #7 final ranking.Utah was banned from the 1962 NCAA tournament, because a Ute player had earlier accepted a plane ticket from a booster. During the season, McGill scored 60 points vs. Brigham Young on February 24, 1962. His 60 points remains the school record, but that season, he also had nine other over 40 point scoring games: McGill scored 53 vs. Montana on February 10, 1962; 51 vs. West Texas State on December 6, 1961; 50 vs. Wyoming on March 3, 1962; 47 vs. Arizona State on December 2, 1961 and 45 vs. New Mexico, January 13, 1962; 43 vs. BYU on January 20, 1962; 43 vs. Denver on February 17, 1962; 42 vs. Denver on January 11, 1962; 41 vs. Loyola (Calif.) on December 9. 1961 and 41 vs. New Mexico on February 15, 1962. He had 40 points the previous season against Utah State on January 7, 1961.
With Utah banned from the NCAA Tournament, McGill played for Sanders-State Line, an Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) team in the March, 1962 AAU Tournament. He was chosen as an AAU Men's Basketball All-Americans.
McGill is the Utah Utes second all-time scorer (2,321 points) and remains first in rebounding (1,106), playing in just three seasons. Keith Van Horn broke his scoring record in four seasons. His three-year averages were 27.0 points and 12.9 rebounds on 53.0% shooting and 71.0% Free Throws.
On March 26, 1962, McGill was selected by the Chicago Zephyrs with the first pick of the 1962 NBA draft. In 1962-1963, as a rookie for Chicago, McGill played in 60 games, averaging 7.4 points and 2.6 rebounds, as the Zephyrs were 25-55 under Jack McMahon and Slick Leonard.McGill received a $5,000 signing bonus and a 2-year contract for $17,000 per year as the No. 1 overall pick.
In 1963-1964, Chicago relocated to become the Baltimore Bullets and McGill was averaging 5.2 points in limited action behind Walt Bellamy, when, on October 29, 1963, he was traded by the Bullets to the New York Knicks for Paul Hogue and Gene Shue. In 68 games with the Knicks, he averaged 16.0 points and 5.9 rebounds.
On October 18, 1964, McGill was traded by the Knicks to the St. Louis Hawks for a 1965 2nd round draft pick (Hal Blevins was later selected).While with the Hawks, McGill taught his jump hook to Bob Pettit, who eventually made the shot a staple of his. After playing sparingly in 16 games for the Hawks, on January 28, 1965, McGill was signed as a free agent with the Los Angeles Lakers, where he played sparingly in just 8 games.
From 1964-1968, McGill played intermittently in the North American Basketball League for the Grand Rapids Tackers (1964-1967) and Holland Carvers (1967-1968). In 1965-1966 (Grand Rapids) and 1967-1968 (Holland), he was named to the First Team NABL All-Star Team.
On June 7, 1966 McGill signed as a free agent with the San Francisco Warriors, but did not play in a game for the team, as he was waived by the Warriors on October 12, 1966.
In October, 1967, McGill briefly practiced in the preseason with the Indiana Pacers of the American Basketball Association (ABA) before he was waived.
In 1968-1969, McGill resurfaced with the Denver Rockets of the American Basketball Association, averaging 12.8 points and 5.9 rebounds in 78 games, for the 44-34 Rockets under coach Bob Bass.
In 1969-1970, McGill played for three ABA teams in his final professional season. He first averaged 11.5 points and 4.4 rebounds in 27 games with the Los Angeles Stars and Coach Bill Sharman. Then, McGill played in 8 games for the Pittsburgh Pipers, averaging 11.8 points and 4.9 rebounds. Finally, his NBA career concluded with a reserve role on the Dallas Chaparrals for 24 games.
Overall, McGill played three seasons (1962–65) in the NBA and 2 seasons (1968–70) in the ABA. In his ABA/NBA career, he scored a combined 3,094 points, averaging 10.5 points and 4.4 rebounds on 51.4% shooting.
McGill is credited with creating the jump hook.Bill Sharman said McGill had "the most fantastic turnaround jump hook there was. Nobody could stop it." Sharman also noted that McGill didn't have the strength or quickness to play effective defense.
The jump hook legend was that it was first used by McGill in the summer of 1955 when then college stars and future Hall-of-fame players Bill Russell, Wilt Chamberlain and Guy Rodgers met up with McGill on a LA playground in a pick-up game. McGill was a freshman at Jefferson High School. Russell chose to play with McGill, who then used an impromptu shot against the taller, stronger Chamberlain. The shot was a jump hook.
His pro basketball career did not bring him wealth or security. By the early 1970s, he was in debt and living on the streets before sportswriter Brad Pye Jr. arranged for McGill to be employed by Hughes Aircraft; that job ended in 1995.
The NBA occasionally asked McGill to provide advice to players on the importance of finishing their education through the NBA's Rookie Transition Program.
McGill wrote an Autobiography: Billy “the Hill” and the Jump Hook: The Autobiography of a Forgotten Basketball Legend, written by McGill with Eric Brach (University of Nebraska Press, November 2013).
McGill married Gwendolyn Willie, whose children from another marriage he adopted. His grandson, Ryan Watkins, played basketball at Boise State University.
McGill died on July 11, 2014 from natural causes at the age of 74.
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