Brancepeth Castle

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Brancepeth Castle
Brancepeth Castle.jpg
Brancepeth Castle from the east, showing the two 19th-century gate towers (right) and older chapel and curtain walls (centre and left)
Durham UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Brancepeth Castle
Coordinates 54°44′00″N1°39′00″W / 54.73333°N 1.65000°W / 54.73333; -1.65000
Site information
OwnerDobson family
Open to
the public
In part, throughout the year.
Site history
Materials Sandstone

Brancepeth Castle is a castle in the village of Brancepeth in County Durham, England, some 5 miles south-west of the city of Durham (grid reference NZ223377 ). It is a Grade I listed building. [1]



A succession of buildings has been on the site. The first was a Norman castle built by the Bulmers, which was rebuilt by the Nevilles in the late 14th century. [1] For many years the castle was owned by the Neville family until in 1569 it was confiscated by the Crown following the family's involvement in the Rising of the North. [2]

Engraving of Brancepeth Castle in 1782, before its 19th-century expansion Brancepeth castle by BYRNE, WILLIAM - GMII.jpg
Engraving of Brancepeth Castle in 1782, before its 19th-century expansion
West side of the castle. The 19th-century addition to an older section of the castle can be seen below the left turret. In the foreground is Japanese knotweed. Brancepeth Castle - - 26811.jpg
West side of the castle. The 19th-century addition to an older section of the castle can be seen below the left turret. In the foreground is Japanese knotweed.

There have been a number of other owners since that time. [2] In the early 17th century, the estate was granted by the Crown to Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, from whom it subsequently confiscated the castle back due to his involvement in a poisoning scandal. [3] In 1636, three men who had bought the castle from the King's Commissioners in 1633 sold it to Ralph Cole of Newcastle. [3] His grandson, Sir Ralph Cole, 2nd Baronet, sold the property on 9 April 1701 [4] to Sir Henry Belaysyse, [3] [5] whose daughter was involved with Bobby Shafto and who was said to have inspired the famous song. [3]

In 1796 the castle was acquired by William Russell (1734–1818) of Newbottle near Sunderland, a wealthy banker and mine owner [6] His son Matthew Russell (1765–1822), Member of Parliament for Saltash in 1818, in the 1820s spent lavishly on the Castle's reconstruction. [6] The present building is largely his work, to the designs of the architect John Paterson, and then improved in the mid-19th century by Anthony Salvin [1] for William Russell, High Sheriff of Durham in 1841.

During World War I the castle was used as a hospital by convalescents from Newcastle General Hospital. [3] In 1939 it became the regimental headquarters for the Durham Light Infantry, who erected a military camp of over 100 huts to the south of the village during the Second World War. [3] The Durham Light Infantry left the Castle in 1962. [7]

Dobson family

The castle is now owned by the Dobson family. Margaret Dobson, wife of publisher Dennis Dobson, bought the castle in 1978 to store the company's stock of books when the lease on its Notting Hill premises expired. [8] Her husband died that year.

Margaret Dobson restored the fabric and interior of the building, including the lead roof, which had been stripped by an earlier tenant. She refurbished function rooms, for use as a venue for auctions and twice-yearly craft fairs. Shakespearean plays were staged in the main courtyard, and rooms were rented. [8] Margaret Dobson died aged 86 on 19 October 2014, leaving four sons, three daughters and 11 grandchildren. [8] [9] Original French political posters from 1968 found in the cellar of the castle featured in the BBC programme Inside Out North East & Cumbria in February 2019. [10]

See also

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  1. 1 2 3 Historic England. "Photograph and detailed architectural description (1159012)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 23 May 2007.
  2. 1 2 "North East England History; Brancepeth". Archived from the original on 13 March 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2006.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Castle of Shafto's lovelorn follower",, 19 December 2003. Accessed 2 November 2011
  4. George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Baronetage, volume II (1902), p. 82.
  5. "Landscape Engraving of Brancepeth Castle, Durham. View from the southwest. (Image from 1728)", Structural Images of the North East. Archived June 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  6. 1 2 "Feature | Vidimus".
  7. "Durham Light Infantry Records". Durham County Records Office. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  8. 1 2 3 Barker, Nicolas (16 December 2014). "Margaret Dobson: Publisher who helped set up a thriving list of music books and was chatelaine to the medieval Brancepeth Castle". The Independent. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  9. Tallentire, Mark (4 November 2014), "Owner of Brancepeth Castle dies, aged 86", Northern Echo .
  10. "Atelier Populaire: French protest art found in English castle", BBC News, 11 February 2019.

Further reading

Coordinates: 54°44.0′N1°39.0′W / 54.7333°N 1.6500°W / 54.7333; -1.6500