| Federal Deputy for |
January 1, 2007 –March 17, 2009
|Born||June 17, 1937|
Elisiário, São Paulo, Brazil
|Died||March 17, 2009 (aged 71)|
Brasília, Federal District, Brazil
|Political party||Christian Labour Party|
|Occupation|| Stylist |
Clodovil Hernandes (Brazilian Portuguese: [klo'doviw eɾ'nɐ̃dʒis]; June 17, 1937 – March 17, 2009) was a Brazilian fashion designer, television presenter, and politician. Hernandes made his fame as a fashion stylist during the 60s and 70s, after which he was invited to work on television. His dedication and fame on television lasted for over 40 years and various television stations. In his political career, Hernandes was known for statements deemed inappropriate, often directed at other famous personalities. Among other controversies, he was accused of racism and antisemitism. Hernandes was the first openly gay congressman in Brazil.
Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. Its capital is Brasília, and its most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.
A presenter is a person who introduces or hosts television programs. Nowadays, it is common for personalities in other fields to take on this role, but some people have made their name solely within the field of presenting, particularly within children's television series, to become television personalities.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.
Hernandes was born in Elisiário, and raised by a Spanish immigrant couple (Diego Hernández and Isabel Sánchez); he apparently never knew his biological parents. He had great affection for his adoptive mother, a Spanish immigrant from Andalusia. One of his projects in the Chamber of Deputies was to create the Dia da Mãe Adotiva (Adoptive Mother's Day) that would be celebrated on the third Sunday of May.Hernandes was educated in a Catholic school; besides his native Portuguese, he could speak Spanish (his parents' language) and French.
Elisiário is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. The population is 3,451 in an area of 94.0 km². The elevation is 494 m.
Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
Andalusia is an autonomous community in southern Spain. It is the most populous, and the second largest autonomous community in the country. The Andalusian autonomous community is officially recognised as a "historical nationality". The territory is divided into eight provinces: Almería, Cádiz, Córdoba, Granada, Huelva, Jaén, Málaga and Seville. Its capital is the city of Seville.
Hernandes began his career as a stylist at age 16. In the 1960s he gained fame as a designer of haute couture.
Haute couture is the creation of exclusive custom-fitted clothing. Haute couture is high-end fashion that is constructed by hand from start to finish, made from high-quality, expensive, often unusual fabric and sewn with extreme attention to detail and finished by the most experienced and capable sewers—often using time-consuming, hand-executed techniques. Couture translates literally from French as "dressmaking" but may also refer to fashion, sewing, or needlework and is also used as a common abbreviation of haute couture and refers to the same thing in spirit. Haute translates literally to "high". A haute couture garment is always made for an individual client, tailored specifically for the wearer's measurements and body stance. Considering the amount of time, money, and skill allotted to each completed piece, haute couture garments are also described as having no price tag: budget is not relevant. In modern France, haute couture is a protected name that may not be used except by firms that meet certain well-defined standards.
In the 1980s Hernandes became a TV personality with appearances on Rede Globo's "TV Mulher", one of the first Brazilian shows dedicated to the contemporary woman. His career as a TV presenter had its ups and downs throughout the 90s. Although he had a strong female following, his explicit right-wing position and unstable relations with co-workers led to frequent job losses.
Rede Globo, or simply Globo, is a Brazilian free-to-air television network, launched by media proprietor Roberto Marinho on 26 April 1965. It is owned by media conglomerate Grupo Globo, being by far the largest of its holdings. Globo is the largest commercial TV network in Latin America and the second-largest commercial TV network of the world just behind the American ABC Television Network and the largest producer of telenovelas.
After his breakthrough on TV Mulher, Clodovil was fired from the female-oriented programme hosted by Marilia Gabriela and sexologist/current São Paulo Brazilian Secretary of Tourism, Marta Suplicy. In 1982, when Walter Clark, Globo's former director general, was invited to become a director on the Rede Bandeirantes network, Clodovil hosted his programme. In the 1993 TV season, Clodovil hosted a show in Rede Manchete, however the network, based in Rio de Janeiro, suffered a severe financial crisis and strike action as well as a suspension of part of its scheduled national broadcast. Adolpho Bloch regained control of the network by legal determination and Clodovil left the channel in the first days of May due to past differences with his ex-boss.
Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and the business of operating tours. Tourism may be international or within the traveler's country. The World Tourism Organization defines tourism more generally, in terms which go "beyond the common perception of tourism as being limited to holiday activity only", as people "traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure and not less than 24 hours, business and other purposes".
Marta Teresa Smith de Vasconcelos Suplicy is a Brazilian politician and psychologist. She was Mayor of São Paulo from 2001 to 2004. She later served as the Brazilian Minister of Tourism between March 14, 2007 and June 4, 2008, when she resigned to run again for mayor of São Paulo. In 2015, she left the Brazilian Workers' Party (PT).
Rede Manchete was a Brazilian television network that was founded in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1983 by the Ukrainian-Brazilian journalist and businessman Adolpho Bloch. The network remained on the air until 10 May 1999. It was part of Grupo Bloch, which published the magazine Manchete by Bloch Editores, its publishing division; the television network was named after the magazine.
In 2006 in São Paulo, Clodovil was depicted in a musical. He defended the preservation of Mata Atlântica in the Ubatuba region and minority rights in the lower house. His future project was Casa Clô, a foundation attended by women not helped by official social assistance programmes.
Ubatuba is a Brazilian municipality, located on the southeast coast, in the state of São Paulo. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Vale do Paraíba e Litoral Norte. The population is 86,392 in an area of 723.88 km².
Clodovil trained as an actor and as a singer. He designed the evening gowns for Miss Brasil and Miss Universe Sandra Mara Ferreira and Sandra Guimarães de Oliveira.
His controversial declarations on Rede TV!, caused legal consequences for Clodovil's artistic career. He was the presenter of Clodovil Por Excelência(Clodovil By Excellence) on the TVJB network, which was established in March 2007.
In an interview with Rádio Tupi on October 27, 2006, Clodovil stated that Jews manipulated the Holocaust and forged the September 11 attacks. In the same interview, he referred to black people as "complex creoles." To defend his opinions, he told the radio that there is an "extinguished power, that is in the underground of things". According to Clodovil, "People are led to believe. When there was that incident with the Twin Towers there were no Americans and no Jews."
The president of the Israeli Federation of Rio, Osias Wurman, declared himself outraged with the declarations, mainly because they came from a person coming from a minority that also undergoes prejudice. Wurman filed a court action against Clodovil, accusing him of being a racist, as well as sending copies of the audio interview to the State Department of Human Rights, state deputies and non-governmental organizations linked to the black movement.
In the 2006 elections, Clodovil Hernandes was elected federal congressman for the state of São Paulo, being the third most voted congressman in his state, with 493,951 votes or 2.43% of the valid vote. He was a candidate for the Christian Labour Party. His political phrase was: "Brasília will never be the same".Clodovil favored legislation that banned toys resembling tobacco products, restricted violent images in television newscasts during family hours and reduced the number of congresspersons in the Brazilian parliament.
Clodovil Hernandes died in Brasília, on March 17, 2009, after a stroke.
The Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão is a Brazilian television network founded in August 19, 1981 by the businessman and television personality Silvio Santos. The company was established after a public competition by the Brazilian Federal Government to form two new networks, created from revoked concessions of the defunct Tupi and Excelsior networks. SBT was funded in the same day that the concession agreement was signed, and that the act was broadcast live by the network, so that this was his first program aired. Before acquiring the concessions of the four station that were to form the SBT, Grupo Silvio Santos had since 1976 the concession of Rio de Janeiro's channel 11, known as TVS, which was a fundamental step to give life to SBT.
Miss Brasil Pageant is a beauty contest that has been held since 1954 between winners of the pageants in the states of Brazil. The winner of Miss Brazil competes in the Miss Universe. The Miss Brazil, and Brazil itself, are responsible for one of the most successful campaigns in history of Miss Universe, with two winners and several runners-up, finalists and semifinalists. It was considered one of the best organized and most successful beauty pageants during the 1950s and 1960s and is believed that much of the fame of the beauty of Brazilian women comes from this. The current Miss Brazil, is from the state of Minas Gerais, Júlia Horta.
Rede Bandeirantes, or simply Band, is a television network from Brazil, based in São Paulo. Part of the Grupo Bandeirantes de Comunicação, it aired for the first time in 1967. Currently it is the fourth TV network in Brazil by the ratings.
Rede Tupi was the first television network in South America. The network was owned by Diários Associados, who formed the Rede de Emissoras Associadas. Rede Tupi was founded and launched on September 18, 1950 by Assis Chateaubriand in São Paulo, initially broadcasting on Tupi Television Channel 3, whose first broadcast was on September 20 of that same year. Rede Tupi was later broadcast in 1960 on Tupi Television Channel 4 after the inauguration of TV Cultura, Channel 2, Rede Associada, and also a TV Station from Associadas. Their competitors were Rede Record, Channel 7, and Rede Excelsior.
Record News is the first 24-hour free-to-air terrestrial news channel in Brazil, and the third Brazilian news channel to be launched after GloboNews and BandNews TV. It is owned by RecordTV.
Television in Brazil has grown significantly since the first broadcasts in 1950, becoming one of largest and most productive commercial television systems in the world. Its biggest network, Rede Globo, is the second largest commercial network in the world, and is one of the largest television exporters around the world, particularly of telenovelas, which have become popular in many countries.
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Hebe Maria Monteiro de Camargo Ravagnani was a Brazilian television host, singer and actress. She is considered the "Queen of Brazilian Television". She died at her home on September 29, 2012. Her net worth was over US$360 million.
William Bonemer Júnior, known professionally as William Bonner, is a Brazilian newscaster, publicist and journalist. He is the current editor-in-chief and anchorman of Jornal Nacional, the most-watched Brazilian news program, aired by Rede Globo.
Alessandra Vidal de Negreiros Negrini is a Brazilian actress. She is renowned internationally for her roles in Brazilian telenovelas and films. She began her television career after starring in Olho no Olho (1993) playing the role of Clara. In film, her first role was Lília in the Four Days in September movie. This opened up gates for her as she has starred in over a dozen telenovelas and in television series since then. In telenovelas she is known for her roles in Desejos de Mulher (2002), Paraíso Tropical (2007), Lado a Lado (2012), Boogie Oogie (2014).
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