Complete bipartite graph

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Complete bipartite graph
Biclique K 3 5.svg
A complete bipartite graph with m = 5 and n = 3
Vertices n + m
Edges mn
Chromatic number 2
Chromatic index max{m, n}
Table of graphs and parameters

In the mathematical field of graph theory, a complete bipartite graph or biclique is a special kind of bipartite graph where every vertex of the first set is connected to every vertex of the second set. [1] [2]


Graph theory itself is typically dated as beginning with Leonhard Euler's 1736 work on the Seven Bridges of Königsberg. However, drawings of complete bipartite graphs were already printed as early as 1669, in connection with an edition of the works of Ramon Llull edited by Athanasius Kircher. [3] [4] Llull himself had made similar drawings of complete graphs three centuries earlier. [3]


A complete bipartite graph is a graph whose vertices can be partitioned into two subsets V1 and V2 such that no edge has both endpoints in the same subset, and every possible edge that could connect vertices in different subsets is part of the graph. That is, it is a bipartite graph (V1, V2, E) such that for every two vertices v1V1 and v2V2, v1v2 is an edge in E. A complete bipartite graph with partitions of size |V1| = m and |V2| = n, is denoted Km,n; [1] [2] every two graphs with the same notation are isomorphic.


The star graphs K1,3, K1,4, K1,5, and K1,6. Star graphs.svg
The star graphs K1,3, K1,4, K1,5, and K1,6.
A complete bipartite graph of K4,7 showing that Turan's brick factory problem with 4 storage sites (yellow spots) and 7 kilns (blue spots) requires 18 crossings (red dots) Zarankiewicz K4 7.svg
A complete bipartite graph of K4,7 showing that Turán's brick factory problem with 4 storage sites (yellow spots) and 7 kilns (blue spots) requires 18 crossings (red dots)


Example Kp,p complete bipartite graphs [7]
K3,3 K4,4K5,5
Complex polygon 2-4-3-bipartite graph.png Complex polygon 2-4-4 bipartite graph.png Complex polygon 2-4-5-bipartite graph.png
Complex polygon 2-4-3.png
3 edge-colorings
Complex polygon 2-4-4.png
4 edge-colorings
Complex polygon 2-4-5.png
5 edge-colorings
Regular complex polygons of the form 2{4}p have complete bipartite graphs with 2p vertices (red and blue) and p2 2-edges. They also can also be drawn as p edge-colorings.

See also

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