Deutsche Oper Berlin

Last updated
Logo Deutsche Oper Berlin.svg
Deutsche Oper Berlin. Ansicht von Sudosten.jpg
Present opera house
Former names
  • Deutsches Opernhaus
  • Städtische Oper
  • Städtisches Opernhaus
General information
Location Berlin, Germany
Coordinates 52°30′46″N13°18′30″E / 52.51278°N 13.30833°E / 52.51278; 13.30833 Coordinates: 52°30′46″N13°18′30″E / 52.51278°N 13.30833°E / 52.51278; 13.30833
Opened
  • 1911 (1911)
  • 1961
Design and construction
Architect
Website
www.deutscheoperberlin.de

The Deutsche Oper Berlin is an opera company located in the Charlottenburg district of Berlin, Germany. The resident building is the country's second largest opera house (after Munich's [1] ) and also home to the Berlin State Ballet.

Contents

Since 2004 the Deutsche Oper Berlin, like the Staatsoper Unter den Linden (Berlin State Opera), the Komische Oper Berlin, the Berlin State Ballet, and the Bühnenservice Berlin (Stage and Costume Design), has been a member of the Berlin Opera Foundation. [2]

History

The company's history goes back to the Deutsches Opernhaus built by the then independent city of Charlottenburg—the "richest town of Prussia" [3] —according to plans designed by Heinrich Seeling from 1911. It opened on November 7, 1912 with a performance of Beethoven's Fidelio , conducted by Ignatz Waghalter. In 1925, after the incorporation of Charlottenburg by the 1920 Greater Berlin Act, the name of the resident building was changed to Städtische Oper (Municipal Opera).

Deutsches Opernhaus, 1912 Deutsches Opernhaus Berlin 1912.jpg
Deutsches Opernhaus, 1912

With the Nazi seizure of power in 1933, the opera was under control of the Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. Minister Joseph Goebbels had the name changed back to Deutsches Opernhaus, competing with the Berlin State Opera in Mitte controlled by his rival, the Prussian minister-president Hermann Göring. In 1935, the building was remodeled by Paul Baumgarten and the seating reduced from 2,300 to 2,098 places. Carl Ebert, the pre-World War II general manager, chose to emigrate from Germany rather than endorse the Nazi view of music, and went on to co-found the Glyndebourne Festival Opera in England. [4] He was replaced by Max von Schillings, who acceded to demands that he enact works of "unalloyed German character". Several artists, like the conductor Fritz Stiedry and the singer Alexander Kipnis, followed Ebert into emigration. The opera house was destroyed by a Royal Air Force air raid on 23 November 1943. Performances continued at the Admiralspalast in Mitte until 1945. Ebert returned to serve as general manager after the war.

After the war, in what had now been called West Berlin, the company, again called Städtische Oper, used the nearby Theater des Westens; its opening production was Fidelio, on 4 September 1945. Its home was finally rebuilt in 1961 but to a much-changed, sober design by Fritz Bornemann. The opening production of the newly re-named Deutsche Oper, on 24 September, was Mozart's Don Giovanni .

Past Generalmusikdirektoren (GMD, general music directors) have included Bruno Walter, Kurt Adler, Ferenc Fricsay, Lorin Maazel, Gerd Albrecht, Jesús López-Cobos, and Christian Thielemann. In October 2005, the Italian conductor Renato Palumbo was appointed GMD as of the 2006/2007 season. [5] In October 2007, the Deutsche Oper announced the appointment of Donald Runnicles as their next Generalmusikdirektor, effective August 2009, for an initial contract of five years. [6] Simultaneously, Palumbo and the Deutsche Oper mutually agreed to terminate his contract, effective November 2007.

Ohnesorg memorial by Alfred Hrdlicka Tod des Demonstranten.jpg
Ohnesorg memorial by Alfred Hrdlicka

On the evening of 2 June 1967, Benno Ohnesorg, a student taking part in the German student movement, was shot in the streets around the opera house. He had been protesting against the visit to Germany by the Shah of Iran, who was attending a performance of Mozart's The Magic Flute .

In 1986 the American Berlin Opera Foundation was founded. [7]

In April 2001, the Italian conductor Giuseppe Sinopoli died at the podium while conducting Verdi's Aida , at age 54.

Idomeneo controversy

In September 2006, the Deutsche Oper's Intendantin (general manager) Kirsten Harms drew criticism after she cancelled the production of Mozart's opera Idomeneo by Hans Neuenfels, because of fears that a scene in it featuring the severed heads of Jesus, Buddha and Muhammad would offend Muslims, and that the opera house's security might come under threat if violent protests took place. Critics of the decision include German Ministers and the German Chancellor Angela Merkel. [8] The reaction from Muslims has been mixed – the leader of Germany's Islamic Council welcomed the decision, whilst a leader of Germany's Turkish community, criticising the decision, said: "This is about art, not about politics ... We should not make art dependent on religion – then we are back in the Middle Ages." [9]

At the end of October 2006, the opera house announced that performances of Mozart's opera Idomeneo would then proceed. [10] Kirsten Harms, after announcing in 2009 that she would not renew her contract beyond 2011, [11] was bid farewell in July of that year. [12]

Premieres

Städtische Oper Berlin

Städtisches Opernhaus Berlin

Deutsche Oper Berlin

Intendanten (General Managers)

Generalmusikdirektoren (Music Directors)

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References

  1. imeonov, Jenna. "Bayerische Staatsoper". Schmopera. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  2. Oper in Berlin on oper-in-berlin.de
  3. Gundlach, Wilhelm (1905). Geschichte der Stadt Charlottenburg, erster Band: Darstellung. 1. Berlin: Springer. p. 502.
  4. "Carl Ebert, German-born opera director". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  5. Ben Mattison (7 October 2005). "Deutsche Oper Berlin Names Music Director". Playbill Arts. Retrieved 2 September 2007.
  6. Matthew Westphal (31 October 2007). "In Sudden Appointment, Donald Runnicles Named Next Music Director of Deutsche Oper Berlin". Playbill Arts. Retrieved 1 November 2007.
  7. "The Opera Foundation". operafoundation.org. Retrieved 2015-09-26.
  8. David Fickling (27 September 2006). "Merkel voices concern over opera cancellation". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 September 2006.
  9. "Fear Of Muslim Ire Stops German Opera". CBS News Online. 27 September 2006. Retrieved 27 September 2006.
  10. "Shelved Muhammad opera to return". BBC News Online. 27 October 2006. Retrieved 10 November 2006.
  11. Goldmann, A.J. (December 2009). "Die Frau ohne Schatten (Berlin, Deutsche Oper Berlin)". Opera News . 74 (6). Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  12. Rosemarie Frühauf, "Abschied in Berlin von Deutsche Oper-Intendantin Kirsten Harms", Archived 2012-04-20 at the Wayback Machine The Epoch Times , 11 July 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011.
  13. "Siebert, Wilhelm Dieter – Untergang der Titanic (1979)", work details, Boosey & Hawkes