Georgetown Public Hospital

Last updated
Georgetown Public Hospital
Georgetown Public Hospital
Guyana location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Shown in Georgetown, Guyana
Geography
LocationGeorgetown, Guyana, Guyana
Coordinates 6°48′59″N58°09′23″W / 6.816405°N 58.156482°W / 6.816405; -58.156482 Coordinates: 6°48′59″N58°09′23″W / 6.816405°N 58.156482°W / 6.816405; -58.156482
Organisation
Funding Government hospital
Type General
Services
Emergency department Yes
Beds600
History
Opened1838
Links
Lists Hospitals in Guyana

Georgetown Public Hospital (GPHC), in Georgetown, Guyana, is the country's largest hospital. GPHC is the main teaching hospital in Guyana and serves as both a regional public hospital and as the national referral hospital. [1]

Contents

Its Seaman's Ward, the oldest section, was constructed in 1838. [2] The hospital is government-run with a capacity of 600 beds, [3] although in 2005 not all were used due to staff shortages. [4] GPHC's emergency department has an estimated annual volume of 75,000. [1]

Guyana's first open-heart surgery was performed at the GPHS's Caribbean Heart Institute in 2007. [5] In 2008, the first kidney transplant operation in Guyana was performed at the GPHC by US Army medical professionals for training an humanitarian purposes. [6] [7]

In 2010, GPHC began an Emergency Medicine training program. [1] In 2015, GPHC received GY$80M worth of equipment from China for setting up a trauma centre. [8]

The first abdominal aortic aneurysm repair surgery in Guyana was performed at GPHC in 2020. [9]

History

Georgetown hospital was a colonial hospital built primarily for the care of the Europeans. By the time of emancipation in 1838, the hospital mainly served poorer Europeans and sailors and saw as few as 30 patients a day, very few of whom were women. The hospital had an attached dispensary, but was rarely used; according to a report by the Colonial Surgeon in 1840 listed that it was only used by 216 individuals. The hospital expanded in 1846 to accommodate the increase in patients of mostly Portuguese descent, who had been brought into the colony to work. In 1847, large numbers of Indian laborers were treated at the hospital. Breakdowns of patient demographics showed that those in the professional class sought medical care elsewhere, but admissions of skilled laborers indicated the hospital was serving more residents of Georgetown. [10]

The expansion of the 1840s continued until the early 1900s, and patients from more walks of life were being treated and the hospital had the capacity to support 700 beds. A maternity ward existed as early as 1873, and upgrades in 1894 saw 16 maternity beds, a 2 bed delivery room and post-natal care, and distinct from it's English counter-parts, was provided free with no requirement of marriage license. A children's ward came soon after.. Paying patients were afforded perks to their care, such as privacy and improved food. The hospital also referred patients to other institutions, such as the Alms House, Leper Asylum, Orphanage and Lunatic Asylum that existed at the time. Common surgical procedures included "incision of abscesses, amputations (often the result of chronic ulceration), reducing ‘elephantoid’ tissue and managing ulcers". Use of the hospital's dispensary grew: roughly 33,000 out-patients’ prescriptions were recorded for 1901. [10]

Midwifery was regulated in 1900 later by 1905 a program was started to license women from remote districts. Georgetown Hospital was training about 40 such women per year. [10]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Parekh, Kendra P.; Russ, Stephan; Amsalem, David A.; Rambaran, Navindranauth; Wright, Seth W. (2013-06-21). "Who leaves the emergency department without being seen? A public hospital experience in Georgetown, Guyana". BMC Emergency Medicine. 13 (1): 10. doi:10.1186/1471-227X-13-10. ISSN   1471-227X. PMC   3699376 . PMID   23786454.
  2. "Historic Cummingsburg". The National Trust via Archive.org. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  3. "Overview of Postgraduate Medical Residency Programs". Texila American University. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  4. "List of Hospitals and Physicians in Guyana". US Embassy via Archive.org. 15 December 2005. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  5. "Surgery team heartened by open heart success". Stabroek News. 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  6. "Walter Reed doctors perform Guyana's first kidney transplant". www.army.mil. Retrieved 2020-12-11.
  7. "History in the making… Guyana's first kidney transplant". Kaieteur News. 2008-07-12. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  8. "China helping GPHC set up trauma centre". Stabroek News. 2015-10-29. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  9. "GPHC in first aortic aneurysm repair surgery". Stabroek News. 2020-09-09. Retrieved 2020-12-14.
  10. 1 2 3 Aicken, David (August 2001). "From Plantation Medicine to Public Health: The State and Medicine in British Guiana 1838 - 1914" (PDF). University College London. pp. 27, 46, 49–54, 190, 200. Retrieved 2021-01-15.