Giuseppe Giaccardo

Last updated
Blessed
Giuseppe Giaccardo
S.S.P.
Giaccardo.jpg
Priest
Born(1896-06-13)13 June 1896
Narzole, Cuneo, Kingdom of Italy
Died 24 January 1948(1948-01-24) (aged 51)
Rome, Lazio, Italy
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified 22 October 1989, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II
Major shrine Basilica di Santa Maria Regina degli Apostoli alla Montagnola, Italy
Feast 22 October
Attributes Cassock
Patronage

Blessed Giuseppe Giaccardo (13 June 1896 - 24 January 1948) was an Italian Roman Catholic priest and a professed member of the Society of Saint Paul that Blessed Giacomo Alberione established. [1] Giaccardo became the latter's closest aide and confidante and was involved in promoting the congregation and the Pauline charism. His profession into the order saw him assume the religious name of "Timoteo". [2] [3]

Beatification recognition accorded by the Catholic Church of a dead person

Beatification is a recognition accorded by the Catholic Church of a dead person's entrance into Heaven and capacity to intercede on behalf of individuals who pray in his or her name. Beati is the plural form, referring to those who have undergone the process of beatification.

Priest person authorized to lead the sacred rituals of a religion (for a minister use Q1423891)

A priest or priestess is a religious leader authorized to perform the sacred rituals of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and one or more deities. They also have the authority or power to administer religious rites; in particular, rites of sacrifice to, and propitiation of, a deity or deities. Their office or position is the priesthood, a term which also may apply to such persons collectively.

Society of Saint Paul catholic religious congregation

The Society of Saint Paul is a Roman Catholic religious congregation founded on 20 August 1914 at Alba in Italy by Giacomo Alberione and officially approved by the Holy See on 27 June 1949.

Contents

He became a Servant of God on 10 December 1964 under Pope Paul VI when the sainthood process commenced. Pope John Paul II declared him to be Venerable in 1985 and beatified Giaccardo on 22 October 1989; his liturgical feast is assigned for 22 October. [4]

"Servant of God" is a term used for individuals by various religions for people believed to be pious in the faith's tradition. In the Catholic Church, it designates an individual who is being investigated by the Church for possible canonization as a saint. In the Eastern Orthodox Church, this term is used to refer to any Eastern Orthodox Christian. The Arabic name Abdullah, the Hebrew name Obadiah (עובדיה), the German name Gottschalk, and the Sanskrit name Devadasa are all variations of "servant of God".

Pope Paul VI Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1963 to 1978

Pope Saint Paul VI was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 21 June 1963 to his death in 1978. Succeeding John XXIII, he continued the Second Vatican Council which he closed in 1965, implementing its numerous reforms, and fostered improved ecumenical relations with Eastern Orthodox and Protestant churches, which resulted in many historic meetings and agreements. Montini served in the Holy See's Secretariat of State from 1922 to 1954. While in the Secretariat of State, Montini and Domenico Tardini were considered as the closest and most influential advisors of Pius XII, who in 1954 named him Archbishop of Milan, the largest Italian diocese. Montini later became the Secretary of the Italian Bishops' Conference. John XXIII elevated him to the College of Cardinals in 1958, and after the death of John XXIII, Montini was considered one of his most likely successors.

Pope John Paul II 264th Pope of the Catholic Church, saint

Pope John Paul II was the head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 1978 to 2005.

Life

Giuseppe Giaccardo was born in Cuneo on 13 June 1896 to the farmers Stefano Giaccardo and Maria Cagna as the eldest of five children. [2] [4] [5] Giaccardo was given the names of "Giuseppe Domenico Vincenzo" when he was baptized. [5] He was ill to the point of near-death at the age of six months which resulted in a miraculous cure after his parents turned to the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Cuneo Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Cuneo is a city and comune in Piedmont, Northern Italy, the capital of the province of Cuneo, the third largest of Italy’s provinces by area.

As a child he had a little statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary on a ledge in his room and he also served as a Mass server. [3] He was known for his docile nature and for his ardent devotion to the Blessed Mother. [2]

Mass (liturgy) type of worship service within many Christian denomination

Mass is a term used to describe the main eucharistic liturgical service in many forms of Western Christianity. The term Mass is commonly used in the Catholic Church and Anglican churches, as well as some Lutheran churches, Methodist, Western Rite Orthodox and Old Catholic churches.

Giaccardo met the priest Blessed Giacomo Alberione as a child at the age of twelve. [1] It was Alberione who heard Giaccardo's first confession and was impressed with the latter's spirit and devotion to the sacraments. [3] In 1908 the priest invited Giaccardo to go with him to Alba to start his studies to become a priest. He studied for the priesthood in Alba from the age of twelve - after entering on 17 October 1908 - due to the support of Alberione (the latter also taught there). [2]

Alba Gaelic name for Scotland

"Alba" is the Scottish Gaelic name for Scotland. It is cognate with the Irish term Alba and the Manx term Nalbin, the two other Goidelic Insular Celtic languages, as well as contemporary words used in Cornish and Welsh, both of which are Brythonic Insular Celtic languages. In the past these terms were names for Great Britain as a whole, related to the Brythonic name Albion.

On 22 January 1915 he was drafted and assigned to the 2nd Company of Health in Alexandria but was discharged on 7 January 1916 due to oligemia (anemia). In his journal in 1916 he said: "I want to become a saint. Transform me into You".

Alexandria Metropolis in Egypt

Alexandria is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about 32 km (20 mi) along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country. Its low elevation on the Nile delta makes it highly vulnerable to rising sea levels. Alexandria is an important industrial center because of its natural gas and oil pipelines from Suez. Alexandria is also a popular tourist destination.

Anemia Decrease in the total number of red blood cells or amount of hemoglobin in the blood, or lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen

Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen. When anemia comes on slowly, the symptoms are often vague and may include feeling tired, weakness, shortness of breath or a poor ability to exercise. Anemia that comes on quickly often has greater symptoms, which may include confusion, feeling like one is going to pass out, loss of consciousness, or increased thirst. Anemia must be significant before a person becomes noticeably pale. Additional symptoms may occur depending on the underlying cause.

He was aged thirteen when he entered the Paulines - that Alberione established - and in 1917 asked the Bishop of Alba for permission to leave his studies to join Alberione to which the bishop was reluctant to approve. [2] On 4 September 1917 he assumed the religious name of "Timoteo". The Bishop of Alba later allowed Giaccardo to resume his studies not long after this. Giaccardo received ordination to the priesthood on 19 October 1919 from the Bishop of Alba Giuseppe Francesco Re; he was allowed to be ordained sooner than his classmates so that his mother - on her deathbed with cancer - could see his ordination. [4] [5] In 1919 he was made the Vice-Superior and the Treasurer of the Paulines. He made his religious vows in 1920. [2] Alberione would go on to call Giaccardo "the most faithful of the faithful" while fellow Paulines would refer to him as "Signor Maestro. [2] [4] On 12 November 1920 he graduated in theological studies in Genoa with honours.

On 6 January 1926 he was sent to Rome on Alberione's wishes to establish the institute's first house; he arrived on 15 January 1926 with a mere 3000 lire and would later come into contact with luminaries such as the Benedictine Blessed Alfredo Ildefonso Schuster. [5] Giaccardo mediated matters between Alberione and Pope Pius XI in relation to the approval of the congregation after meeting the pope in 1926 and with Cardinal Camillo Laurenti on 13 July 1926. Giaccardo was present in Rome for the convocation and celebration of the 1933-1934 Holy Year of Redemption. [4] [5]

He returned to Alba in 1936 as the director of the mother-house and dedicated himself to the cultural and spiritual formation of the Sisters Disciples of the Divine Master - Alberione's new Pauline institute. [1] He was recalled to Rome in 1946 to serve as the Vicar General of the institute there. [3] He contributed to Alberione's new religious congregation - also of the Pauline charism - which was established on 3 April 1947 in the Church of Saint Paul in Alba on the occasion of the Last Supper. [1]

In the latter half of 1947 he began to feel ill; November 1947 saw him go to several Pauline houses for inspection. [5] Doctor Tommaso Teodoli diagnosed him with leukemia and Giaccardo began to tell others of his failing health. He celebrated his final Mas on the morning of 12 January 1948 - the same morning that Pope Pius XII approved the Sisters Disciples of the Divine Master. [1] Alberione gave him the Viaticum before his death.

Giaccardo died on the eve of the Feast of the Conversion of Saint Paul due to leukaemia. Cardinal Schuster wrote - on 25 January 1948 - of the profound loss he felt in the death of Giaccardo. His funeral was celebrated on 26 January 1948 in which the homilist was Alberione. [5] He was buried in the Basilica di Santa Maria Regina degli Apostoli alla Montagnola.

Beatification

The beatification process commenced in the Diocese of Rome in an informative process that commenced on 8 June 1955 and finished its business on 19 June 1957 after having collated documentation and witness testimonies - including one from Alberione himself. The first of two smaller processes opened in Alba on 7 June 1955 and concluded on 6 November 1956. Theologians also collected his writings and approved them as being in line with the magisterium of the faith.

The formal introduction to the cause on 10 December 1964 - under Pope Paul VI - granted the posthumous title of Servant of God upon the late priest. An apostolic process was later opened on 20 May 1965 and concluded its work on 26 October 1967 while the second and final of the smaller processes opened in Alba on 22 July 1965 and closed on 13 October 1967. The Congregation of Rites validated these four processes in Rome on 19 December 1969.

In 1979 - one decade later - the postulation submitted the Positio to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints for their assessment. On 9 May 1985 he was declared to be Venerable after Pope John Paul II recognized his life of heroic virtue.

The miracle required for his beatification was investigated in the Italian diocese of its origin and received the validation of the C.C.S. in Rome on 27 May 1988. The medical board voted in favor of the miracle on 9 November 1988 while the theologians did likewise on 3 February 1989. The pope voiced his approval on 13 May 1989 and presided over the beatification of Giaccardo on 22 October 1989.

The current postulator assigned to the cause is Fr. José Antonio Pérez Sánchez.

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References

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  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "October 22: Blessed Timothy Giaccardo". Holy Spirit Interactive. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Bl. Timothy Giaccardo". Catholic Online. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 "Blessed Timothy Giaccardo". Spread Jesus. 11 November 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Blessed Timoteo (Giuseppe) Giaccardo". Santi e Beati. Retrieved 13 June 2016.