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The following glossary of words and terms (generally of Japanese origin) are related to owarai (Japanese comedy). Many of these terms may be used in areas of Japanese culture beyond comedy, including television and radio, music. Some have been incorporated into normal Japanese speech.
Manzai (漫才) is a traditional style in Japanese culture comparable to double act comedy or stand-up comedy.
Downtown is a Japanese comedy duo from Amagasaki, Hyōgo consisting of Hitoshi Matsumoto and Masatoshi Hamada. Formed in 1982, they are one of the most influential and prolific comedy duos in Japan today. They are best known for their stand-up acts, hosting numerous Japanese variety shows and their sarcastic, short-tempered stage personas.
Othello, is a female Japanese comedy duo (kombi) active from 1993 to 2013 who were also popular television talents and appeared frequently on Japanese variety shows.
Football Hour is a Japanese comedy duo (kombi) consisting of Terumoto Gotō (tsukkomi) and Nozomu Iwao (boke), both from Osaka. They are performers for the entertainment company Yoshimoto Kogyo. They graduated from the Yoshimoto NSC Osaka 14th generation class.
Owarai (お笑い) is a broad word used to describe Japanese comedy as seen on television. The word owarai is the honorific form of the word warai, meaning "a laugh" or "a smile". Owarai is most common on Japanese variety shows and the comedians are referred to as owaraigeinin or owarai tarento. Presently Japan is considered to be in an "owarai boom", and many minor talents have been finding sudden fame after a gag or skit became popular.
Jichō Kachō (次長課長) is a Japanese comedy unit (kombi) consisting of two comedians, Jun'ichi Kōmoto (河本準一) and Satoshi Inoue (井上聡). Sometimes also known as Jikachō (次課長), they are one of the most popular owaraikombi coming from Yoshimoto Kōgyō in Tokyo. Their name literally means "Vice manager, Section manager", and is a reference to the titles of two visitors at the bar in which they were working part-time before they were discovered by Yoshimoto. They were originally a three-man group with the name Jichō Kachō Shachō (次長課長社長), or "Vice Manager, Section Manager, President", but after the third member of the group left, the name was reduced to its current version.
Summers (さまぁ〜ず) are a Japanese comedy duo. They were frequent guests on the former late night conte show Uchimura Produce (Uchi-P) and the variety show Lincoln, as well as many other Japanese variety and quiz shows.
Savanna (サバンナ) are a Japanese comedy duo consisting of Masumi Yagi and Shigeo Takahashi. Both attended Ritsumeikan University High School and created the manzai team as a joke during their years at Ritsumeikan University, having first met in the school's judo club. They then decided to join Yoshimoto Kogyo as a professional kombi. Their act is heavily based on observational humor, and Yagi frequently being confused as the boke of the group.
Yasuda Dai Circus is a Japanese comedy trio, consisting of Danchō, HIRO, and Kuro-chan (クロちゃん). The three are much less about traditional skit or story based stand-up humor, choosing instead to focus on physical humor and a loud, boisterous style that resonates with most manzai audiences. They formed in 2001, and received their name from owarai kombi Masuda Okada's Kisuke Masuda in parody of the famous "Kinoshita Dai Circus". The group's name simply means "Great Yasuda Circus".
London Boots Ichi-gō Ni-gō are a Japanese comedy duo (kombi) that originally performed manzai-style stand-up, but now are mainly known for their TV appearances and as hosts of a handful of off-the-wall variety shows.
Ameagari Kesshitai (雨上がり決死隊), also known simply as Ameagari, is a Japanese comedy duo (kombi) consisting of Hiroyuki Miyasako and Tōru Hotohara. They are from Osaka and, like most other comedians from the Kansai region, are employed by Yoshimoto Kogyo.
Audrey, is a Japanese owarai comedy duo of Toshiaki Kasuga as boke and Masayasu Wakabayashi as tsukkomi, formed in 2000. The duo won 2nd place in the M-1 Grand Prix 2008 competition. As of February 2009, the duo belongs to the management company K Dash Stage Co., Ltd.
Rozan (ロザン) is a Japanese comedy (manzai) duo (kombi) from Osaka consisting of Hirofumi Suga as boke and Fuminori Ujihara as tsukkomi under the entertainment agency, Yoshimoto Kogyo. Formed in 1996, they are best known for their stand-up acts and TV tarento activities in variety and quiz shows. Ujihara is known as one of the most competitive quiz show contestants.
Taka and Toshi is a Japanese manzai (stand-up) comedy duo (kombi) from Sapporo consisting of Takahiro Suzuki a.k.a. "Taka" as boke and Toshikazu Miura a.k.a. "Toshi" as tsukkomi. They are under contract to the entertainment agency, Yoshimoto Kogyo. Formed in 1994, they are best known for their stand-up acts and as TV tarentos in variety shows.
Cream Stew (くりぃむしちゅー) is the name of a Japanese comedy kombi consisting of two comedians, Shinya Ueda (上田晋也) and Teppei Arita (有田哲平). Originally from Kumamoto city, the pair first met in high school when Arita and Ueda found a common interest in pro wrestling. Both of them attended Waseda and Rikkyo Universities, but dropped out to pursue comedy.
Yūki Himura (日村 勇紀, Himura Yūki, born 14 May 1972, in Kurose, Higashihiroshima is a Japanese comedian, actor and voice actor. He performs tsukkomi in the comedy duo Bananaman. His partner is Osamu Shitara. Himura married Aika Kanda, a Television announcer in April, 2018.
Hironari "Zakiyama" Yamazaki is a Japanese comedian. He belongs to the talent agency Production Jinrikisha.
Ryō Tamura is a Japanese comedian who performs tsukkomi and writes the gags for the comedy duo London Boots Ichi-gō Ni-gō. His partner in the duo is Atsushi Tamura.
Chidori is a Japanese comedy duo (kombi) consisting of Daigo (だいご) and Nobu (ノブ). They are employed by Yoshimoto Kogyo, a comedian and talent agency based in Tokyo. Both were graduates of the 21st generation from the Yoshimoto NSC Osaka Comedy School.
Wagyu is a Japanese comedy duo (kombi) consisting of Shinji Mizuta (水田信二) and Kenshirō Kawanishi (川西賢志郎). They are employed by Yoshimoto Kogyo, and are mainly active in Tokyo. They were the runners-up of the M-1 Grand Prix for three years in a row from 2016 to 2018.