Gudrun Schyman

Last updated
Gudrun Schyman
Gudrun Schyman pressbild.tiff
Leader of Feminist Initiative
In office
6 March 2013 28 october 2018
Servingwith Sissela Nordling Blanco (since 2011)
Leader of the Swedish Left Party
In office
1993–2003
Preceded by Lars Werner
Succeeded by Ulla Hoffmann (Interim)
Member of the Swedish Parliament
for Stockholm County
In office
1988 2006 [note 1]
Personal details
Born
Gerd Gudrun Maria Schyman

(1948-06-09) 9 June 1948 (age 70)
Täby, Sweden
Political party Left Party (1988–2004)
Feminist Initiative (2005–)
Alma mater Socialhögskolan i Stockholm
ProfessionPolitician
Website schyman.se

Gudrun Schyman (born 9 June 1948) is a Swedish politician. She is currently the spokesperson of Feminist Initiative, a political party she co-formed in 2005.

Sweden constitutional monarchy in Northern Europe

Sweden, formal name: the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi), Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million of which 2.5 million have a foreign background. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre (57/sq mi). The highest concentration is in the southern half of the country.

Feminist Initiative (Sweden) political party in Sweden

Feminist Initiative is a radical feminist political party in Sweden. The party was formed in 2005 from a pressure group of the same name, and has since taken part in every election to the Riksdag and the European Parliament. The party won its first elected representative in 2014, with Soraya Post taking one seat in the European Parliament.

Contents

She served as leader of the Swedish Left Party from 1993 until January 2003. She remained a member of the Left Party until 2004, when she left to focus entirely on her feminist political work following a tax evasion scandal. She remained an independent member of the Riksdag until 2006. Schyman has become known for controversial ideas, such as special male-taxation.

Left Party (Sweden) socialist and feminist political party in Sweden

The Left Party is a socialist political party in Sweden. The party originated as a split from the Swedish Social Democratic Party in 1917, as the Swedish Social Democratic Left Party, and became the Communist Party of Sweden in 1921. In 1967, the party was renamed Left Party - the Communists; it adopted its current name in 1990. The party has never been part of a government at the national level.

Tax evasion is the illegal evasion of taxes by individuals, corporations, and trusts. Tax evasion often entails taxpayers deliberately misrepresenting the true state of their affairs to the tax authorities to reduce their tax liability and includes dishonest tax reporting, such as declaring less income, profits or gains than the amounts actually earned, or overstating deductions.

Riksdag Legislative body of Sweden

The Riksdag is the national legislature and the supreme decision-making body of Sweden. Since 1971, the Riksdag has been a unicameral legislature with 349 members, elected proportionally and serving, from 1994 onwards, on fixed four-year terms.

Leader of the Left Party

In 1993, Schyman was elected leader of the Left Party.

Schyman's greatest asset was her appeal to the voters, and her party more than doubled its number of MPs during her leadership. She gained popularity for her candor: for example, she was open about her struggle with alcoholism and supported an initiative to make the Riksdag an alcohol-free workplace. [1] During her period as party president, the party adopted feminism as an ideological basis. In 2003, she was charged with and later found guilty of misleading the tax authorities by attempting to take illicit tax deductions. [2] She was temporarily succeeded by Ulla Hoffmann.

Alcoholism Broad term for problems with alcohol

Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in mental or physical health problems. The disorder was previously divided into two types: alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. In a medical context, alcoholism is said to exist when two or more of the following conditions are present: a person drinks large amounts of alcohol over a long time period, has difficulty cutting down, acquiring and drinking alcohol takes up a great deal of time, alcohol is strongly desired, usage results in not fulfilling responsibilities, usage results in social problems, usage results in health problems, usage results in risky situations, withdrawal occurs when stopping, and alcohol tolerance has occurred with use. Risky situations include drinking and driving or having unsafe sex, among other things. Alcohol use can affect all parts of the body, but it particularly affects the brain, heart, liver, pancreas and immune system. This can result in mental illness, Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome, irregular heartbeat, an impaired immune response, liver cirrhosis and increased cancer risk, among other diseases. Drinking during pregnancy can cause damage to the baby resulting in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Women are generally more sensitive than men to the harmful physical and mental effects of alcohol.

Feminism is a range of social movements, political movements, and ideologies that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve the political, economic, personal, and social equality of the sexes. Feminism incorporates the position that societies prioritize the male point of view, and that women are treated unfairly within those societies. Efforts to change that include fighting gender stereotypes and seeking to establish educational and professional opportunities for women that are equal to those for men.

Tax deduction is a reduction of income that is able to be taxed and is commonly a result of expenses, particularly those incurred to produce additional income. Tax deductions are a form of tax incentives, along with exemptions and credits. The difference between deductions, exemptions and credits is that deductions and exemptions both reduce taxable income, while credits reduce tax.

In 2002, she made a controversial speech concerning men's oppression of women, in which she said "The discrimination and the violations appears in different shapes depending on where we find ourselves. But it's the same norm, the same structure, the same pattern, that is repeated both in the Taliban's Afghanistan and here in Sweden". [3] [4]

Taliban Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan

The Taliban or Taleban, who refer to themselves as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), are a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement and military organization in Afghanistan currently waging war within that country. Since 2016, the Taliban's leader is Mawlawi Hibatullah Akhundzada. The leadership is based in Quetta, Pakistan.

Afghanistan A landlocked south-central Asian country

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China. Its territory covers 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi) and much of it is covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range. Kabul serves as the capital and its largest city.

In October 2004, Schyman together with other MEPs of the Left Party proposed before the Riksdag, a national assessment of the cost of men's violence towards women; furthermore they demanded that the state fund women's shelters. [5] The proposal attracted wide attention, with the media calling it a "man tax". [6]

Founder of the Feminist Initiative

Schyman left the Left Party in 2004, and in 2005 co-founded Feminist Initiative (Fi), an organization which at its first congress decided to contest the coming parliamentary elections. Jane Fonda supported her in 2006, during the party's campaign prior to the 2006 general election. Fi received only approximately 0.7% of the vote, well below the 4% threshold required for parliamentary representation. In the 2009 European parliament elections, the party received 2.22% of the vote. [7] In the summer of 2010—leading up to the 2010 general election—Schyman burned 100,000 Swedish krona in a protest against unequal pay in Sweden. The stunt, staged by advertising collective Studio Total, gave Fi widespread attention; [8] [9] however, in the election the party received only 0.4% of the vote. [10] The 2014 European Parliament election proved to be the party's most successful election so far; it attracted 5.3% of the national vote, with Soraya Post taking one seat as an MEP. [11] In the 2014 general election Fi received 3.1% of the vote; despite still not meeting the 4.0% threshold for getting seats, it became the most popular party outside of the Riksdag.

Jane Fonda American actress

Jane Seymour Fonda is an American actress, writer, producer, political activist, fitness guru, and former fashion model. She is the recipient of various accolades including two Academy Awards, two BAFTA Awards, four Golden Globe Awards, a Primetime Emmy Award, the AFI Life Achievement Award, and the Honorary Golden Lion.

Swedish krona currency of Sweden

The krona is the official currency of Sweden. Both the ISO code "SEK" and currency sign "kr" are in common use; the former precedes or follows the value, the latter usually follows it but, especially in the past, it sometimes preceded the value. In English, the currency is sometimes referred to as the Swedish crown, as krona literally means "crown" in Swedish. The Swedish krona was the ninth-most traded currency in the world by value in April 2016.

Studio Total was a Swedish marketing and advertising agency in Stockholm and Malmö. They focused primarily on creative PR, such as guerrilla marketing, and have attracted much attention for several campaigns, both locally and globally. Their first assignment was for Riksteatern, for which the fictional political party "Kulturpartiet" became one of the most successful Swedish PR-campaigns in 2005. On the political theme, Studio Total also stirred up controversy in 2010, when Swedish feminist Gudrun Schyman burned 100,000 kronor in a protest against unequal pay. In 2012 Studio Total won a gold epica for worlds best PR.

Notes

  1. She represented the Left Party until she left the party in 2004; she then sat until 2006 as an independent.

Related Research Articles

Christian Democrats (Sweden) political party in Sweden

The Christian Democrats is a Christian-democratic political party in Sweden. The party was founded in 1964. It first entered parliament in 1985, through electoral cooperation with the Centre Party, and in 1991 broke through to win seats by itself. The party leader since 25 April 2015 has been Ebba Busch Thor. She succeeded Göran Hägglund, who had been leader since 2004. The four most important issues for the party are:

Centre Party (Sweden) centrist, agrarian and liberal political party in Sweden

The Centre Party is a liberal, Nordic agrarian political party in Sweden. Traditionally part of the Nordic agrarian family, the party has increasingly shifted its focus towards free market economics, environmental protection, gender equality and decentralisation of governmental authority. The party's major issues are national economy, environment and integration and it is represented in all of the Riksdags parliamentary committees.

The Green Party is a political party in Sweden based on green politics. The party was founded in 1981, emerging out of a sense of discontent with the existing parties' environmental policies, and sparked by the anti-nuclear power movement following the 1980 nuclear power referendum. The party's breakthrough would come in the 1988 general election when they won seats in the Swedish Riksdag for the first time, capturing 5.5 percent of the vote, and becoming the first new party to enter parliament in seventy years. Three years later, they dropped back below the 4 percent threshold, but returned to parliament again in 1994, and since have retained representation there. The party is represented nationally by two spokespeople, always one man and one woman. These roles are currently held by Per Bolund and Isabella Lövin.

Maria Robsahm is a Swedish politician and was a Member of the European Parliament from 2004 to 2009. She was elected as a member of the Liberal People's Party, part of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe. However, she defected to Feminist Initiative on 1 March 2006.

Lars Werner Swedish politician

Lars Helge Werner was a Swedish socialist politician.

2006 Swedish general election 2006 election for the Swedish parliament

General elections were held in Sweden on 17 September 2006, to elect members to the Riksdag, the Swedish national legislature. All 349 seats were up for election: 310 fixed seats in 29 constituencies and 39 adjustment seats, used to ensure that parties have representation in the Riksdag proportional to their share of the national vote. The electoral system used was semi-open list proportional representation using the Sainte-Laguë method of allocating seats. Elections for County and Municipal councils were also held on the same day.

Ulla Hoffmann is a Swedish Left Party ) politician. Hoffmann was interim party leader for a short while in 2003 following the resignation of party leader Gudrun Schyman. Gudrun Schyman was forced to resign due to tax irregularities. She was a member of the Riksdag from 1994 to 2006.

History of Sweden (1991–present)

After a period of rapid growth and unprecedented prosperity during the late 1980s, by 1990 the Swedish economy overheated, and after a controversial bill freezing salaries and banning strikes failed in the Riksdag, the social democrat government led by Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson resigned in February 1990. At this time the respected Finance Minister Kjell-Olof Feldt left the government in protest over what he saw as irresponsible economic policies. Carlsson soon formed a new government, but by the time of the general election in September 1991 the economy was in free fall, and with rapidly rising unemployment, the social democrats received the smallest share of votes in sixty years (37.7%), resulting in the loss of office to the opposition, a centre-right coalition.

Red-Greens (Sweden) umbrella term which refers to the three centre-left and left-wing political parties of Sweden

The Red-Greens is an umbrella term which refers to the three left-wing political parties of Sweden; the Social Democrats, the Left Party and the Green Party.

2018 Swedish general election 2018 election for the Swedish parliament

General elections were held in Sweden on Sunday 9 September 2018 to elect the 349 members of the Riksdag. Regional and municipal elections were also held on the same day. The incumbent minority government, consisting of the Social Democrats and the Greens and supported by the Left Party, won 144 seats, one seat more than the four-party Alliance coalition, with the Sweden Democrats winning the remaining 62 seats. The Social Democrats' vote share fell to 28.3 percent, its lowest level of support since 1911, although the main opposition, the Moderates, lost even more support. The Sweden Democrats made gains, though less than anticipated. The voter turnout of 87.18% was the highest in 33 years and 1.38 percentage points higher than the 2014 elections.

2014 Swedish general election 2014 election for the Swedish parliament

General elections were held in Sweden on 14 September 2014 to elect all 349 seats in the Riksdag, alongside elections for the 21 county councils, and 290 municipal assemblies.

Soraya Post Swedish MEP

Soraya Viola Heléna Post is a Swedish politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Sweden. She is a member of the Feminist Initiative, part of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats. Post's father was a German-born Jew, and her mother was a Romani.

Sissela Nordling Blanco Swedish politician

Sissela Nordling Blanco is a Swedish politician, and since March 2011 spokesperson of the Feminist Initiative party, serving together with Gudrun Schyman and Stina Svensson.

Stina Svensson Swedish politician

Stina Svensson is a Swedish politician, and since March 2011 spokesperson of the Feminist Initiative party, serving together with Gudrun Schyman and Sissela Nordling Blanco.

Victoria Kawesa Feminist and political activist from Sweden

Victoria Kawesa, is a Swedish politician and former party leader of the Leader of Feminist Initiative. In March 2017, she was elected the leader of the party, along with Gudrun Schyman. Kawesa was the first black party leader in Swedish history. In September 2017, she resigned, citing personal reasons. Kawesa was charged and found guilty of copyright violation. She is a lecturer at Södertörn university.

Gita Nabavi politician

Gita Nabavi is a Swedish politician. On 24 February 2018, she was elected leader of the Feminist Initiative, along with its founder Gudrun Schyman.

2022 Swedish general election 2022 election for the Swedish parliament

General elections will be held in Sweden on 11 September 2022 to elect the 349 members of the Riksdag. They in turn will elect the Prime Minister of Sweden. Under the constitution, regional and municipal elections will also be held on the same day.

References

  1. Therésia Erneborg, "Gudrun Schyman: Det är alkohol-industrins vinstintressen som styr," Archived 2011-10-01 at the Wayback Machine Dagen March 1, 2003, retrieved July 26, 2011 (in Swedish)
  2. Åsa Kroon and Mats Ekström, Vulnerable woman, raging bull or mannish maniac?: Gender differences in the visualization of political scandals [ permanent dead link ], Working Paper 4, 2006, Örebro University: "Gudrun Schyman Leader of the Left Wing Party 1993 2003," pp. 78, "The Schyman scandal," pp. 914 (pdf)
  3. Sjölund, Jill (October 9, 2006). "Jämo: Ni är ju som talibaner" (in Swedish). Aftonbladet . Archived from the original on November 16, 2006. Retrieved May 18, 2007.
  4. Text of so-called "Taliban Speech" to 2002 Congress of the Left Party (in Swedish)
  5. Gudrun Schyman et al., Motion 2004/05:So616 Ansvaret för mäns våld mot kvinnor, Sveriges Riksdag, October 5, 2004 (in Swedish)
  6. "Schyman in equality policy shock: tax men," The Local October 5, 2004, retrieved July 26, 2011.
  7. "Val till Europaparlamentet - Röster" (in Swedish). Election Authority (Sweden). June 11, 2009. Retrieved June 29, 2009.
  8. "Swedish feminists burn cash in wage equality protest". BBC News. July 6, 2010.
  9. Fredrik Wass, "TV: Här bränner Gudrun Schyman 100 000," Makthavare.se, July 6, 2010, retrieved July 26, 2011 (in Swedish)
  10. "Val till riksdagen - Röster" (in Swedish). Election Authority (Sweden). September 23, 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2011.
  11. "Preliminary results of Swedish EU elections" . Retrieved 2014-05-26.
Preceded by
Lars Werner
Leader of the Swedish Left Party
19932003
Succeeded by
Ulla Hoffmann