Maud Olofsson

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Maud Olofsson
Energi- och naringsminister Maud Olofsson. Sverige.jpg
Maud Olofsson
Minister for Enterprise and Energy
In office
6 October 2006 29 September 2011
Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt
Preceded by Thomas Östros
Succeeded by Annie Lööf
Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden
In office
6 October 2006 5 October 2010
Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt
Preceded by Bosse Ringholm
Succeeded by Jan Björklund
Chairperson of the Centre Party
In office
19 March 2001 23 September 2011
Preceded by Lennart Daléus
Succeeded by Annie Lööf
Personal details
Born (1955-08-09) 9 August 1955 (age 64)
Arnäs, Sweden
Political party Centre Party
Spouse(s)Rolf Olofsson

Maud Elisabeth Olofsson (born Olsson, 9 August 1955) is a former Swedish politician who was the leader of the Swedish Centre Party from 2001 to 2011, Minister for Enterprise and Energy from 2006 to 2011 and Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden from 2006 to 2010. She was a member of the Riksdag from 2002 to 2011.

Sweden constitutional monarchy in Northern Europe

Sweden, officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund Strait. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi), Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. The capital city is Stockholm. Sweden has a total population of 10.3 million of which 2.5 million have a foreign background. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre (57/sq mi) and the highest urban concentration is in the central and southern half of the country.

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.

Centre Party (Sweden) centrist, agrarian and liberal political party in Sweden

The Centre Party is a liberal and Nordic agrarian political party in Sweden. Traditionally part of the Nordic agrarian family, the party has increasingly shifted its focus towards free market economics, environmental protection, gender equality and decentralisation of governmental authority. The party's major issues are national economy, environment and integration and it is represented in all of the Riksdag's parliamentary committees.

Contents

Biography

Maud Olofsson was born in Arnäsvall, and grew up in Högbyn, in Örnsköldsvik Municipality, Västernorrland. She started her political career as an ombudsman of the youth organisation of the Centre Party in 1974, and served as a member of the local council in Luleå from 1976. From 1978 to 1981 she held the same job with the party. From 1992 to 1994, during the Carl Bildt centre-right government, she worked as Special Adviser to Minister Börje Hörnlund at the Department of Labour. From 1996 she has been a member of the Centre Party board. From 1997 to 2001 she worked as Managing Director for the Rural Economy and Agricultural Societies (Hushållningssällskapet) in Västerbotten. She was elected Party Leader on 19 March 2001, succeeding Lennart Daléus. [1] After the 2002 election, the Centre Party's first electoral upturn since 1973 was attributed to the "Maud effect." [2]

Arnäsvall Place in Ångermanland, Sweden

Arnäsvall is a locality situated in Örnsköldsvik Municipality, Västernorrland County, Sweden with 341 inhabitants in 2010.

Örnsköldsvik Municipality Municipality in Västernorrland County, Sweden

Örnsköldsvik Municipality is one of Sweden's 290 municipalities, in Västernorrland County in northern Sweden. Its seat is in the town Örnsköldsvik. The present municipality was created in 1971 by the amalgamation of the City of Örnsköldsvik with seven former rural municipalities.

Västernorrland County County (län) of Sweden

Västernorrland County is a county (län) in the north of Sweden. It is bordered by the counties of Gävleborg, Jämtland, Västerbotten and the Gulf of Bothnia.

Olofsson's political standpoint could be seen as a traditional Centre Party position, with an emphasis on rural Sweden and the survival of rural communities, combined with centre-right economic policies. It was however a remarkable new feature in the history of the Centre Party, when Olofsson characterized her party's ideology as Social Liberalism. Although the Centre Party in history has sometimes cooperated with the governing Social Democrats, under Olofsson the party opted for a clear oppositional role, strengthening its alliance with the Liberals, the Christian Democrats and the Moderate Party.

Swedish Social Democratic Party political party in Sweden

The Swedish Social Democratic Party, contesting elections as the Arbetarepartiet–Socialdemokraterna and usually referred to just as the Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterna), is the oldest and largest political party in Sweden. The current party leader since 2012 is Stefan Löfven, who has also been Prime Minister of Sweden since 2014.

Christian Democrats (Sweden) political party in Sweden

The Christian Democrats is a Christian-democratic political party in Sweden. The party was founded in 1964. It first entered parliament in 1985, through electoral cooperation with the Centre Party, and in 1991 broke through to win seats by itself. The party leader since 25 April 2015 has been Ebba Busch Thor. She succeeded Göran Hägglund, who had been leader since 2004.

Moderate Party Political party in Sweden

The Moderate Party is a liberal-conservative political party in Sweden. The party generally supports tax cuts, the free market, civil liberties and economic liberalism. Internationally, it is a full member of the International Democrat Union and European People's Party.

Olofsson modernised the party, making it more open to the European Union and market liberalism. She was involved in the construction of the right-wing coalition Alliansen. [3]

European Union Economic and political union of European states

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. Its members have a combined area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi) and an estimated total population of about 513 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development. For travel within the Schengen Area, passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002 and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency.

The term market liberalism is used in two distinct ways.

Following its victory in the elections in 2006, this alliance was able to form a new government under Fredrik Reinfeldt. Olofsson was appointed Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Enterprise and Energy. [4] [5]

Fredrik Reinfeldt 32nd Prime Minister of Sweden

John Fredrik Reinfeldt is a Swedish economist, lecturer and former politician who was Prime Minister of Sweden from 2006 to 2014 and chairman of the liberal conservative Moderate Party from 2003 to 2015. He was the last rotating President of the European Council in 2009.

Olofsson announced her intent to step down as party leader on June 17, 2011 and was succeeded by Annie Lööf on September 23, 2011. [3] Following her retirement, she faced criticism after it was revealed that the Swedish state-owned energy company Vattenfall had paid too much for Dutch energy company Nuon in 2009 when she was the responsible minister. [3]

In a governmental system, a party leader acts as the official representative of their political party. The party leader is typically responsible for managing the party's relationship with the general public. As such, they will take a leading role in developing and communicating party policy, especially election platforms, to the electorate. They are also typically the public face of the respective party and the principal media contact.

Annie Lööf Swedish politician and party leader of the Swedish Center Party, former minister of enterprise

Annie Marie Therése Lööf is a Swedish politician and lawyer. She has been a Member of the Riksdag, representing her home constituency of Jönköping County, since 2006, and leader of the Centre Party since 2011. Lööf served as Minister for Enterprise from 2011 to 2014, in the later Reinfeldt Cabinet.

Vattenfall is a Swedish power company, fully owned by the Swedish state. Beyond Sweden, the company generates power in Denmark, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom.

Personal life

Olofsson is married to Rolf, a relative of Jennifer Granholm (former Governor of Michigan) with whom she has three children.

Bibliography

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References

  1. Arter, David (2006). Democracy in Scandinavia: Consensual, Majoritarian Or Mixed?. Manchester University Press. p. 187. ISBN   9780719070471.
  2. Webb, Paul (2007). The Presidentialization of Politics: A Comparative Study of Modern Democracies. Oxford University Press. p. 190. ISBN   9780199218493.
  3. 1 2 3 Elgán, Elisabeth; Scobbie, Irene (2015). Historical Dictionary of Sweden. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 210. ISBN   9781442250710.
  4. "Powerful Women". Jamaica Observer. 5 November 2014. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
  5. Eilperin, Juliet (2 January 2010). "With help from Sweden, 4 Northern Virginia families are 'Climate Pilots'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 23 June 2016.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Maud Olofsson at Wikimedia Commons

Party political offices
Preceded by
Lennart Daléus
Chairman of the Centre Party
2001–2011
Succeeded by
Annie Lööf
Political offices
Preceded by
Bosse Ringholm
Deputy Prime Minister of Sweden
2006–2010
Succeeded by
Jan Björklund
Preceded by
Thomas Östros
Minister for Enterprise and Energy
2006–2011
Succeeded by
Annie Lööf