Hisingen

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Hisingen
Eriksberg.JPG
Eriksberg on the northern bank of the Göta älv river where housing areas have replaced the shipyards.
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Hisingen
Geography
Location Kattegat
Coordinates 57°46′N11°53′E / 57.767°N 11.883°E / 57.767; 11.883
Area198.84 km2 (76.77 sq mi) [1]
Administration
Sweden
County Västra Götaland County
Municipality Gothenburg Municipality
Demographics
Population130,000
Pop. density628.14/km2 (1626.88/sq mi)

Hisingen (Swedish pronunciation:  [ˈhîːsɪŋɛn] ) [2] is the fifth-largest island of Sweden (after Gotland, Öland, Södertörn and Orust), [3] with an area of 199 km2 (77 sq mi). It forms part of Gothenburg and is bordered by the Göta älv to the south and east, the Nordre älv to the north, and the Kattegat to the west. The northern part of the city of Gothenburg, with its harbours, industries and suburbs, is located on the island, which is divided between the two historical provinces of Västergötland and Bohuslän.

Contents

The population of the island is around 130,000, making it the most populated island in Sweden, ahead of Södermalm and Gotland.

For a brief, post-war period Hisingen was home to the largest shipbuilding centre in the world, but all three yards closed in 1979. Hisingen is home to both the Volvo Group and the now separate Volvo Cars. Most of the Nordic countries' largest port, the Port of Gothenburg is also located on Hisingen.

Etymology

The etymology of the name Hisingen is disputed. Hísing makes its first appearance in 13th century Icelandic sources; Hisingen is dated back to 1399.

The basic meaning of the prefix His- is "to split, cut off" and can be found in the placenames Hisøy and Hisön . Hence, the name can be interpreted as "the island cut off from the mainland". [4] [5] [6] [7]

A colloquial name for Hisingen is Elevator Nobody or Lift Nobody. This is a play on words; hiss is Swedish for elevator-lift , and ingen is Swedish for nobody.

History

The Tumlehed rock painting and remains of ancient settlements prove that Hisingen was inhabited by the year 9000 BC. [8]

It was on Hisingen that the first town with the name Gothenburg existed. It was founded by king Charles IX in 1603 on the northern bank of the Göta River, at Färjenäs. It was inhabited mostly by Dutch merchants, enticed to settle there by favorable economic conditions. However, the town was completely destroyed by the Danish in 1611 during the Kalmar War.

Until 1658, when it was ceded to Sweden from Denmark-Norway by the Treaty of Roskilde, the island was divided into a Swedish and a Norwegian part. The division continued in the official name of the provincial districts of Swedish and Norwegian Hisingen – Svenska Hisingens härad and Norska Hisingens härad – until 1681 when they were renamed as the Eastern and Western districts.

The island was mostly farmland until the 19th century, when industrialization began and companies like Arendalsvarvet, Eriksberg, Götaverken and Lindholmen started operating there. For most of the 20th century, until the shipyard crisis in the 1970s, the island was the focus for Swedish shipbuilding.

The Volvo car manufacturer has its roots on Hisingen; it was there that their first factory was located and the first car, the Volvo ÖV 4, was produced in 1927. [9] Today, the company still has its main office and production facilities on the island. The Volvo Museum is also located nearby.

Over the last 20 years, the northern bank of Göta älv has undergone major expansion. Residential areas, university buildings and high tech industry have largely replaced the shipyards.

Geography

Ramberget as seen from the Gota alv Bridge. Ramberget.jpg
Ramberget as seen from the Göta älv Bridge.

The island has a diverse landscape with coasts, farms and forests. The biggest forest area is Hisingsparken, which is also the largest park in Gothenburg. Rya skog, a smaller forest and a nature reserve, is located in the south of Hisingen.

Ramberget, an 87 m hill, is a well-known landmark. It is part of Keiller's Park, which was established in 1908 and covers an area of over 31 hectares. From the top of the hill, which can be reached by car, there is a wide view of the whole city.

Administration

All of the island belongs to Gothenburg Municipality. It is divided up into three boroughs: [10]

Transport

The island is linked to the mainland by several bridges, including the Göta älvbron (Göta River Bridge), the Älvsborg Bridge, and the Tingstadstunneln motorway tunnel (a second motorway tunnel is also planned). A number of bus routes, as well as tram lines 5, 6 10 and 13, connect the island to central Gothenburg.

Gothenburg City Airport (Gothenburg's second international airport after Landvetter) is located at Säve in the northern part of Hisingen.

Ranking in the list of Sweden's largest islands

In 2014 Statistics Sweden declared it to instead be the fifth largest island, under a definition which adds artificial canals to the possible bodies of water surrounding an island. It has been noted that under this definition, all of Götaland would be the country's largest island, rendering Hisingen instead the sixth largest. [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

Gothenburg City in Västergötland and Bohuslän, Sweden

Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden, fifth-largest in the Nordic countries, and capital of the Västra Götaland County. It is situated by Kattegat, on the west coast of Sweden, and has a population of approximately 570,000 in the city proper and about 1 million inhabitants in the metropolitan area.

Västra Götaland County County (län) of Sweden

Västra Götaland County is a county or län on the western coast of Sweden.

Västergötland Historical province of Sweden

Västergötland, also known as West Gothland or the Latinized version Westrogothia in older literature, is one of the 25 traditional non-administrative provinces of Sweden, situated in the southwest of Sweden.

Bohuslän Historical province of Sweden

Bohuslän is a Swedish province in Götaland, on the northernmost part of the country's west coast. It is bordered by Dalsland to the northeast, Västergötland to the southeast, the Skagerrak arm of the North Sea to the west, and the county of Østfold, in Norway, to the north. In English it literally means Bohus County, although it shared counties with the city of Gothenburg prior to the 1998 county merger and thus was not an administrative unit in its own right.

Götaland Place

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Orust island of Sweden

Orust is an island in western Sweden, and Sweden's third largest island. In 2014 Statistics Sweden declared it to instead be the fourth largest island, under a definition which adds artificial canals to the possible bodies of water surrounding an island. It has been noted that under this definition, all of Götaland would be the country's largest island, rendering Orust instead the fifth largest. The largest town on Orust is Henån, the municipal capital, where approximately 1,800 inhabitants live. Other communities, many of which are fishing villages, include Ellös, Edshultshall, Hälleviksstrand, Mollösund, Morlanda, Stocken, Svanesund, Svanvik and Varekil. Orust is home to approximately 15,160 inhabitants in the winter and many more in the summer. Its main industry is the shipyards, the two largest being Najadvarvet and Hallberg-Rassy.

Gothenburg archipelago

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New Älvsborg

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Gothenburg tram network

The Gothenburg tramway network is part of the public transport system organised by Göteborgs Spårvägar, controlled by Västtrafik in the Swedish city of Gothenburg. The system's approximately 160 kilometres (99 mi) of single track — making it the largest tram network in Northern Europe — is used by around 200 trams as of 2006, which serve twelve day-time and five night-time lines with a combined line length of 190 km. These figures are expected to increase when the second stage of Kringen is finished. The trams perform about 2,000 trips and cover 30,000 km per day. In 2018, 131 million journeys were made.

Lödöse Place in Västergötland, Sweden

Lödöse, also known as Gamla Lödöse is a locality situated in Lilla Edet Municipality, Västra Götaland County, Sweden. It is situated 40 kilometers northeast of Gothenburg and is considered the precursor to modern-day Gothenburg.

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Göteborgsvarvet

Göteborgsvarvet is an annual half marathon running competition in Gothenburg, Sweden. It is the largest annual running competition in the world in terms of entries, with its 62,000 entries for the Göteborgsvarvet competition on 18 May 2013. In 2016, 64,500 people entered the race. The youngest runner was 17 years old and the oldest female runner 83 and male runner 87.

Western Military District, originally III Military District was a Swedish military district, a command of the Swedish Armed Forces that had operational control over Western Sweden, for most time of its existence corresponding to the area covered by the counties of Gothenburg and Bohus, Älvsborg, Skaraborg and Halland. The headquarters of Milo V were located in Skövde.

Götaälvbron

Götaälvbron is a bascule bridge in central Gothenburg, Sweden, carrying normal road vehicles and trams. The bridge was constructed in 1937 to 1939 and in 1966 it was widened. Constructed of steel beam, the bridge has a total length of 927 m (3,041 ft) and width of 20 m (66 ft). The mid span has a free height of 19.5 m (64 ft).

Port of Gothenburg

The municipally-owned Port of Gothenburg is the largest port in the Nordic countries, with over 11,000 ship visits per year from over 140 destinations worldwide. As the only Swedish port with the capacity to cope with the very largest modern, ocean-going container ships, Gothenburg handles nearly 30% of the country's foreign trade, comprising 39 million tonnes of freight per year.

Lindholmen Science Park is an international collaborative environment for research, innovation and education within the areas Transport, ICT and Media. The district is located in Gothenburg, Sweden, on the island of Hisingen on the northern shore of Göta Älv. The Lindholmen district area is 104 hectares. In this area, campuses for Chalmers University of Technology, the University of Gothenburg, and the IT University of Göteborg can be found. The universities collaborate with high tech industries and the local community in different development projects. Currently 250 companies, notably Volvo Cars, Volvo Technology, Ericsson, IBM, Semcon, Scania AB and SVT. Over 21 000 employees or students are working or studying at the area.

Lilla Bommen

Lilla Bommen is a part of Gothenburg harbor used for visiting boats and also the name given to the land surrounding the harbor. The eponymous building along with The Göteborg Opera house and the barque Viking are all located at Lilla Bommen.

Attack on Marstrand

The Attack on Marstrand was a successful Dano-Norwegian siege of the Swedish town of Marstrand and Carlsten fortress which took place between July 10 and July 16, 1719 during the end of the Great Northern War.

Battles at Göta Älv

The battles at Göta älv were a series of battles and sieges which took place in and around the Gothenburg area between 1717 and 1719, between the Swedish Empire and Denmark-Norway, during the Great Northern War.

References

  1. "Statistisk årsbok 2011" (PDF) (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 July 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
  2. Jöran Sahlgren; Gösta Bergman (1979). Svenska ortnamn med uttalsuppgifter (in Swedish). p. 11.
  3. "Islands in Sweden 2013" (PDF). MI50 - Coast and Shores. 2013 via Statistics Sweden.
  4. Göteborg, ed. Jan Jonasson, "Ortnamn", fil dr Hugo Karlsson, STF-landskapsserie, Esselte, Nacka 1978 ISSN 0347-6081 s.303
  5. Älvsborgs län - historia i gränsbygd, ed. Mimi Håkansson, "Häradsnamnen", fil dr Hugo Karlsson, Länsstyrelsen i Älvsborgs län, Risbergs Tryckeri, Uddevalla 1997 ISBN   91-86832-09-3 s.82-83
  6. Bohusläns forntid, Carl-Axel Moberg, Göteborg 1963 s.13
  7. Mal og Minne, Oddvar Nes, Oslo 1974 s.53
  8. Einar Hansson; Sanja Peter; Claes Caldenby, eds. (2008). Upptäck Hisingen!. Göteborg : Göteborgs stadsmuseum. pp. 2 + 118. ISBN   978-91-85488-97-1.
  9. "The Volvo history". Volvo Group Global. Retrieved 2010-12-30.
  10. "Stadsdelsnämnder".
  11. Gistedt, Karin (15 December 2014). "Orust inte längre trea i landet". Bohusläningen (in Swedish). Uddevalla . Retrieved 26 September 2015.

Coordinates: 57°46′N11°53′E / 57.767°N 11.883°E / 57.767; 11.883