House of La Marck

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von der Mark coat of arms Counts of Mark Arms.svg
von der Mark coat of arms

La Marck (German : von der Mar(c)k) was a noble family, which from about 1200 appeared as the counts of Mark.

Contents

History

The family history started with Count Adolf I, scion of a cadet branch of the Rhenish Berg dynasty residing at Altena Castle in Westphalia. In the early 13th century Adolf took his residence at his family's estates around Mark, a settlement in present-day Hamm-Uentrop. Adolf had inherited the Mark fortress from his father Count Frederick I of Berg-Altena (d. 1198) together with the older county around Altena and began to call himself count de La Mark.

Originally liensmen[ clarification needed ] of the archbishops of Cologne in the Duchy of Westphalia, the family ruled the County of Mark, an immediate state of the Holy Roman Empire, and, at the height of their powers, the four duchies of Julich, Cleves, Berg and Guelders as well as the County of Ravensberg. Members of the family became bishops in the Prince-Bishoprics of Liège, Münster and Osnabrück, and Archbishops in Cologne. Later collateral lines became dukes of Bouillon, a title which was later inherited by the House of La Tour d'Auvergne, princes of Sedan, dukes of Nevers, counts of Rethel and so forth.

Notable members

In 1591 the heiress of one of the collateral lines of the family, Charlotte de la Marck, was married to Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, Marshal of France. In 1594 Charlotte died without issue, and her claims to Bouillon passed to her husband.

Simplified genealogy

Counts of Mark

La Mark coat of arms, 14th century Mark-St-Wappen.png
La Mark coat of arms, 14th century
  1. Adolf I (d. 1249), first documented as comes de Marca in 1202
    1. Engelbert I (d. 1277)
      1. Eberhard (d. 1308)
        1. Engelbert II (d. 1328)
          1. Adolf II (d. 1346), married Margaret of Cleves in 1332
            1. Engelbert III (d. 1391)
            2. Adolf III (1334–1394), Count of Cleves from 1368 → see below
          2. Engelbert (1304–1368), Prince-Bishop of Liège 1345–1364, Archbishop of Cologne 1364–68
          3. Eberhard I (d. about 1378), Count of Arenberg → see below
        2. Adolf (1288–1344), Prince-Bishop of Liège 1313–1344

Dukes of Cleves—La Mark

Cleves-La Mark coat of arms, 15th century Cleve-Scheibler3ps.jpg
Cleves-La Mark coat of arms, 15th century
Cleves-La Mark coat of arms, 15th century Johann I. Herzog von Kleve-Graf von der Mark-Wappen.png
Cleves-La Mark coat of arms, 15th century
  1. Adolf III (1334–1394), second son of Adolf II with Margaret of Cleves, Prince-bishop of Münster 1357–1363 and Archbishop of Cologne in 1363, inherited the County of Cleves upon the death of his maternal uncle Count Johann in 1368 and became Count of Mark upon the death of his elder brother Engelbert III in 1391
    1. Adolph I (1373–1448), Duke of Cleves from 1417
      1. Margaret of Cleves, Duchess of Bavaria-Munich (1416–1444)
      2. Catherine of Cleves, Duchess of Guelders (1417–1479)
      3. John I (1419–1481)
        1. John II (1458–1521)
          1. John III (1490–1539), married Maria of Jülich-Berg in 1509, inherited the duchies of Jülich and Berg and the County of Ravensberg upon the death of his father-in-law Duke William IV of Jülich-Berg, ruled the United Duchies of Jülich-Cleves-Berg upon the death of his father in 1521
            1. Sybille (1512–1554), married to Elector John Frederick of Saxony
            2. Anne (1515–1557), married to King Henry VIII of England
            3. William the Rich (1516–1592), married Maria of Habsburg, Archduchess of Austria and daughter of Emperor Ferdinand I, claimed the Duchy of Guelders upon the death of Duke Charles in 1538
              1. Marie Eleonore (1550–1608), married to Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia
              2. John Frederick (1555–1575)
              3. John William (1562–1609), extinction of the line, followed by the War of the Jülich succession
            4. Amalia (1517–1586)
        2. Engelbert, Count of Nevers (1462–1506)
      4. Elisabeth (1420–1488), Countess of Schwarzburg
      5. Agnes (1422–1446), Queen of Navarre
      6. Adolph of Cleves, Lord of Ravenstein (1425–1492)
      7. Mary (1426–1487), Duchess of Orléans
    2. Dietrich II (1374–1398)

Counts of Marck—Arenberg

Arenberg coat of arms, Siebmacher, about 1605 Arenberg Siebmacher007 - Herzogtum.jpg
Arenberg coat of arms, Siebmacher, about 1605
  1. Eberhard I (d. about 1378) Lord of Arenberg
    1. Erard II von der Mark, Lord of Sedan & Arenberg
      1. Johann II von der Mark, Lord of Sedan & Arenberg
        1. Erard III von der Mark (+ 1496), Lord of Arenberg whose issue will die into the house of Ligne, by the marriage of Marguerite de la Marck-Arenberg with Jean de Ligne
        2. Robert I de la Marck (+ 1487), Lord of Sedan, chatellain de Bouillon
          1. Robert II de la Marck (1460–1536), Lord of Sedan, Duke of Bouillon
            1. Robert III de la Marck (1491–1537), Lord of Sedan, Duke of Bouillon
              1. Robert IV de la Marck (1520–1556), Duke of Bouillon, Earl of Braine & Maulevrier, Lord of Sedan.
                1. Henri Robert de la Marck (1539–1574), Duke of Bouillon, sovereign Prince de Sedan,
                  1. Guillaume Robert de la Marck (1563–1588), Pr of Sedan, Duke de Bouillon, Marquess of Cotron
                    1. Charlotte de la Marck (1574–1594), Dss of Bouillon, Pss de Sedan oo Henri de La Tour D'Auvergne
          2. Erard de la Marck (1472–1538), Prince-bishop of Liège 1506–1538
        3. William von der Marck Le Sanglier des Ardennes
          1. Johann I von der Marck, Baron of Lummen
            1. Johann II von der Marck, Baron of Lummen (1500–1552)
              1. William II de la Marck, Baron of Lummen, admiral of the Gueux de mer (1542–1578)

See also

Marguerite de La Marck d'Arenberg (1527-1599), princess-countess and sovereign of Arenberg from 1576. Married Jean de Ligne, baron of Barbançon, in 1547. General of the Spanish armies, he was killed at the battle of Heiligerlée in 1568.

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Diederik of Heinsberg, Count of Loon and Count of Chiny (1336-1361), was the son of Godfrey II, Lord of Heinsberg, and Matilda.

Godfrey de Heinsberg, Lord of Daelenbroeck, Count of Looz and Count of Chiny (1361-1362), son of John of Heinsberg, Lord of Daelenbroeck, son of Arnold V, Count of Looz and Chiny, and Catherine de Vroon.

Notable people with name Engelbert include:

References

  1. 1 2 Neil Jeffares Dictionary of Pastellists before 1800, LA MARCK
  2. Honoré-Gabriel de Riquetti Mirabeau (comte de), Auguste Marie Raymond Arenberg (prince d', comte de La Marck), Adolphe Fourier de Bacourt. Correspondance entre le comte de Mirabeau et le comte de La Marck: pendant les années 1789, 1790 et 1791 volume 1, V. Le Normant, 1851 p. 280 (French)

Genealogy de la Marck on genealogy.euweb.cz :