Jacaltenango

Last updated
Jacaltenango
Municipality
Jacaltenango1986.jpg
View of Jacaltenango in 1986
Bandera Jacaltenango.png
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Jacaltenango
Location in Guatemala
Coordinates: 15°40′N91°44′W / 15.667°N 91.733°W / 15.667; -91.733
Country Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Department Flag of Huehuetenango.gif Huehuetenango
Municipality Jacaltenango
Area
  Municipality87 sq mi (225 km2)
Elevation
4,715 ft (1,437 m)
Population
 (Census 2018) [1]
  Municipality37,171
  Density430/sq mi (170/km2)
   Urban
[2]
22,533
  Ethnicities
Jakaltek, Ladino
  Religions
Roman Catholicism, Evangelicalism, Maya
Climate Cwb

Jacaltenango is a town and municipality situated in the Western Highlands of Guatemala. It is located in a valley surrounded by the Sierra Madre Mountains. Jacaltenango serves as the municipal seat for the surrounding municipality of the same name. In 2002, its urban population was about 23,500 [3] but at the 2018 census the town's population has decreased to 22,533.

Contents

Its economy is based mainly on agricultural products, especially coffee. Jacaltenango exports about 95% of its agricultural production. Jacaltenango has six schools: three elementary and three high schools, which include middle school.

History

After the Spanish conquest of Guatemala in the 1520s, the "Presentación de Guatemala" Mercedarian province was formed in 1565; originally, the order of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy had gotten from bishop Francisco Marroquín several doctrines in the Sacatepéquez and Chimaltenango valleys, close to the capital Santiago de los Caballeros de Guatemala, but they traded those with friars of the Order of Preachers in exchange for the doctrines those had in the Sierra de los Cuchumatanes area. [4] During the first part of the 17th century they also had doctrine in four towns close to the city of Santiago, which eventually became city neighborhoods: Espíritu Santo, Santiago, San Jerónimo and San Anton —which was the capital of the Mercedarians, where they had their convent and where their comendador lived. [4]

According to bishop Juan de las Cabezas' memoir in 1613 [5] and the bishop Pedro Cortés y Larraz parish visit minutes from 1770, [6] the Mercedarians came to have nine doctrines, and numerous annexes, which were: Santa Ana de Malacatán, Concepción de Huehuetenango, San Pedro de Solomá, Nuestra Señora de la Purificación de Jacaltenango, Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria de Chiantla, San Andrés de Cuilco, Santiago de Tejutla, San Pedro de Sacatepéquez, and San Juan de Ostuncalco. [7]

However, in 1754, due to the borbon reforms implemented by the Spanish kings, the Mercedarins - and the rest of the regular clergy for that matter - had to transfer their doctrines to the secular clergy, thus losing their Jacaltaenango convent and annexed doctrines. [8]

Climate

Jacaltenango has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwb).

Climate data for Jacaltenango
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)25.1
(77.2)
25.8
(78.4)
27.3
(81.1)
28.5
(83.3)
27.4
(81.3)
26.4
(79.5)
25.6
(78.1)
26.2
(79.2)
25.6
(78.1)
24.9
(76.8)
25.1
(77.2)
24.8
(76.6)
26.1
(78.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)17.9
(64.2)
18.3
(64.9)
19.5
(67.1)
20.9
(69.6)
20.3
(68.5)
20.4
(68.7)
19.6
(67.3)
19.9
(67.8)
19.7
(67.5)
19.1
(66.4)
18.7
(65.7)
18.1
(64.6)
19.4
(66.9)
Average low °C (°F)10.7
(51.3)
10.8
(51.4)
11.7
(53.1)
13.3
(55.9)
13.3
(55.9)
14.5
(58.1)
13.6
(56.5)
13.7
(56.7)
13.9
(57.0)
13.4
(56.1)
12.3
(54.1)
11.4
(52.5)
12.7
(54.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)48
(1.9)
18
(0.7)
21
(0.8)
65
(2.6)
145
(5.7)
563
(22.2)
431
(17.0)
357
(14.1)
523
(20.6)
363
(14.3)
104
(4.1)
63
(2.5)
2,701
(106.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org [9]

Geographic location

Jacaltenango is surrounded by Huehuetenango Department municipalities: [10]

See also

Notes and references

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References

  1. Citypopulation.de Population of departments and municipalities in Guatemala
  2. Citypopulation.de Population of cities & towns in Guatemala
  3. "2002 census". Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas. Retrieved 2008-05-11.
  4. 1 2 Juarros 1818, p. 336.
  5. Pérez 1966, p. 44.
  6. Cortés y Larraz 1770.
  7. Pérez 1966, p. 44-45.
  8. Juarros 1818, p. 338.
  9. "Climate: Jacaltenango". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  10. 1 2 3 SEGEPLAN. "Municipios del departamento de Huehuetenango" (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2015.

Bibliography

Coordinates: 15°40′N91°44′W / 15.667°N 91.733°W / 15.667; -91.733