John de Warenne, 7th Earl of Surrey

Last updated

John de Warenne (30 June 1286 June 1347), 7th Earl of Surrey or Warenne, was the last Warenne earl of Surrey.

Contents

Life

He was the son of William de Warenne, the only son of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey. His mother was Joan, daughter of Robert de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford. Warenne was only six months old when his father died, and was 8 years old when his mother died. He succeeded his grandfather as earl when he was 18. [1] He was knighted along with the Prince of Wales, the future Edward II, in 1306. From that time onwards he was much engaged in the Scottish wars. [2]

He was one of the great nobles offended by the rise of Edward II's favorite Piers Gaveston, and helped secure Gaveston's 1308 banishment. The two were somewhat reconciled after Gaveston's return the next year, but in 1312 Warenne was one of the nobles who captured Gaveston. He was however unhappy about Gaveston's execution at the behest of the earl of Warwick, which pushed him back into the king's camp. [1]

The baronial opposition was led by the king's cousin Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and he and Warenne became bitter enemies. Private war erupted between the two, and over the next few years Warenne lost a good part of his estates to Lancaster. [1]

Warenne was one of the four earls who captured the two Roger Mortimers, the uncle and the nephew, and in 1322 he was one of the nobles who condemned to death the earl of Lancaster. [1]

Warenne and his brother-in-law Edmund Fitzalan, 9th Earl of Arundel, were the last two earls to remain loyal to Edward II after the rise to power of Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer. After Arundel's execution he went over to the queen's side, urging Edward II's abdication in 1327. [1]

He was the guardian of his cousin Edward Balliol, and after Balliol lay claim to the Scottish throne, accompanied him on his campaign in Lothian. Balliol created Warenne earl of Strathern, but this was in name only for the properties of the earldom were held by the Scots. [1]

Warenne died in 1347 and is buried at the monastery of Lewes. He was succeeded as earl by his nephew Richard Fitzalan, who was also earl of Arundel. [1]

Family

On 25 May 1306 Warenne married Joan of Bar, daughter of count Henry III of Bar and Eleanor of England, eldest daughter of king Edward I of England. The two were soon estranged and lived apart, and had no children, though the marriage was never dissolved. [1]

Warenne instead had a long partnership/relationship with Matilda de Nerford, with whom he had several illegitimate children, and later with Isabella Holland, sister of Thomas Holland, later earl of Kent. [1]

Warenne was a paternal ancestor of Richard Warren, who was a Mayflower passenger. Warren was the 12th signer of the Mayflower Compact. Through Richard, Warenne is ancestor to Ulysses S. Grant Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Sarah Palin, Sir Charles Tupper, Joseph Warren, John Warren, Taylor Swift, Orson Welles, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Henry David Thoreau, R.A. Torrey, Robert P. Shuler, Alan Shepard, Richard Gere, Glenn Ford, Gary A. Kowalski, Sue DiCicco, L.L. Bean, John Posey (actor), Tyler Posey, Ernest Hemingway, Marie-Chantal, Crown Princess of Greece, John Cena, Andrew Ketchum, Mary Chapin Carpenter, and more.

Related Research Articles

Thomas, 2nd Earl of Lancaster 13th and 14th-century English nobleman

Thomas, Earl of Lancaster and Leicester was an English nobleman. A member of the House of Plantagenet, he was one of the leaders of the baronial opposition to his first cousin, Edward II of England.

Edmund Fitzalan, 2nd Earl of Arundel English Earl

Edmund Fitzalan, 2nd Earl of Arundel was an English nobleman prominent in the conflict between King Edward II and his barons. His father, Richard Fitzalan, 1st Earl of Arundel, died in 1302, while Edmund was still a minor. He therefore became a ward of John de Warenne, Earl of Surrey, and married Warenne's granddaughter Alice. In 1306 he was styled Earl of Arundel, and served under Edward I in the Scottish Wars, for which he was richly rewarded.

Richard Fitzalan, 3rd Earl of Arundel Earl of Arundel

Richard Fitzalan, 3rd Earl of Arundel, 8th Earl of Surrey was an English nobleman and medieval military leader and distinguished admiral. Arundel was one of the wealthiest nobles, and most loyal noble retainer of the chivalric code that governed the reign of Edward III.

Eleanor of Lancaster Lady Beaumont

Eleanor of Lancaster, Countess of Arundel was the fifth daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth.

House of Howard Dukes of Norfolk family tree

The House of Howard is an English noble house founded by John Howard, who was created Duke of Norfolk by King Richard III of England in 1483. However, John was also the eldest grandson of the 1st Duke of the first creation. The Howards have been part of the peerage since the 15th century and remain both the Premier Dukes and Earls of the Realm in the Peerage of England, acting as Earl Marshal of England. After the English Reformation, many Howards remained steadfast in their Catholic faith as the most high-profile recusant family; two members, Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel, and William Howard, 1st Viscount Stafford, are regarded as martyrs: a saint and a blessed respectively.

Earl of Surrey title in the Peerage of England

Earl of Surrey is a title in the Peerage of England that has been created five times. It was first created for William de Warenne, a close companion of William the Conqueror. It is currently held as a subsidiary title by the Dukes of Norfolk.

John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey English Earl and general

John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey was a prominent English nobleman and military commander during the reigns of Henry III of England and Edward I of England. During the Second Barons' War he switched sides twice, ending up in support of the king, for whose capture he was present at Lewes in 1264. Warenne was later appointed a Guardian of Scotland and featured prominently in Edward I's wars in Scotland.

William Fitzalan, 9th Earl of Arundel English Earl

William Fitzalan, 9th Earl of Arundel, 6th Baron Maltravers was an English nobleman.

Robert Holland, 1st Baron Holand 14th-century English nobleman

Robert de Holland, 1st Baron Holand was an English nobleman, born in Lancashire.

Henry Percy, 1st Baron Percy Medieval English Baron and Warlord

Henry de Percy, 1st Baron Percy of Alnwick was a medieval English magnate.

Alice de Lusignan, Countess of Surrey was a uterine half-sister of King Henry III of England and the wife of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey. Shortly after her arrival in England from France in 1247, her half-brother arranged her marriage to the Earl, which incurred some resentment from the English nobility.

Alice de Warenne, Countess of Arundel was an English noblewoman and heir apparent to the Earldom of Surrey. In 1305, she married Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel.

Joan FitzAlan, Countess of Hereford, Countess of Essex and Countess of Northampton was the wife of the 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of Northampton. She was the mother of Mary de Bohun, the first wife of Henry of Bolingbroke who later reigned as King Henry IV, and Eleanor de Bohun, Duchess of Gloucester. She was the maternal grandmother of King Henry V.

Alice FitzAlan, Countess of Kent English countess

Alice Holland, Countess of Kent, LG, formerly Lady Alice Fitzalan, was an English noblewoman, a daughter of the 10th Earl of Arundel, and the wife of the 2nd Earl of Kent, the half-brother of King Richard II. As the maternal grandmother of Anne de Mortimer, she was an ancestor of King Edward IV and King Richard III, as well as King Henry VII and the Tudor dynasty through her daughter Margaret Holland. She was also the maternal grandmother of Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scots.

William de Warenne was the only son of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey and his wife Alice de Lusignan.

Warenne family family

The de Warenne family were a noble family in England that included the first Earls of Surrey, created by William the Conqueror in 1088 for William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey, who was among his companions at the Battle of Hastings. The family originated in Normandy and as Earls, held land there and throughout England. When the senior male-line ended in the mid-12th century, the descendants of their heiress adopted the Warenne surname and continue as Earls of Surrey for another two centuries. Several junior lines also held land or prominent offices in England and Normandy.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Tout 1899.
  2. Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Warenne, Earls". Encyclopædia Britannica . 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 324.

Attribution:

Peerage of England
Preceded by
John de Warenne
Earl of Surrey
(1st creation)
1304–1347
Succeeded by
Richard FitzAlan
  1. Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem