Lake Dardanelle

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Lake Dardanelle
Lake Dardanelle.jpg
Lake Dardanelle, looking north from Arkansas River bridge on State Highway 22 near Delaware in 2013.
Location Arkansas
Coordinates 35°17′N93°14′W / 35.283°N 93.233°W / 35.283; -93.233 Coordinates: 35°17′N93°14′W / 35.283°N 93.233°W / 35.283; -93.233
Type reservoir
Primary inflows Arkansas River
Primary outflows Arkansas River
Basin  countries United States
Max. length 50 miles (80 km)
Surface area 40,000 acres (160 km2)
Shore length1 315 miles (510 km)
Surface elevation 338 feet (103 m)
Settlements Russellville, Arkansas
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.
Dardanelle Lock and Dam (Lock 10), 2015 Dardanelle Lock and Dam (circa 2015).jpg
Dardanelle Lock and Dam (Lock 10), 2015

Lake Dardanelle is a major reservoir on the Arkansas River in Arkansas, USA. and is an integral part of the McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System (MKARNS), which allows barge transportation from the Mississippi River to the Tulsa Port of Catoosa in northeastern Oklahoma. MKARNS went into service along its full length in 1971.

Reservoir A storage space for fluids

A reservoir is, most commonly, an enlarged natural or artificial lake, pond or impoundment created using a dam or lock to store water.

Arkansas River major tributary of the Mississippi River, United States

The Arkansas River is a major tributary of the Mississippi River. It generally flows to the east and southeast as it traverses the U.S. states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. The river's source basin lies in the western United States in Colorado, specifically the Arkansas River Valley, where the headwaters derive from the snowpack in the Sawatch and Mosquito mountain ranges. It then flows east into the Midwest via Kansas, and finally into the South through Oklahoma and Arkansas.

Contents

Lake description

Russellville lies on Lake Dardanelle, which provides many recreational opportunities. Lake Dardanelle covers nearly 40,000 acres (160 km2) with abundant opportunities for boating, fishing, picnicking, camping and scenic views. The lake extends from Dardanelle Lock and Dam ( 35°14′55″N93°10′15″W / 35.24861°N 93.17083°W / 35.24861; -93.17083 (Dardanelle Lock and Dam) ) near Dardanelle, into Pope, Yell, Logan, Johnson and Franklin Counties. The lake reaches 50 miles (80 km) upstream the Arkansas River and has 315 miles (510 km) of shoreline. Each recreational park on Dardanelle has drinking water, picnic tables and toilet facilities. Most have trailer dump stations, boat launch ramps and electrical sites. [1]

Russellville, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Russellville is the county seat and largest city in Pope County, Arkansas, United States, with a population of 27,920, according to the 2010 Census. It is home to Arkansas Tech University and Arkansas Nuclear One, Arkansas' only nuclear power plant. Russellville borders Lake Dardanelle and the Arkansas River.

Dardanelle, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Dardanelle is a city in Yell County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 4,745 at the 2010 census. Along with Danville, it serves as a county seat for Yell County. It is located near Lake Dardanelle.

Pope County, Arkansas County in the United States

Pope County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,754. The county seat is Russellville. The county was formed on November 2, 1829, from a portion of Crawford County and named for John Pope, the third governor of the Arkansas Territory. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

The only nuclear power plant in Arkansas, Arkansas Nuclear One, is located on the northeastern shore of Lake Dardanelle. [2]

Nuclear power plant thermal power station where the heat source is a nuclear reactor

A nuclear power plant or nuclear power station is a thermal power station in which the heat source is a nuclear reactor. As it is typical of thermal power stations, heat is used to generate steam that drives a steam turbine connected to a generator that produces electricity. As of 23 April 2014, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) reports there are 450 nuclear power reactors in operation in 31 countries.

Arkansas Nuclear One

Arkansas Nuclear One (ANO) is a two-unit pressurized water reactor nuclear power plant located on Lake Dardanelle just outside Russellville, Arkansas. It is the only nuclear power plant in Arkansas.


Sunset on Dardanelle Lock and Dam, taken on July 29, 2013 by a USACE ranger. Park Ranger (9372403422).jpg
Sunset on Dardanelle Lock and Dam, taken on July 29, 2013 by a USACE ranger.

Winthrop Rockefeller Lake starts immediately below the Dardanelle Dam and extends almost 30 miles (50 km) southeast to the Arthur V. Ormond Lock and Dam (Lock 9) near Morrilton. [lower-alpha 1] These lakes have been popular with fishermen because of their large populations of catfish, white bass, bream, crappie and other species of bass. [1]

Winthrop Rockefeller Lake is an impounded section of the Arkansas River, named for Governor Winthrop A. Rockefeller (1912–1973). It extends almost 30 miles (50 km) along the river, from the Arthur V. Ormond Lock and Dam below Mile 177 near Morrilton, to the Dardanelle Lock and Dam above Mile 205 near Dardanelle. Lake Dardanelle begins immediately above Rockefeller Lake.

Morrilton, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Morrilton is a city in Conway County, Arkansas, United States, less than 50 miles (80 km) northwest of Little Rock. The city is the county seat of Conway County. The population was 6,767 at the 2010 census.

Catfish order of fishes

Catfish are a diverse group of ray-finned fish. Named for their prominent barbels, which resemble a cat's whiskers, catfish range in size and behavior from the three largest species alive, the Mekong giant catfish from Southeast Asia, the wels catfish of Eurasia and the piraíba of South America, to detritivores, and even to a tiny parasitic species commonly called the candiru, Vandellia cirrhosa. There are armour-plated types and there are also naked types, neither having scales. Despite their name, not all catfish have prominent barbels. Members of the Siluriformes order are defined by features of the skull and swimbladder. Catfish are of considerable commercial importance; many of the larger species are farmed or fished for food. Many of the smaller species, particularly the genus Corydoras, are important in the aquarium hobby. Many catfish are nocturnal, but others are crepuscular or diurnal.

Mount Nebo (Arkansas) is close to the area and provides scenic views for visitors along the lake. The Ozark and Ouachita Mountains also offer great scenery and have mountain springs and recreation parks in abundance. The mountains of the Ozarks and Ouachitas are abundant in wildlife. The bald eagle often uses this area for wintering. Eagles can be seen here from late fall to early spring.

Mount Nebo (Arkansas)

Located near Dardanelle, Arkansas and rising 1,350 feet (410 m) above the mountain valleys of west central Arkansas, Mount Nebo has a view of 34,000 acres (140 km2) Lake Dardanelle, the Arkansas River and the surrounding mountain ridges. Atop this biblically named plateau, fringed by the Ouachita National Forest, is Mount Nebo State Park. Developed as a resort area in the late 19th century, it became a state park in 1928, its early development spearheaded by the Civilian Conservation Corps. Park activities include hiking, camping, and other outdoor pursuits.

Ouachita Mountains

The Ouachita Mountains, simply referred to as the Ouachitas, are a mountain range in western Arkansas and southeastern Oklahoma. They are formed by a thick succession of highly deformed Paleozoic strata constituting the Ouachita Fold and Thrust Belt, one of the important orogenic belts of North America. The Ouachitas continue in the subsurface to the southeast where they make a poorly understood connection with the Appalachians and to the southwest where they join with the Marathon area of West Texas. Together with the Ozark Plateaus, the Ouachitas form the U.S. Interior Highlands. The highest natural point is Mount Magazine at 2,753 feet.

Bald eagle A bird of prey from North America

The bald eagle is a bird of prey found in North America. A sea eagle, it has two known subspecies and forms a species pair with the white-tailed eagle. Its range includes most of Canada and Alaska, all of the contiguous United States, and northern Mexico. It is found near large bodies of open water with an abundant food supply and old-growth trees for nesting.

Lake Dardanelle State Park is located on two sites, one in Russellville and the other in Dardanelle. The western park includes a visitor center with aquariums and natural and cultural history displays, and a fishing pier and fishing tournament weigh-in pavilion that is used for the many fishing tournaments held at the park. Both sites offer campsites, boat launch ramps, standard pavilions, picnic sites, playgrounds and bathhouses.

Lake Dardanelle State Park

Lake Dardanelle State Park is located on two sites on the lake, one in Russellville, Arkansas and one in Dardanelle, Arkansas, on the 34,300-acre Lake Dardanelle. Both sites include picnic facilities, boat ramps, pavilions, playgrounds and dump stations.


Notes

  1. Winthrop Rockefeller Lake and the Arthur V. Ormond Lock and Dam are also integral parts of MKARNS.

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