|High Commissioner of Australia to New Zealand|
|Nominator||Prime Minister of Australia|
|Appointer||Governor General of Australia|
|Inaugural holder||Thomas d'Alton|
|Formation||15 December 1943|
|Website||Australian High Commission, Wellington|
The High Commissioner of Australia to New Zealand is an officer of the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the head of the High Commission of the Commonwealth of Australia to New Zealand in Wellington. The High Commissioner has the rank and status of an Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and is currently Peter Woolcott, who also holds non-resident accreditation to the Realm of New Zealand, including the Cook Islands, Niue and Tokelau, as well as the Pitcairn Islands, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom. The posting is one of Australia's oldest, with the first High Commissioner appointed in 1943, although it dates much earlier to 1934 when an Australian Government Trade Commissioner was appointed to Wellington.There is also a Consulate-General in Auckland maintained by Austrade.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade is the department of the Government of Australia responsible for foreign policy, foreign relations, foreign aid, consular services, and trade and investment.
New Zealand is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The country geographically comprises two main landmasses—the North Island, and the South Island —and around 600 smaller islands. New Zealand is situated some 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and roughly 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the Pacific island areas of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. Because of its remoteness, it was one of the last lands to be settled by humans. During its long period of isolation, New Zealand developed a distinct biodiversity of animal, fungal, and plant life. The country's varied topography and its sharp mountain peaks, such as the Southern Alps, owe much to the tectonic uplift of land and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, while its most populous city is Auckland.
|Name||Start of term||End of term||References|
|Thomas d'Alton||15 December 1943||June 1946|
|Roden Cutler||June 1946||May 1953|
|Peter Heydon||May 1953||30 April 1955|
|Owen Davis (acting)||30 April 1955||6 April 1956|
|John Augustine Collins||6 April 1956||November 1962|
|Donald Alastair Cameron||November 1962||December 1965|
|David McNicol||December 1965||March 1968|
|Ted Hicks||March 1968||1971|
|Brian Clarence Hill||1974||1977|
|Peter Woolcott||28 January 2016||1 August 2017|
|Andrew Cumpston (acting)||1 August 2017||14 February 2018|
|Ewen McDonald||14 February 2018||date|
|Name||Start of term||End of term||References|
|John Brand||January 2014||July 2018|
|Craig Knowles||July 2018||date|
Australia–New Zealand relations, also referred to as Trans-Tasman relations, are extremely close and important. Both countries share a British colonial heritage as Antipodean Dominions and settler colonies, and both are part of the wider Anglosphere. New Zealand sent representatives to the constitutional conventions which led to the uniting of the six Australian colonies but opted not to join. In the Boer War and in both world wars, New Zealand soldiers fought alongside Australian soldiers. In recent years the Closer Economic Relations free trade agreement and its predecessors have inspired ever-converging economic integration. Despite some shared similarities, the cultures of Australia and New Zealand also have their own sets of differences and there are sometimes differences of opinion which some have declared as symptomatic of sibling rivalry. This often centres upon sports and in commercio-economic tensions such as those arising from the failure of Ansett Australia and those engendered by the formerly long-standing Australian ban on New Zealand apple imports.
Foreign relations of Australia are influenced by its position as a leading trading nation and as a significant donor of humanitarian aid. Australia's foreign policy is guided by a commitment to multilateralism and regionalism, as well as to strong bilateral relations with its allies. Key concerns include free trade, terrorism, refugees, economic co-operation with Asia and stability in the Asia-Pacific. Australia is active in the United Nations and the Commonwealth of Nations. Given its history of starting and supporting important regional and global initiatives, it has been described as a regional middle power par excellence.