List of Australian Victoria Cross recipients

Last updated

The Australian War Memorial, which currently holds 66 VCs. 35AWM.jpg
The Australian War Memorial, which currently holds 66 VCs.

The Victoria Cross (VC) is a military decoration awarded for valour "in the presence of the enemy" [1] to members of the Australia Armed Forces. It may be awarded to a person of any rank in any service, and to civilians under military command. Being the highest award in the Australian Honours Order of Wearing, the Victoria Cross takes precedence over all other postnominals and Australian orders and decorations. The Victoria Cross was instituted by Queen Victoria in 1856, initially to reward acts of valour during the Crimean War. Because of its rarity and inherent significance, the VC is highly prized, both as an award and as a collector's item, with one medal being sold for over A$1 million at auction. [2] Australians have received the Victoria Cross under the Imperial honours system and later under the Australian Honours System, when in 1991 a new but equivalent award was established by letters patent within the Commonwealth of Australia and its Territories, known as the Victoria Cross for Australia. The Victoria Cross for Australia has been awarded five times: twice to Special Air Service Regiment members, once to a member of the 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, and a posthumous award to a member of the 2nd Commando Regiment, and a posthumous award to Teddy Sheean. The first four were for actions in the War in Afghanistan while Sheean's was for actions during World War II.

Contents

The Imperial Victoria Cross has been awarded to 96 Australians—91 were received for actions whilst serving with Australian forces, and another five to former members of the Australian forces then serving with South African and British forces. The majority of the awards were for action in the First World War when a total of 64 medals were awarded. Nine of these awards were for action during the Gallipoli Campaign. 20 medals were awarded for action in the Second World War, 6 in the Second Boer War, 4 in the Vietnam War and 2 in the Russian Civil War. [1] Twenty-eight Australians have been awarded the medal posthumously. [3] Notably, one recipient—Captain Alfred Shout VC, MC (who was also Mentioned in Despatches)—was Australia's most decorated soldier of the Gallipoli campaign. His Victoria Cross was posthumously awarded after Shout died of his wounds during the Battle of Lone Pine. [4] Another 19 VCs have been awarded to soldiers who were either born in Australia, or died there, but did not serve in Australian units before being awarded the VC, and as such these are not included in this list. [5]

Keith Payne is the only living Australian recipient of the original Victoria Cross; there are three living recipients of the Victoria Cross for Australia.

Recipients

  This along with the *, indicates that the Victoria Cross was awarded posthumously
AWM = This denotes that the medal is held at the Australian War Memorial

Victoria Cross

Name
Date of
action
Conflict
Unit
Place of action
Location of medal
Charles Anderson 1942Second World War 2/19th Battalion Muar River, MalayaAWM [6]
Thomas Axford 1918First World War16th BattalionHamel Wood, FranceAWM [6]
Peter Badcoe 1967*Vietnam War Australian Army Training Team Huong Tra, VietnamAWM [7]
Robert Beatham 1918*First World War 8th Battalion Rosieres, France Queensland Museum
South Bank
[8] [9]
Frederick Bell 1901Second Boer WarWest Australia Mounted InfantryTransvaal, South Africa Western Australian
Museum
[10]
Frederick Birks 1917*First World War 6th Battalion Ypres, BelgiumAWM [6]
John Bisdee 1900Second Boer WarTasmanian Imperial BushmenWarm Bad, South Africa Tasmanian Museum
and Art Gallery
[11]
Arthur Blackburn 1916First World War 10th Battalion Pozières, FranceAWM [6]
Albert Borella 1918First World War 26th Battalion Villers-Bretonneux, FrancePrivately held
Walter Brown 1918First World War 20th Battalion Villers-Bretonneux, FranceAWM [6]
Alexander Buckley 1918*First World War 54th Battalion Péronne, FranceAWM [6]
Maurice Buckley 1918First World War 13th Battalion Le Verguier, FranceAWM [6]
Patrick Bugden 1917*First World War 31st Battalion Zonnebeke, BelgiumQueensland Museum
South Bank [8]
Alexander Burton 1915*First World War 7th Battalion Gallipoli, TurkeyAWM [6]
John Carroll 1917First World War 33rd Battalion St. Yves, BelgiumAWM [6]
George Cartwright 1918First World War33rd BattalionBouchavesnes, France Imperial War Museum
London [12]
Claud Castleton 1916*First World War Australian Machine Gun Corps Pozières, FranceAWM [6]
Percy Cherry 1917*First World War26th BattalionLagnicourt, FranceAWM [6]
Albert Chowne 1945*Second World War 2/2nd Battalion Dagua, New GuineaAWM [6]
Thomas Cooke 1916*First World War 8th Battalion Pozières, France Army Museum
New Zealand
[13]
William Currey 1918First World War 53rd Battalion Péronne, FranceAWM [6]
Arthur Roden Cutler 1941Second World War 2/5th Field Regiment, RRoAA Merdjayoun-Damour, LebanonAWM [6]
Henry Dalziel 1918First World War 15th Battalion Hamel Wood, FranceAWM [6]
Wilbur Dartnell 1915*First World War25th (Service) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers Maktau, KenyaAWM [6]
Phillip Davey 1918First World War 10th Battalion Merris, FranceAWM [6]
Tom Derrick 1943Second World War 2/48th Battalion Sattelberg, New GuineaAWM [6]
William Dunstan 1915First World War 7th Battalion Gallipoli, TurkeyAWM [6]
John Dwyer 1917First World WarAustralian Machine Gun CorpsZonnebeke, BelgiumAWM [6]
John Edmondson 1941*Second World War 2/17th Battalion Tobruk, LibyaAWM [6]
Hughie Edwards 1941Second World War No. 105 Squadron RAF Bremen, GermanyAWM [6]
Jack French 1942*Second World War 2/9th Battalion Milne Bay, PapuaPrivately held
Alfred Gaby 1918*First World War 28th Battalion Villers-Bretonneux, FranceTasmanian Museum
and Art Gallery [11]
Bernard Gordon 1918First World War41st BattalionBray, FranceAWM [6]
Jim Gordon 1941Second World War 2/31st Battalion Djezzine, SyriaPrivately held
Percy Gratwick 1942*Second World War 2/48th Battalion El Alamein, Egypt Army Museum of
Western Australia
[14]
Robert Grieve 1917First World War 37th Battalion Messines, Belgium Shrine of Remembrance
Melbourne [15] [16]
Stan Gurney 1942*Second World War 2/48th Battalion Tel-el-Eisa, EgyptAWM [6]
Arthur Hall 1918First World War54th BattalionPéronne, FranceAWM [6]
John Hamilton 1915First World War 3rd Battalion Gallipoli, TurkeyAWM [6]
George Howell 1917First World War 1st Battalion Bullecourt, FranceAWM [6]
Neville Howse 1900Second Boer WarNew South Wales Medical Staff CorpsVredefort, South AfricaAWM [6]
George Ingram 1918First World War 24th Battalion Montbrehain, FranceAWM [6]
Roy Inwood 1917First World War 10th Battalion Polygon Wood, Belgium Adelaide Town Hall [17]
Albert Jacka 1915First World War 14th Battalion Gallipoli, TurkeyAWM [6]
William Jackson 1916First World War 17th Battalion Armentieres, FrancePrivately held
Clarence Jeffries 1917*First World War 34th Battalion Passchendaele, Belgium Christ Church Cathedral,
Newcastle, N.S.W.
[18]
Jørgen Jensen 1917First World War 50th Battalion Noreuil, FranceAWM [6]
William Joynt 1918First World War8th BattalionHerleville Wood, FrancePrivately held [19]
Richard Kelliher 1943Second World War 2/25th Battalion Nadzab, New GuineaAWM [6]
Edward Kenna 1945Second World War 2/4th Battalion Wewak, New Guineaunknown [20]
Bede Kenny 1917First World War 2nd Battalion Hermies, FranceAWM [6]
Leonard Keysor 1915First World War1st BattalionGallipoli, TurkeyAWM [6]
Bill Kibby 1942*Second World War 2/48th Battalion El Alamein, EgyptAWM [6]
Bruce Kingsbury 1942*Second World War 2/14th Battalion Isurava, PapuaAWM [6]
John Leak 1916First World War 9th Battalion Pozières, FrancePrivately held
Alby Lowerson 1918First World War 21st Battalion Mont St. Quentin, FranceAWM [6]
Jack Mackey 1945*Second World War 2/3rd Pioneer Battalion Tarakan Island, BorneoAWM [6]
Robert MacTier 1918*First World War 23rd Battalion Mont St. Quentin, FranceAWM [6]
Joseph Maxwell 1918First World War 18th Battalion Estrees, FranceAWM [6]
Leslie Maygar 1901Second Boer War 5th Victorian Mounted Rifles Geelhoutboom, South AfricaAWM [6]
Dominic McCarthy 1918First World War 16th Battalion Madam Wood, FranceAWM [6]
Stanley McDougall 1918First World War 47th Battalion Dernancourt, FranceAWM [6]
Lewis McGee 1917*First World War 40th Battalion Ypres, Belgium Queen Victoria Museum
and Art Gallery
,
Launceston [21]
Frank McNamara 1917First World War No. 1 Squadron AFC Tel el Hesi, Palestine RAF Museum, London [22]
Ron Middleton 1942*Second World WarRAAF attached No. 149 Squadron RAF Turin, ItalyAWM [6]
Mick Moon 1917First World War 58th Battalion Bullecourt, FranceAWM [6]
Harry Murray 1917First World War 13th Battalion Gueudecourt, FranceAWM
James Newland 1917First World War 12th Battalion Bapaume, FranceAWM [6]
Bill Newton 1943*Second World War No. 22 Squadron RAAF New GuineaAWM [6]
Martin O'Meara 1916First World War16th BattalionPozières, FranceArmy Museum of
Western Australia [14]
Frank Partridge 1945Second World War8th (Militia) BattalionBougainville, New GuineaPrivately held
Keith Payne 1969Vietnam WarAustralian Army Training Team Ben Het, VietnamAWM [6]
Samuel Pearse 1919*North Russia Relief Force45th Battalion, RF Emtsa, RussiaAWM [6]
Walter Peeler 1917First World War 3rd Pioneer Battalion Ypres, BelgiumAWM [6]
Charles Pope 1917*First World War 11th Battalion Louveral, FranceAWM [6]
Reg Rattey 1945Second World War 25th Battalion Bougainville, New GuineaPrivately held
James Rogers 1901Second Boer War South African Constabulary Thaba 'Nchu, South AfricaAWM [6]
William Ruthven 1918First World War 22nd Battalion Ville-sur-Ancre, FranceAWM [6]
John Ryan 1918First World War 55th Battalion Hindenburg Defences, FranceAWM [6]
Clifford Sadlier 1918First World War 51st Battalion Villers-Bretonneux, France St George's Cathedral
Perth W.A.
[23]
Alfred Shout 1915*First World War1st BattalionGallipoli, TurkeyAWM [6]
Ray Simpson 1969Vietnam WarAustralian Army Training TeamKontum Province, VietnamAWM [6]
Leslie Starcevich 1945Second World War 2/43rd Battalion Beaufort, British North BorneoArmy Museum of
Western Australia [14]
Percy Statton 1918First World War40th BattalionProyart, FranceAWM [6]
Percy Storkey 1918First World War 19th Battalion Hangard Wood, FranceArmy Museum
New Zealand [13]
Arthur Sullivan 1919North Russia Relief Force45th Battalion, RF Sheika River, RussiaAWM [6]
William Symons 1915First World War7th BattalionGallipoli, TurkeyAWM [6]
Hugo Throssell 1915First World War 10th Light Horse Gallipoli, TurkeyAWM [6]
Edgar Towner 1918First World WarAustralian Machine Gun CorpsMont St. Quentin, FrancePrivately held
Frederick Tubb 1915First World War7th BattalionGallipoli, TurkeyAWM [6]
Blair Wark 1918First World War 32nd Battalion Bellicourt, FranceQueensland Museum
South Bank [8] [24]
Lawrence Weathers 1918First World War43rd BattalionPeronne, FrancePrivately held
Kevin Wheatley 1965*Vietnam WarAustralian Army Training TeamTra Bong, VietnamAWM [6]
John Whittle 1917First World War12th BattalionBoursies, FranceAWM [6] [25]
James Woods 1918First World War 48th Battalion Le Verguier, FranceAWM [6]
Guy Wylly 1900Second Boer WarTasmanian Imperial BushmenWarm Bad, South AfricaTasmanian Museum
and Art Gallery [11]

Victoria Cross for Australia

Name
Date of
action
Conflict
Unit
Place of action
Location of medal
Cameron Baird 2013* War in Afghanistan 2nd Commando Regiment Khod Valley, AfghanistanAWM [6]
Mark Donaldson 2008War in Afghanistan Special Air Service Regiment Urozgan Province, Afghanistan AWM [6] [26]
Daniel Keighran 2010War in Afghanistan 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment Urozgan Province, AfghanistanAWM [6]
Ben Roberts-Smith 2010War in AfghanistanSpecial Air Service Regiment Kandahar Province, AfghanistanAWM [6] [27]
Teddy Sheean 1942* Second World War HMAS Armidale Arafura Sea, East TimorYet to be presented.

Related Research Articles

Peter Badcoe Australian Victoria Cross recipient

Peter John Badcoe, was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in battle that could be awarded at that time to a member of the Australian armed forces. Badcoe, born Peter Badcock, joined the Australian Army in 1950 and graduated from the Officer Cadet School, Portsea, in 1952 as a second lieutenant in the Royal Australian Artillery. A series of regimental postings followed, including a tour in the Federation of Malaya in 1962, during which he spent a week in South Vietnam observing the fighting. During the previous year, Badcock had changed his surname to Badcoe. After another regimental posting, he transferred to the Royal Australian Infantry Corps, and was promoted to major.

Keith Payne, is an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for gallantry "in the presence of the enemy" awarded to members of the British and Commonwealth armed forces. Payne's VC was awarded for his actions during the Vietnam War. Aged 87, he is the last living Australian recipient of the original "Imperial" Victoria Cross.

Leslie Maygar Recipient of the Victoria Cross

Lieutenant Colonel Leslie Cecil Maygar, was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was awarded the VC for facilitating the rescue of a dismounted man while under severe rifle fire in 1902 during the Second Boer War. He later served at Gallipoli during the First World War, and died of wounds after being strafed during the Battle of Beersheba as part of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.

Samuel Pearse Recipient of the Victoria Cross

Samuel George Pearse, VC, MM was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Serving in the Australian Imperial Force during the First World War, he saw action during the final weeks of the Gallipoli Campaign in 1915 and later on the Western Front from 1916 to 1918. Following the Armistice he fought as part of the North Russia Relief Force with the British Army during the North Russia Campaign in 1919. He was killed after charging a machine gun post during an action at Emtsa, in North Russia, for which he was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross.

Frederick Whirlpool

Frederick Whirlpool VC was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. In his later life, Whirlpool migrated to Australia; as a result, he is sometimes claimed as an Australian VC recipient although his name is not included in the official count.

Alfred Shout New Zealand-born Australian Victoria Cross recipient

Alfred John Shout, VC, MC was a New Zealand-born soldier and an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross (VC), the highest decoration for gallantry "in the face of the enemy" awarded to members of the British and Commonwealth armed forces. Shout was posthumously awarded the VC for his actions at Lone Pine in August 1915, during the Gallipoli Campaign of the First World War. After Ottoman forces had counterattacked and seized a large stretch of the Australians' front line, Shout gathered a small party of men and charged down one trench throwing bombs. He killed eight Turkish soldiers, and managed to clear others to retake the trench. In a similar action later that day, and supported by another officer, he recaptured further ground amid hard fighting. In the final push forward, Shout simultaneously lit three bombs to lob at the enemy. He successfully threw two, but the third burst just as it was leaving his hand. Shout was grievously wounded, and died two days later.

Thomas Cooke (soldier, born 1881) Recipient of the Victoria Cross

Thomas Cooke, VC was a New Zealand-born soldier who served in the Australian Imperial Force during the First World War. He was a recipient of the Victoria Cross (VC), the highest award for gallantry "in the face of the enemy" that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

John Leak Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross

John Leak, VC was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in battle that could be awarded at that time to a member of the Australian armed forces. Leak enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force in early 1915, and served with the 9th Battalion in the Gallipoli Campaign during the First World War. Evacuated suffering from dysentery, Leak rejoined his battalion after it had been withdrawn to Egypt. Along with his unit, he transferred to the Western Front in France and Belgium, where he participated in the Battle of Pozières in July 1916. He was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions during the battle. The following month he was seriously wounded in the Battle of Mouquet Farm.

Joseph Maxwell

Joseph "Joe" Maxwell, was an Australian soldier, writer, and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for gallantry "in the face of the enemy" that can be awarded to members of British and Commonwealth armed forces. Often described as Australia's second most decorated soldier of the First World War, he enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force on 8 February 1915, and served at Gallipoli before being transferred to the Western Front. In just over twelve months he was commissioned and decorated four times for his bravery.

Fred Potts Recipient of the Victoria Cross

Frederick William Owen Potts, VC,, more commonly known as TrooperFred Potts, was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Teddy Sheean Royal Australian Navy sailor

Edward "Teddy" Sheean, was a sailor in the Royal Australian Navy during the Second World War. Born in Tasmania, Sheean was employed as a farm labourer when he enlisted in the Royal Australian Naval Reserve in April 1941. Following training at HMAS Derwent and the Flinders Naval Depot, he was posted to Sydney, where he joined the newly commissioned corvette HMAS Armidale in June 1942. Sheean served aboard Armidale as she took part in escort duties along the eastern Australian coast and in New Guinea waters. In October he transferred with the ship to Darwin, where Armidale was tasked with assisting Australian operations in Timor.

The Victoria Cross for Australia is the highest award in the Australian Honours System, superseding the British Victoria Cross for issue to Australians. The Victoria Cross for Australia is the "decoration for according recognition to persons who in the presence of the enemy, perform acts of the most conspicuous gallantry, or daring or pre-eminent acts of valour or self-sacrifice or display extreme devotion to duty."

Victoria Cross Highest military decoration awarded for valour in armed forces of various Commonwealth countries

The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest and most prestigious award of the British honours system. It is awarded for valour "in the presence of the enemy" to members of the British Armed Forces. It may be awarded posthumously. It was previously awarded to Commonwealth countries, most of which have established their own honours systems and no longer recommend British honours. It may be awarded to a person of any military rank in any service and to civilians under military command although no civilian has received the award since 1879. Since the first awards were presented by Queen Victoria in 1857, two-thirds of all awards have been personally presented by the British monarch. These investitures are usually held at Buckingham Palace.

Daniel Keighran

Daniel Alan Keighran, is an Australian soldier and a recipient of the Victoria Cross for Australia, the highest award in the Australian honours system. Keighran was awarded the Victoria Cross for Australia for his actions in the Battle of Derapet on 24 August 2010, during the War in Afghanistan. He was presented with the medal by the Governor-General of Australia, Quentin Bryce, at a ceremony in Canberra on 1 November 2012. Keighran is the third soldier to be awarded the Victoria Cross for Australia, and the first member of the Royal Australian Regiment so awarded.

References

Specific

  1. 1 2 "VC for Australia" (PDF). Australian Government. Retrieved 2 July 2007.
  2. "Gallipoli VC medal sets auction record". The Age . 24 July 2006. Retrieved 30 January 2007.
  3. Wigmore 1986, p. 14.
  4. "Bravery awards at Gallipoli". Australian Government, Department of Veterans' Affairs. Retrieved 9 November 2007.
  5. Wigmore 1986, pp. 180–187.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 "Victoria Crosses held at the Memorial". Australian War Memorial.
  7. "Major Badcoe's Victoria Cross" (PDF). South Australian Museum. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2009. Retrieved 26 April 2013.
    "The Victoria Cross - Major Peter Badcoe" (PDF). South Australian Museum. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2009.
  8. 1 2 3 "Victoria Cross". Queensland Museum South Bank. Government of Queensland. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
  9. Robert Beatham's medal, owned by Mr Neil Jenman and Mrs Ruth Jenman, is on loan to the Queensland Museum until 2012.
  10. Lieutenant Colonel Frederick William Bell Archived 8 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine , victoriacross.org.uk
  11. 1 2 3 VC medals in the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart Archived 28 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine , victoriacross.org.uk
  12. Anthony Staunton, Cartwright, George (1894 - 1978), Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 13, Melbourne University Press, 1993, p. 379. Retrieved on 2009-03-03.
  13. 1 2 VC medals in the Army Museum, New Zealand Archived 13 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine , victoriacross.org.uk
  14. 1 2 3 Items of significance Archived 21 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine , Army Museum of Western Australia, 4 January 2009. Retrieved on 2009-03-03.
  15. Wilson, Neil (9 August 2003). "Rise & shrine". Herald Sun . p. 6.
  16. Robert Grieve's medal is on loan to the Shrine by its owners, Wesley College
  17. "Reginald Roy Inwood's - Victoria Cross Medal". Adelaide City Council. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
  18. Capt. Clarence Smith Jeffries Memorial Park (Abermain) Archived 19 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine , Register of War Memorials in New South Wales, 2002. Retrieved on 2009-03-03.
  19. William Joynt's VC medal is thought to be held at Melbourne Grammar School.[ citation needed ]
  20. Kenna's VC had been on loan to the AWM since 9 April 2010 - see AWM Media Release 335 - but no longer appears on the War Memorial's list of Victoria Crosses held at the Memorial.
  21. Co Sergeant Major Lewis McGee Archived 28 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine , victoriacross.org.uk
  22. VC medals in the RAF Museum, London, victoriacross.org.uk
  23. "A History and Detailed Guide to St George's Cathedral" [ permanent dead link ], Revised 2007, pp.10&14. Retrieved on 2009-03-03.
  24. Blair Wark's medal, owned by the United Service Club Queensland, is on loan to the Queensland Museum until 2012.
  25. Whittle's VC has been on loan to the AWM since October 2009 - see AWM Media Release 296.
  26. Donaldson's VC has been on loan to the AWM since January 2009 - see AWM Media Release 215.
  27. "Australia's latest Victoria Cross recipient Corporal Ben Roberts-Smith VC MG views his newly installed panel and medal display for the first time" (PDF). Media alert. Australian War Memorial. 3 April 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2011.

General