List of Korean surnames

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This is a list of Korean surnames, in Hangul alphabetical order. Note: (S) denotes South Korea. (N) denotes North Korea.

Contents

The most common Korean family name (particularly in South Korea) is Kim, followed by Lee and Park. These three family names are held by around half of the ethnic Korean population. As of 2015, 286 Korean family names were in use. [1] However, each family name is divided into one or more clans ( bon-gwan ) and to identify a person's family name, the identification of a person's clan is needed.

HangulHanja Revised McCune-Reischauer Possible transliterationsEstimated distribution (2015) [2]
價, GaKaKar, Gar, Kah, Gah, Ca, Cah, Car, Kar9,950
, 間GanKanGahn, Kahn2,525
GalKalKarl, Garl, Gahl, Kahl, Cahl, Carl2,086
GamKamKahm, Gahm, Cam6,024
, , 強, 剛, , 㝩Gang Kang Kahng, Khang1,269,290
堅, Gyeon KyŏnKyun, Kyeon, Kyoun, Kyon1,684
京, 慶, 景, 耿GyeongKyŏng Kyung, Kyoung, Kyeong, Kyong16,958
, GyeKyeKyeh, Kye, Kay, Kie, Kae, Gae6,641
, Go Ko Koh, Goh, Kho, Gho, Kor, Co471,429
, GokKokKog, Gog, Cock101
公, Gong Kong Kohng, Koung, Goung, Khong, Cong92,340
廓, 槨, Gwak Kwak Kwag, Kwack, Gwag, Koak, Kuark, Quack203,365
管, GwanKwanQuan, Kuan, Guan20
喬, GyoKyoKyoh, Gyoh26
丘, 仇, 具, GuKuKoo, Goo, Kou, Kuh, Khoo, Khu208,550
國, 菊, 鞠, 鞫, 麴GukKukKook, Gook, Kug, Gug, Cook, Kug20,768
宮, 弓GungKungKoong, Kwoong572
GwokKwŏkKwog, Gwog, Quock183
權, 勸, 㩲, 券GwonKwŏn Gwon, Kwon, Kweon, Kwun706,212
Geun KŭnKeun, Kuen, Guen170
琴, 禁, 芩, 金GeumKŭmKeum, Kum, Gum, Guem, Kuem25,472
奇, 寄, 箕, 紀Gi Ki Kee, Key, Gee, Ky, Khee, Kie29,062
GilKilGill, Khil, Keel, Kihl, Kiehl, Kill38,173
Gim Kim Ghim, Kym, Keem, Gym10,689,967
나 (S)
라 (N)
, 蘿, 邏, 那Na (S)
Ra (N)
Na (S)
Ra (N)
Nah, La, Rha, Rah, Law161,015
난 (S)
란 (N)
Nan (S)
Ran (N)
Nan (S)
Ran (N)
Nahn, Rahn, Nhan, Rhan8
南, 男 Nam NamNahm, Nham, Narm275,659
남궁南宫, 南宮 Namgung NamgungNamkung, Namgoong, Namkoong, Namkuhng, Namguhng21,313
낭 (S)
랑 (N)
Nang (S)
Rang (N)
Nang (S)
Rang (N)
Nahng, Lang181
乃, 奈NaeNaeNai, Nay, Nea374
노 (S)
로 (N)
努, 卢, , 蘆, 虜, , No (S)
Ro (N)
No (S)
Ro (N)
Noh, Roh, Ro, No, Nau, Rau315,372
뇌 (S)
뢰 (N)
Noe (S)
Roe (N)
Noe (S)
Roe (N)
Roi, Noi19
DaTa7
, DanTanDahn, Than1,632
DamTamTham, Dham, Dahm, Tahm47
DangTangTang, Dhang, Thang1,146
代, 大, DaeTaeDai, Dea, Day, Tai, Tay, Tea669
到, 度, 桃, 覩, 道, 都, DoToDho, Doh, Toe, Doe, Toh57,946
독고 獨孤 Dokgo TokkoDokko, Toko, Tokko, Dockko, Dogko, Togko, Doko502
DonTonDohn, Tohn117
東, 童, 董, 蕫, 薫DongTongTong, Dhong, Thong5,936
동방東方DongbangTongbangTongpang, Dongpang, Tongbang180
DuTuDoo, Tu, Do, Dou, Tou, To, Too6,428
滕, 鄧Deung20
등정藤井Deungjeong5
羅, 蘿, 邏RaRah25,974
RanRahn10
Rang125
RyeoRyuh19
盧, 路, 魯Roh67
RoeRoi19
류(유)㧕, , Ryu RyuRyou, Rou, Ryoo, Yu, Yoo, You, Yuh163,994
Ree240
Rim47
, MaMaMah, Mar39,196
ManManMann, Mahn124
망절網切 Mangjeol MangjŏlMangjul, Mangjuhl, Mangjoul8
MaeMaeMay, Mea, Mai201
MaengMaengMaing, Meang22,028
MyeongMyŏng Myung, Myoung, Myong29,110
慕, , 牟 Mo MoMoh, Moe21,912
睦, 穆 Mok MokMock, Mog, Mork8,859
MyoMyoMyoh, Mio21
MooMoo15
무본武本MoobonMoobon6
MukMukMook172
, 門MunMun Moon, Muhn464,047
MiMiMee, Mih, Meeh16
悶, 敏, 旻, 民, 珉, 閔 Min MinMinn, Mihn171,799
博, 朴BakPak Park, Back, Bahk, Pahk4,192,080
, Ban PanBahn, Pan, Pahn, Bhan, Van28,223
房, 方, 旁, 芳, 邦, 防 龐BangPangBhang, Bahng, Pahng, Phang129,559
培, 背, 裵, 輩, 配 Bae PaeBai, Bea, Pae, Pai, Bay, Pay400,669
伯, 柏, 白, 百 Baek PaekBaik, Back, Paik, Pack, Beak382,447
BeonBun6
範, 范BeomPŏmBum, Bom, Peom, Pum, Puhm, Buhm3,838
卞, 變, 邊ByeonPyŏn Byun, Byon, Pyun, Byoun, Pyon, Pyoun, Pyeon138,802
保, 寶, 甫BoPoBoh, Poh16
Bok PokPock, Bog, Pog, Bock9,538
복호卜扈BokhoPokhoPockhoh, Boghoh, Poghoh, Bockhoh5
奉, 鳳 Bong PongBhong, Bohng, Pohng, Vong12,959
付, 傅, 夫, 富BuPuBoo, Pu, Bou, Poo, Booh, Buh, Pou, Pooh10,604
BiPiBee, Pee, Bih, Bhi, Pih, Phi16
彬, 濱, 貧, 賓, 賔BinPinBeen, Pihn, Phin, Bean, Bihn, Pean5,782
BingPing763
부여夫餘BuyeoPuyŏ89
史, 司, 沙, 舍, 謝SaSaSah, Sar10,998
사공司公, 司空SagongSagongSakong, Sagoung, Sakoung4,488
SanSanSahn, Sarn9
杉, 森SamSamSahm, Sarm38
商, 尙, 尚, 常 Sang SangSahng2,416
俆, 徐, 書, 緖, 西 Seo Suh, Surh, Su, Sur, So, Seoh752,233
서문西問, 西門SeomunSŏmunSuhmun, Suhmoon, Seomoon, Somoon2,044
席, 昔, 石, 釋 Seok SŏkSuk, Sok, Suck, Sek60,607
善, 宣, 鮮 Seon SŏnSun, Son, Suhn, Sen42,842
선우蘚于, 鮮于, 鮮宇, 鮮牛SeonuSŏnu Sunwoo, Seonwoo, Sonu, Sunoo, Sunwou, Seonwu, Sonwu3,648
偰, 卨, 楔, 薛, 辥, 雪 Seol SŏlSul, Seul, Sol, Sull45,692
SeobSubSubb, Sup, Seop75
城, 宬, 成, 星, 盛 Seong SŏngSung, Soung, Song199,160
卲, 小, 所, 昭, 簫, 肖, 蕭, 蘇, 邵 So SoSoh, Sou, Sow53,856
孫, 損, 蓀, 遜 Son SonSohn, Soun457,356
宋, 松, 送 Song SongSoung683,521
水, 洙, 隋SuSu Soo, Sooh47
淳, 筍, 舜, 荀, 順, 旬SunSunSoon1,237
承, 昇 Seung SŭngSung3,430
施, 時, 柴SiSi Shi, Shie, Shee, Sie, Sea, See4,354
伸, 信, 愼, 新, 申, 莘, 辛SinSin Shin, Shinn, Sheen, Seen, Sinn, Cynn986,001
心, 沁, , 深 Sim SimShim, Seem, Sheem, Sihm272,049
AAAh, Ar529
安, 案, 顔AnAn Ahn, Arn, Aan685,688
AeAeAy, Ai, Ea24
YaYaYah, Yar77
양 (S)
량 (N)
揚, 杨, 梁, 楊, 樑, 樣, 洋, 粱, 陽Yang (S)
Ryang (N)
Yang (S)
Ryang (N)
Ryang, Lyang530,554
漁, 魚EoŎUh, Urh, Eoh18,929
어금魚金EogeumŎgŭmEokeum, Okeum, Okum, Ukeum, Ugeum, Ukum, Uhgeum, Uhkuem8
㘙, 严, 儼, 嚴EomŎm Um, Uhm, Oum, Ohm144,660
여 (S)
려 (N)
余, 呂, 黎, 予Yeo (S)
Ryeo (N)
Yŏ (S)
Ryŏ (N)
Yu, Yo, Yeu, Yuh, Yeo, Yoh80,672
연 (S)
련 (N)
延, 涎, 燕, 連 Yeon (S)
Ryeon (N)
Yŏn (S)
Ryŏn (N)
Youn, Yun, Yon, Yeun, Yeoun, Yuhn34,850
염 (S)
렴 (N)
廉, 簾, 閻 Yeom (S)
Ryeom (N)
Yŏm (S)
Ryŏm (N)
Yum, Youm, Yeum, Yom, Yeoum69,428
YeopYŏpYeob, Youb, Yeop, Yub, Yup, Yob571
影, 榮YeongYŏng Young, Yung24
倪, 禮, 芮, 藝YeYeYeh13,587
五, 伍, 吳, 吾, 晤OO Oh, Oe, Au, Ou763,334
Ok OkOck, Ohk, Oak, Og, Ohg, Oag25,107
OnOnOhn, Ohnn5,418
邕, 雍OngOngOhng, Oung967
WanWan6
汪,王 Wang Wang25,581
YoYoYou29
용 (S)
룡 (N)
Yong (S)
Ryong (N)
Yong (S)
Ryong (N)
Ryong, Lyong15,276
于, 偶, 宇, 寓, 尤, 愚, 牛, 禹, 遇UU Woo, Wu, Ou, Wo, Uh195,729
芸, 雲UnUnWoon, Wun, Whun, Wuhn118
元, 原, 圓, 苑, 袁, 阮, 院 Won WŏnWeon, Woen, Wone, Wun, One130,174
偉, 衛, 韋, 魏WiWiWee, We, Wie32,191
유 (S)
류 (N)
兪, 劉, 庾, 有, 杻, 枊, 柳, 楡, 由, 裕Yu (S)
Ryu (N)
Yu (S)
Ryu (N)
Yoo, You963,498
육 (S)
륙 (N)
Yuk (S)
Ryuk (N)
Yuk (S)
Ryuk (N)
Yook, Youk, Yug, Ryuk, Yuck23,455
尹, 允, 潤YunYun Yoon, Youn, Yune, Yeun1,020,564
殷, 恩, 隱, 銀, 誾 Eun ŬnEhn, Enn, Unn, En, Un16,927
EumŬmUm, Em, Yeum, Uem5,604
이 (S)
리 (N)
李, 㛅, 伊, 利, 怡, 異I (S)
Ri (N)
Yi (S)
Ri (N)
Lee, Yi, Rhee, Ree, Reeh, Ee, Rie, Rhie7,307,237
In InIhn, Yin, Inn, Lin, Ean22,363
임 (S)
림 (N)
任, 壬, 恁, 林 Im (S)
Rim (N)
Im (S)
Rim (N)
Lim, Yim, Rim, Leem, Rhim, Eam1,015,200
JaCha75
張, 場, 壯, 將, 庄, 漿, 章, 臧, 莊, 葬, 蔣, 藏, 裝, 長 Jang ChangJang, Chang, Jahng, Jhang, Zang1,021,107
全, 戰, 田, 錢 Jeon ChŏnJun, Chun, Chon, Cheon749,266
JeomChŏmJum158
鄭, 丁, 定, 情, 政, 桯, 正, 程 Jeong ChŏngChung, Jung, Joung, Chong, Cheong, Choung2,407,601
諸, 齊JeCheJae, Jea, Che, Jei, Jhe21,988
제갈諸葛, 諸曷, 諸渴JegalChegalJaegal, Jekal, Jeagal, Jikal, Chegal, Chekal5,735
趙, 刁, 曺, 朝, 調, 造Jo Cho Cho, Joe, Joh, Jou1,453,971
宗, 鍾JongChongChong681
佐, 左JwaChwaChwa, Joa, Choa3,383
主, 周, 朱, 株, 珠JuChu Joo, Chu, Choo, Chow, Jou, Zoo, Jew, Zu232,063
增, 曾JeungChŭngJung, Cheung, Chung18
地, 智, 池, 遲 Ji ChiJee, Gi, Chee, Gee, Jhi160,147
䄅, 晋, 珍, 眞, 秦, 蔯, 進, 陣, 陳 Jin ChinChin, Jeen, Gin186,310
車, 次 Cha Ch'aChar, Chah194,788
倉, 昌ChangCh'angChahng1,095
菜, 蔡, 采 Chae Ch'aeChai, Che, Chea, Chay131,757
千, 天, 川CheonCh'ŏnChun, Chon, Choun121,927
初, 楚ChoCh'oChu, Chou, Choh236
催, 寉, 崔, 最ChoeCh'oe Choi, Che, Choy, Chwe, Chey2,340,582
秋, 鄒 Chu Ch'uChoo, Chou, Chyu60,561
TakT'akTark, Tag, Tack, Tahk21,099
TanT'anTahn, Tann149
太, 泰 Tae T'aeTai, Tay, Tea, Thae9,073
PanP'anPahn, Phan, Parn, Pann278
PaengP'aengPang, Paing, Peng, Peang2,935
PyeonP'yŏnPyun, Pyon, Pyoun, Pyen16,689
PyeongP'yŏngPyung, Pyong, Pyoung, Pyeng515
PoP'oPho, Poh, Paul57
俵, 表PyoP'yoPhyo, Pio, Peo, Pyoh, Pyou30,749
PungP'ungPoong, Puhng, Poohng651
PiP'iPee, Phee, Phi, Phy, Pih6,578
弼, 畢PilP'ilPhil, Peel174
何, 夏, 河 Ha HaHah, Har233,106
HakHakHag, Hahk, Hahg, Hack35
恨, 汗, 漢, 韓 Han HanHahn, Hann, Hanh773,537
HamHamHahm, Hamm, Haam80,659
海, 解HaeHaeHay, Hai, Hea155
Heo Hur, Huh, Her, Hu, Ho, Hoh, Heoh326,782
玄, 賢HyeonHyŏn Hyun, Hyon, Hyoun88,831
刑, 形, 邢HyeongHyŏngHyung, Hyoung, Hyong, Hyeung7,328
扈, 湖, 胡, 虎, 鎬 Ho HoHoh5,853
㤨, 䜤, 哄, 弘, 洪, 烘, 紅 Hong HongHoung, Hoong, Hung558,994
HwaHwaHowa, Hoa, Wha, Hua915
晃, 潢, 煌, 皇, 簧, 荒, 黃 Hwang HwangWhang, Whong697,475
황목荒木HwangmokHwangmokWhangmock, Wangmok5
황보皇甫, 黃甫 Hwangbo HwangboHwangpo, Whangpoh10,427
侯, 候, 后HuHuHoo, Hooh, Huh74
Other91,107

See also

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Hanja Korean language characters of Chinese origin

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Korean name Naming customs of Korean culture

A Korean name consists of a family name followed by a given name, as used by the Korean people in both South Korea and North Korea. In the Korean language, ireum or seongmyeong usually refers to the family name (seong) and given name together.

Lee (Korean surname) Korean family name (이)

Lee, I, or Yi (이) is the second-most-common surname in Korea, behind Kim (Gim). Historically, 李 was officially written as Ni (니) in Korea. The spelling officially changed to I (이) in 1933 when the initial sound rule (두음법칙) was established. In North Korea, it is romanized as Ri (리) because there is no distinction between the alveolar liquids /l/ and /r/ in modern Korean. As of the South Korean census of 2015, there were 7,306,828 people by this name in South Korea or 14.7% of the population.

Kim or Gim is the most common surname in Korea. As of the South Korean census of 2015, there were 10,689,959 people by this name in South Korea or 21.5% of the population. Kim is written as 김 (gim) in both North and South Korea. The hanja for Kim, 金 can also be transliterated as 금 (geum) which means "metal, iron, gold". The academic community is divided as to why 金 is not read as 금 in the case of surname and why it is read as 김 instead. The Kim family is also the ruling family in North Korea.

O or Oh, is a family name in Korea. It is mostly commonly written using the same Hanja character as the Chinese family name Wu. However, there are also other different Hanja available to use for it. According to the 2015 census in South Korea, there were 763,281 people carrying the O surname.

Choi (Korean surname) Korean family name (최)

Choi is a common Korean family name. As of the South Korean census of 2015, there were 2,333,927 people by this name in South Korea or roughly 4.7% of the population. In English-speaking countries, it is most often anglicized Choi, and sometimes also Chey, Choe or Chwe. Ethnic Koreans in the former USSR prefer the form Tsoi (Tsoy) especially as a transcription of the Cyrillic Цой.

Seok, also spelled Suk, is a rare Korean family name held by about 56,500 South Koreans, as well as an element in some Korean given names.

Koryo-saram is the name which ethnic Koreans in the post-Soviet states use to refer to themselves. The term is composed of two Korean words: "Koryo", which is one of the names of Korea and "saram", meaning either "person/people".

Kang is a Korean family name. All together, the holders of this name number are 1,176,847 in South Korea, according to the 2015 national census, ranking 6th largest Korean family name. The name "Kang" can actually represent any of 5 different hanja, or Chinese characters. However, the great majority bear the surname 姜, related to the Chinese surname pronounced Jiāng.

Yoo or You, or sometimes Ryu or Ryoo is the English transcription of several Korean surnames written as 유 or 류 in hangul. Some of the family names written as Yoo are derived from the Chinese surnames or (Liu) and (Yu). As of 2000, roughly a million people are surnamed Yoo in South Korea, making up approximately 2% of the population. Of those, the most common is Ryu, with more than six hundred thousand holders, whereas Yoo accounts for about one hundred thousand.

Hwang or Whang is a Korean family name. The name is historically known to be derived from the Chinese surname Huang. Today, Hwangs comprise approximately 1.4% of the Korean population. The South Korean census in the year 2000 found that there were 644,294 Hwangs with over 68 Bon-gwan family clans, making it the 16th most common last name in the country. Also, it is estimated that there are over 29,410,000 individuals whose last names are the variations of Huang, including the Korean Hwang and the Vietnamese Hoang around the world. The Chinese character, or Hanja, for Hwang indicates "yellow" or “Huang Kingdom”.

Jang, Chang and Zang are romanizations of the common Korean surname 장, previously several separate surnames derived from the Chinese surnames Zhang, Zhang (章), Zhuang (莊) and Jiang (蔣). As of the South Korean census of 2015, there were 1,021,107 people by this name in South Korea or 2.05% of the population. The Korean family name "장" is mostly derived from 張 (992,721), which is also the third-most-common surname in China.

Chae, also spelled Chai, is a Korean family name and an element in some Korean given names. Its meaning differs based on the hanja used to write it.

Hwangbo is an uncommon family name in Korea. As of 2000, there were just 9,148 people by this name in South Korea. The Hwangbo surname has two clans, the Yeongcheon Hwangbo clan and the Hwangju Hwangbo clan. The name Hwangbo originated from the Chinese surname Huangfu.

Yeon or less commonly Youn (연) is a Korean surname. The name may correspond to the Chinese surnames Yan or Lian (連). The hanja 延 is much more common than 燕 and 連. Yeon may also refer to the extinct surname (淵).

Ban, also spelled Bahn or Pan, is a Korean family name and an element in Korean given names. Its meaning depends on the hanja used to write it.

Yong is a family name used in Korea, as well as a character in some Korean given names. As a family name, it may also be spelled Ryong in Korea.

Yang is a Korean surname. According to the 2000 South Korean Census, 486,645 people in South Korea had the surname Yang.

References

  1. Zwetsloot, Jacco (12 April 2009). "Everything you ever wanted to know about Korean surnames". korea.net. Korean Culture and Information Service. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  2. Population figures are based on 2015 records from the Korean National Statistical Office. The figures for the 22 most popular surnames include estimates from North Korea, while figures for other names refer to South Korea only.

The links below are solely in Korean.