Rainbow are an English-American hard rock band originally from Hertford, Hertfordshire. Formed in February 1975 by then-Deep Purple guitarist Ritchie Blackmore, the original lineup of the group also included former Elf members Ronnie James Dio (vocals), Craig Gruber (bass), Gary Driscoll (drums) and Micky Lee Soule (keyboards), who recorded and released the self-titled album Ritchie Blackmore's Rainbow that year.After leaving Deep Purple, Blackmore replaced Gruber, Driscoll and Soule in September with Jimmy Bain, Cozy Powell and Tony Carey, respectively. Rising and live album On Stage were recorded with this second lineup, before Bain and Carey were sacked by Blackmore in January 1977. Long Live Rock 'n' Roll , released in 1978, featured bassist Bob Daisley and keyboardist David Stone, in addition to Powell.
After the release of Long Live Rock 'n' Roll, Dio left due to disagreements with Blackmore.Graham Bonnet replaced Dio for 1979's Down to Earth , which also saw the addition of bassist Roger Glover and keyboardist Don Airey. Bonnet left after the album's release and was replaced by Joe Lynn Turner, while Powell also left the group to be replaced by Bobby Rondinelli; both new members performed on Difficult to Cure . Keyboardist David Rosenthal replaced Airey for 1982's Straight Between the Eyes and 1983's Bent Out of Shape , the latter of which featured drummer Chuck Burgi who replaced Rondinelli. Rainbow broke up for the first time in 1984.
After Blackmore left Deep Purple for the second time in 1993,Rainbow reformed with vocalist Doogie White, bassist Greg Smith, drummer John O'Reilly and keyboardist Paul Morris, releasing the album Stranger in Us All in 1995. The band's return was short-lived, however, as they broke up again in 1997 when Blackmore shifted focus to Blackmore's Night. In November 2015, it was revealed that Blackmore would be returning to the Rainbow moniker for a number of shows in 2016 with vocalist Ronnie Romero, bassist Bob Nouveau (Bob Curiano), drummer David Keith and keyboardist Jens Johansson. The group has since released three new live albums and a number of singles.
|Image||Name||Years active||Instruments||Release contributions|
|Ritchie Blackmore||all Rainbow releases|
|Ronnie Romero||2015–present||lead vocals|
| Bob Nouveau |
|Image||Name||Years active||Instruments||Release contributions|
| Ronnie James Dio |
|Craig Gruber||1975 (died 2015)||bass||Ritchie Blackmore's Rainbow (1975)|
|Gary Driscoll||1975 (died 1987)||drums|
|Micky Lee Soule||1975||keyboards|
| Cozy Powell |
| David Stone |
|Roger Glover||1979–1984||all Rainbow releases from Down to Earth (1979) to Bent Out of Shape (1983), and from Denver 1979: Down to Earth Tour (2015) to Boston 1981 (2016)|
|Graham Bonnet||1979–1980||lead vocals|
| Joe Lynn Turner |
| Doogie White |
|John O'Reilly||1993–1995||drums||Stranger in Us All (1995)|
|Lin Robinson||1981–1984||backing vocals||Robinson and Beale toured with Rainbow from the Difficult to Cure tour until the group disbanded in 1984.|
|Candice Night||Night joined as Rainbow's touring backing vocalist when they reformed in 1994, and returned again in 2015.|
(Christina Lynn Skleros)
|2015–present||Skleros, a member of Blackmore and Night's other group Blackmore's Night, joined Rainbow on tour in 2015.|
| Ritchie Blackmore's Rainbow |
| Rising |
| Long Live Rock 'n' Roll |
| Down to Earth |
| Difficult to Cure |
| Straight Between the Eyes |
| Bent Out of Shape |
| Stranger in Us All |
|Lead Vocals||Ronnie James Dio||Graham Bonnet||Joe Lynn Turner||Doogie White|
|Bass||Craig Gruber||Jimmy Bain||Bob Daisley||Roger Glover||Greg Smith|
|Keyboards||Micky Lee Soule||Tony Carey||David Stone||Don Airey||David Rosenthal||Paul Morris|
|Drums||Gary Driscoll||Cozy Powell||Bobby Rondinelli||Chuck Burgi||John O'Reilly|
|February – July 1975|
|September 1975 – January 1977|
|February – May 1977||none|
|August 1977 – February 1979|
|March 1979 – August 1980|
|October 1980 – September 1981|
|October 1981 – June 1983|
|August 1983 – March 1984|
|Band inactive March 1984 – August 1994|
|August 1994 – September 1995|
|September 1995 – December 1996|
|January – May 1997||none|
|Band inactive May 1997 – November 2015|
|November 2015 – present|
Rainbow are a British rock band, formed in 1975 by guitarist Ritchie Blackmore. They were originally established with Ronnie James Dio's American rock band Elf, but after their self-titled debut album, Blackmore fired the backing members and continued with Dio. Rainbow recorded two more studio albums with Dio—Rising (1976) and Long Live Rock 'n' Roll (1978)—before he left the band to join Black Sabbath in 1979.
Ritchie Blackmore's Rainbow is the first studio album by American/British rock band Rainbow, released in 1975.
Long Live Rock 'n' Roll is the third studio album by the British hard rock band Rainbow, released in 1978 and the last to feature original lead vocalist Ronnie James Dio.
Down to Earth is the fourth studio album by the British hard rock band Rainbow. It is their last album to feature drummer Cozy Powell and their only album with vocalist Graham Bonnet. Released in 1979, it contains Rainbow's first hit single "Since You Been Gone", marking a more commercial direction of the band's sound.
Elf was an American rock band founded in 1967 by singer and bassist Ronnie James Dio, keyboardist Doug Thaler, drummer Gary Driscoll, and guitarists Nick Pantas and David Feinstein. The band was originally called the Electric Elves, but was shortened to the Elves in 1968 and finally Elf in 1972. Elf disbanded in 1975 after recording three albums and after most of the lineup had been absorbed into the newly formed Ritchie Blackmore's Rainbow.
John Gary Driscoll was an American R&B-style rock drummer who performed in a number of successful bands from the 1960s until his death on June 10, 1987.
Mickey Lee Soule is an American musician. He was the keyboard player for New York hard rock band Elf and a founding member of Rainbow.
Difficult to Cure is the fifth studio album by the British hard rock band Rainbow, released in 1981. The album marked the further commercialization of the band's sound, with Ritchie Blackmore once describing at the time his appreciation of the band Foreigner.
Bent Out of Shape is the seventh studio album released by the British hard rock band Rainbow. It was originally released in August 1983 as an LP and cassette. The cassette featured several longer edits compared to the vinyl version. It was recorded at Sweet Silence Studios in Copenhagen in about 7 weeks.
Finyl Vinyl is a collection of live recordings and B-sides by the British hard rock band Rainbow and was released in 1986, after the band had already disbanded in 1984. All the studio tracks had previously been released.
Elf is the first studio album by Ronnie James Dio's blues rock band called Elf. Produced by Ian Paice and Roger Glover of Deep Purple, the record was released in 1972. In this album, Dio is listed by his birth name Ronald Padavona. Though Dio had used "Padavona" for songwriting credits on earlier singles, Dio explained in an interview in 1994 that he used his birth name on this album as a tribute to his parents so that they could see their family name on an album at least once.
Richard Hugh Blackmore is an English guitarist and songwriter. He was one of the founding members of Deep Purple in 1968, playing jam-style hard rock music that mixed guitar riffs and organ sounds. Blackmore is prolific in creating guitar riffs and is often noted for his classically influenced solos.
The Very Best of Rainbow is a greatest hits compilation album by the British hard rock band Rainbow. It was released in 1997 and features material ranging from 1975's Ritchie Blackmore's Rainbow to 1983's Bent Out of Shape.
Pot of Gold is a budget-priced compilation album by the British hard rock band Rainbow, released in 2002.
Live in Munich 1977 is a live album and DVD released by the British hard rock band Rainbow in 2006.
The Best of Rainbow is the first compilation album from British hard rock group Rainbow, released in 1981.
Craig M. Gruber was an American rock bassist, best known as the original bassist in Rainbow. He also played in Elf, consisting of vocalist Ronnie James Dio, keyboardist Mickey Lee Soule, drummer Gary Driscoll and guitarist David Feinstein.
20th Century Masters – The Millennium Collection: The Best of Rainbow is a compilation album released by Rainbow. Released on 3 October 2000. The tracks were recorded between 1975–1983, before Rainbow disbanded in 1984.
Rising is the second studio album by the British/American rock band Rainbow, released in 1976. In issue 4 of Kerrang! magazine, Rising was voted the greatest heavy metal album of all time. In 2017, it was ranked 48th at Rolling Stone's "100 Greatest Metal Albums of All Time".