Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

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Louis IX
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis IX of Hesse Darmstadt-f4598401.jpg
Portrait of Louis IX around 1780 in the Musée historique de Strasbourg
Born(1719-12-15)15 December 1719
Darmstadt
Died6 April 1790(1790-04-06) (aged 70)
Pirmasens
Spouse Caroline of Zweibrücken
Issue Caroline, Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg
Frederica Louisa, Queen of Prussia
Louis X and I
Amalie, Hereditary Princess of Baden
Wilhelmina Louisa, Tsarevna of Russia
Louisa Augusta, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Prince Frederick
Prince Christian
House Hesse-Darmstadt
Father Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Mother Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg

Louis IX of Hesse-Darmstadt (German : Ludwig) (15 December 1719 6 April 1790) was the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1768 - 1790. He was a son of Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg and Müntzenberg.

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol in Italy, the German-speaking Community of Belgium and Liechtenstein. It is one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages that are most similar to the German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch, including Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

Landgrave

Landgrave was a noble title used in the Holy Roman Empire, and later on in its former territories. The German titles of Landgraf, Markgraf ("margrave"), and Pfalzgraf are in the same class of ranks as Herzog ("duke") and above the rank of a Graf ("count").

Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt countship

The Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt was a State of the Holy Roman Empire, ruled by a younger branch of the House of Hesse. It was formed in 1567 following the division of the Landgraviate of Hesse between the four sons of Landgrave Philip I.

Contents

He was born in Darmstadt on 15 December 1719. On 12 August 1741, Louis married Caroline of Zweibrücken, daughter of Christian III, Duke of Zweibrücken. They had three sons and five daughters, including:

Darmstadt City in Hesse, Germany

Darmstadt is a city in the state of Hesse in Germany, located in the southern part of the Rhine-Main-Area. Darmstadt had a population of around 157,437 at the end of 2016. The Darmstadt Larger Urban Zone has 430,993 inhabitants.

Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken Count Palatine of Zweibrücken from 1731 to 1735

Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld was a German nobleman. He was a member of the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, a cadet branch of the House of Wittelsbach. He was the son of Christian II of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Katharina Agathe, Countess of Rappoltstein. He was Duke and Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1717 to 1731. In 1731, he inherited the sovereign duchy of Palatinate-Zweibrücken and thus became Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. He was also Count of Rappoltstein from 1699 until his death.

Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg

Frederick V Louis William Christian, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg was from 1751 to his death landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.

Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt Crown Princess of Prussia

Frederica Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt was Queen consort of Prussia as the second spouse of King Frederick William II.

Frederick William II of Prussia King of Prussia

Frederick William II was King of Prussia from 1786 until his death. He was in personal union the Prince-elector of Brandenburg and sovereign prince of the Canton of Neuchâtel. Pleasure-loving and indolent, he is seen as the antithesis to his predecessor, Frederick II. Under his reign, Prussia was weakened internally and externally, and he failed to deal adequately with the challenges to the existing order posed by the French Revolution. His religious policies were directed against the Enlightenment and aimed at restoring a traditional Protestantism. However, he was a patron of the arts and responsible for the construction of some notable buildings, among them the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin.

In 1775, Louis married Marie Adelaide of Cheirouze, countess of Lemberg. On 6 April 1790 Louis died in Pirmasens.

Pirmasens Place in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

Pirmasens is an independent town in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany, near the border with France. It was famous for the manufacture of shoes. The surrounding rural district was called Landkreis Pirmasens from 1818 until 1997, when it was renamed to Südwestpfalz.

Ancestry

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References

  1. Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 68.
Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Cadet branch of the House of Hesse
Born: 15 December 1719 Died: 6 April 1790
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Louis VIII
Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
1768–1790
Succeeded by
Louis X
as Grand Duke of
Hesse and by Rhine