|Minister of Defence|
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The Minister of Defence ( Estonian: Kaitseminister) is the senior minister at the Ministry of Defence (Kaitseministeerium) in the Estonian Government. The Minister is one of the most important members of the Estonian government, with responsibility for coordinating the governments policies on national defence and the military forces.
The Estonian language is the official language of Estonia, spoken natively by about 1.1 million people: 922,000 people in Estonia and 160,000 outside Estonia. It is a Southern Finnic language and is the second most spoken language among all the Finnic languages.
The Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Estonia and its head, the Minister of Defence, are responsible for organizing national defence.The mission of the Ministry of Defence is to deter attacks against Estonia and ensure that the country is capable of defending itself against external threats. Estonian national defence is based on initial self-defence capability as well as membership in NATO.
The Defence Minister is chosen by the Prime Minister as a part of the government. The current Defence Minister is Jüri Luik.
The Prime Minister of Estonia is the head of government of the Republic of Estonia. The prime minister is nominated by the President after appropriate consultations with the parliamentary factions and confirmed by the Parliament. In case of disagreement, the Parliament can reject the President's nomination and choose their own candidate. In practice, since the Prime Minister must maintain the confidence of Parliament in order to remain in office, he is usually the leader of the senior partner in the governing coalition. The current Prime Minister is Jüri Ratas of the Centre Party.
Jüri Luik is an Estonian diplomat and politician. Jüri Luik has held the positions of Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Estonian Minister of Defense and the permanent representative for Estonia in NATO. Currently he is the Estonian minister of Defence.
When the position was originally established in 1918, it was called the Minister of War (Sõjaminister). The post was renamed Minister of Defence on April 1, 1929, but would change back to Minister of War in 1937. Though the name of the position, and subsequently the ministry, was changed the main responsibilities of the position remained virtually unchanged.
Since Estonia regained its independence in 1991 the post has been known as the Minister of Defence.
|Name||Took Office||Left Office||Party|
|Andres Larka||February 24, 1918||November 27, 1918||non-party|
|Konstantin Päts||November 27, 1918||May 8, 1919||non-party|
|Otto Strandman||May 8, 1919||November 18, 1919||Estonian Labour Party|
|August Johannes Hanko||November 18, 1919||July 28, 1920||non-party|
|Aleksander Tõnisson||July 28, 1920||October 26, 1920||non-party|
|Ants Piip||October 26, 1920||January 25, 1921||Estonian Labour Party|
|Jaan Soots||January 25, 1921||August 2, 1923||Farmers' Assemblies|
|Ado Anderkopp||August 2, 1923||February 19, 1924||Estonian Labour Party|
|Oskar Amberg||March 26, 1924||October 18, 1924||Christian People's Party|
|Hans Kurvits||November 11, 1924||November 26, 1924|
|Jaan Soots (2nd time)||December 16, 1924||March 4, 1927||Farmers' Assemblies|
|Nikolai Reek||March 4, 1927||December 4, 1928|
|Mihkel Juhkam||December 4, 1928||March 31, 1929||Estonian Labour Party|
|Name||Took Office||Left Office||Party|
|Mihkel Juhkam||April 1, 1929||July 9, 1929||Estonian Labour Party|
|Oskar Köster||July 9, 1929||February 12, 1931||Settlers' Party|
|August Kerem||February 12, 1931||November 19, 1932||Estonian People's Party|
|Aleksander Tõnisson (2nd time)||November 1, 1932||May 18, 1933||non-party|
|August Kerem (2nd time)||May 18, 1933||October 21, 1933||Estonian People's Party|
|Paul Lill||October 21, 1933||February 28, 1937|
|Name||Took Office||Left Office|
|Paul Lill||March 1, 1937||October 12, 1939|
|Nikolai Reek (2nd time)||October 12, 1939||June 21, 1940|
|Name||Took Office||Left Office||Party|
|Ülo Uluots||June 18, 1992||October 21, 1992||Popular Front of Estonia|
|Hain Rebas||October 21, 1992||August 5, 1993||Estonian National Independence Party|
|Jüri Luik||August 23, 1993||November 8, 1994||Pro Patria Union|
|Indrek Kannik||January 7, 1994||May 23, 1994||Pro Patria Union|
|Enn Tupp||June 28, 1994||April 17, 1995||Pro Patria Union|
|Andrus Öövel||April 17, 1995||March 25, 1999||Estonian Coalition Party|
|Jüri Luik (2nd time)||March 25, 1999||January 28, 2002||Pro Patria Union|
|Sven Mikser||January 28, 2002||April 10, 2003||Estonian Centre Party|
|Margus Hanson||April 10, 2003||November 22, 2004||Estonian Reform Party|
|Jaak Jõerüüt||November 22, 2004||October 8, 2005||Estonian Reform Party|
|Jürgen Ligi||October 10, 2005||April 5, 2007||Estonian Reform Party|
|Jaak Aaviksoo||April 5, 2007||April 6, 2011||Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica|
|Mart Laar||April 6, 2011||May 11, 2012||Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica|
|Urmas Reinsalu||May 14, 2012||March 26, 2014||Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica|
|Sven Mikser (2nd time)||March 26, 2014||September 14, 2015||Social Democratic Party|
|Hannes Hanso||September 14, 2015||November 23, 2016||Social Democratic Party|
|Margus Tsahkna||November 23, 2016||June 12, 2017||Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica|
|Jüri Luik (3rd time)||June 12, 2017||Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica|
Politics in Estonia takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Estonia is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in the Estonian parliament. Executive power is exercised by the government, which is led by the prime minister. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Estonia is a member of United Nations, the European Union, and NATO.
The Ministry of Defence is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.
A commander-in-chief, sometimes also called supreme commander, is the person that exercises supreme command and control over an armed forces or a military branch. As a technical term, it refers to military competencies that reside in a country's executive leadership – a head of state or a head of government.
The title Defense Minister, Minister for Defense, Minister of National Defense, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of State for Defense or some similar variation and formerly War Minister or Minister for War, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defense, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states. The role of a defence minister varies considerably from country to country; in some the minister is only in charge of general budget matters and procurement of equipment; while in others the minister is also, in addition, an integral part of the operational military chain of command.
The Minister for Defence is the principal minister responsible for the organisation, implementation, and formulation of government policy in defence and military matters for the Australian Government. The individual who holds this office directs the governments approach to such matters through the Australian Defence Organisation and, by extension, the Department of Defence and the Australian Defence Force. The office of the Minister for Defence, like all Cabinet positions, is not referenced in the Constitution of Australia but rather exists through convention and the right of the Governor-General to appoint ministers of state.
The Danish Ministry of Defence is a ministry in the Danish government. It is charged with overall planning, development, and strategic guidance of the entire area of responsibility of the Danish Defence minister, including the armed forces and the emergency management sector. It is the secretariat of the Danish Defence Minister.
The Ministry of National Defence is one of the fifteen ministries of the Government of Romania.
The Ministry of Defence is charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government relating directly to national security and the Indian armed forces. The Ministry has the largest budget among the federal departments of India and currently maintains fifth in military expenditure, among countries of the world.
The Estonian Defence League is the name of the unified paramilitary armed forces of the Republic of Estonia. The Defence League is a paramilitary defence organization whose aim is to guarantee the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the state, the integrity of its land area and its constitutional order.
The Minister of Defence is a minister in the government of New Zealand with responsibility for the New Zealand armed forces and the Ministry of Defence.
The Minister of Justice is a minister in the government of New Zealand. The minister has responsibility for the formulation of justice policy and for the administration of law courts.
The Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management is the public service department of New Zealand responsible for providing leadership and support around national, local and regional emergencies. Originally established within the Department of Internal Affairs in 1959, it now operates as a business unit of the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet.
The Estonian Defence Forces is the unified armed forces of the Republic of Estonia. The Estonian military is a defence force consisting of Land Forces, Navy, Air Force, and a paramilitary organization Defence League. The national defence policy aims to guarantee the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the state, the integrity of its land area, territorial waters and airspace and its constitutional order. Its main goals remain the development and maintenance of a credible capability to defend the nation's vital interests and development of the defence forces in a way that ensures their interoperability with the armed forces of NATO and European Union member states to participate in the full range of missions for these military alliances.
Present Estonian system of rank insignia is a direct descendant of various systems used in the past in the Estonian Defence Forces. Some of the grades trace their name back to the period of World Wars, for instance, the rank of aspirant literally means an officer in training in military academies or voluntaries, serving as temporary officers.
The Minister of State for the Armed Forces is a high-ranking ministerial position, subordinate only to the Secretary of State for Defence, at the Ministry of Defence in Her Majesty's Government.
The Ministry of Defence (MINISDEF) is the department of the Government of Spain responsible for planning, developing and carrying out the general guidelines of the Government about the defence policy and the managing of the military administration. It is the administrative and executive body of the Spanish Armed Forces.
The Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Indonesia, formerly the Department of Defence of the Republic of Indonesia is a government ministry responsible for the defence affairs of Indonesia. The minister is currently Ryamizard Ryacudu since 27 October 2014.
The Commander of the Defence Forces is Chief of the Estonian Defence Forces and the national defence organisations.