|Ministers of the French National Convention|
cabinet of France
Autel de la Convention nationale by François-Léon Sicard (1913)
|Date formed||10 August 1792|
|Date dissolved||1 April 1794|
|People and organisations|
|Head of state||President of the National Convention|
|Head of government||National Convention (collective)|
|No. of ministers||6|
|Total no. of ministers||17|
|Member party|| Maraisard |
|Status in legislature||National Convention|
|Legislature term(s)||7 September 1792 – 12 October 1795|
|Predecessor||Constitutional Cabinet of Louis XVI|
|Successor||Commissioners of the Committee of Public Safety|
The ministers of the French National Convention were appointed on 10 August 1792 after the French Legislative Assembly suspended King Louis XVI and revoked the ministers that he had named.
Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste, was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution. He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the four months before he was guillotined. In 1765, at the death of his father, Louis, son and heir apparent of Louis XV, Louis-Auguste became the new Dauphin of France. Upon his grandfather's death on 10 May 1774, he assumed the title "King of France and Navarre", which he used until 4 September 1791, when he received the title of "King of the French" until the monarchy was abolished on 21 September 1792.
On 12 Germinal year II (1 April 1794) Lazare Carnot proposed to suppress the executive council and the six ministers, replacing the ministers with twelve Committees reporting to the Committee of Public Safety. The proposal was unanimously adopted by the National Convention.
Lazare Nicolas Marguerite, Count Carnot was a French mathematician, physicist and politician. He was known as the Organizer of Victory in the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars.
The Commissioners of the Committee of Public Safety were appointed by the French Committee of Public Safety to oversee the various administrative departments between 1 April 1794 and 1 November 1795.
The Committee of Public Safety, created in April 1793 by the National Convention and then restructured in July 1793, formed the de facto executive government in France during the Reign of Terror (1793–1794), a stage of the French Revolution. The Committee of Public Safety succeeded the previous Committee of General Defence and assumed its role of protecting the newly established republic against foreign attacks and internal rebellion. As a wartime measure, the Committee—composed at first of nine and later of twelve members—was given broad supervisory powers over military, judicial and legislative efforts. It was formed as an administrative body to supervise and expedite the work of the executive bodies of the Convention and of the government ministers appointed by the Convention. As the Committee tried to meet the dangers of a coalition of European nations and counter-revolutionary forces within the country, it became more and more powerful.
|Portfolio||Minister||Took office||Left office||Party|
|Head of Government||National Convention||10 August 1792||1 April 1794||Independent|
|Minister of Finances||Étienne Clavière||10 August 1792||13 June 1793||Girondin|
|Louis Destournelles||13 June 1793||1 April 1794||Montagnard|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Pierre Lebrun-Tondu||10 August 1792||21 June 1793||Girondin|
|François Chemin Deforgues||21 June 1793||1 April 1794||Montagnard|
|Minister of War||Joseph Servan de Gerbey||10 August 1792||3 October 1792||Girondin|
|Jean-Nicolas Pache||3 October 1792||4 February 1793||Montagnard|
|Pierre Riel de Beurnonville||4 February 1793||4 April 1793||Independent|
|Jean Baptiste Bouchotte||4 April 1793||1 April 1794||Montagnard|
|Minister of the Interior||Jean-Marie Roland, vicomte de la Platière||10 August 1792||14 March 1793||Girondin|
|Dominique Joseph Garat||14 March 1793||20 August 1793||Girondin|
|Jules-François Paré||20 August 1793||1 April 1794||Marais|
|Minister of Justice||Georges Danton||10 August 1792||10 October 1792||Montagnard|
|Dominique Joseph Garat||10 October 1792||20 March 1793||Girondin|
|Louis-Jérôme Gohier||20 March 1793||1 April 1794||Marais|
|Minister of the Navy and Colonies||Gaspard Monge||10 August 1792||10 April 1793||Montagnard|
|Jean Dalbarade||10 April 1793||1 April 1794||Independent|
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The Cabinet of Jacques Laffitte was announced on 2 November 1830 by King Louis Philippe I. It replaced the First ministry of Louis-Philippe. On 13 March 1831 it was replaced by the Cabinet of Casimir Périer.
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The Third cabinet of Nicolas Jean-de-Dieu Soult was announced on October 29, 1840 by King Louis Philippe I. It replaced the Second cabinet of Adolphe Thiers.
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