Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey

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Montagu Bertie
Earl of Lindsey
Montty.png
The Earl of Lindsey.
Born1608
Grimsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England
Died25 July 1666 (aged 5758)
Campden House, Kensington, London, England
Buried Grimsthorpe
Noble family Bertie
Spouse(s)Martha Ramsay (née Cockayne), Dowager Countess of Holderness
Bridget Wray
Issue Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey
Hon. Peregrine Bertie
Hon. Richard Bertie
Hon. Vere Bertie
Hon. Charles Bertie
Elizabeth, Viscountess Campden
Bridget, Duchess of Leeds
Lady Catherine Dormer
Father Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey
MotherElizabeth Montagu

Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey, KG, PC (1608 – 25 July 1666) was an English soldier, courtier, and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1624 and 1626. He was created Baron Willoughby de Eresby by writ of acceleration in 1640 and inherited the peerage of Earl of Lindsey in 1642. He fought in the Royalist army in the English Civil War.

Contents

Early life

Bertie was born in Grimsthorpe Castle, Grimsthorpe, the eldest son of Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey, and his wife Elizabeth Montagu, daughter of Edward Montagu, 1st Baron Montagu of Boughton. After a brief term at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, in 1623, [1] Bertie then served as Member of Parliament for Lincolnshire in 1624 and Stamford from 1625 to 1626, when, upon his father's elevation to an earldom, he assumed the style of Lord Willoughby de Eresby.

At some point during his early life, he was also Captain of a cavalry troop in the Low Countries. [2] He rose in favour with King Charles I and was appointed a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber, High Steward of Boston, and Steward, Warden and Chief Ranger of Waltham Forest in 1634. [3]

In 1639, Willoughby raised The King's Life Guard of Foot, composed of four companies, for service in the First Bishops' War [2] and was given a Captaincy in the regiment. The following year, he was appointed High Steward of the Honour of Bolingbroke and the Manor of Sutton. [3] When the Long Parliament was convened on 3 November 1640, he was summoned to the House of Lords by a writ of acceleration as Baron Willoughby de Eresby. In October 1641, Lord Willoughby and four companions, including Endymion Porter, visited Scotland. Their sight-seeing was recorded in an anonymous poem, A Scottish Journie. [4]

English Civil War

Both Lord Willoughby and his father supported the King and raised a regiment of cavalry in Lincolnshire on his behalf. Lord Willoughby commanded the Life Guards at Edgehill, where his father was mortally wounded by a shot through the thigh. Willoughby surrendered to the Parliamentarians in order to attend his father, whom he now succeeded as Earl of Lindsey and Lord Great Chamberlain. He was imprisoned in Warwick Castle, where he wrote a defiant declaration and justification of his loyalty to the King. He was not released until a prisoner exchange in July 1643, whereupon he rejoined the King at Oxford and was appointed a Privy Counsellor in December. As colonel of the King's Life Guards of Foot and subsequently lieutenant-general of the Life Guards "and all the foot", he fought at the First Battle of Newbury, [5] Cropredy Bridge, Lostwithiel, Second Battle of Newbury, [5] and was wounded at Naseby. In addition to his military services for the King, Lindsey frequently acted as a commissioner to treat with Parliament and persistently urged reconciliation. [2] The King additionally honored Lindsey with the post of Gentleman of the Bedchamber from 1643 until 1649, and Steward, Keeper and Ranger of Woodstock in 1644. [3]

Lindsey was present at the surrender of Oxford in June 1646, attended the King in 1647, and finally served as a commissioner for the Treaty of Newport in 1648. He continued to attend the King during his trial and accompanied the King's body to its burial at Windsor. Lindsey paid heavily for his allegiance, compounding for his estates in December 1646 at £4360 (later reduced to £2100), a sum he did not pay off until 1651. [2]

Commonwealth and Restoration

After the execution of the King, Lindsey retired into private life, and although his movements were carefully monitored by the Council of State, particularly during the Penruddock uprising and Booth's rebellion, he apparently took no part in the Royalist movement. [2]

After the Restoration, Lindsey was re-appointed to the Privy Council, admitted as Lord Great Chamberlain, and appointed Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire. He was made a Knight of the Garter on 1 April 1661 and officiated as Lord Great Chamberlain at the coronation of Charles II on 23 April 1661. [2] In 1662, the office of Earl Marshal was placed in commission and he was named one of the commissioners. [3] Lindsey died in 1666 at Campden House, Kensington, the home of his son-in-law, and was buried at Grimsthorpe. [2]

Family

Bertie married firstly, on 18 April 1627, Martha Ramsay (née Cockayne), Dowager Countess of Holderness and daughter of Sir William Cockayne, at the Church of St Peter-le-Poor in the City of London. [6] They had eight children: [7]

Catherine Dormer (d. 1659) (John Michael Wright, 1659) Catherine Dormer, daughter of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey, by John Michael Wright.jpg
Catherine Dormer (d. 1659) (John Michael Wright, 1659)

Martha died in July 1641, and Bertie married secondly, sometime between 1646 and 1653, Bridget Wray, Baroness Norris, daughter of Edward Wray and Elizabeth Norris. This second marriage produced four children: [8]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Earl of Lindsey</span> Title in the Peerage of England

Earl of Lindsey is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1626 for the 14th Baron Willoughby de Eresby. He was First Lord of the Admiralty from 1635 to 1636 and also established his claim in right of his mother to the hereditary office of Lord Great Chamberlain of England. Lord Lindsey fought on the Royalist side in the Civil War and was killed at the Battle of Edgehill on 23 October 1642. He was succeeded by his son, the second Earl. He also fought at Edgehill and surrendered to the Parliamentarians in order to attend his mortally wounded father. Lord Lindsey later fought at the First Battle of Newbury, Second Battle of Newbury, and at Naseby. His son from his second marriage, James, was created Earl of Abingdon in 1682. He was succeeded by his son from his first marriage to Martha Cockayne, the third Earl. He represented Boston in the House of Commons and served as Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire.

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Earl of Abingdon is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created on 30 November 1682 for James Bertie, 5th Baron Norreys of Rycote. He was the eldest son of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey by his second marriage to Bridget, 4th Baroness Norreys de Rycote, and the younger half-brother of Robert Bertie, 3rd Earl of Lindsey. His mother's family descended from Sir Henry Norris, who represented Berkshire and Oxfordshire in the House of Commons and served as Ambassador to France. In 1572 he was summoned by writ to Parliament as Lord Norreys de Rycote. He was succeeded by his grandson, the second Baron. In 1621, he created Viscount Thame and Earl of Berkshire in the Peerage of England. He had no sons and on his death in 1624 the viscountcy and earldom became extinct. He was succeeded in the barony by his daughter Elizabeth, the third holder of the title. On her death, the title passed to her daughter, the aforementioned Bridget, the fourth Baroness, second wife of the second Earl of Lindsey.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baron Willoughby de Eresby</span> Title in the Peerage of England

Baron Willoughby de Eresby is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1313 for Robert de Willoughby. Since 1983, the title has been held by Jane Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 28th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven</span>

Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven PC, styled17th Baron Willoughby de Eresby between 1666 and 1701, and known as 4th Earl of Lindsey between 1701 and 1706, and as 1st Marquess of Lindsey between 1706 and 1715, was a British statesman and nobleman.

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Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, styled The Honourable Peregrine Bertie between 1686 and 1704, Lord Willoughby de Eresby between 1704 and 1715 and Marquess of Lindsey between 1715 and 1723, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1708 until 1715 when he was called to the House of Lords.

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Gilbert Henry Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby, 1st Earl of Ancaster,, known as 2nd Baron Aveland from 1867 to 1888 and as 25th Baron Willoughby de Eresby from 1888 to 1892, was a British Liberal politician and court official.

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Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey KG was an English peer, soldier and courtier.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Priscilla Bertie, 21st Baroness Willoughby de Eresby</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peter Drummond-Burrell, 22nd Baron Willoughby de Eresby</span>

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References

  1. "Bertie, Montagu (BRTY622M)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Smith, David L. (2004). "Bertie, Montague, second earl of Lindsey (1607/8–1666)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 12 September 2007.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Doyle, James William Edmund (1885). The Official Baronage of England. London, UK: Longmans, Green. p.  391 . Retrieved 12 September 2007.
  4. Firth, C. H., ed., Miscellany of the Scottish History Society, 2, (1904), pp. 272–287.
  5. 1 2 Patrick W. Montague-Smith, Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1985), p. 730.
  6. "Worldroots". Archived from the original on 11 October 2008. Retrieved 13 September 2007.
  7. "Bertie genealogy" . Retrieved 5 September 2007.
  8. "Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey". The Peerage. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
  9. "Lady Mary Bertie". The Peerage. 7 May 2011.
Parliament of England
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Lincolnshire
1624
With: Sir Thomas Grantham
Succeeded by
Sir John Wray, 2nd Baronet
Sir Nicholas Sanderson Bt
Preceded by
John St Armand
Edward Ayscough
Member of Parliament for Stamford
1625–1626
With: John St Armand 1625
Brian Palmes 1626
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Lord Great Chamberlain
1642–1666
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Custos Rotulorum of Lincolnshire
1640–1666
Succeeded by
English Interregnum Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire
1660–1666
Peerage of England
Preceded by Earl of Lindsey
1642–1666
Succeeded by
Baron Willoughby de Eresby
(writ of acceleration)

1640–1666