Noctuinae

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Noctuinae
Agrotis.exclamationis.7204.jpg
Heart and dart (Agrotis exclamationis) imago
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Superfamily: Noctuoidea
Family: Noctuidae
Subfamily: Noctuinae
Tribes [1] [2]
Actinotiini Beck, 1996
Apameini Guenée, 1841
Arzamini Grote, 1883
Caradrinini Boisduval, 1840
Dypterygiini Forbes, 1954
Elaphriini Beck, 1996
Episemini Guenée, 1852
Eriopygini Fibiger & Lafontaine, 2005
Glottulini Guenée, 1852
Hadenini Guenée, 1837
Leucaniini Guenée, 1837
Noctuini Latreille, 1809
Orthosiini Guenée, 1837
Phlogophorini Hampson, 1918
Phosphilini Poole, 1995
Prodeniini Forbes, 1954
Pseudeustrotiini Beck, 1996
Tholerini Beck, 1996
Xylenini Guenée, 1837
Diversity
at least 600 genera
Garden dart (Euxoa nigricans) imago Euxoa nigricans.jpg
Garden dart (Euxoa nigricans) imago
Double square-spot (Xestia triangulum) caterpillar Xestia triangulum larva.jpg
Double square-spot (Xestia triangulum) caterpillar
Eupsilia sp., early instar caterpillar Eupsilia early instar.jpg
Eupsilia sp., early instar caterpillar
Lacinipolia renigera Bristly Cutworm Moth 0769.9.18.07.w.wiki.jpg
Lacinipolia renigera

The Noctuinae are a subfamily of the family Noctuidae, and is composed of moths. The larvae of many species feed on roots or stems of various grasses. Some are generalist feeders which makes them potential pests.

Noctuid systematics is in a state of flux; the list of tribes is provisional and other groups now considered more distinct (e.g. Hadeninae) were formerly included here. Likewise, the validity of the tribe Xestiini is doubtful for example.

See also

Related Research Articles

Noctuidae Type of moths commonly known as owlet moths, cutworms or armyworms

The Noctuidae, commonly known as owlet moths, cutworms or armyworms, are the most controversial family in the superfamily Noctuoidea because many of the clades are constantly changing, along with the other families of the Noctuoidea. It was considered the largest family in Lepidoptera for a long time, but after regrouping Lymantriinae, Catocalinae and Calpinae within the family Erebidae, the latter holds this title now. Currently, Noctuidae is the second largest family in Noctuoidea, with about 1,089 genera and 11,772 species. However, this classification is still contingent, as more changes continue to appear between Noctuidae and Erebidae.

Noctuoidea Superfamily of moths

Noctuoidea is the superfamily of noctuid or "owlet" moths, and has more than 70,000 described species, the largest number of for any Lepidopteran superfamily. Its classification has not yet reached a satisfactory or stable state. Since the end of the 20th century, increasing availability of molecular phylogenetic data for this hugely successful radiation has led to several competing proposals for a taxonomic arrangement that correctly represents the relationships between the major lineages.

Catocalinae Subfamily of moths

The Catocalinae are a subfamily of noctuoid moths, placed in family Noctuidae. In the alternative arrangement, where the Noctuidae are reduced to the core group around the Noctuinae, the present lineage is abolished, the upranked Catocalini being merged with the Erebini and becoming a subfamily of the reestablished family Erebidae.

Acontiinae Subfamily of moths

Acontiinae is a subfamily of bird dropping moths in the family Noctuidae. There are more than 50 genera and 430 described species in Acontiinae, found worldwide in temperate and tropical climates.

Hadeninae was formerly a subfamily of the moth family Noctuidae, but was merged into the subfamily Noctuinae. The tribes Apameini, Caradrinini, Elaphriini, Episemini, Eriopygini, Hadenini, Leucaniini, Orthosiini, and Xylenini were moved from Hadeninae to Noctuinae.

Amphipyrinae

Amphipyrinae is a subfamily of owlet moths in the family Noctuidae. There are more than 50 genera and 210 described species in Amphipyrinae, although the classifications are likely to change over time.

Hadenini Tribe of moths

Hadenini is a tribe of cutworm or dart moths in the family Noctuidae. There are more than 140 genera and 1,000 described species in Hadenini, found worldwide.

<i>Eupsilia</i> Genus of moths

Eupsilia is a genus of moths of the family Noctuidae.

Erebidae Family of moths

The Erebidae are a family of moths in the superfamily Noctuoidea. The family is among the largest families of moths by species count and contains a wide variety of well-known macromoth groups. The family includes the underwings (Catocala); litter moths (Herminiinae); tiger, lichen, and wasp moths (Arctiinae); tussock moths (Lymantriinae), including the arctic woolly bear moth ; piercing moths ; micronoctuoid moths (Micronoctuini); snout moths (Hypeninae); and zales, though many of these common names can also refer to moths outside the Erebidae. Some of the erebid moths are called owlets.

Stiriinae Subfamily of moths

Stiriinae is a subfamily of owlet moths in the family Noctuidae. There are more than 20 genera and 130 described species in Stiriinae.

Erebinae Subfamily of moths

The Erebinae are a subfamily of moths in the family Erebidae erected by William Elford Leach in 1815. Erebine moths are found on all continents except Antarctica, but reach their greatest diversity in the tropics. While the exact number of species belonging to the Erebinae is not known, the subfamily is estimated to include around 10,000 species. Some well-known Erebinae include underwing moths (Catocala) and witch moths (Thermesiini). Many of the species in the subfamily have medium to large wingspans, up to nearly 30 cm in the white witch moth, which has the widest wingspan of all Lepidoptera. Erebine caterpillars feed on a broad range of plants; many species feed on grasses and legumes, and a few are pests of castor bean, sugarcane, rice, as well as pistachios and blackberries.

The Micronoctuini are a tribe of moths in the family Erebidae that includes about 400 described species. Typical species in the tribe have bifine hindwing venation and are smaller than those in other noctuoid moths. Micronoctua karsholti is the smallest of all species in the superfamily Noctuoidea.

Stiriini is a tribe of owlet moths in the family Noctuidae. There are about 16 genera and more than 90 described species in Stiriini.

Noctuini is a tribe of owlet moths in the family Noctuidae. There are at least 520 described species in Noctuini.

Homorthodes dubia is a species of cutworm or dart moth in the family Noctuidae. It was described by William Barnes and James Halliday McDunnough in 1912 and is found in North America.

Neleucania patricia is a species of cutworm or dart moth in the family Noctuidae. It is found in North America.

<i>Lacinipolia triplehorni</i> Species of moth

Lacinipolia triplehorni is a species of cutworm in the family Noctuidae. It is found in North America.

Tricholita chipeta is a species of cutworm or dart moth in the family Noctuidae. It was first described by William Barnes in 1904 and it is found in North America.

Lacinipolia anguina, the snaky arches, is a species of cutworm or dart moth in the family Noctuidae. It is found in North America.

Metoponiinae

Metoponiinae is a subfamily of owlet moths in the family Noctuidae. There are about 16 genera and more than 70 described species in Metoponiinae.

References

  1. Keegan, Kevin; Rota, Jadranka; Zahiri, Reza; Zilli, Alberto; et al. (2021). "Toward a Stable Global Noctuidae (Lepidoptera) Taxonomy". Insect Systematics and Diversity. 5. doi:10.1093/isd/ixab005.
  2. "Noctuinae Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2021-11-20.