Pleurothallidinae

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Pleurothallidinae
Pleurothallis lanceana - pl.jpg
Pleurothallis lanceana
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Epidendreae
Subtribe: Pleurothallidinae
Lindl. ex G.Don
Genera

See text

Pleurothallidinae.png

The Pleurothallidinae are a neotropical subtribe of plants of the orchid family (Orchidaceae) including 29 genera in more than 4000 species.

Naturally occurring species of this subtribe are among the more popular orchids of horticulturalists, especially the genera Dracula, Dryadella, Masdevallia and Restrepia.

The following genera are considered monophyletic  : Barbosella (including Barbrodia ), Dracula , Dresslerella , Dryadella , Lepanthes , Masdevallia , Platystele , Porroglossum , Restrepia , Scaphosepalum , Trisetella , and Zootrophion .

Many genera in the Pleurothallidinae were found polyphyletic, for example species attributed to the genus Pleurothallis are scattered across five clades.

Genera

Genera recognized in Chase et al.'s 2015 classification of orchids: [1]

Acianthera Anathallis Andinia Barbosella Brachionidium Chamelophyton Dilomilis Diodonopsis Draconanthes Dracula Dresslerella Dryadella Echinosepala Frondaria Kraenzlinella Lepanthes Lepanthopsis Masdevallia Myoxanthus Neocogniauxia Octomeria Pabstiella Phloeophila Platystele Pleurothallis Pleurothallopsis Porroglossum Restrepia Restrepiella Sansonia Scaphosepalum Specklinia Stelis Teagueia Tomzanonia Trichosalpinx Trisetella Zootrophion

Related Research Articles

<i>Pleurothallis</i> Genus of orchids

Pleurothallis is a genus of orchids commonly called bonnet orchids. The genus name is derived from the Greek word pleurothallos, meaning "riblike branches". This refers to the rib-like stems of many species. The genus is often abbreviated as "Pths" in horticultural trade.

<i>Masdevallia</i> Genus of orchids

Masdevallia, abbreviated Masd in horticultural trade, is a large genus of flowering plants of the Pleurothallidinae, a subtribe of the orchid family (Orchidaceae). There are over 500 species, grouped into several subgenera. The genus is named for Jose Masdeval, a physician and botanist in the court of Charles III of Spain.

Taxonomy of the Orchidaceae

The taxonomy of the Orchidaceae has evolved slowly during the last 250 years, starting with Carl Linnaeus who in 1753 recognized eight genera. De Jussieu recognized the Orchidaceae as a separate family in his Genera Plantarum in 1789. Olof Swartz recognized 25 genera in 1800. Louis Claude Richard provided us in 1817 with the descriptive terminology of the orchids.. The next step was taken in 1830-1840 by John Lindley, who recognized four subfamilies. He is generally recognized as the father of orchid taxonomy. The next important step was taken by George Bentham with a new classification, recognizing subtribes for the first time. This classification was first presented in a paper that Bentham read to the Royal Society in 1881. Then it was published in 1883 in the final volume of Genera Plantarum. The next great contributors were Pfitzer (1887), Schlechter (1926), Mansfeld (1937), Dressler and Dodson (1960), Garay, Vermeulen (1966), again Dressler (1981). and Burns-Balogh and Funk (1986). Dressler's 1993 book had considerable influence on later work.

Orchidoideae Subfamily of orchids

The Orchidoideae, or the orchidoid orchids, are a subfamily of the orchid family (Orchidaceae).

<i>Coelia</i> Genus of orchids

Coelia is a genus of orchids. It had previously been tentatively classified as the only genus of the subtribe Coeliinae of the tribe Epidendreae.

Arethuseae Tribe of orchids

Arethuseae is a mid-sized tribe of orchids in the subfamily Epidendroideae. This tribe was initially categorized by John Lindley in 1840. Its largest subtribes are Arethusinae and Coelogyninae.

<i>Disperis</i> Genus of flowering plants belonging to the orchid family

Disperis is a genus of plants in the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It has about 78 species. Most of the species are from tropical and southern Africa, as well as Indian Ocean islands. A few are native to the tropical or the warmer subtropical regions of Asia and Malesia.

<i>Barbosella cogniauxiana</i> Species of orchid

Barbosella cogniauxiana is a species of orchid.

<i>Barbosella crassifolia</i> Species of orchid

Barbosella crassifolia is a species of orchid endemic to Brazil.

<i>Brownleea</i> Genus of flowering plants belonging to the orchid family

Brownleea is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae native to Africa and Madagascar. Eight species are known.

  1. Brownleea coeruleaHarv. ex Lindl.
  2. Brownleea galpiniiBolus
  3. Brownleea graminicolaMcMurtry
  4. Brownleea macrocerasSond.
  5. Brownleea maculataP.J.Cribb
  6. Brownleea mulanjiensisH.P.Linder
  7. Brownleea parvifloraHarv. ex Lindl.
  8. Brownleea recurvataSond.

Vargasiella is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It contains two species, both endemic to South America: It has been treated as the only genus in the subtribe Vargasiellinae, but more recently has been included in the subtribe Zygopetalinae.

<i>Silvorchis</i>

Silvorchis is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. Only one species is known, Silvorchis colorata, endemic to Java. This is a holomycotrophic species, completely lacking in chlorophyll.

Eriinae Subtribe of orchids

The Eriinae form a subtribe of Podochileae, a tribe of the orchid family (Orchidaceae). The name is derived from the genus Eria.

Dendrobieae Tribe of orchids

Dendrobieae is a tribe in the subfamily Epidendroideae, in the family Orchidaceae.

Diseae Tribe of orchids

Diseae is an orchid tribe in the subfamily Orchidoideae. It was recognized in Genera Orchidacearum volume 2, which was published in 2001. It consisted of 12 genera in five subtribes. In molecular phylogenetic studies that were published after 1999, it was shown that Diseae is paraphyletic over the tribe Orchideae. In a classification of orchids that was published in 2015, Diseae was not recognized, but was instead placed in synonymy under Orchideae.

Goodyerinae Subtribe of orchids

Goodyerinae is an orchid subtribe in the tribe Cranichideae.

Coryciinae A subtribe of flowering plants belonging to the orchid family

Coryciinae is a subtribe of orchids that has been differently defined and placed in the two classification systems that are currently in use for orchids. Genera Orchidacearum, which is currently the definitive work on orchid taxonomy, delimits Coryciinae as consisting of five genera: Disperis, Evotella, Ceratandra, Pterygodium, and Corycium, and it places Coryciinae in the mostly African tribe Diseae, along with four other subtribes: Brownleeinae, Huttonaeinae, Disinae, and Satyriinae. The genera of Coryciinae are small to medium in size and the number of species in each genus is as follows: Disperis (78), Pterygodium (19), Corycium (15), Ceratandra (6), and Evotella (1).

Disinae A subtribe of flowering plants belonging to the orchid family

Disinae is a subtribe of orchids that has been differently defined and placed in the two classification systems that are currently in use for orchids. Genera Orchidacearum, which is currently the definitive work on orchid taxonomy, delimits Disinae as consisting of two closely related genera, Disa and Schizodium, and it places Disinae in the mostly African tribe Diseae, along with four other subtribes: Brownleeinae, Huttonaeinae, Coryciinae, and Satyriinae. In the classification for orchids that was published by Chase et alii in 2015, Schizodium was placed in synonymy under Disa, while Pachites and Huttonaea were transferred to Disinae. In Genera Orchidacearum, Pachites and Satyrium form the subtribe Satyriinae, and Huttonaea is the sole genus in the subtribe Huttonaeinae. The transfer of Pachites and Huttonaea to Disinae by Chase et alii (2015) was done with considerable doubt, and was based upon uncertainty about the relationships of these two genera. In 2009, a molecular phylogenetic study found only weak statistical support for a sister relationship between Huttonaea and Disa.

Acianthera angustisepala is a species of plant in the Orchidaceae family.

References

  1. Chase, Mark W.; Cameron, Kenneth M.; Freudenstein, John V.; Pridgeon, Alec M.; Salazar, Gerardo; van den Berg, Cássio; Schuiteman, André (2015). "An updated classification of Orchidaceae". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 177 (2): 151–174. doi: 10.1111/boj.12234 . ISSN   0024-4074.

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