President's Council on Sports, Fitness, and Nutrition

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President's Council logo

The President's Council on Fitness, Sports and Nutrition (PCFSN) is an American government organization that aims to "promote, encourage and motivate Americans of all ages to become physically active and participate in sports".[ citation needed ] It is part of the Office of Public Health and Science, an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. Prior to June 2010, it was called the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Physical activity bodily activity of humans, executed by themselves

Physical activity is defined as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure. Physical activity encompasses all activities, at any intensity, performed during any time of day or night. It includes exercise and incidental activity integrated into daily activity. This integrated activity may not be planned, structured, repetitive or purposeful for the improvement of fitness, and may include activities such as walking to the local shop, cleaning, working, active transport etc. Lack of physical activity is associated with a range of negative health outcomes whereas increased physical activity can improve physical as well as mental health.

Contents

History

During the 1940s, the American Medical Association and the National Committee on Physical Fitness had a joint committee encouraging physical fitness. [1]

American Medical Association U.S. association of physicians and medical students

The American Medical Association (AMA), founded in 1847 and incorporated in 1897, is the largest association of physicians—both MDs and DOs—and medical students in the United States.

The President's Council on Youth Fitness was founded on July 16, 1956, to encourage American children.[ citation needed ]

In 1963, President Kennedy changed the council's name to President's Council on Physical Fitness to reflect its role to serve all Americans.[ citation needed ]

In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson created the Presidential Physical Fitness Award, the name of which was later changed to President's Challenge Youth Physical Fitness Awards Program. In 1968, the council's name was changed to President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports to emphasize the importance of sports in life.[ citation needed ]

Lyndon B. Johnson 36th president of the United States

Lyndon Baines Johnson, often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician who served as the 36th president of the United States from 1963 to 1969. Formerly the 37th vice president of the United States from 1961 to 1963, he assumed the presidency following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. A Democrat from Texas, Johnson also served as a United States Representative and as the Majority Leader in the United States Senate. Johnson is one of only four people who have served in all four federal elected positions.

In 1972, the Presidential Sports Award Program was created.[ citation needed ]

In 1983, the United States Congress declared May as National Physical Fitness and Sports Month.

In 1996, the Surgeon General's Report on Physical Activity and Health was released. In 1997, the Council released its report on Physical Activity and Sport in the Lives of Boys.[ citation needed ]

In June 2010, President Barack Obama renamed the agency the President's Council on Fitness, Sports and Nutrition, with a new emphasis on nutrition as an element of fitness. [2] First Lady Michelle Obama announced the new commission's goal "to end the epidemic of childhood obesity in a generation" and also announced that the president had named, as the new co-chairs of the council, New Orleans Saints quarterback Drew Brees and former Olympic gymnast Dominique Dawes. [3] [4]

On January 11, 2012, operators of the website for participants of the Challenge and Active Lifestyle programs learned that the site had been hacked, resulting in the release of personal information of the participants. [5] The President's Challenge site displayed a notice that it was down for "Site Maintenance – We're taking a little breather." [6] On January 20, 2012, the site was modified to explain the hacking. [7] On January 27, 2012, The President's Challenge sent out emails to its participants saying that the website was functional as of January 24, 2012, and asked participants to reset their user passwords. [8] [9]

Notable members

George Allen served as chairman from 1981 to 1988. PCPFSChairmanGeorgeAllen-81-87.jpg
George Allen served as chairman from 1981 to 1988.

Awards

The Council publishes guidelines for awards that are given out. They are the Presidential Physical Fitness Award, the National Physical Fitness Award, and the Participant Physical Fitness Award. However, it has been announced that the Physical Fitness Test on which these awards are based will no longer be available after the 2012–2013 school year. [16] Additionally, there is the Active Lifestyle Award for staying active [17] and the Presidential Champions Award for raising one's amount of activity. [18] The Champions awards ended on 30 June, 2018. [19]

Standardized tests

The award was given to students who achieved the top fifteenth percentile cumulative scores across these events and were based on age/gender and were taken by all participants. Pull ups/flexed-arm hang was based on gender and was the only event where one was done by boys and the other by girls: [20]

See also

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References

  1. Journal of Health and Physical Education. 1944 p. 500, Archived at Google Books.
  2. Executive Order – President's Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition Archived 2010-06-26 at the Wayback Machine , White House press release, June 23, 2010.
  3. "Michelle Obama jumps rope, emphasizes nutrition", USA Today , June 24, 2010.
  4. "First Lady Launches President’s Council on Fitness, Sports and Nutrition" Archived 2010-06-26 at the Wayback Machine , White House press release, June 23, 2010.
  5. Tau, Bryon (January 19, 2012). "Let's Move-affiliated website hacked". Politico. Politico.com. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
  6. "Site Maintenance". The President's Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition. Archived from the original on January 13, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
  7. "We apologize for the site maintenance. We will be back up soon". The President's Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition. Archived from the original on January 13, 2012. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
  8. Important Security Information [ dead link ]
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2012-05-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  10. https://www.hhs.gov/fitness/about-pcfsn/our-history/index.html
  11. https://www.hhs.gov/fitness/about-pcsfn/our-history/index.html
  12. https://www.hhs.gov/fitness/about-pcfsn/our-history/index.html
  13. https://www.hhs.gov/fitness/about-pcfsn/our-history/index.html
  14. https://www.hhs.gov/fitness/about-pcfsn/our-history/index.html
  15. https://www.hhs.gov/fitness/about-pcfsn/our-history/index.html
  16. "Physical Fitness Awards". Archived from the original on 2013-04-23. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  17. Active Lifestyle Award Archived 2013-04-23 at the Wayback Machine
  18. Presidential Champions Aware Archived 2013-04-23 at the Wayback Machine
  19. SuperTracker will be discontinued on June 30, 2018.
  20. https://www.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/fitness/pdfs/50-year-anniversary-booklet.pdf