Qazi Hussain Ahmad

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Qazi Hussain Ahmad
قاضی حسین احمد
Emir of Jamaat-e-Islami
In office
7 October 1987 [1]  29 March 2009 [1]
Preceded by Tufail Muhammad
Succeeded by Munawwar Hassan
President of Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal
In office
10 October 2002 18 February 2008
Preceded by Shah Ahmad Noorani
Succeeded byAlliance collapse
Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan
In office
18 November 2002 23 July 2007
Constituency NA-5 (Nowshera-I) [2]
Member of the Senate of Pakistan
In office
1986 1996 [2]
Personal details
Born(1938-01-12)12 January 1938
Nowshera, Nowshera District, North-West Frontier, British Indian Empire
Died6 January 2013(2013-01-06) (aged 74) [2]
Islamabad
Nationality British India (1938–1947)
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan (1947–his death)
Political party Jamaat-e-Islami
Alma mater University of Peshawar
(BSc, MSc)
OccupationForeign policy commentator, religious leader
Profession Professor
Religious leader

Qazi Hussain Ahmad (Urdu : قاضی حسین احمد; born 12 January 1938 [3] – 6 January 2013) was an Islamic scholar, clergyman, democracy activist, and former Emir of Jamaat-e-Islami, the socially conservative Islamist political party in Pakistan. [3]

Emir title of high office, used throughout the Muslim world.

An emir, sometimes transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is an aristocratic or noble and military title of high office used in a variety of places in the Arab countries, West Africa, and Afghanistan. It means "commander", "general", or "High King". The feminine form is emira. When translated as "prince", the word "emirate" is analogous to a sovereign principality.

Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan Pakistani political party

Jamaat-e-Islami,, abbreviated JI, is a socially conservative and Islamist political party based in Pakistan. Its objective is the transformation of Pakistan into an Islamic state, governed by Sharia law, through a gradual legal, and political process. JI strongly opposes capitalism, communism, liberalism, socialism and secularism as well as economic practices such as offering bank interest. JI is a vanguard party: its members form an elite with "affiliates" and then "sympathizers" beneath them. The party leader is called an ameer. Although it does not have a large popular following, the party is quite influential and considered one of the major Islamic movements in Pakistan, along with Deobandi and Barelvi.

Islamism set of ideologies holding that Islam should guide social and political as well as personal life

Islamism is a concept whose meaning has been debated in both public and academic contexts. The term can refer to diverse forms of social and political activism advocating that public and political life should be guided by Islamic principles or more specifically to movements which call for full implementation of sharia. It is commonly used interchangeably with the terms political Islam or Islamic fundamentalism. In academic usage, the term Islamism does not specify what vision of "Islamic order" or sharia are being advocated, or how their advocates intend to bring them about. In Western mass media it tends to refer to groups whose aim is to establish a sharia-based Islamic state, often with implication of violent tactics and human rights violations, and has acquired connotations of political extremism. In the Muslim world, the term has positive connotations among its proponents.

Contents

He was a strong critic of and was widely known for his opposition to the United States' participation in the war against the Taliban in neighbouring Afghanistan. [1]

War in Afghanistan (2001–present) war in Afghanistan since 2001

The War in Afghanistan, code named Operation ENDURING FREEDOM – Afghanistan (2001–14) and Operation FREEDOM'S SENTINEL (2015–present), followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of 7 October 2001, when the U.S. and allies successfully drove out the Taliban from power in order to dismantle al-Qaeda and to deny it a safe base of operations in Afghanistan. Since the initial objectives were completed, a coalition of over 40 countries formed a security mission in the country. The war has since mostly involved U.S. and allied Afghan government troops battling Taliban insurgents. The War in Afghanistan is the longest war in U.S. history, having overtaken the U.S. participation in the Vietnam War in 2010.

Taliban Islamic fundamentalist political movement in Afghanistan

The Taliban or Taleban, who refer to themselves as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), are a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement and military organization in Afghanistan currently waging war within that country. Since 2016, the Taliban's leader is Mawlawi Hibatullah Akhundzada. The leadership is based in Quetta, Pakistan.

Afghanistan A landlocked south-central Asian country

Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China. Its territory covers 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi) and much of it is covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range. Kabul serves as the capital and its largest city.

Early life

Background

Qazi was born in 1938 in the house of Maulana Qazi Muhammad Abdul Rab at Ziarat Kaka Sahib, Nowshera District, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. [3]

Nowshera District District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Nowshera District is a district in Peshawar Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. The capital and district headquarter is Nowshera city.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in Pakistan

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, formerly known as North-West Frontier Province, is one of the four administrative provinces of Pakistan, located in the northwestern region of the country along the international border with Afghanistan. It was previously known as the North-West Frontier Province until 2010 when the name was changed to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by the 18th Amendment to Pakistan's Constitution, and is known colloquially by various other names. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the third-largest province of Pakistan by the size of both population and economy, though it is geographically the smallest of four. Within Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa shares a border with Punjab, Balochistan, Azad Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, and Islamabad. It is home to 17.9% of Pakistan's total population, with the majority of the province's inhabitants being Pashtuns. The province is the site of the ancient kingdom Gandhara, including the ruins of its capital Pushkalavati near modern-day Charsadda. Originally a stronghold of Buddhism, the history of the region was characterized by frequent invasions under various Empires due to its geographical proximity to the Khyber Pass.

A teacher by profession, Maulana was appointed as the President of Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Hind for its Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa branch before 1947. [3] Qazi Hussain Ahmed was the youngest among his ten siblings.

After having completed early education at home, Qazi Hussain Ahmad was admitted to Islamia College, Peshawar and got his Master of Science (MSc) degree in Geography from Peshawar University. He served as a lecturer at Jehanzeb College Swat for three years, teaching at the graduate level. After that, he started his own business. He was elected as Vice-President, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (Provincial) Chamber of commerce and industry. Living in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa gave him some familiarity with political affairs in neighboring Afghanistan. [3]

Swat District District in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Swat Districtpronounced [ˈswaːt̪]) is a district in Malakand Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. Swat is renowned for its outstanding natural beauty. Centred upon the upper portions of the Swat River, Swat was a major centre of early Buddhist thought as part of the Gandhara kingdom, and today is littered with ruins from that era. Swat was home to the last isolated pockets of Gandharan Buddhism, which lasted until the 11th century, well after most of the area had converted to Islam. Until 1969, Swat was part of the Yusafzai State of Swat, a self-governing princely state. The region was seized by the Pakistani Taliban in late 2007, and its tourist industry decimated until Pakistani control over Swat was re-established in mid 2009.

Personal life

Qazi Hussain Ahmed had two sons (Asif Luqman Qazi and Anas Farhan Qazi) and two daughters. [2] His wife and children all are Jamaat-e-Islami activists. He spoke Urdu, English, Arabic, Persian, in addition to his native tongue, Pashto. [3] He was a great admirer of the poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal and employed quotes from both Iqbal's Urdu and Persian poetry in his speeches and conversations.

Urdu National language and lingua franca of Pakistan; one of the official languages of India; standardized register of Hindustani

Urdu —or, more precisely, Modern Standard Urdu—is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language. It is the official national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. In India, it is one of the 22 official languages recognized in the Constitution of India, having official status in the six states of Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, as well as the national capital territory of Delhi. It is a registered regional language of Nepal.

English language West Germanic language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and eventually became a global lingua franca. It is named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to the area of Great Britain that later took their name, as England. Both names derive from Anglia, a peninsula in the Baltic Sea. The language is closely related to Frisian and Low Saxon, and its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse, and to a greater extent by Latin and French.

Arabic Central Semitic language

Arabic is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE. It is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living in the area bounded by Mesopotamia in the east and the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai Peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic.

Political career

His association with the Islamic Movement started in his school days when he first joined Islami Jamiat-e-Talaba, Pakistan. He became member of Jamaat-e-Islami in 1970 and was elected to the office of President of its Peshawar branch. He served Jamaat-e-Islami as Secretary and then Ameer of its Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa provincial branch. After the resignation of Maulana Naeem Siddiqui, he was promoted to the office of Secretary General, Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan in 1978. [3] [4] and then elected as Ameer (Chief) of Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan in 1987, [1] continued to serve in that capacity, getting re-elected four more times (1992, 1994, 1999 and 2003). In 2008, Syed Munawwar Hasan was elected to head Jamaat-e-Islami, when Qazi Hussain Ahmad chose not to run for the office. Qazi Hussain Ahmad remained head of Jamaat-e-Islami for nearly 22 years. [2] [5]

In the Parliament of Pakistan, he also served as the parliamentary leader of Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal. [2]

Politics

Within Pakistan, he was a patron of organisations such as Pasban and founder of Shabab e Milli, youth wing of Jamaat-e-Islami. [3]

Qazi Hussain Ahmad was first elected as member of the Senate of Pakistan in 1986 for a term of six years. He was re-elected for that position in March 1992. To protest against the corrupt political system, he resigned as a Senator in 1996. He was elected as a Member of National Assembly in the Pakistani general election, 2002 from his native town, Nowshera. [2]

Qazi Hussain Ahmad traveled abroad widely to represent the Jamaat at the international forums, lead goodwill missions, and in a personal capacity to mediate in issues concerning Muslims, such as the Iran–Iraq War and the Persian Gulf War, the Balkan (Bosnia) crisis and the post-Soviet power struggle in Afghanistan. Even before the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan, Qazi Hussain Ahmad was in close contact with Afghan mujahideen and met with top Afghan leaders. He helped build support in Pakistan for the movement and introduce the Afghan jihad to the outside world. [3]

He was a staunch supporter of the Kashmiri insurgency against India and the initiator of the Kashmir Solidarity Day. [6]

Successful Long March

On 20 July 1996, Qazi Hussain Ahmad announced to start protests against the government alleging corruption. Qazi Hussain resigned from the senate on 27 September and announced to start a long march against the Benazir's government. Protests started on 27 October 1996 by Jamaat e Islami and the opposition parties. On 4 November 1996, Benazir Bhutto's government was dismissed by President Farooq Leghari primarily because of corruption. [7]

Death

Sheikh Akhund Adyan seljoki (2) Sheikh Akhund Adyan seljoki (2).JPG
Sheikh Akhund Adyan seljoki (2)

Qazi Hussain Ahmad died on 6 January 2013 at one of his son's house in Islamabad, Pakistan. The cause of his death was heart attack. [2]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Former JI chief Qazi Hussain Ahmad passes away in Islamabad Dawn (newspaper), Published 5 January 2013, Retrieved 10 December 2017
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Transition: Qazi Hussain Ahmad dies at 74 The Express Tribune (newspaper), Published 6 January 2013, Retrieved 11 December 2017
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Qazi Hussain Ahmad profile". Pakistan Leaders Online website. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
  4. Dr.Israr Ahmad, Jamat e Islami ke Tareekh ka Tisra Buhran(urdu), Maktaba Anjuman Khuddam Ul Quran, Lahore 1994, pp2-5
  5. Former JI chief Qazi Hussain Ahmad passes away The Express Tribune (newspaper), Published 6 January 2013, Retrieved 11 December 2017
  6. Retrieved 10 December 2017
  7. Former President Farooq Leghari passes away Dawn (newspaper), Published 20 October 2010, Retrieved 11 December 2017
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mian Tufail Mohammad
Ameer of Jamaat-e-Islami
1987–2009
Succeeded by
Syed Munawar Hasan