Rollback (roller coaster)

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Sign warning Kingda Ka riders that a rollback may occur Kingda Ka rollback sign.jpg
Sign warning Kingda Ka riders that a rollback may occur

A rollback appears on some launched roller coasters when the train is not launched fast enough to reach the top of the tower or hill, It will roll backwards down the tower, and will be stopped by brakes on the launch track. Any roller coaster on which it is possible for a rollback to occur will have these brakes. Intamin, a manufacturer of roller-coasters, refers to the "rollback" as a "short shot". [1]

Contents

Most coasters contain at least one anti-rollback device to prevent a train from rolling backwards while ascending the main lift. This is typically with chain-driven lifts, not hydraulic launchers such as Kingda Ka or Top Thrill Dragster.

Factors

Rollbacks are most common (though still quite rare) on the world's largest launched roller coasters, Kingda Ka at Six Flags Great Adventure, and Top Thrill Dragster at Cedar Point, along with somewhat smaller rides such as Stealth at Thorpe Park and launched roller coasters of the same type, such as Xcelerator at Knott's Berry Farm and Storm Runner at Hersheypark.

There are several factors that can cause a rollback, all of which are related to the train's speed: [2]

While the general public may not realize that rollbacks usually are completely safe and that coasters are designed with them in mind, many coaster enthusiasts look forward to being in one. Being in a rollback essentially gives riders a ride and a half, as the train will be launched again after the rollback. On some rides, when a rollback occurs with people on board, the train will first be brought back to the station to give the guests the option of getting off; other roller coasters with dual-train dispatch systems disallow backwards returns to the station and the train will simply be launched a second time without the option to disembark.

Unusual circumstances

On extremely rare occasions, a single train may require more than two launches to clear the highest point of the track.

Very rarely, a train is launched with just enough speed to reach the track's highest point, resulting in the train getting stuck on the top. This results in neither a full ride nor a rollback. This happened three times on Top Thrill Dragster. All three times, a ride mechanic had to take an elevator to the top, and give the train a small push so it could complete the ride. [3] [4] It has also happened on Stealth at Thorpe Park during early morning tests. Maverick at Cedar Point tests roll backs every morning during testing.

Examples

In a video of a rollback on Stealth at Thorpe Park, the train is seen to reach slightly over halfway over the midpoint at the top. The train proceeded to roll back, due to an insufficiently powerful launch, combined with an uneven distribution of weight on the train in April 2006. [5] Stealth also had a rollback in March 2008 due to strong winds.

Related Research Articles

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Top Thrill Dragster steel accelerator roller coaster at Cedar Point

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Kingda Ka Roller coaster at Six Flags Great Adventure

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Do-Dodonpa amusement ride

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On-ride camera

An on-ride camera is a camera mounted alongside the track of a roller coaster, log flume or other thrill ride that automatically photographs all of the riders on each passing vehicle. They are often mounted at the most intense or fastest part of the ride, resulting in humorously distorted expressions due to fear or wind resistance. The pictures are then available for viewing and purchase as a souvenir.

Launch track segment of roller coaster track

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References

  1. Dreamer, Randy J. Roller Coasters! Record Breakers & Fan Favorites. LULU Press. ISBN   9781312956780.
  2. http://www.themeparktourist.com/features/20150503/30223/five-reasons-why-theme-park-rides-fail
  3. "Yes, It Happens". Archived from the original on October 31, 2008. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
  4. "Here We Go Again". Archived from the original on May 29, 2009. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
  5. On-ride footage of a rollback on Top Thrill Dragster