Sandile Decoration

Last updated

Sandile Decoration
CDF Sandile Decoration.jpg
Awarded by the President
Country Flag of Ciskei.svg Ciskei
TypeMilitary decoration for merit
EligibilityAll Ranks
Awarded forMeritorious service
StatusDiscontinued in 1994
Post-nominalsSD
Statistics
Established1988
CDF pre-1994 & SANDF post-2002 orders of wear
Next (higher)
CDF precedence:
  • Flag of Ciskei.svg Cross for Gallantry
Next (lower)
CDF succession:
  • Flag of Ciskei.svg Cross for Bravery
SANDF succession:
Ribbon - Sandile Decoration.png
Ribbon bar

The Sandile Decoration, post-nominal letters SD, was instituted by the President of the Republic of Ciskei in 1988, for award to all ranks for meritorious service. [1] [2] [3] [4]

Contents

The Ciskei Defence Force

The Ciskei Defence Force (CDF) was established upon that country's independence on 4 December 1981. The Republic of Ciskei ceased to exist on 27 April 1994 and the Ciskei Defence Force was amalgamated with six other military forces into the South African National Defence Force (SANDF). [5] [6] [7]

Institution

The Sandile Decoration, post-nominal letters SD, was instituted by the President of Ciskei in 1988. It is the senior award of a set of three decorations for merit, along with the Sandile Medal and the Chief C.D.F. Commendation Medal. [1] [3] [4]

Ciskei's military decorations and medals were modelled on those of the Republic of South Africa and these three decorations are the approximate equivalents of, respectively, the Southern Cross Decoration and Pro Merito Decoration, the Southern Cross Medal (1975) and Pro Merito Medal (1975), and the Military Merit Medal. [1]

The decoration was named after Chief Mgolombane Sandile, who had been declared as deposed and a fugitive by Major General Sir Henry George Wakelyn Smith Bt GCB, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Cape of Good Hope, after he refused to attend a meeting with Smith outside Fort Cox in December 1850. Sandile subsequently besieged the fort and the 8th Cape Frontier War broke out, the longest and bloodiest of the frontier wars. [8] [9]

Award criteria

The decoration could be awarded to all ranks for meritorious service. [2] [10]

Order of wear

Since the Sandile Decoration was authorised for wear by one of the statutory forces which came to be part of the South African National Defence Force on 27 April 1994, it was accorded a position in the official South African order of precedence on that date. The position of the Sandile Decoration in the official order of precedence was revised twice after 1994, to accommodate the inclusion or institution of new decorations and medals, first in April 1996, when decorations and medals were belatedly instituted for the two former non-statutory forces, the Azanian People's Liberation Army and Umkhonto we Sizwe, and again upon the institution of a new set of honours on 27 April 2003. [1]

Ciskei Defence Force until 26 April 1994

Ribbon - Cross for Gallantry.png Ribbon - Sandile Decoration.png Ribbon - Cross for Bravery.png

South African National Defence Force from 27 April 1994

Ribbon - Distinguished Service Medal, Gold.png Ribbon - Sandile Decoration.png VRMRibbon.GIF

South African National Defence Force from April 1996

Ribbon - Distinguished Service Medal, Gold.png Ribbon - Sandile Decoration.png Ribbon - Decoration for Merit in Gold.png

The position of the Sandile Decoration in the official order of precedence remained unchanged upon the institution of a new set of honours on 27 April 2003. [1]

Description

Obverse

The Sandile Decoration is a medallion struck in silver, 38 millimetres in diameter and without a raised rim, displaying the eagle emblem of the Ciskei Defence Force in a laurel wreath. [3] [11]

Reverse

The reverse displays the Coat of Arms of the Republic of Ciskei.

Ribbon

The ribbon is 32 millimetres wide and white, with 5 millimetres wide red edges and a 4 millimetres wide red band in the centre. [11]

Discontinuation

Conferment of the Sandile Decoration was discontinued when the Republic of Ciskei ceased to exist on 27 April 1994. [7]

See also

Related Research Articles

Van Riebeeck Medal

The Van Riebeeck Medal, post-nominal letters VRM, is a military decoration for bravery which was instituted by the Union of South Africa in 1952. It was awarded to other ranks for distinguished service in the field.

Unitas Medal

The Unitas Medal was instituted by the President of the Republic of South Africa on 4 November 1994. It was awarded to all ranks who were on the active strength of all seven constituent military forces from 27 April 1994 to 10 May 1994, to commemorate their amalgamation into the South African National Defence Force. It was also awarded to personnel of the British Military Advisory and Training Team which served in South Africa at the time.

Cross for Bravery

The Cross for Bravery was instituted by the State President of the Republic of Transkei, for award to all ranks as a decoration for bravery.

Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct, Bronze

The Medal for Long Service and Good Conduct, Bronze was instituted by the State President of the Republic of Bophuthatswana in 1982, for award to all ranks as a long service medal for ten years service and good conduct.

Marumo Medal, Class I

The Marumo Medal, Class I was instituted by the State President of the Republic of Bophuthatswana in 1988.

Defence Force Merit Medal

The Defence Force Merit Medal was instituted by the State President of the Republic of Bophuthatswana in 1982, for award to all ranks for extraordinarily excellent service and particular devotion to duty.

Defence Force Merit Decoration

The Defence Force Merit Decoration was instituted by the State President of the Republic of Bophuthatswana in 1982, for award to officers for distinguished service of high quality and utmost devotion to duty.

Gallantry Cross, Silver

The Gallantry Cross, Silver, post-nominal letters GCS, was instituted by the President of the Republic of Venda in 1985, for award to all ranks for courage or bravery or valour beyond the normal call of duty.

Distinguished Service Medal, Gold

The Distinguished Service Medal, Gold was instituted by the President of the Republic of Venda in 1985, for award to all ranks for exceptionally meritorious service and particular devotion to duty.

Distinguished Service Medal, Silver

The Distinguished Service Medal, Silver was instituted by the President of the Republic of Venda in 1985, for award to all ranks for outstanding service and devotion to duty.

Venda Defence Force Medal

The Venda Defence Force Medal was instituted by the President of the Republic of Venda in 1984, for award to all ranks for service of a high standard.

General Service Medal (Venda)

The General Service Medal was instituted by the President of the Republic of Venda in 1985, for award to all ranks for service in defence of Venda or in the prevention or suppression of terrorism.

Independence Medal (Venda)

The Independence Medal was instituted by the President of the Republic of Venda in 1979, for award to all ranks in commemoration of the independence of Venda.

Long Service Medal, Gold

The Long Service Medal, Gold was instituted by the President of the Republic of Venda in 1985, for award to all ranks for thirty years exemplary service.

Sandile Medal

The Sandile Medal was instituted by the President of the Republic of Ciskei in 1988, for award to all ranks for meritorious service.

Chief C.D.F. Commendation Medal

The Chief C.D.F. Commendation Medal was instituted by the President of the Republic of Ciskei in 1992, for award to all ranks for service commended by the Chief of the Ciskei Defence Force.

Ciskei Defence Medal

The Ciskei Defence Medal was instituted by the President of the Republic of Ciskei in 1988, for award to all ranks for general service.

Independence Medal (Ciskei)

The Independence Medal was instituted by the President of the Republic of Ciskei in 1981, for award to all serving members of the Ciskei Defence Force on 4 December 1981 to commemorate the independence of Ciskei.

Medal for Long Service, Bronze

The Medal for Long Service, Bronze was instituted by the President of the Republic of Ciskei in 1988, for award to all ranks for ten years faithful service.

Presidents Medal for Shooting

The President's Medal for Shooting was instituted by the President of the Republic of Ciskei in 1988, for award to champion shots.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Republic of South Africa Government Gazette Vol. 477, no. 27376, Pretoria, 11 March 2005, OCLC   72827981
  2. 1 2 Republic of Ciskei Constitution Act, no. 20 of 1981
  3. 1 2 3 South African Medal Website - Ciskei Defence Force (Accessed 30 April 2015)
  4. 1 2 South African Medal Website - Post-nominal Letters (Accessed 28 April 2015)
  5. South Africa Homeland Militaries, May 1996 (Accessed 1 May 2015)
  6. Peled, Alon (1998), A Question of Loyalty: Military Manpower Policy in Multiethnic States , Cornell Studies in Security Affairs, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, pp.  50f, ISBN   0-8014-3239-1
  7. 1 2 Warrant of the President of the Republic of South Africa for the Institution of the "UNITAS MEDAL-UNITAS-MEDALJE", Gazette no. 16087 dated 25 November 1994.
  8. The South African Military History Society - Military History Journal Vol 3 No 1, June 1974 - Sir Harry Smith, By Andrew L. Harington (Access date 27 April 2015)
  9. The South African Military History Society - Military History Journal Vol 15 No 4, December 2011 - Harry Smith, Henry Somerset and the Siege of Fort Cox, By David Saks (Access date 27 April 2015)
  10. 1 2 Uniform: SA Army: Former Forces Medals - Ciskei Defence Force (CDF)