|A Patience game|
|Named variants||Scorpion II, Three Blind Mice, Wasp|
|See also Glossary of solitaire|
Scorpion is a patience or solitaire card game using a deck of 52 playing cards.Although somewhat related to Spider, the method of game play is akin to Yukon. The object of this game is to form four columns of suit sequence cards from king down to ace.
The game starts with 49 cards dealt into seven columns of seven cards each on the tableau. The first four columns each have three face-down cards with four face-up cards placed over them. The cards in the remaining three columns are all faced up. The three leftover cards are set aside for later.
Cards in the tableau are built down by suit and every face up card is available for play, no matter where in the column it is. That means that any card can be placed on top of a card that is a rank higher. Once a card from the bottom or middle of a column is moved, all cards on top of it are moved as well, as one unit. Nothing can be placed on an ace and gaps on the tableau can only be taken by kings or sequences with Kings as their top cards. Once a face-down card is exposed, it is turned face up.
When no more moves are possible, the three leftover cards are dealt onto the first three columns and put into play.
As earlier mentioned, the object of the game is to build four columns of suit sequences from king down to ace. So when one such column is built successfully, it is a general rule to leave this column alone, unless it covers a face-down card.
The game is won when the object is fulfilled.
Scorpion II is an alternate version of the game in which the number of columns containing three face-down cards and the number of columns in which all cards are faced up are the reverse of the prevalent version, i.e. the first three columns each have three face-down cards with four face-up cards placed over them while the cards in the remaining four columns are all faced up. Despite the reversal, the game remains the same but making it easier than regular "Scorpion".
Wasp is almost identical to Scorpion, except that when a space is formed in the tableau, any card or sequence can be placed in it. This gives the player more chances of winning than in Scorpion.
Three Blind Mice is another Scorpion variation with a starting tableau of 10 columns of five cards.The three rightmost columns should each have three bottom cards faced down and two top cards face up. The three cards in each of those columns gave the game its name after the nursery rhyme. The five cards in each of the rest of the columns are all face up. The two leftover cards are set aside face up to be used any time in the game whenever necessary. Game play is the same as in Scorpion.
Curds and Whey is another spider type game in the style of Scorpion, and was created by David Parlett.
Klondike is a solitaire card game. In the U.S. and Canada, Klondike is the best-known solitaire card game, to the point that the term "solitaire", in the absence of additional qualifiers, typically refers to Klondike. Equally in the UK, it is often just known as "patience". Elsewhere the game is known as American Patience, as well as Fascination, Triangle or Demon Patience.
Spider is a type of patience game, and is one of the more popular two-deck solitaire games. The game originates in 1947, and its name comes from a spider's eight legs, referencing the eight foundation piles that must be filled to win the game. Its potential for deep analysis make it one of the best of all solitaires, and it was said to be a favourite of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Gargantua is a patience or solitaire card game that is a version of Klondike using two decks. It is also known as Double Klondike and as Jumbo.
Eight Off is a patience or solitaire card game, named after its employment of eight cells, played with one deck of playing cards. The object of the game is to move all the cards into the foundations. It served as a partial inspiration for and is very similar to the popular solitaire game FreeCell.
Black Hole is a patience or solitaire card game with game-play similar to Golf and Tri Peaks, but with a tableau of fans similar to La Belle Lucie. Invented by David Parlett, this game's objective is to compile the entire deck into one foundation.
Napoleon at St Helena is a patience or solitaire card game. It is quite difficult to win, and luck-of-the-draw is a significant factor. It is also popularly known as Forty Thieves. Other titles include Roosevelt at San Juan, Big Forty, and Le Cadran, although these can at times refer to variant forms of the game.
Canfield is a patience or solitaire card game with a very low probability of winning. It is originally a casino game, and in the United States is named after casino owner Richard A. Canfield, who popularised it in the 1890s. While commonly called Canfield in the United States, it is usually called Demon in the United Kingdom. It is closely related to Klondike, and is one of the most popular Solitaire games.
Agnes is a patience or solitaire card game that is a variant of Klondike, but changes how the stock is dealt.
Baker's Dozen is a solitaire card game using a deck of fifty-two playing cards. The game is so called because of the 13 columns in the game, the number in a baker's dozen.
King Albert is a solitaire card game using a deck of 52 playing cards. It is said to be named after Albert I of Belgium and is a variant of Somerset. It is the best known of the three games that are each called Idiot's Delight because of the low chance of winning the game.
British Square is a solitaire card game which uses two decks of 52 playing cards each. It has an unusual feature of switchback building whereby each foundation is first built up and then built down.
Stonewall is a solitaire card game using a deck of 52 playing cards. It is probably thus named because the player seems to break down walls in exposing more of the face-down cards.
Crescent is a solitaire card game played with two decks of playing cards mixed together. The game is so called because when the cards are dealt properly, the resulting piles should form a large arc or a crescent. An alternative and less common name for the game is La Demi-Lune.
Duchess is a patience or solitaire card game which uses a deck of 52 playing cards. It has all four typical features of a traditional solitaire game: a tableau, a reserve, a stock and a waste pile, and is quite easy to win. It is closely related to Canfield.
Penguin is a patience or solitaire card game, invented by David Parlett, which uses a deck of 52 playing cards. The game play is similar to solitaire card games like the popular Freecell and its predecessor Eight Off.
Westcliff is a patience or solitaire card game which is played using a deck of 52 playing cards. It is a variation of Klondike that is fairly easy to win; one can win this game nine times out of ten.
German Patience is a solitaire card game which is played with two decks of playing cards shuffled together. It is an unusual game because building in the tableau or playing area is up, as opposed to building down in many others. Despite its name, it is not known if this game originated from Germany.
Intrigue is a solitaire card game which is played using two decks of playing cards. It is similar to another solitaire game of Salic Law, but it also involves the queens and building in the foundations goes both ways.
Gate is a solitaire card game played using a deck of 52 playing cards, and is a member of the Canfield family. It gets its name because the cards are laid out in such a way that they form a gate. Average players can expect to win 99% of their games.
Archway is a solitaire card game using two decks of 52 playing cards. Its goal is to bring all 104 cards into the foundation. It was invented by David Parlett, and is based on an old French solitaire game called La Chatelaine.