Seinen manga

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Seinen manga (青年漫画) are Japanese comics marketed toward young adult men. [1] In Japanese, the word seinen literally means "youth", but the term "seinen manga" is also used to describe the target audience of magazines like Weekly Manga Times and Weekly Manga Goraku which cater specifically to men's interests, and are marketed towards a demographic of older teenage boys and adult men between the ages of 18 and 45. Seinen manga are distinguished from shōnen manga which are for younger teen boys, although some seinen manga like xxxHolic share similarities with shōnen manga. Seinen manga can focus on action, politics, science fiction, fantasy, relationships, sports, or comedy. The female equivalent to seinen manga is josei manga.

Contents

Seinen manga have a wide variety of art styles and variation in subject matter. Examples of seinen series include: Berserk , Excel Saga , Ghost in the Shell , Hellsing , Initial D , Master Keaton , Mushishi , Oh My Goddess! , Outlaw Star , and Tokyo Ghoul , as well as the formerly shōnen manga series JoJo's Bizarre Adventure and Trigun .

A common way to tell if a manga is seinen is by looking at whether furigana is used over the original kanji text: if there are furigana on all kanji, the title is generally aimed at a younger audience. The title of the magazine it was published in is also an important indicator. Usually Japanese manga magazines with the word "young" in the title ( Weekly Young Jump for instance) are seinen. There are also mixed shōnen/seinen magazines such as Gangan Powered and Comp Ace . Other popular seinen manga magazines include Weekly Young Magazine , Weekly Young Sunday , Big Comic Spirits , Business Jump , Ultra Jump , and Afternoon .

History

One of the earliest manga magazines published in Japan was a seinen publication: Weekly Manga Times , first released in 1956. It was aimed squarely at middle-aged men, featuring erotic fiction and manga and tales of yakuza. It was only in 1959 that two of the main shōnen manga titles appeared: Weekly Shōnen Magazine and Weekly Shōnen Sunday . Then in 1967, the first of the magazines aimed at younger men appeared: Weekly Manga Action , which scored big hits with Lupin III and Lone Wolf and Cub , and later Crayon Shin-chan . Big Comic followed in 1968, perhaps best known for its series Golgo 13 . The year 1972 saw the addition of Big Comic Original , which featured Tsuribaka Nisshi , a manga about two older men who enjoy fishing; the manga was made into a series of popular movies. In 1979, the publisher Shueisha, known for Weekly Shonen Jump for teen boys, entered the seinen market with Weekly Young Jump . Many Young Jump series have been adapted into anime or live action TV programs, e.g. Elfen Lied , Gantz , Hen , Kirara , Liar Game , Oku-sama wa Joshi Kōsei , and Zetman .

Magazines

A list of the top Japanese seinen manga magazines by circulation in the time-span from 1 October 2009 to 30 September 2010. [2]

TitleCirculation
Weekly Young Magazine 807,871
Weekly Young Jump 768,980
Big Comic Original 729,750
Weekly Manga Goraku 500,000
Big Comic 454,000
Comic Kairakuten 350,000
Weekly Morning 340,209
Weekly Manga Sunday (defunct)300,000
Business Jump (defunct)285,334
Super Jump (defunct)277,500
Big Comic Spirits 260,024
Comic Shitsurakuten 250,000
Young Champion 250,000
Comic Ran 207,350
Big Comic Superior 204,125
Manga Action 200,000
Young King 200,000

See also

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<i>Jump Square</i> Japanese manga magazine

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<i>Super Jump</i> Magazine

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<i>Shonen Jump</i> (magazine) Defunct North American manga anthology

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<i>Young King</i> (magazine)

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Shōjo manga (少女漫画), also romanized as shojo or shoujo, are Japanese comics aimed at a young teen female target-demographic readership. The name romanizes the word 少女 (shōjo), literally meaning "young woman". Shōjo manga covers many subjects in a variety of narrative styles, from historical drama to science fiction, often with a focus on romantic relationships or emotions.

References

  1. "Everything about the Seinen Genre". jappleng.com.
  2. Loo, Egan (17 January 2011). "2010 Japanese Manga Magazine Circulation Numbers". Anime News Network . Retrieved 30 July 2014.