The Day They Robbed the Bank of England

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The Day They Robbed the Bank of England
DayTheyRobbedtheBankofEngland.jpg
Poster
Directed by John Guillermin
Written by Howard Clewes
Richard Maibaum
Based on The Day They Robbed the Bank of England by John Brophy
Produced by Jules Buck
Starring Aldo Ray
Elizabeth Sellars
Peter O'Toole
Cinematography Georges Périnal
Edited by Frank Clarke
Music by Edwin Astley
Production
company
Summit Film
Distributed by Metro-Goldwyn Mayer
Release date
17 May 1960
Running time
85 minutes
CountryUnited Kingdom
Language English
Budget$457,000 [1]
Box office$805,000 [1]

The Day They Robbed the Bank of England is a 1960 British crime film directed by John Guillermin. [2] [3] It was written by Howard Clewes and Richard Maibaum and based upon the 1959 novel of the same title by John Brophy. [4]

Contents

Peter O'Toole's role in the film led him to be cast as the lead in Lawrence of Arabia , released two years later. [5]

Plot

The film is set in London at the turn of the 20th century, in 1901. While Ireland struggles for independence, Charles Norgate (Aldo Ray), an Irish American, arrives in London after being recruited by Irish revolutionaries to undertake a robbery of the Bank of England. Iris Muldoon, the widow of a martyr in the Irish independence movement, had previously travelled to New York to hire Norgate on behalf of the movement. The Irish revolutionaries, led by O'Shea (Hugh Griffith), plan to rob a million pounds' worth of gold bullion from the bank vaults as a political offensive. At first, the other revolutionaries are wary of Norgate but he gains their confidence by acknowledging his Irish lineage. Informed that the bank is considered impregnable, Norgate seeks a weakness in the Bank Picquet provided by the Brigade of Guards, which keeps watch on the gold.

After a visit to a local public house frequented by Her Majesty's guardsmen, Norgate befriends Lt. Monte Fitch (Peter O'Toole) of the Guard. After expressing an interest in architecture, Fitch directs him to a museum that holds the original designs of the bank's architect. The following evening, Norgate breaks into the museum and traces the plans. Walsh (Kieron Moore), one of the revolutionaries that dislikes Norgate, is convinced that there is no weakness to be found in the bank's security. Walsh is enamored by Muldoon and attempts to persuade her to leave the movement and settle with him but she refuses. In addition, although Muldoon had an affair with Norgate in New York, she no longer wishes to be involved with him either.

After being invited to the bank, Norgate gets Lt. Fitch to show him the location of the bank vaults and he counts the paces of the guardsmen to obtain a scale for the plans he traced earlier. When he learns that the guards are plagued by rats and that the floor has been reinforced, he goes to the Sewage Commission Records Department and discovers that a long-forgotten underground sewer runs directly under the bank vaults. Norgate finds an old knowledgeable tosher and after posing as an archaeologist trying to locate ancient Roman temple ruins, persuades the tosher to show him where the sewer had been sealed. The revolutionaries dig through an old entrance to the sewer and pickaxe their way into the wall leading directly under the vaults. They choose to carry out their heist on the first weekend in August, a long weekend wherein Monday is a bank holiday and most employees would be on vacation.

Lt. Finch begins to have suspicions about Norgate, whose professional intentions for being in London seem suspect. Later, further suspicious are aroused when Lt. Finch discovers that Norgate had suddenly checked out of his hotel room. While digging, one of the revolutionaries hits and punctures a gas pipe causing mantle lanterns to dim in the underground bank corridors. The absence of rats in the bank's underground levels as well as the sound of faint pickaxing compels Lt. Fitch to order that the vault doors be opened to see if the bank was being compromised. However, there are three bank agents each with a separate key to the vault and one of the keyholders has gone away on holiday. He sends two guards to find and fetch the missing keyholder, who is unhappy about being disturbed and rushed to the bank.

Meanwhile, O'Shea announces that the Irish Home Rule Bill has been reintroduced in Parliament and that the bank heist must be halted to prevent jeopardising the bill's passage. O'Shea announces that the movement would dissociate itself from the thieves, prompting Muldoon to convince Walsh to accompany her and inform Norgate of the change in plans. However, discovering that Norgate has indeed broken through the floor of the bank vault, Walsh says nothing and begins to take gold bars down through the tunnel they dug. After managing to steal away a million pounds' worth of gold, they encounter Muldoon, who has sent away their escape tugboat. Despite her pleas, Norgate and Walsh load the gold onto a horse-drawn cart and Walsh leads it away on the streets. When Norgate realises that the tosher has not come out of the sewers, he goes back to search for him. The tosher, meanwhile, has revived after being overcome by the escaping gas, and arrives in the vault in search of Norgate, who is not the gentleman he thought he was. Norgate finally catches up with the tosher in the vault. At that moment, Lt. Finch and a section of guards open the vault doors. On the street, the cart has been greedily overloaded by Walsh and the weight of the gold breaks through in front of a passing bobby on duty. In the last scene of the film, Norgate and Walsh are led to a police wagon in handcuffs as Iris Muldoon tearfully looks into Norgate's eyes. She walks off, and the tosher wanders away carrying a fragment of a statue which he believes is a relic.

Cast

Production

The novel was published in 1959.

Filming started in London in September 1959. [6]

The cast included Peter O'Toole then heavily in demand after his stage success on The Long and the Short and the Tall. O'Toole later said when offered the role "it wasn't the part I was offered that interested me but the Guards Officer who is reluctantly forced to think." [7] [8]

He and producer Jules Buck formed their own production company in January 1960.

Reception

Box office

According to MGM records the film earned $180,000 in the US and Canada and $625,000 elsewhere resulting in a loss of $57,000. [1]

Critical

Filmink said "There’s two spectacular performances: one from Albert Sharpe as a tunnel digger and the other from Peter O’Toole, full of youth and life as an idiotic upper class twit who gives Ray all this inside information, then begins to twig that he’s accidentally assisted a crime." [9]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
  2. Variety film review; 25 May 1960, page 6.
  3. Harrison's Reports film review; 23 July 1960, page 118.
  4. DAY THEY ROBBED THE BANK OF ENGLAND, The Monthly Film Bulletin; London Vol. 27, Iss. 312, (Jan 1, 1960): 79.
  5. Glaister, Dan (29 October 2004). "After 42 years, Sharif and O'Toole decide the time is right to get their epic act together again". The Guardian . Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  6. ART-FILM THEATRE TO OPEN ON OCT. 9 New York Times 2 Sep 1959: 35.
  7. From Lord Jim to Lord God By STEPHEN WATTS. New York Times 06 Mar 1966: X11.
  8. REPORTS ON BRITAIN'S VARIED MOVIE FRONTS: Industry Shaken by Television Deal -- Stars on the Ascendant -- Awards By STEPHEN WATTS. New York Times 24 Jan 1960: X7.
  9. Vagg, Stephen (17 November 2020). "John Guillermin: Action Man". Filmink.