Thomas Wotton (surgeon)

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Thomas Wotton
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Occupation Surgeon

Thomas Wotton [1] was a surgeon who traveled to Jamestown, Virginia in 1607 with the original group of colonists. [2] Another surgeon, Will Wilkinson, also was among the first colonists. [3] Wotton was described as a "gentleman" while Wilkinson was identified with the laborers and craftsmen. [4]

Jamestown, Virginia Fort and Town in Virginia, United States

The Jamestown settlement in the Colony of Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. It was located on the northeast bank of the James (Powhatan) River about 2.5 mi (4 km) southwest of the center of modern Williamsburg. It was established by the Virginia Company of London as "James Fort" on May 4, 1607 O.S.;(May 14, 1607 N.S.), and was considered permanent after a brief abandonment in 1610. It followed several failed attempts, including the Lost Colony of Roanoke, established in 1585 on Roanoke Island. Jamestown served as the colonial capital from 1616 until 1699.

Captain John Smith praised Wilkinson for his treatment of the sick. [5] Edward Maria Wingfield, when council president, on the other hand, criticized Wilkinson for staying aboard ship during periods of great need. [5] Wingfield would not provide funds for Wilkinson to purchase drugs and other necessities because of his view of Wilkinson's slothfulness. [5] [6]

John Smith (explorer) English soldier, explorer, writer (1580-1631)

John Smith was an English soldier, explorer, colonial governor, Admiral of New England, and author. He played an important role in the establishment of the colony at Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in America in the early 17th century. He was a leader of the Virginia Colony between September 1608 and August 1609, and he led an exploration along the rivers of Virginia and the Chesapeake Bay, during which he became the first English explorer to map the Chesapeake Bay area. Later, he explored and mapped the coast of New England. He was knighted for his services to Sigismund Báthory, Prince of Transylvania, and his friend Mózes Székely.

Edward Maria Wingfield, sometimes hyphenated as Edward-Maria Wingfield was a soldier, Member of Parliament, (1593) and English colonist in America. He was the son of Thomas Maria Wingfield, and the grandson of Richard Wingfield.

Captain Christopher Newport who brought the first settlers from England took Wotton on his journey up the James River on the Susan Constant to the falls at Richmond, Virginia before he returned to England for supplies. [7] Wotton stayed to help care for the colonists.

Christopher Newport English privateer

Christopher Newport (1561–1617) was an English seaman and privateer. He is best known as the captain of the Susan Constant, the largest of three ships which carried settlers for the Virginia Company in 1607 on the way to found the settlement at Jamestown in the Virginia Colony, which became the first permanent English settlement in North America. He was also in overall command of the other two ships on that initial voyage, in order of their size, the Godspeed and the Discovery.

James River river in Virginia, United States

The James River is a river in the U.S. state of Virginia that begins in the Appalachian Mountains and flows 348 miles (560 km) to Chesapeake Bay. The river length extends to 444 miles (715 km) if one includes the Jackson River, the longer of its two source tributaries. It is the longest river in Virginia and the 12th longest river in the United States that remains entirely within a single state. Jamestown and Williamsburg, Virginia’s first colonial capitals, and Richmond, Virginia's current capital, lie on the James River.

<i>Susan Constant</i> Historic ship

Susan Constant, captained by Christopher Newport, was the largest of three ships of the English Virginia Company on the 1606–1607 voyage that resulted in the founding of Jamestown in the new Colony of Virginia.

In a compilation of abstracts of English wills from the 17th century, the compiler notes that Thomas Wotton, barber and surgeon, whose will was dated March 15, 1635 and proved April 28, 1638, may have been the same Thomas Wotton who accompanied the first settlers to Jamestown. [8]

Notes

  1. Various other spellings such as Wooten and Wootton have been given for his surname.
  2. Tyler, Lyon Gardiner, ed. Encyclopedia of Virginia biography". Volume 1. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1915. OCLC   2576742. Retrieved July 15, 2011. p. 364.
  3. Hughes, Thomas Proctor. 'Medicine in Virginia 1607 - 1699'. Charlottesville, VA: Univ. Press of Virginia, 1970. OCLC   19030601. Retrieved March 2, 2013. pp. 34, 59.
  4. Hughes, 1970, p. 59.
  5. 1 2 3 Hughes, 1970, pp. 5960.
  6. Proctor wrote that the colony could only have suffered from the misunderstanding. Proctor, 1970, p. 60.
  7. Woolley, Benjamin. 'Savage Kingdom: Virginia and The Founding of English America'. New York : HarperCollins Publishers, 2007. ISBN   978-0-06-009056-2. Retrieved March 2, 2013. p. 69.
  8. Withington, Lothrop. 'Virginia Gleanings in England: Abstracts of 17th and 18th-century English wills and administrations relating to Virginia and Virginians: a consolidation of articles from The Virginia magazine of history and biography'. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1980. Reprinted 1998 by Clearfield Publishing Company. Excerpted from Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. ISBN   0-8063-0869-9. Retrieved March 2, 2013. p. 361.

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