Thompson's snake eel

Last updated

Thompson's snake eel
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Anguilliformes
Family: Ophichthidae
Genus: Muraenichthys
Species:M. thompsoni
Binomial name
Muraenichthys thompsoni
Jordan & Richardson, 1908

The Thompson's snake eel [1] (Muraenichthys thompsoni) is an eel in the family Ophichthidae (worm/snake eels). [2] It was described by David Starr Jordan and Robert Earl Richardson in 1908. [3] It is a marine, tropical eel which is known from the western central Pacific Ocean, including Vietnam, Australia, and the Philippines. [2]

Eel order of fishes

An eel is any ray-finned fish belonging to the order Anguilliformes, which consists of four suborders, 20 families, 111 genera, and about 800 species. Eels undergo considerable development from the early larval stage to the eventual adult stage, and most are predators. The term “eel” originally referred to the European eel, and the name of the order means “European eel-shaped.”

Ophichthidae family of fishes

Ophichthidae is a family of fish in the order Anguilliformes, commonly known as the snake eels. The term "Ophichthidae" comes from Greek ophis ("serpent") and ichthys ("fish"). Snake eels are also burrowing eels, they are named for their physical appearance, they have long, cylindrical snakelike bodies. This family is found worldwide in tropical to warm temperate waters. They inhabit a wide range of habitats, from coastal shallows and even rivers, to depths of above 800 m (2,600 ft). Most species are bottom dwellers, hiding in mud or sand to capture their prey of crustaceans and small fish, but some are pelagic.

David Starr Jordan American ichthyologist and educator

David Starr Jordan was an American ichthyologist, educator, eugenicist, and peace activist. He was president of Indiana University and the founding president of Stanford University.

Related Research Articles

<i>Muraenichthys</i> genus of fishes

Muraenichthys is a genus of eels in the snake eel family Ophichthidae.

Muraenichthys elerae is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by Henry Weed Fowler in 1934. It is a marine, tropical eel which is known from the Philippines, in the western central Pacific Ocean.

Muraenichthys gymnopterus is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by Pieter Bleeker in 1853, originally under the genus Muraena. It is a marine, tropical eel which is known from the western Pacific Ocean, including China, Indonesia, and India. It inhabits rocky reefs in shallow, warm seas. Males can reach a maximum total length of 30 centimetres (12 in).

The Philippines worm eel is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by Leonard Peter Schultz and Loren Paul Woods in 1949. It is a marine, tropical eel which is known from the Philippines, in the western central Pacific Ocean. It is known to dwell at a depth of 59 metres (194 ft), and inhabits sandy sediments. Males can reach a maximum total length of 30 centimetres (12 in).

The Maimed snake eel is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by Pieter Bleeker in 1857. It is a marine, tropical eel which is known from the Indo-Pacific, including the Red Sea, East Africa, Samoa, the Ryukyu Islands, Australia, and Micronesia. It dwells at a depth range of 1 to 13 metres, and inhabits coral reefs and lagoons, where it forms burrows in soft benthic sediments. Males can reach a maximum total length of 24 centimetres (9.4 in), but more commonly reach a TL of 8 centimetres (3.1 in).

The Siboga worm eel is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by Max Carl Wilhelm Weber and Lieven Ferdinand de Beaufort in 1916. It is a marine, tropical eel which is known from reefs in Timor and Samoa, in the Pacific Ocean. Males can reach a maximum total length of 13.5 centimetres (5.3 in).

The Johnston snake eel is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by Leonard Peter Schultz and Loren Paul Woods in 1949. It is a marine, tropical eel which is known from the Indo-Pacific region, including the Chagos Islands, Hawaii, the Marquesan Islands, the Society Islands, Australia, and New Caledonia. It dwells at a depth range of 2–23 metres, and inhabits sand sediments in coral reefs. Males can reach a maximum total length of 35 centimetres.

The Sharpnose worm eel is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by Max Carl Wilhelm Weber and Lieven Ferdinand de Beaufort, originally under the genus Muraenichthys. It is a marine, tropical eel which is known from Indonesia, in the western Pacific Ocean. It inhabits sandy areas near reefs. Males can reach a maximum total length of 10 centimetres (3.9 in).

The Misaki worm eel is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by David Starr Jordan and John Otterbein Snyder in 1901, originally under the genus Muraenichthys. It is a marine, temperate water-dwelling eel which is known from reefs in Japan, in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Males can reach a maximum total length of 44.8 centimetres (17.6 in).

The shortfinned worm eel is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by William John Macleay in 1881, originally under the genus Muraenichthys. It is a marine, temperate water-dwelling eel which is known from Australia, in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It forms large colonies which inhabit burrows in soft sediments. Males can reach a maximum total length of 40 centimetres (16 in).

Scolecenchelys chilensis is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by John E. McCosker in 1970, originally under the genus Muraenichthys. It is a marine, subtropical eel which is known from Desventuradas Island and Juan Fernández Island, in the southeastern Pacific Ocean. It inhabits sand and debris found in between crevices and rocks. Males can reach a maximum standard length of 28.4 centimetres (11.2 in).

Scolecenchelys erythraeensis is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by Marie-Louise Bauchot and André L. Maugé in 1980, originally under the genus Muraenichthys. It is a marine, tropical eel which is known from the western Indian Ocean.

The Godeffroy is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by Charles Tate Regan in 1909, originally under the genus Muraenichthys. It is a marine, tropical eel which is known from the western Pacific Ocean.

Scolecenchelys japonica is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by Yoshihiko Machida and Suguru Ohta in 1993, originally under the genus Muraenichthys. It is a marine, temperate water-dwelling eel which is known from Mishima Island, Japan, in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. It is known to dwell at a depth range of 74 to 78 metres. Males can reach a maximum total length of 19.7 centimetres (7.8 in).

The Nichols' worm eel is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by Edgar Ravenswood Waite in 1904, originally under the genus Muraenichthys.

Scolecenchelys profundorum is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by John E. McCosker and Nikolai Vasilyevich Parin in 1995, originally under the genus Muraenichthys. It is a marine, deep water-dwelling eel which is endemic to the Nazca Ridge in the southeastern Pacific Ocean. It is known to dwell at a depth of 310 metres (1,020 ft). Males can reach a maximum total length of 33.4 centimetres (13.1 in).

Scolecenchelys puhioilo is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by John E. McCosker in 1979, originally under the genus Muraenichthys. It is a marine, temperate water-dwelling eel which is known from the Hawaiian Islands, in the eastern central Pacific Ocean. It is known to dwell at a depth of 275 metres (902 ft), and leads a benthic lifestyle.

The Tasmanian worm eel is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by Allan Riverstone McCulloch in 1911, originally under the genus Muraenichthys. It is a marine, temperate water-dwelling eel which is endemic to southern Australia, in the eastern Indian Ocean. It inhabits inshore waters, and forms burrows in soft sediments.

Lamnostoma mindora is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by David Starr Jordan and Robert Earl Richardson in 1908. It is a tropical, freshwater eel which is known from Asia and Oceania, including the Philippines and New Guinea. Males can reach a maximum total length of 40 centimetres (16 in).

Evermanns snake eel species of fish

The Evermann's snake eel is an eel in the family Ophichthidae. It was described by David Starr Jordan and Robert Earl Richardson in 1908. It is a marine, tropical eel which is known from the western Pacific Ocean. It inhabits inshore soft bottoms.

References

  1. Common names of Muraenichthys thompsoni at www.fishbase.org.
  2. 1 2 Muraenichthys thompsoni at www.fishbase.org.
  3. Jordan, D. S., and R. E. Richardson, 1908 (16 Dec.) [ref. 2492] Fishes from islands of the Philippine Archipelago. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 27(Doc. 640) (for 1907): 233-287.