|Directed by||R. M. Krishnaswami|
|Produced by||Aruna Films|
|Starring|| Sivaji Ganesan |
T. S. Balaiah
C. K. Saraswathi
|Music by||G. Ramanathan|
|Cinematography||R. M. Krishnaswami|
|26 August 1954|
Thookku Thookki (The Carrier) is a 1954 Tamil film starring Sivaji Ganesan, Lalitha and [[Padmini (actress)|Padmini]]
Villupuram Chinnaiah Mandrayar Ganesha Murthy, known by his stage name Sivaji Ganesan, was an Indian actor, and producer. He was active in Tamil cinema during the latter half of the 20th century. He was known for his versatility and variety of roles depicted on screen, which gave him also the Tamil nickname Nadigar Thilagam. In a career that spanned close to five decades, he had acted 288 films in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Hindi.
Lalitha was a South Indian actress and danseuse. She was the eldest of the "Travancore Sisters"—Lalitha, Padmini, and Ragini. She started her acting career in the 1938 Tamil film Adithan Kanavu and has acted in movies of different Indian languages including Hindi, Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu. She entered films before her sisters, concentrating more on Malayalam films, and was good in Vampish roles.
It was a successful Tamil play that had the following Tamil Maxims forming the core of its story.
1. A father cares only for the wealth earned by his son;
2. Only a mother stands by her son irrespective of whether he is rich or poor;
3. A sister values her brother only for the gifts he brings her;
4. A wife shall even murder her own husband; and
5. A friend in need is always a friend indeed.
|கொண்டு வந்தால் தந்தை;|
கொண்டு வந்தாலும் வராவிட்டாலும் தாய்;
A young prince Chitragathan (Sivaji Ganesan) hears the above-mentioned maxims at a debating society and sets out to prove them wrong. He had been sent to tour the country by his father, the King, to find wealth as well as new ways to improve the economy which is facing troubles.
Testing the first statement he deliberately goes home empty handed. He is scolded and banished by his father. But his mother vows to protect him in her palace, proving the second one too. He moves on to test the third one out. He visits his married sister, who welcomes him with big feast but quickly sours and insults him once she knows he hasn't brought any valuable gift. As the feasts get downgraded to leftovers served rudely, he confronts her and angrily walks out, acknowledging defeat.
Next up is his wife, princess in nearby Kingdom - who is having a not-so-secret affair with a clothing merchant. (T. S. Baliah). She tries to poison the prince's mind about his childhood friend who learns about the affair, to discredit him. Caught in a dilemma, Chitragathan enters employment of the merchant in disguise and learns the truth. Proving the fourth statement right, the wife tries to get him killed once she suspects he has figured out the truth. But he escapes. Not contented, the wife convinces her father to declare him a traitor for trying to grab the entire kingdom and conspiring to kill her and the King too!
He then flies to another city feigning lunacy, where he finds Malathy (Padmini) princess of the empire of Madhurapuri. He foils the attempt of the royal family's teacher's son to wed her by force. But his identity is revealed in the process and he is extradited back to his father-in-law's country to face trial.
The film concludes on a happy note with the truth revealed, thanks to help from the friend who literally saves his life, proving the final statement too. The wife commits suicide and Chitragathan and Malathy get married.
Padmini was an Indian Actress and trained Bharathanatyam dancer, who acted in over 250 Indian films. She acted in Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Hindi language films. Padmini, with her elder sister Lalitha and her younger sister Ragini, were called the "Travancore sisters".
Ragini (1937–1976) was a South Indian danseuse and actress. She was the youngest of the famed Travancore Sisters; Lalitha, Padmini and Ragini. She started her acting career in the mid-1950s along with her sister Padmini and has acted in movies of different Indian languages, including Hindi, Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu. The era of dance in Hindi cinema is considered to have begun with the entrance of Ragini and other South Indian actresses. Ragini died of breast cancer in 1976. She had acted in many dramas also.
Thirunelveli Subramaniyan. Balaiah was an Indian actor best known for playing supporting roles in the Tamil films. He was introduced to the cine field by director Ellis R. Dungan in Sathi Leelavathi (1936), along with M. G. Ramachandran, N. S. Krishnan and M.K. Radha. He was one of the very few actors who excelled as a villain, as well as in character roles and comic roles.
Gobalsamy Ramanathan was an Indian music composer for Tamil movies. He is also known as Isai Methai or Sangeetha Chakravarthy and is considered to be one of the influential Tamil music composers to take Carnatic music to the masses. Notable for his association with M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar. G. Ramanathan also composed for films of Salem Modern Theatres and Coimbatore Central Studios. His career lasted until his death in 1963. During the 1950s G.Ramanathan's music dominated most of the box office hits of the then leading Tamil movie stars Shivaji Ganesan and M. G. Ramachandran.
Udumalai Narayana Kavi (1899–1981) was a tamil poet.
Thanjai N. Ramaiah Dass is an Indian poet and script writer who wrote mainly in the Tamil language. He has written more than 500 lyrics for Tamil films.
The film was an adaptation of stage play of same name which was made into a film in 1935 starring CVV Banthulu.
The music was composed by G. Ramanathan. Lyrics by Udumalai Narayana Kavi, Thanjai N. Ramaiah Dass & A. Maruthakasi. In less than 12 hours, Narayana Kavi wrote five of the eight songs, which were composed immediately by G. Ramanathan, rehearsed by T. M. Soundararajan and others.When TMS was chosen as playback singer, Sivaji objected to the choice and wanted CS Jayaraman to sing all the songs. After hearing TMS's rendering, Sivaji was impressed with him and TMS went on to sing a lot for Sivaji. The song "Sundari Soundari" is set in Kurinji raga.
|1||"Eraadha Malaidhanile"||T. M. Soundararajan||Thanjai N. Ramaiah Dass||03:12|
|2||"Inba Nilai Kaana Innum En"||M. S. Rajeswari||A. Maruthakasi||03:55|
|3||"Sundhari Soundhari Nirandhariye"||P. Leela, A. P. Komala & T. M. Soundararajan||A. Maruthakasi||04:55|
|4||"Pengalai Nambaadhe Kangale"||T. M. Soundararajan||Udumalai Narayana Kavi||02:06|
|5||"Pyari Nimbal Mele Namke Majaa"||V. N. Sundharam & M. S. Rajeswari||Udumalai Narayana Kavi||03:06|
|6||"Abaaya Arivippu Aiyaa Abaaya Arivippu"||T. M. Soundararajan||Thanjai N. Ramaiah Dass||02:12|
|7||"Kuranginilirundhu Pirandhavan Manidhan"|| P. Leela, A. P. Komala,|
T. M. Soundararajan & V. N. Sundharam
|Udumalai Narayana Kavi||05:14|
|8||"Sattaam Pillaiyai.... Poongkavin Neengaadha"||T. M. Soundararajan||Thanjai N. Ramaiah Dass||01:21|
|9||"Kanvazhi Pugundhu Karutthinil Kalandha"||T. M. Soundararajan & M. S. Rajeswari||A. Maruthakasi||03:07|
|10||"Aanum Pennai Azhagu Seivadu Aadai"||T. M. Soundararajan||Udumalai Narayana Kavi||03:44|
|11||"Vaaranam Aayiram Soozha Valam Seidhu"||M. L. Vasanthakumari & P. Leela||Thiruppavai||03:42|
Thoguluva Meenatchi Iyengar Soundararajan, popularly known as TMS, was an Indian Carnatic musician and a playback singer in Tamil cinema for over six and a half decades. He lent his voice to actors and thespians in the South Indian film industry such as M. G. Ramachandran, Sivaji Ganesan, N. T. Rama Rao, Gemini Ganesan, S. S. Rajendran, Jaishankar, Ravichandar, AVM Rajan, Muthuraman, Nagesh, Siva Kumar, Kantha Rao, Rajkumar and A. Nageswara Rao. He also gave his voice to many new generation actors like Kamalahasan, Rajanikanth, Vijayakanth, Satyaraj, Rajesh, Prabhu, and Vijaya Kumar, in addition to other known and unknown heroes and supporting actors like M.R. Radha, K R Ramaswami, T. Rajendar, V.K. Ramaswami, Thengai Sreenivasan, M.N. Nambiar, Thangavelu, Y.G. Mahendran, R.S. Manohar, S.V. Ashokan, Ranjan, Narasimha Bharathi, Sahasra Namam,T S Balayya, Jagayya, Nagayya,Sreenath,Shankar etc. He sang over 10,138 songs from 3162 films, including devotional, semi-classical, Carnatic, classical and light music songs. He gave classical concerts starting in 1945.
Amara Deepam is a 1956 Indian Tamil-language romantic drama film directed by T. Prakash Rao. The film features Sivaji Ganesan, Savitri and Padmini in lead roles. The film, produced by Venus Pictures, had musical score by T. Chalapathi Rao and G. Ramanathan and was released on 20 June 1956. It is a remake of Random Harvest and has later been remade twice more in India: in Bengali as Harano Sur and in Hindi as Amar Deep.
Rangoon Radha is a Tamil film directed by A. Kasilingam. The film is about a man trying to steal his wife's fortune. It stars Sivaji Ganesan and P. Bhanumathi in the lead roles. The film was released on 1 November 1956.
Manamagan Thevai is a 1957 Indian Tamil-language romantic comedy film directed by P. S. Ramakrishna Rao. He, along with his wife Bhanumathi, produced the film under their company Bharani Pictures. The film features Bhanumathi and Sivaji Ganesan in the lead roles. It was simultaneously produced in Telugu as Varudu Kaavaali with K. Jaggaiah replacing Sivaji Ganesan. Manamagan Thevai was a commercial success, running for over 100 days in theatres.
Rani Lalithangi is a Tamil language Folklore film starring Sivaji Ganesan and Bhanumathi Ramakrishna in the lead roles. The film, directed by T. R. Raghunath, had musical score by G. Ramanathan and was released on 21 September 1957.
Chitor Rani Padmini is a 1963 Tamil-language historical fiction film written by C. V. Sridhar and directed by Ch. Narayana Murthy. It is based on the legend of Rani Padmini. The film starred Sivaji Ganesan and Vyjayanthimala in the lead with M. N. Nambiar, T. S. Balaiah, Kaka Radhakrishnan, T. P. Muthulakshmi and Kumari Kamala forming an ensemble cast. It was produced by R. M. Ramanthan of Uma Pictures. The film's score was composed by G. Ramanathan and it was filmed by R. Sampath.
Thanga Padhumai is a Tamil language film starring Sivaji Ganesan and Padmini in the lead roles. The film was co- written and directed by A. S. A. Samy, produced by M. Somasundaram under Jupiter Pictures, and musical score by Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy. Thanga Pathumai proved to be a hit in its re-release, and won National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil for the year 1959.
Kaathavaraayan is a Tamil language Mythology film produced and directed by T. R. Ramanna. The film features Sivaji Ganesan and Savitri in the lead roles. The film, produced by T. R. Rajakumari and T. R. Ramanna under R. R. Pictures, had musical score by G. Ramanathan and was released on 7 November 1958. The film was remade in Telugu as Karthavarayuni Katha again by T. R. Ramanna.
Kaveri is a Tamil language film starring Sivaji Ganesan, Padmini and Lalitha in the lead roles. The film was released in 1955.
Mangaiyar Thilakam is a 1955 Indian Tamil-language drama film directed by L. V. Prasad. The film was produced by Sripadhashankar under Vaidya films and stars Sivaji Ganesan and Padmini in the lead roles, while M. N. Rajam, S. V. Subbiah, K. A. Thangavelu and K. Sarangapani play pivotal roles. The film's soundtrack and background score were composed by S. Dakshinamurthi, while the lyrics for the songs were written by Kannadasan, Puratchidasan and Maruthakasi.
Pudhaiyal is a Comedy-drama Tamil film that starring Sivaji Ganesan and Padmini in the lead roles. The film, directed by Krishnan-Panju, had musical score by Viswanathan-Ramamoorthy and was released on 10 May 1957. Shot at Newtone and Revathi Studios, and processed at AVM Studio Film Laboratories. It was produced by the Kamal Brothers. It was a failure at the box office.
Deivapiravi is a 1960 Indian Tamil-language film, directed by Krishnan–Panju. The film stars Sivaji Ganesan, Padmini, S. S. Rajendran, K. A. Thangavelu and M. N. Rajam in lead roles. The film had musical score by R. Sudarsanam. The film was dubbed and released in Telugu as Anumanam and released on 24 June 1961. At the 8th National Film Awards, the film won the All India Certificate of Merit for the Third Best Feature Film. It was remade in Hindi as Bindiya, and in Sinhalese as Sekaya.
Mudhal Thethi in Tamil, Modala Thedi in Kannada is an Indian bilingual film, directed by P. Neelakantan and produced by B. R. Panthulu. This was the first film produced by Panthulu under "Padmini Pictures" banner. The Tamil version starred Sivaji Ganesan, Anjali Devi, N. S. Krishnan and T. A. Madhuram in lead roles. The film had musical score by T. G. Lingappa scoring for his first feature film. The film was a remake of Hindi film Paheli Tarikh (1954).
Sarangadhara is a 1958 Tamil-language film directed by V. S. Raghavan of Revathi Studios for Minerva Pictures. The film features Sivaji Ganesan for his 50th film and P. Bhanumathi in lead roles. It has musical score by G. Ramanathan and was released on 15 August 1958. The Telugu version Sarangadhara was released in 1957.
Ponni is a Tamil film starring Sriram, Lalitha and Padmini. The film was released in 1953, and the Telugu version, Oka Talli Pillalu in the same year.
Pudhmai Penn is a 1959 Indian Tamil-language film starring S. S. Rajendran.
Mathar Kula Manickam is a 1956 Tamil-language drama film, produced by A. Sankar Reddy under the Lalitha Films banner and directed by Tatineni Prakash Rao. The film stars Gemini Ganesan, Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Anjali Devi and Savitri in the lead roles, with music composed by S. Rajeswara Rao. It is based on Rabindranath Tagore's novel Noukadubi. The screenplay and dialogue were written by V. Sadha Sivabrahmmam and C. V. Sridhar, respectively. The film was simultaneously made in Telugu under the title Charana Daasi, both versions were critical and commercial successes.
Mangalya Bhagyam is a 1958 Indian Tamil-language film directed by T. R. Raghunath and produced by Lena Chettiar. The film featured K. Balaji and Ragini in the lead roles.
A. Maruthakasi was a Tamil poet and film lyricist who wrote mainly in the Tamil language. He penned more than 4000 lyrics in more than 250 Tamil films. He was borned in a heritage family from Udayar (caste) community.