Thoressa honorei

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Madras ace
Thoressa honorei de Niceville, 1887 - Sahyadri Orange Ace - Madras Ace - from Alaram WLS during the Odonate Survey 2015 (20).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Hesperiidae
Genus: Thoressa
Species:T. honorei
Binomial name
Thoressa honorei
(de Nicéville, 1887)
Synonyms

Halpe honorei

Thoressa honorei, commonly known as the Madras ace, [1] is a skipper butterfly belonging to the family Hesperiidae found in south India. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]

Butterfly A group of insects in the order Lepidoptera

Butterflies are insects in the macrolepidopteran clade Rhopalocera from the order Lepidoptera, which also includes moths. Adult butterflies have large, often brightly coloured wings, and conspicuous, fluttering flight. The group comprises the large superfamily Papilionoidea, which contains at least one former group, the skippers and the most recent analyses suggest it also contains the moth-butterflies. Butterfly fossils date to the Paleocene, which was about 56 million years ago.

South India Group of Southern Indian states

South India is the area including the five Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana, as well as the three union territories of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area. Covering the southern part of the peninsular Deccan Plateau, South India is bounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Indian Ocean in the south. The geography of the region is diverse with two mountain ranges–the Western and Eastern Ghats, bordering the plateau heartland. Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri, Tungabhadra and Vaigai rivers are important non-perennial sources of water. Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Trivandrum, Coimbatore Visakhapatnam, Madurai and Kochi are the largest urban areas.

Contents

Description

Female. Upperside; both wings fuscous. Forewing with the base clothed with yellow hair-like scales, more or less forming streaks between the veins; a large rhomboidal spot at the outer end of the discoidal cell, two elongated ones, the upper twice the size of the lower, in the median interspaces, two or three subapical conjugated increasing spots, all semitransparent glistening yellow. Hindwing with all but the costal margin as far as the second subcostal nervule, and the outer margin somewhat narrowly, and the abdominal margin, clothed with long yellow setae; a large discal yellow patch beyond the cell divided by the dark nervules and enclosing a blackish dot in the second median interspace. Underside: forewing black all except the costal margin increasingly, the apex widely and the outer margin decreasingly, which are yellowish-ochreous; the semi-transparent spots as above, with two additional somewhat diffused opaque spots placed one above the other near the. middle of the submedian interspace, which appear in a somewhat constricted form on the upperside of one specimen. Hindwing yellowish-ochreous throughout; a black spot at the end of the cell and about six between the veins outside the cell; some obscure submarginal blackish spots; the abdominal margin and a streak in the submedian interspace black.

Wing expanse of 1.5 inches (38 mm).

The markings of this species remind one at once of those of Plastingia noemi mihi; but there is only one spot in the cell of the forewing, and the yellow in the hindwing is larger in the species now described. Described from somewhat worn specimens collected by Father D. Honore, S. J., in the Pulni Hills of S. India.

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References

  1. 1 2 R.K., Varshney; Smetacek, Peter (2015). A Synoptic Catalogue of the Butterflies of India. New Delhi: Butterfly Research Centre, Bhimtal & Indinov Publishing, New Delhi. p. 44. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.3966.2164. ISBN   978-81-929826-4-9.
  2. Savela, Markku. "Thoressa Swinhoe, [1913]". Lepidoptera - Butterflies and Moths. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  3. de Nicéville, Lionel (1887). Descriptions of some new or little-known Butterflies from India, with some Notes on the seasonal Dimorphism obtaining in the Genus Melaniti. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. p. 464.
  4. "Thoressa honorei de Nicéville, 1887 – Sahyadri Orange Ace". Butterflies of India. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  5. W. H., Evans (1949). A Catalogue of the Hesperiidae from Europe, Asia, and Australia in the British Museum. London: British Museum (Natural History). Department of Entomology. p. 252.
  6. PD-icon.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a work now in the public domain : Swinhoe, Charles (1912–1913). Lepidoptera Indica. Vol. X. London: Lovell Reeve and Co. pp. 286–288.
  7. E. Y., Watson (1891). Hesperiidae Indicae : being a reprint of descriptions of the Hesperiidae of India, Burma, and Ceylon. Madras: Vest and Company. p. 75.