Thorn Hill, Tennessee

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Thorn Hill, Tennessee
Thorn Hill
DowntownThornHill.jpg
Downtown Thorn Hill alongside old U.S. Route 25E, circa 1940s
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Thorn Hill
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Thorn Hill
Coordinates: 36°21′30″N083°25′03″W / 36.35833°N 83.41750°W / 36.35833; -83.41750 Coordinates: 36°21′30″N083°25′03″W / 36.35833°N 83.41750°W / 36.35833; -83.41750
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Grainger
Elevation
1,380 ft (421 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total1,236
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
37881
Area code 865
FIPS code [1] 47-47057
GNIS feature ID [1] [2] 1314397

Thorn Hill is an unincorporated town in rural northeastern Grainger County, Tennessee. [3] It is part of the Morristown Metropolitan Statistical Area which consists of Grainger, Hamblen, and Jefferson counties. The 2010 United States Census reported the population of Thorn Hill to be 1,236.

Contents

History

In 1901 in Thorn Hill, a four-year conflict between two families, known locally as "The Battle of Thorn Hill," began following the murder of a prominent resident. [4] The feud fueled acts of violence such as assassinations of prominent citizens and racially-motivated murders against African Americans in public places and businesses. [4]

In 1976, construction on the widening of US 25E into a four-lane limited-access highway from Thorn Hill across Clinch Mountain to Bean Station would begin, and it would complete construction in 1980. During the project, Tennessee Department of Transportation officials faced multiple landslides impeding the project's process. [5]

Geography

Thorn Hill is located in the central northeastern corner of Grainger County. It is situated adjacent to the intersection of U.S. Route 25E, and Tennessee State Route 131. Clinch Mountain and adjacent ridges in the Clinch River Valley rise prominently to the south and north of Thorn Hill respectively. [6]

Economy

From the early 1940s to the late 2000s, Thorn Hill was the location of the Imperial Black Marble Quarry, which mined Tennessee marble. The black marble extracted from the mine was used in the Tennessee State Capitol, Knox County Courthouse, National Archives Building, and the Washington Monument. [7] In 2007, the mine was purchased by the Tennessee Marble Company, with no immediate plans to reopen the facility. [7]

Thorn Hill is the also the site of the Clinch Valley Zinc Deposit, which is part of the larger Copper Ridge Zinc Mining District. [8] The zinc deposit was first reported to be discovered around 1950 and mining operations began in 1977. [9]

Education

Thorn Hill does not have a school located in the community. Students must attend school at either Washburn School (K-12), Bean Station Elementary School (K-6), Rutledge Middle School (7-8), or Grainger High School (9-12), all of which are a part of the Grainger County Schools district serviced by the Grainger County Board of Education.

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Grainger County, Tennessee U.S. county in Tennessee

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Rutledge, Tennessee City in Tennessee, United States

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Washburn, Tennessee Unincorporated community in Tennessee, United States

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References

  1. 1 2 "FIPS55 Data: Tennessee". FIPS55 Data . United States Geological Survey. February 23, 2006. Archived from the original on June 18, 2006.External link in |work= (help)
  2. "Thorn Hill (Grainger County, Tennessee)". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved May 9, 2014.
  3. "Thorn Hill, Tennessee". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey.
  4. 1 2 ""The Battle of Thorn Hill"". Grainger County Genealogy & History. TNGenWeb Project. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  5. Moore, Harry; Brown, Fred (September 2001). Discovering October Roads Fall Colors and Geology in Rural East Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press. p. 80. ISBN   9781572331235 . Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  6. Grainger County Heritage Book Committee (January 1, 1998). Grainger County, Tennessee and Its People 1796-1998. Walsworth Publishing. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  7. 1 2 Claborn, Jim (October 12, 2019). "Thorn Hill's black marble". Citizen Tribune. Retrieved January 17, 2021.
  8. University of Tennessee, Department of Geological Sciences (1985). "The geological history of the Thorn Hill Paleozoic section (Cambrian-Mississippian)". SE-GSA 1985: 128.
  9. "Clinch Valley Zinc Deposit". Diggings. Retrieved January 17, 2021.